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Submissions from 2014

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Capacity building in the health sector to improve care for child nutrition and development, Aisha K. Yousafzai, Muneera A. Rasheed, Bernadette Daelmans, Sheila Manji, Caroline Arnold, Raghu Lingam, Joshua Muskin, and Jane E. Lucas

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Recurrent Salmonellosis in a Child with Complete IL-12Rbeta1 Deficiency, Mohammad Faizan Zahid, Syed Asad Ali, Fyezah Jehan, Abdul Gaffar Billo, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Jacinta Bustamante, Stephanie Boisson-Dupuis, and Fatima Mir

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Frequency of cardiorenal syndrome type-I in hospitalized children with acute heart failure in a tertiary-care hospital, Mehjabeen Zaidi, Arshalooz Jamila Rehman, Anwarul Haque, Saleem Akhtar, and Prem Kumar Maheshwar

Submissions from 2013

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Transient pseudo-hypertriglyceridemia: a useful biochemical marker of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase deficiency, Bushra Afroze, Zabedah Yunus, Beat Steinmann, and Rene Santer

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Oesophageal duplication cyst presenting as haemoptysis, Noureen Afzal, Syeda Ezz-e-Rukhshan Adil, Ammara Mushtaq, Arshalooz Rahman, and Muneer Amanullah

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Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation in cryptogenic liver cirrhosis, Noureen Afzal, Saleem Akhtar, Shakeel Ahmed, and Mehnaz Atiq

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Treatment of Burn Wound Infection Using Ultraviolet Light: A Case Report, Numra Abdul Aleem, Moaz Aslam, Mohammad Faizan Zahid, Arshalooz Jamila Rahman, and Fazl Ur Rehman

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Role of human metapneumovirus, influenza a virus and respiratory syncytial virus in causing WHO-defined severe pneumonia in children in a developing country, Asad Ali, Asif Raza Khowaja, Maaman Zahoor Bashir, Fatima Aziz, Sultan Mustafa, and Anita Zaidi

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Salmonella Cholecystitis: Atypical Presentation of a Typical Condition, Rehan Ali, Shakeel Ahmed, Maqbool Qadir, Huba Atiq, and Muhammad Hamid

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Pneumothoraces in a neonatal tertiary care unit: case series, Rehan Ali, Shakeel Ahmed, Maqbool Qadir, Prem Maheshwari, and Rehan Khan

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Pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09: an unrecognized cause of mortality in children in Pakistan, Syed Asad Ali, Fatima Aziz, Nida Akhtar, Shahida Qureshi, Kathryn Edwards, and Anita Zaidi

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Disease patterns and outcomes of neonatal admissions at a secondary care hospital in pakistan, Syed R. Ali, Shakeel Ahmed, and Heeramani Lohana

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Trends of empiric antibiotic usage in a secondary care hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, Syed Rehan Ali, Shakeel Ahmed, and Heeramani Lohana

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In the absence of such comparative benchmark(s), there have even been calls for local growth standards and, indeed, a redefinition of the cut-offs for low birthweight Introduction, Z A. Bhutta

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Standardisation of neonatal clinical practice, Z A. Bhutta, F Giuliani, A Haroon, H E. Knight, E Albernaz, M Batra, B Bhat, E Bertino, K McCormick, and R Ochieng

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Early nutrition and adult outcomes: pieces of the puzzle, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Global maternal, newborn, and child health--so near and yet so far, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta and Robert E. Black

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Evidence-based interventions for improvement of maternal and child nutrition: what can be done and at what cost?, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Jai K. Das, Arjumand Rizvi, Michelle F. Gaffey, Neff Walker, Susan Horton, Patrick Webb, Anna Lartey, and Robert E. Black

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Global burden of childhood diarrhea and pneumonia: what can and should be done?, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta and Jai Kumar Das

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Interventions to address deaths from childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea equitably: what works and at what cost?, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Jai K. Das, Neff Walker, Arjumand Rizvi, Harry Campbell, Igor Rudan, and Robert E. Black

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Reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health in Pakistan: challenges and opportunities, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Assad Hafeez, Arjumand Rizvi, Nabeela Ali, Amanullah Khan, Faatehuddin Ahmad, Shereen Bhutta, Tabish Hazir, Anita Zaidi, and Sadequa N. Jafarey

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Global Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta and Robert E. Black

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Scientific declaration on polio eradication, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta and Walter A. Orenstein

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Meeting the challenges of micronutrient malnutrition in the developing world, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Rehana A. Salam, and Jai K. Das

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Setting priorities for development of emerging interventions against childhood diarrhoea, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Alvin Zipursky, Kerri Wazny, Myron M. Levine, Robert E. Black, Diego G. Bassani, Mathuram Shantosham, Stephen B. Freedman, Adenike Grange, and Margaret Kosek

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Surgical outcomes of pediatric patients with ventricular septal defects in a tertiary referral center in Pakistan: a retrospective cohort study, Omair Bushra, Muneer Amanullah, and Atiq Mehnaz

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Systematic review of zinc fortification trials, Jai K. Das, Rohail Kumar, Rehana A. Salam, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Micronutrient fortification of food and its impact on woman and child health: A systematic review, Jai K. Das, Rehana A. Salam, Rohail Kumar, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Setting research priorities for preconception care in low- and middle-income countries: Aiming to reduce maternal and child mortality and morbidity, Sohni Dean, Igor Rudan, Fernando Althabe, Aimee Webb Girard, Christopher Howson, Ana Langer, Joy Lawn, Mary-Elizabeth Reeve, Katherine C. Teela, and Mireille Toledano

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Importance of intervening in the preconception period to impact pregnancy outcomes, Sohni V. Dean, Ayesha M. Imam, Zohra S. Lassi, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Septo-optic dysplasia in a patient with an unbalanced 5;12 translocation, Radhika Dhamija, Lindsey Waltman, Nicole Hoppman, and Salman Kirmani

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Novel de novo SCN2A mutation in a child with migrating focal seizures of infancy, Radhika Dhamija, Elaine Wirrell, Germano Falcao, Salman Kirmani, and Lily C. Wong-Kisiel

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New developments in the management of congenital Factor XIII deficiency, Zehra Fadoo, Quratulain Merchant, and Karim Abdur Rehman

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A study to evaluate the acceptability, feasibility and impact of packaged interventions (“Diarrhea Pack”) for prevention and treatment of childhood diarrhea in rural Pakistan, Atif Habib, Sajid Soofi, Kamran Sadiq, Tariq Samejo, Musawar Hussain, Mushtaq Mirani, Asmatullah Rehmatullah, Imran Ahmed, and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

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A study evaluating poliovirus antibodies and risk factors associated with polio seropositivity in low socioeconomic areas of Pakistan, Atif Habib, S. Soofi, N. Ali, R.W. Sutter, M. Palansch, H. Qureshi, T. Akhtar, N.A. Molodecky, H. Okayasu, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Response to Cobben et al. "Array CGH on unstimulated blood does not detect all cases of Pallister-Killian syndrome: buccal smear analysis should remain the diagnostic procedure of first choice", Jennelle C. Hodge and Salman Kirmani

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Prevalence of early childhood disability in a rural district of Sind, Pakistan, Shahnaz Ibrahim and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Risk of hearing loss in children exposed to gentamicin for the treatment of sepsis in young infancy: A community based cohort study in Pakistan, Urooj Iftikhar, Syed Asad Ali, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Iqbal Azam, Sarah Saleem, and Anita Kaniz Zaidi

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Nutritional management of the low birth weight/preterm infant in community settings: a perspective from the developing world, Aamer Imdad and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Global epidemiology of invasive meningococcal disease, Rabab Z. Jafri, Asad Ali, Nancy E. Messonnier, Carol Tevi-Benissan, David Durrheim, Juhani Eskola, Florence Fermon, Keith P. Klugman, Mary Ramsay, and Samba Sow

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A double blind community-based randomized trial of Amoxicillin Versus Placebo for fast breathing Pneumonia in children aged 2-59 months in Karachi, Pakistan (RETAPP), Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Salima Kerai, Nick Brown, Benazir Balouch, Zulfiqar Hyder, Gwen Ambler, Amy Sarah Ginsburg, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Botulism in children: a diagnostic dilemma in developing countries, Muhammad Rehan Khan, Prem Kumar, Shahnaz Shahid, and Anwarul Haque

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Thrombotic microangiopathic syndrome: a novel complication of diabetic ketoacidosis, Muhammad Rehan Khan, Prem Kumar Maheshwari, and Anwarul Haque

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Mortality and neurodevelopmental outcomes of acute bacterial meningitis in children aged <5 years in>Pakistan, Asif Raza Khowaja, Syed Mohiuddin, Adam L. Cohen, Ahmed Khalid, Usma Mehmood, Farnaz Naqvi, Nargis Asad, Khatidja Pardhan, Kim Mulholland, Rana Hajjeh, Anita K.M. Zaidi, and Saad Shafqat

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Effectiveness of Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine on radiologically-confirmed pneumonia in young children in Pakistan, Asif Raza Khowaja, Syed Mohiuddin, Adam L. Cohen, Waseem Mirza, Naila Nadeem, Talha Zuberi, Basit Salam, Fatima Mubarak, Bano Rizvi, and Yousuf Husen

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Quality of care provided by mid-level health workers: systematic review and meta-analysis, Zohra S. Lassi, Giorgio Cometto, Luis Huicho, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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The interconnections between maternal and newborn health--evidence and implications for policy, Zohra S. Lassi, Amara Majeed, Shafia Rashid, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Folic acid supplementation during pregnancy for maternal health and pregnancy outcomes, Zohra S. Lassi, Rehana A. Salam, Batool A. Haider, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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A cross sectional survey of newborn care practices in rural Sindh, Pakistan: implications for research and policy, Zahid Memon, M. Imran Khan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, S Muhammad, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Madurella mycetomatis as an agent of brain abscess: case report and review of literature, Fatima Mir, Sadia Shakoor, Mumtaz Jamshed Khan, Khurram Minhas, Afia Zafar, and Anita Zaidi

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Midterm results of bovine jugular vein conduit for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction, Shazia Samad Mohsin, Maria Tariq Siddiqui, Abdul Sattar Shaikh, Mehnaz Atiq, and Muneer Amanullah

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Childhood acute iymphoblastic leukaemia: Experience from a single tertiary care facility of Pakistan, Naureen Mushtaq, Zehra Fadoo, and Ahmed Naqvi

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Pakistan's expanded programme on immunization: an overview in the context of polio eradication and strategies for improving coverage, Aatekah Owais, Asif Raza Khowaja, Syed Asad Ali, and Anita K M Zaidi

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Formative research and development of an evidence-based communication strategy: the introduction of Vi typhoid fever vaccine among school-aged children in Karachi, Pakistan, Alfred Pach, Ghurnata Tabbusam, M. Imran Khan, Zamir Suhag, Imtiaz Hussain, Ejaz Hussain, Uzma Mumtaz, Inam ul Haq, Rehman Tahir, Amjad Miran, Aisha Yousafzai, Sushant Sahastrabuddhe, R Leon Ochiai, Sajid Soofi, John D. Clemens, Michael O. Favorov, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Comparison of clinical and CSF profiles in children with tuberculous and pyogenic meningitis; role of CSF protein: Glucose ratio as diagnostic marker of tuberculous meningitis, Farah Naz Qamar, Arshalooz Jamila Rahman, Sania Iqbal, and Khadija Humayun

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Community-based management and outcome of omphalitis in newborns in Karachi, Pakistan, Farah Naz Qamar, Shiyam Sundar Tikmani, Fatima Mir, and Anita Kazmi Mehdi Zaidi

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Health care use patterns for diarrhea in children in low-income periurban communities of Karachi, Pakistan, Farheen Quadri, Dilruba Nasrin, Asia Khan, Tabassum Bokhari, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Zaid Bhatti, Karen Kotloff, Myron M. Levine, and Anita K M Zaidi

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Prevalence of hypertension in healthy school children in Pakistan and its relationship with body mass index, proteinuria and hematuria, Arshalooz Jamila Rahman, Farah Naz Qamar, Sohail Ashraf, Zubair Ali Khowaja, Shafaq Binte Tariq, and Hira Naeem

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Severe combined immune deficiency syndrome, Ali Faisal Saleem, Ranish Deedar Ali Khawaja, Abdul Sattar Shaikh, Syed Asad Ali, and Anita Kaniz Mehdi Zaidi

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Trends in antibiotic susceptibility and incidence of late-onset Klebsiella pneumoniae neonatal sepsis over a six-year period in a neonatal intensive care unit in Karachi, Pakistan, Ali Faisal Saleem, Farah Naz Qamar, Hira Shahzad, Maqbool Qadir, and Anita K.M. Zaidi

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Community-based versus health facility-based management of acute malnutrition for reducing the prevalence of severe acute malnutrition in children 6 to 59 months of age in low- and middle-income countries, Yasir Shafiq, Ali Saleem, Zohra S. Lassi, and Anita KM Zaidi

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Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity: prospective cohort study from Pakistan, Abdul Sattar Shaikh, Ali Faisal Saleem, Shazia Samad Mohsin, Muhammad Matloob Alam, and Mehnaz Atiq Ahmed

Clinical characteristics, factors affecting sepsis outcome, Pakistan, Shahla Siddiqui, Bushra Jamil, Nosheen Nasir, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Fauzia Anis Khan, Phillippe Fossard, and Rabia Hussain

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Effect of provision of daily zinc and iron with several micronutrients on growth and morbidity among young children in Pakistan: a cluster-randomised trial, Sajid Soofi, Simon Cousens, Saleem P. Iqbal, Tauseef Akhund, Javed Khan, Imran Ahmed, Anita K. Zaidi, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Improved accessibility of emergency obstetrics and newborn care (EmONC) services for maternal and newborn health: a community based project, Ali Turab, Shabina Ariff, Atif Habib, Imran Ahmed, Masawar Hussain, Akhtar Rashid, Zahid Memon, M. Imran Khan, Sajid Soofi, and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

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Annual Research Review: Improved nutrition--pathway to resilience, Aisha K. Yousafzai, Muneera A. Rasheed, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Scientific rationale for study design of community-based simplified antibiotic therapy trials in newborns and young infants with clinically diagnosed severe infections or fast breathing in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, Anita K M Zaidi, Abdullah H. Baqui, Shamim Ahmad Qazi, Rajiv Bahl, Samir Saha, Adejumoke I. Ayede, Ebunoluwa A. Adejuyigbe, Cyril Engmann, Fabian Esamai, and Antoinette Kitoto Tshefu

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Simplified antibiotic regimens for the management of clinically diagnosed severe infections in newborns and young infants in first-level facilities in Karachi, Pakistan: study design for an outpatient randomized controlled equivalence trial, Anita K M Zaidi, Shiyam Sundar Tikmani, Shazia Sultana, Benazir Baloch, Momin Kazi, Hamidur Rehman, Khairunnissa Karimi, Fyezah Jehan, Imran Ahmed, and Simon Cousens

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Nutrition political economy, Pakistan. Province Report:Sindh, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Rozina Mistry, Gul Nawaz, Noorya Hayat, Shandana Khan Mohmand, and Andres Mejia Acosta

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The political economy of undernutrition. National Report, Pakistan, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Shandana Khan Mohmand, and Andres Mejia Acosta

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Nutrition political economy, Pakistan. Provincial Report: Balochistan., Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Suleman Qazi, Gul Nawaz, Noorya Hayat, Shandana Khan Mohmand, and Andres Mejia Acosta

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Nutrition political economy, Pakistan. Province Report: Punjab, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Akhtar Rashid, Gul Nawaz, Noorya Hayat, Shandara Khan Mohmand, and Andres Mejia Acosta

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Nutrition political economy, Pakistan. Province Report: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Abdul Wajid, Gul Nawaz, Kashif Nazeer, Shandana Khan Mohmand, and Andres Mejia Acosta

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Nutrition policy in the post-devolution context in Pakistan: an analysis of provincial opportunities and barriers, Shehla Zaidi, Shandana Khan Mohmand, Noorya Hayat, Andres Mejia Acosta, and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutta

Submissions from 2012

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Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis presenting as severe iron deficiency anaemia--a case from Pakistan, Noureen Afzal, Ammara Mushtaq, Arshalooz Rahman, and Sonia Qureshi

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Urinary tract infection presenting as jaundice in neonates, Noureen Afzal, Maqbool Qadir, Sonia Qureshi, Rehan Ali, Shakeel Ahmed, and Khalil Ahmad

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Pseudomonas necrotizing fasciitis in an otherwise healthy infant, Shakeel Ahmed, Syed Rehan Ali, and Zahra Aziz Samani

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Cardiac involvement in kawasaki disease in Pakistani children, Saleem Akhtar, Muhammad Matloob Alam, and Mehnaz Atiq Ahmed

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Icterus Neonatorum in Near-Term and Term Infants: An overview., Rehan Ali, Shakeel Ahmed, Maqbool Qadir, and Khalil Ahmad

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Sample size calculation and sampling techniques, Syed Asad Ali

Each day outdoor play!, Shelina Bhamani

Parwarish Markaz: Integrated services for the optimal development of children ages 0-3, Shelina Bhamani

Urban fathers’ involvement in early childhood development: A case study from Pakistan, Shelina Bhamani

Conduct problems in children attending pre-primary schools in rural areas of Pakistan, Shelina Bhamani and Nadia Ayub

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The Countdown for 2015: what lies ahead?, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta and Mickey Chopra

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The Ignominy of Low birth Weight in South Asia, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Global nutrition epidemiology and trends, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta and Rehana A. Salam

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Group B streptococcal disease in infants aged younger than 3 months: systematic review and meta-analysis, Karen M. Edmond, Christina Kortsalioudaki, Susana Scott, Stephanie J. Schrag, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Simon Cousens, and Paul T. Heath

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Acute myeloid leukaemia in children: experience at a tertiary care facility of Pakistan, Zehra Fadoo, Naureen Mushtaq, Saima Alvi, and Muhammad Ali

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Omphalocoele, ten years experience at a tertiary care hospital, Anila Haroon, Akhtar Amin Memon, and Rehan Ali

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Spinal muscular atrophy:clinical spectrum and genetic mutations in Pakistani children, S. H. Ibrahim, Tariq Moatter, and Ali Faisal Saleem

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Global micronutrient deficiencies in childhood and impact on growth and survival: challenges and opportunities, Aamer Imdad and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Intervention strategies to address multiple micronutrient deficiencies in pregnancy and early childhood, Aamer Imdad and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Basic study designs in health research, Fyezah Jehan and Abdul Momin Kazi

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Questionnaire designing and validation, Abdul Momin Kazi and Wardah Khalid

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Risk factors associated with typhoid fever in children aged 2-16 years in Karachi, Pakistan, M. Imran Khan, R. L. Ochiai, S. B. Soofi, L. Von-Seidlein, M. J. Khan, S. M. Sahito, Atif Habib, M. K. Puri, J. K. Park, Y. A. You, M. Ali, S. Q. Nizami, C. J. Acosta, R. Bradley-Sack, J. D. Clemens, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Effectiveness of Vi capsular polysaccharide typhoid vaccine among children: a cluster randomized trial in Karachi, Pakistan, M. Imran Khan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, R. Leon Ochiai, Atif Habib, Shah Muhammad Sahito, S. Qamaruddin Nizam, Camilo J Acosta, John D. Clemens, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Epidemiology, clinical presentation, and patterns of drug resistance of salmonella typhi in Karachi, Pakistan, M. Imran Khan, Sajid Bashir Soof, R. Leon Ochiai, Mohammad Jawed Khan, Shah Muhammad Sahito, Atif Habib, Mahesh K Puri, Lorenz von Seidlein, Jin Kyung Park, Young Ae You, Mohammad Ali, S. Qamarudding Nizami, Camilo J Acosta, Richard Bradley Sack, John D Clemens, and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

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Risk factors associated with typhoid fever in children aged 2–16 years in Karachi, Pakistan, M. I. KHAN, R. L. OCHIA, S. B. SOOFI, L. VON- SEIDLEIN, M. J. KHAN, S. M. SAHITO, Atif Habib, M. K. PURI, J. K. PARK, Y. A. YOU, M. ALI, S. Q. NIZAMI, C. J. ACOSTA, R. BRADLEY- SACK, J. D. CLEMENS, and Z. A. BHUTTA

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Neurodevelopmental outcomes of premature infants at a tertiary care center in Pakistan, Muhammad Rehan Khan, Prem K. Maheshwari, Huma Shamim, Ali F. Saleem, Shakeel Ahmed, Syed R. Ali, and Shahnaz H Ibrahim