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Submissions from 2020

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Management of west syndrome during COVID-19 pandemic: A viewpoint from south Asian west syndrome research group, Jitendra Kumar Sahu, Priyanka Madaan, Prem Chand, Amit Kumar, Kyaw Linn, Mimi Lhamu Mynak, Prakash Poudel, and Jithangi Wanigasinghe

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Pediatric hematology oncology during SARS-CoV-2: A brief communication of 28 patients and changes in clinical practice from a single institute in Pakistan, Mir Ibrahim Sajid, Sadaf Altaf, Naureen Mushtaq, Asim Belgaumi, and Zehra Fadoo

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The gut of healthy infants in the community as a reservoir of ESBL and carbapenemase-producing bacteria, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, Ahreen Allana, Lauren Hale, Alondra Diaz, Raul Salinas, Cristina Salinas, Shahida Qureshi, Aneeta Hotwani, Najeeb Rehman, Asia Khan, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Patrick C. Seed, and Mehreen Arshad

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One-year decline of poliovirus antibodies following fractional-dose inactivated poliovirus vaccine, Ali Faisal Saleem, Ondrej Mach, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Zaubina Kazi, Attaullah Baig, Muhammad Sajid, Vishali Jeyaseelan, Roland W. Sutter, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Availability, use, and satisfaction of personal protective equipment among healthcare workers: A cross-sectional assessment of low- and middle-income countries, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Ammar Anwer, Muzna Sarfraz, and Javaria Siddiq

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Epidemiology of shigella infections and diarrhea in the first two years of life using culture-independent diagnostics in 8 low-resource settings, Fariha Shaheen, Furqan Kabir, Arjumand Rizvi, Fatima Aziz, Adil Kalam, Shahida Qureshi, Sadia Shakoor, Ali Turab, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and Najeeha Talat Iqbal

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Impact of treatment with RUTF on plasma lipid profiles of severely malnourished Pakistani children, Engy Shokry, Kamran Sadiq, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Atif Habib, Naveed Bhutto, Arjumand Rizvi, Imran Ahmed, Hans Demmelmair, Olaf Uhl, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and Berthold Koletzko

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Laboratory blood testing in paediatric intensive care unit of a university hospital: Are we doing it appropriately?, Hafsa Sohail; Shazia Bibi; Mahnaz Hakeem,; Anwarul Haque; and Qalab Abbas

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Universality of the triangular theory of love: Adaptation and psychometric properties of the triangular love scale in 25 countries, Piotr Sorokowski, Agnieszka Sorokowska, Maciej Karwowski, Agata Groyecka, Toivo Aavik, Grace Akello, Charlotte Alm, Naumana Amjad, Afifa Anjum, and Rizwana Shaikh

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Dialing in prevention of childhood stunting and diarrhea in low-income countries, Sana Syed and Sean R. Moore

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Spatial heterogeneity of enteric fever in 2 diverse communities in Nepal, Dipesh Tamrakar, Krista Vaidya, Alexander T. Yu, Kristen Aiemjo, Shiva Ram Naga, Yanjia Cao, Caryn Bern, Rajeev Shrestha, Biraj M. Karmacharya, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Assessing early childhood fluid reasoning in low- and middle-income nations: Validity of the Wechsler preschool and primary scale of intelligence across seven MAL-ED Sites, Linda uan-Iu, Laura L. Pendergast, Muneera Rasheed, Fahmida Tofail, Erling Svensen, Angelina Maphula, Reeba Roshan, Baitun Nahar, Rita Shrestha, and Brittney Williams

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Antibiotic use prior to hospital presentation among individuals with suspected enteric fever in Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan, Krista Vaidya, Kristen Aiemjoy, Farah Naz Qamar, Samir K. Saha, Dipesh Tamrakar, Shiva R. Naga, Shampa Saha, Caitlin Hemlock, Ashley T. Longley, and Kashmira Date

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Late weaning and maternal closeness, associated with advanced motor and visual maturation, reinforce autonomy in healthy, 2-year-old children, José Villar, Roseline Ochieng, Eleonora Staines-Urias, Michelle Fernandes, Marc Ratcliff, Manorama Purwar, Fernando Barros, Bernardo Horta, Maria Carvalho, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Immunity and field efficacy of type 2-containing polio vaccines after cessation of trivalent oral polio vaccine: A population-based serological study in Pakistan, Arie Voorman, Atif Habib, Imtiaz Hussain, Rana Muhammad Safdar, Jamal A. Ahmed, William C. Weldon, Imran Ahmed, Muhammad Umer, Jeffrey Partridge, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Global burden of acute lower respiratory infection associated with human metapneumovirus in children under 5 years in 2018: A systematic review and modelling study, Xin Wang, You Li, Maria Deloria-Knoll, Shabir A. Madhi, Cheryl Cohen, Syed Asad Ali, Sudha Basne, Quique Bassat, W Abdullah Brooks, and Malinee Chittaganpitch

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Global burden of respiratory infections associated with seasonal influenza in children under 5 years in 2018: A systematic review and modelling study, Xin Wang, You Li, Katherine L. O'Brien, Qalab Abbas, Syed Asad Ali, Respiratory Virus Global Epidemiology Network, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Antenatal dexamethasone for early preterm birth in low-resource countries, WHO ACTION Trials Collaborators, Olufemi T. Oladapo, Joshua P. Vogel, Gilda Piaggio, My-Huong Nguyen, Fernando Althab, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Shabina Ariff, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Lumaan Sheikh

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Successful completion of pregnancy after mustard procedure for transposition of great arteries: A rare case from the developing world, Muhammad Kamran Younis Memon, Ayesha Malik, and Saleem Akhtar

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If not now, then when? The importance of intervening early to provide family-based environments for all children, Aisha Khizar Yousafzai

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Burden of culture confirmed enteric fever cases in Karachi, Pakistan: Surveillance for enteric fever in Asia project (SEAP), 2016-2019, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Seema Irfan, Rozina Thobani, Abdul Momin Kazi, Aneeta Hotwani, Ashraf M. Memon, Khalid Iqbal, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Nasir S. Saddal, Najeeb Rehman, Irum Fatima Dehraj, Mohammed J. Hunzai, Junaid Mehmood, and Farah Naz Qamar

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A cluster-based, spatial-sampling method for assessing household healthcare utilization patterns in resource-limited settings, Alexander T. Yu, Rajani Shakya, Bikram Adhikari, Dipesh Tamraka, Krista Vaidya, Stace Maples, Kashmira Date, Isaac I. Bogoch, Farah Naz Qamar, and Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai

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Food supplements to reduce stunting in Pakistan: A process evaluation of community dynamics shaping uptake, Shehla Zaidi, Jai K. Das, Gul Nawaz Khan, Rabia Najmi Taha, Mashal Murad Shah, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

Submissions from 2019

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Use of interventional radiology in critically injured children admitted in a pediatric intensive care unit of a developing country, Qalab Abbas, Muhammad Tariq Jamil, Anwarul Haque, and Raza Sayani

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Retrospective study of patients with hyperphenylalaninemia: Experience from a tertiary care center in Pakistan, Sibtain Ahmed, Hafsa Majid, Lena Jafri, Aysha Habib Khan, Zeba Zulfiqar Ali, and Bushra Afroze

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MLPA analyses reveal a spectrum of dystrophin gene deletions/duplications in Pakistani patients suspected of having duchenne/becker muscular dystrophy: A retrospective study, Zeeshan Ansar Ahmed, Asghar Nasir, Tariq Moatter, Sara Khan, Salman Kirmani, S. H. Ibrahim, Kahkashan Imam, Anif Ather, Azra Samreen, and Zahra Hasan

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Association of exposure to civil conflict with maternal resilience and maternal and child health and health system performance in Afghanistan, Nadia Akseer, Arjumand Rizvi, Zaid Ahmad Bhatti, Jai K. Das, Karl Everett, Aneesa Arur, Mickey Chopra, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Impact of congenital cardiac catheterization project on outcomes-quality improvement (C3PO-QI) in LMICs, Fatima Ali, Mohammad Qasim Mehdi, Saleem Akhtar, Nadeem Aslam, Rashid Abbas, Izat Shah, Jabbir Abidi, Sajid Arthur, zeenat Nizar, and Babar Hasan

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Quality initiative to reduce cardiac CT angiography radiation exposure in patients with congenital heart disease, Fatima Ali, Arjumand Rizvi, Huzaifa Ahmad, Phillip McGonagill, Muneeb Khan, Rajesh Krishnamurthy, Zafar Jamil, Naila Nadeem, Mohammad Yousuf, and Babar Hasan

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Deep learning for detecting diseases in gastrointestinal biopsy images, Syed Asad Ali, Aman Srivastava, Saurav Kang, Karan Kant, Sean R. Moore, Sana Syed, and Donald E. Brown

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Typhoid conjugate vaccines: a new tool in the fight against antimicrobial resistance, Jason R. Andrews MD, Stephen Baker, Florian Marks, Marcella Alsan, Denise Garrett, Bruce G. Gellin, Samir K. Saha, Farah Naz Farid, and Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai

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Early neonatal vitamin A supplementation and infant mortality: An individual participant data meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials, Rajiv Bahl and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Association of nutritional status measures with self-efficacy and experiencing depressed mood among Pakistani young women (P10-090-19), Jo-Anna Baxter, Yaqub Wasan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Imran Ahmed, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Reaching the unreached; mobile health teams in conflict settings, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Rethinking community based strategies to tackle health inequities in South Asia, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Abhay Bang, Kaosar Afsana, Bishal Gyawali, Mohammed Shafiq Mirzazada, and Renuka Jayatissa

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Protecting women and children in conflict settings, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Michelle F. Gaffey, Karl Blanchet, Ron Waldman, and Kamran Abbasi

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India and Pakistan: a plea for sanity, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Arun Mitra, and Richard Horton

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Optimising the continuum of child and adolescent health and development, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Cesar Victora, Ties Boerma, Margaret E. Kruk, George Patton, Maureen M. Black, Susan Sawyer, Susan Horton, Robert E. Black, and Richard Horton

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Armed conflicts and national trends in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health in sub-Saharan Africa: what can national health surveys tell us?, Ties Boerma, Hannah Tappis, Ghada Saad-Haddad, Jai K. Das, Dessalegn Y. Melesse, Jocelyn DeJong, Paul Spiegel, Robert Black, Cesar Victora, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Duodenal biopsies classification and understanding using convolutional neural networks, Mohammad Al Boni, Sana Syed, Syed Asad Ali, Sean R. Moore, and Donald E. Brown

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Duodenal biopsies classification and understanding using convolutional neural networks, Mohammad Al Boni, Sana Syed, Syed Asad Ali, Sean R. Moore, and Donald E. Brown

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Determinants of linear growth faltering among children with moderate-to-severe diarrhea in the global enteric multicenter study, Rebecca L. Brander, Patricia B. Pavlinac, Judd L. Walson, Grace C. John-Stewart, Marcia R. Weaver, Abu S. G Faruque, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Dipika Sur, Samba O. Sow, and M Jahangir Hossain

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Nash-wo-Numa (childhood growth & development) study protocol: Factors that impact linear growth in children 9 to 15 years of age in Matiari, Pakistan, Susan C. Campisi, Yaqub Wasan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Suneeta Monga, Daphne J. Korczak, Wendy Lou, Olle Soder, Ashley Vandermorris, Khadija N Humayun, Ayesha Mian, Peter Szatmari, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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The epidemiological burden of obesity in childhood: A worldwide epidemic requiring urgent action, Mariachiara Di Cesare, Maroje Sorić, Pascal Bovet, J Jaime Miranda, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Gretchen A. Stevens, Avula Laxmaiah, Andre-Pascal Kengne, and James Bentham

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Frequency of early morbidities in low birth weight neonates at the Aga khan university hospital, Karachi, Saroop Chand, Fayaz Ahmed Memon, Muhammad Hussain Shah, Abdul Lateef Leghari, Parveen Uzma, Rohan Advani, Muhammad Sohail Salat, and Shabina Ariff

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Factors leading to meconium aspiration syndrome in term- and post-term neonates, Saroop Chand, Aamna Salman, Razia Mustafa Abbassi, Abdul Rehman Siyal, Fayaz Ahmed Memon, Abdul Lateef Leghari, Ashmal Sami Kabani, and Sajid Ali

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Factors leading to meconium aspiration syndrome in term- and post-term neonates, saroop chand, Aamna Salman, Razia Mustafa Abbassi, Abdul Rehman Siyal, Fayaz Ahmed Memon, Abdul Leghari Leghari, Ashmal Sami Kabani, and Sajid Ali

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PDXK mutations cause polyneuropathy responsive to pyridoxal 5'-phosphate supplementation, Viorica Chelban, Matthew P. Wilson, Jodi Warman Chardon, Jana Vandrovcova, M Natalia Zanetti, Eleni Zamba-Papanicolaou, Stephanie Efthymiou, Care4Rare Canada Consortium and the SYNaPS Study Group, Shahnaz H. Ibrahim, and Salman Kirmani

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Childhood acute illness and nutrition (CHAIN) network: A protocol for a multi-site prospective cohort study to identify modifiable risk factors for mortality among acutely ill children in Africa and Asia, Childhood Acute Illness and Nutrition Network, J A. Berkley, J L. Walson, A H. Diallo, Asmsb Shahid, A Gwela, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, Syed Asad Ali, C C. Tigoi, and C Bourdon

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Human primary immunodeficiency caused by expression of a kinase-dead p110δ mutant, Sarah Beaussant Cohen, Wayne Bainter, Jared L. Johnson, Ting-Yu Lin, Jenny C. Y Wong, Jacqueline G. Wallace, Jennifer Jones, Sonia Qureshi, Fatima Mir, and Farah Qamar

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Addressing childhood undernutrition and development through education and lipid-based supplements, Jai K. Das and Rehana Salam

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Preventive lipid-based nutrient supplements given with complementary foods to infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age for health, nutrition, and developmental outcomes, Jai K. Das, Rehana Salam, Yousuf Bashir Hadi, Sana Sheikh, Afsah Z. Bhutta, Zita Weise Prinzo, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Food fortification with multiple micronutrients: Impact on health outcomes in general population, Jai K. Das, Rehana Salam, Salman Bin Mahmood, Anoosh Moin, Rohail Kumar, Kashif Mukhtar, Zohra Lassi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Chronic maternal depressive symptoms are associated with reduced socio-emotional development in children at 2 years of age: Analysis of data from an intervention cohort in rural Pakistan, Clariana V R. De Oliveira, Muneera Rasheed, and Aisha K. Yousafzai

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Duodenal imaging by tethered capsule OCT endomicroscopy in adolescents with environmental enteric dysfunction (Conference Presentation), Jing Dong, Kamran Sadiq, Catriona Grant, Omair Shakil, Syed Asad Ali, and Anna Gao

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Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy disease in three siblings from Pakistan with a novel mutation, Sana Durrani, Bee Chin Chen, Yusnita Yakob, Lua Seok Hian, and Bushra Afroze

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Biallelic mutations in neurofascin cause neurodevelopmental impairment and peripheral demyelination, Stephanie Efthymiou, Vincenzo Salpietro, Nancy Malintan, Mallory Poncelet, Yamna Kriouile, Sara Fortuna, Rita De Zorzi, Katelyn Payne, Shahnaz. H. Ibrahim, and Salman Kirmani

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Infectious etiologies of intussusception among children <2 years old in 4 Asian>countries, Eleanor Burnett Eleanor Burnett, Furqan Kabir, Nguyen Van Trang, Ajit Rayamajhi, Syed M. Satter, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Nasir Saleem Saddal, Sehrish Muneer, and Syed Asad Ali

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OR to ICU handoff: Theory of change model for sustainable change in behavior, Tahira Faiz, Bushra Saeed, Sadaqat Ali, Qalab Abbas, and Mahim Malik

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Tu2047 – A transnasal imaging tube for unsedated oct imaging of the upper gastrointestinal tract, Hamid Farrokhi, Jing Dong, David Otuya, Yogesh Verma, Sarah K. Zemlok, Aditya Kumar, Rachel E. Shore, Sarah Giddings, Kamran Sadiq, and Syed Asad Ali

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Experiences of community youth leaders in a youth-led early childhood education program in rural Pakistan, Emily E. Franchett, Aisha K. Yousafzai, Muneera Rasheed, Saima Siyal, Chin R. Reyes, and Liliana Angelica Ponguta

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Oral ondansetron administration to dehydrated children in Pakistan: A randomized clinical trial, Stephen B. Freedman, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Andrew R. Willan, Sarah Williamson-Urquhart, Emaduddin Siddiqui, Jianling Xie, Fady Dawoud, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Mortality, morbidity, and hospitalisations due to influenza lower respiratory tract infections, 2017: An analysis for the global burden of disease study 2017, GBD 2017 Influenza Collaborators, Christopher E. Troeger, Brigette F. Blacker, Ibrahim A. Khalil, Stephanie R. M Zimsen, Samuel B. Albertson, Degu Abate, Jemal Abdela, Tara Ballav Adhikari, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Setting research priorities on multiple micronutrient supplementation in pregnancy, Filomena Gomes, Megan W. Bourassa, Seth Adu Afarwuah, Clayton Ajello, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Robert Black, Elisabete Catarino, Ranadip Chowdhury, Nita Dalmiya, and Pratibha Dwarkanath

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Evaluation of a maternal, neonatal and child health intervention package in a rural district of Pakistan: A quasi-experimental study, Atif Habib, Kirsten I. Black, Camille Raynes Greenow, Mushtaq Mirani, Sajid Muhammad, Fariha Shaheen, Monika Christofori Khadka, Annette Vondeling, Shabina Ariff, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Genome-wide association study identifies variation of glucosidase being linked to natural variation of the maximal quantum yield of photosystem II, Saber Hamdani, Hongru Wang, Guangyong Zheng, Shahnaz Perveen, Mingnan Qu, Naveed Khan, Waqasuddin Khan, Jianjun Jiang, Ming Li, and Xinyu Liu

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2019 updated consensus statement on the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric pulmonary hypertension: The European pediatric pulmonary vascular disease network (EPPVDN), endorsed by AEPC, ESPR and ISHLT, Georg Hansmann, Martin Koestenberger, Tero-Pekka Alastalo, Christian Apitz, Eric D. Austin, Damien Bonnet, Werner Budts, Michele D'Alto D'Alto, Michael A. Gatzoulis, and Babar Hasan

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Persistence of eustachian valve-rare cause of intra cardiac shunting leading to neonatal cyanosis, V Hasija, A Hussain, A Mirza, N Aslam, M Younis, and S Rehman

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Association of early interventions with birth outcomes and child linear growth in low-income and middle-Income countries: Bayesian network meta-analyses of randomized clinical trials, Jay J. Park H., Mei Lan Fang, Ofir Harari, Louis Dron, Ellie G. Siden, Reham Majzoub, Virginia Jeziorska, Kristian Thorlund, Edward J. Mills, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Establishment of a thalassaemia major quality improvement collaborative in Pakistan, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Lubaina Ehsan, Najveen Alvi, Fatimah Sajjad, Aleezay Asghar, Omair Nadeem, Asim Qidwai, Shabneez Hussain, Erum Hasan, Sadaf Altaf, Salman Kirmani, and Babar Hasan

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Does artificial intelligence have any role in healthcare in low resource settings?, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Babar Hasan, and Khan Siddiqui

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Is the child at risk? Cardiovascular remodelling in children born to diabetic mothers, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Nuruddin Badruddin Mohammed, Nadeem Aslam, Urooj Fatima, Salima Ashiqali, Arjumand Rizvi, Christine Pascua, Devyani Chowdhury, and Babar Hasan

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Use of machine learning algorithms for prediction of fetal risk using cardiotocographic data, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Mohammad Noman, Ayesha Shafique, Ali Nasim, Devyani Chowdhury, and Babar Hasan

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Poliovirus immunity among children under five years-old in accessible areas of Afghanistan, 2013, Christopher H. Hsu, Kathleen A. Wannemuehler, Sajid Soofi, Mohd Mashal, Imtiaz Hussain, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Larin McDuffie, William Weldon, and Noha H. Farag

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Study of environmental enteropathy and malnutrition (SEEM) in Pakistan: protocols for biopsy based biomarker discovery and validation, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Sana Saeed, Kamran Sadiq, Marium N. Khan, Junaid Iqbal, Jennie Z. Ma, Fayaz Umrani, Sheraz Ahmed, Elizabeth A. Maier, Lee A. Denson, Shahida Qureshi, and Syed Asad Ali

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Pathobiome driven gut inflammation in Pakistani children with environmental enteric dysfunction, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Sana Syed, Furqan Kabir, Zehra Jamil, Tauseef Akhund, Shahida Qureshi, Jie Liu, Jennie Ma Z, Shan Guleria, Andrew Gewirtz, Christopher Duggan P, Molly Hughes A, Kamran Sadiq, and Asad Ali

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Should fast breathing pneumonia cases be treated with antibiotics? The scientific rationale for revisiting management in low and middle income countries, Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Salima Kerai, Nick Brown, Gwen Ambler, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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A community-based survey on health-care utilization for pneumonia in children in peri-urban slums of Karachi, Pakistan, Salima Kerai, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Ilyas Muhammad, Sana Qaisar, Khalid Feroz, Azhar Raza, Faizan Khalid, Benazir Baloch, and Fyezah Jehan

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Mild presentation of the congenital variant rett syndrome in a Pakistani male: expanding the phenotype of the forkhead box protein G1 spectrum, Aleena Arij Khan and Salman Kirmani

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In-silico designing and characterization of binding modes of two novel inhibitors for CB1 receptor against obesity by classical 3D-QSAR approach, Naveed Khan, Sobia Ahsan Halim, Waqasuddin Khan, Syed Kashif Zafar, and Zaheer Ul Haq

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Stakeholder perspectives on public-private partnership in health service delivery in Sindh province of Pakistan: a qualitative study, Nimra Naeem Khan and S Puthussery

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Beyond sequencing: Re-visiting annotations for PJL as a test case, Waqasuddin Khan, Aisha Ghani, Muhammad Bilal Azmi, and Safina Abdul Razzak

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A neonate with upper GI bleeding, Suneeta Khemani, Huma Ghulam Qadir, Mumtaz Malik, and Faiqa Hassan

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Frequency and early complications of late preterm infants: A descriptive analysis from two secondary-care hospitals of Karachi, Waqar Khowaja, Abdul Lateef Leghari, Shabbir Hussain, Shabina Ariff, and Iqtidar Khan

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Top 100 cited articles on radiation exposure in medical imaging: A bibliometric analysis, Jason Kinnin, Tarek N. Hanna, Marc Jutras, Babar Hasan, Rick Bhatia, and Faisal Khosa

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The incidence, aetiology, and adverse clinical consequences of less severe diarrhoeal episodes among infants and children residing in low-income and middle-income countries: A 12-month case-control study as a follow-on to the global enteric multicenter study (GEMS), Karen L. Kotloff, Dilruba Nasrin, William C. Blackwelder, Yukun Wu, Tamer Farag, Sandra Panchalingham, Samba O. Sow, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Shahida Qureshi, and Farheen Quadri

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Diagnosis of celiac disease and environmental enteropathy on biopsy images using color balancing on convolutional neural networks, Kamran Kowsari, Rasoul Sali, Marium N. Khan, William Adorno, Syed Asad Ali, Sean R. Moore, Beatrice C. Amadi, Paul Kelly, Sana Syed, and Donald E. Brown

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Comparison of treatment of severe acute malnutrition with ready-to-use therapeutic food and ready-to-use-supplementary food: Research plans in Pakistan, Sumra Kureishy; Meghan Callaghan-Gillespie; Gul Nawaz Khan Nawaz Khan; Atif Habib; Mica Jenkins; Khawaja Masuood Ahmed; Baseer Achakzai, Baseer Achakzai,; Saskia de Pee; Mark J. Manary; Cecilia Ávila Garzón,; and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Health-related quality of life in surgical children and adolescents with congenital heart disease compared with their age-matched healthy sibling: a cross-sectional study from a lower middle-income country, Pakistan, Laila Akbar Ladak, Babar Hasan, Janice Gullick, Khadija Awais, Ahmed Abdullah, and Robyn Gallagher

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Health-related quality of life in congenital heart disease surgery in children and young adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Laila Ladak, Babar Hasan, Janice Gullick, and Robyn Gallagher

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Su1304 – A novel histology index for evaluation of enteropathies associated with suboptimal childhood growth identifies geographic-specific features, Ta-Chiang Liu, Kelley VanBuskirk, Syed Asad Ali, Paul Kelly, Lori R. Holtz, and Christopher A. Moskaluk

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Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic: Bleeding in amyloid liver: A rare presentation of primary liver amyloidosis, Ajeet Kumar Lohana, s Abid, Raza Sayani, Ummiya Tahir, and PA Shaikh

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The incidence of pregnancy hypertension in India, Pakistan, Mozambique, and Nigeria: A prospective population-level analysis., Laura A. Magee, Sumedha Sharma, Hannah L. Nathan, Olalekan O. Adetoro, Mrutynjaya B. Bellad, Shivaprasad Goudar, Rahat Qureshi, Andrew H. Shennan, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, and Peter von Dadelszen

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Socio-anthropological methods to study the feasibility and acceptability of the minimally invasive autopsy from the perspective of local communities: lessons learnt from a large multi-centre study, Maria Maixenchs, Rui Anselmo, Guillermo Martínez Pérez, Kelvin Oruko, Selidji Todagbe Agnandji, Pamela Catherine Angoissa Minsoko, Kounandji Diarra, Mahamane Djiteye, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and Shujaat Zaidi

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Advancing measurement and monitoring of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health and nutrition: global and country perspectives, Tanya Marchant, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Robert Black, John Grove, Catherine Kyobutungi, and Stefan Peterson

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Nurturing environments and nutrient-rich diets may improve cognitive development: analysis of cognitive trajectories from six to sixty months from the MAL-ED study (OR10-01-19), Benjamin McCormick, Laura Caulfield, Stephanie Richard, Laura Pendergast, Laura Murray-Kolb, and Mal-Ed Network Investigators

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Early life child micronutrient status, maternal reasoning, and a nurturing household environment have persistent influences on child cognitive development at age 5 years: Results from MAL-ED, Benjamin J J. McCormick, Stephanie A. Richard, Laura E. Caulfield, Laura L. Pendergast, Jessica C. Seidman, Beena Koshy, Reeba Roshan, Rita Shrestha, Erling Svensen, and Muneera Rasheed

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A novel training simulator for portable ultrasound identification of incorrect newborn endotracheal tube placement – Observational diagnostic accuracy study protocol, Hasan S. Merali, Mark O. Tessaro, Khushboo Q. Ali, Shaun K. Morris, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Shabina Ariff

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Contextual design choices and partnerships for scaling early child development programmes, Kate M. Milner, Raquel Bernal Salazar, Sunil Bhopal, Alexandra Brentani, Pia Rebello Britto, Tarun Dua, Melissa Gladstone, Esther Goh, Jena Hamadani, and Muneera Rasheed

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Kawasaki disease complicated by peripheral gangrene and a ventricular septal defect: An unusual association, Muhammad Mohsin and Saleem Akhtar