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Submissions from 2021

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Prevalence and risk factors associated with multi-drug resistant organisms (MDRO) carriage among pediatric patients at the time of admission in a tertiary care hospital of a developing country. A cross-sectional study, Sonia Qureshi, Noshi Maria, Mohammad Zeeshan, Seema Irfan, and Farah Naz Qamar

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A retrospective review on antibiotic use in acute watery diarrhea in children in a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan, Sonia Qureshi, Shahzadi Resham, Mariam Hashmi, Abdullah B. Naveed, Zoya Haq, and Syed Asad Ali

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Detection of typhoid carriers by duodenal fluid culture in a tertiary care hospital, Karachi: A cross-sectional study, Sonia Qureshi, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Shafquat Rozi, Shahida Qureshi, Aneeta Hotwani, Kamran Sadiq, Om Parkash, Abdul Momin Kazi, Furqan Kabir, Hadi Usmani, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Concentrations of lead, mercury, arsenic, cadmium, manganese, and aluminum in the blood of Pakistani children with and without autism spectrum disorder and their associated factors, Mohammad H. Rahbar, Shahnaz H. Ibrahim, Syed Iqbal Azam, Manouchehr Hessabi, Fatima Karim, Sori Kim, Jing Zhang, Nasreen Gulzar Ali, and Katherine A. Loveland

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Development and feasibility testing of a play-based psychosocial intervention for reduced patient stress in a pediatric care setting: Experiences from Pakistan, Muneera A. Rasheed, Vardah Bharuchi, Waliyah Mughis, and Ayesha Hussain

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Use of artificial intelligence on electroencephalogram (EEG) waveforms to predict failure in early school grades in children from a rural cohort in Pakistan, Muneera A. Rasheed, Prem Chand, Saad Ahmed, Hamza Sharif, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Ayat Siddiqui, and Babar S. Hasan

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Implementation and evaluation of a social media-based communication strategy to enhance employee engagement: Experiences from a children's hospital, Pakistan, Muneera A. Rasheed, Alma Arshad Hookmani, Sana Waleed, H Sundus Fatima, Soha Siddiqui, Muhammad Khurram, and Babar Hasan

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Feasibility, usability and acceptability of paediatric lung ultrasound among healthcare providers and caregivers for the diagnosis of childhood pneumonia in resource-constrained settings: A qualitative study, Atif Riaz, Olga Cambaco, Laura Elizabeth Ellington, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Khatia Munguambe, Usma Mehmood, Sana Qaisar, Benazir Baloch, Muhammad Imran Nisar, and Fyezah Jehan

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A public health approach for deciding policy on infant feeding and mother-infant contact in the context of COVID-19, Nigel Rollins, Nicole Minckas, Fyezah Jehan, Rakesh Lodha, Daniel Raiten, Claire Thorne, Philippe Van de Perre, Mija Ververs, Neff Walker, and Rajiv Bahl

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High flow nasal cannula therapy in children with acute respiratory insufficiency in the pediatric intensive care unit of a resource-limited country: A preliminary experience, Bushra Saeed, Asim Azim, Anwar Ul Haque, and Qalab Abbas

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Biochemical testing for the diagnosis of Wilson's disease: A systematic review, Hafiz Muhammad Salman, Mahwish Amin, Javaria Syed, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz, Maria Jose Farfán Bajaña, Miguel Felix, and Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda

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Frequency of immediate neonatal complications (hypoglycemia and neonatal jaundice) in late preterm and term neonates, Muhammad Salman, Heeranand Rathore, Shabina Ariff, Rashid Ali, Ausaf Ahmed Khan, and Muhammad Nasir

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Understanding and promoting racial diversity in healthcare settings to address disparities in pandemic crisis management, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Alanna Barrios, Kuchalambal Agadi, Sindhu Thevuthasan, Krunal Pandav, Manish Kc, Muzna Sarfraz, Pedram Rad, and George Michel

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Randomized controlled trials of remdesivir in hospitalized coronavirus disease 2019 patients: A meta-analysis, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Marcos Sanchez-Gonzalez, Jack Michel, George Michel, Odalys Frontela, Jorge Posada, Jose Cardona, and Eugenio Angueira

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Survival of the wealthiest? Wait in line for COVID-19 vaccination, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, and Muzna Sarfraz

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Tocilizumab and COVID-19: A meta-analysis of 2120 patients with severe disease and implications for clinical trial methodologies, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz, Hinna Aftab, and Zainab Pervaiz

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COVID-19 and family planning in the eastern Mediterranean region, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Sameer Saleem Tebha, Namrata Hange, Kuchalambal Agadi, Alanna Barrios, Manish Kc, and Gaurav Patel

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COVID-19 age-dependent immunology and clinical outcomes: Implications for vaccines, Azza Sarfraz, Saman Hasan Siddiqui, Junaid Iqbal, Syed Asad Ali, Zahra Hasan, Zouina Sarfraz, and Najeeha Talat Iqbal

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Cardio-pulmonary sequelae in recovered COVID-19 patients: Considerations for primary care, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Alanna Barrios, Radhika Garimella, Asimina Dominari, Manish Kc, Krunal Pandav, Juan C. Pantoja, Varadha Retnakumar, and Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda

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Is COVID-19 pushing us to the fifth industrial revolution (Society 5.0)?, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Hamza M. Iftikar, and Ramsha Akhund

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Variances in BCG protection against COVID-19 mortality: A global assessment, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Krunal Pandav, Sarabjot Singh Makkar, Saman Hasan Siddiqui, Gaurav Patel, Tania Platero-Portillo, Bishnu Mohan Singh, Mohamed Iburahim Haja Maideen, Deepika Sarvepalli, and Muzna Sarfraz

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Water, sanitation and hygiene: A leading cause of viral transmission in Pakistan?, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Aman Siddiqui, Ali Totonchian, Muzna Sarfraz, and Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda

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Colchicine, COVID-19 and hematological parameters: A meta-analysis, Musharraf Sarwar, Zahid Ali, Mahnoor Fatima, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, and Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda

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Re-Emergence of monkeypox amidst delta variant concerns: A point of contention for public health virology?, Sarosh Sarwar, Upasana Maskey, Pawan Kumar Thada, Manaal Mustansir, Azza Sarfraz, and Zouina Sarfraz

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Efficacy of remote dielectric sensing (ReDS) in the prevention of heart failure rehospitalizations: A meta-analysis, Yasar Sattar, Mohamed Zghouzi, Abdul-Rahman M. Suleiman, Amaan Sheikh, Judah Kupferman, Azza Sarfraz, Junaid Arshad, Tanveer Mir, Waqas Ullah, and Homam Moussa Pacha

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Machine learning guided postnatal gestational age assessment using new-born screening metabolomic data in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, Sunil Sazawal, Kelli K. Ryckman, Sayan Das, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Usma Mehmood, Amina Barkat, Farah Khalid, Muhammad Ilyas Muhammad Ilyas, Ambreen Nizar, and Fyezah Jehan

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Using AMANHI-ACT cohorts for external validation of Iowa new-born metabolic profiles based models for postnatal gestational age estimation, Sunil Sazawal, Kelli K. Ryckman, Harshita Mittal, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Usma Mehmood, Amina Barkat, Farah Khalid, Muhammad Ilyas, Ambreen Nizar, and Fyezah Jehan

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Clinical signs predictive of severe illness in young Pakistani infants, Shahira Shahid, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Kanwal Nayani, Ayesha Munir, Nick Brown, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Fyezah Jehan, and Muhammad Imran Nisar

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Assessing health-related quality of life, morbidity, and survival status for individuals with down syndrome in Pakistan (DS-Pak): Protocol for a web-based collaborative registry, Ayat Siddiqui, Laila Akber Cassum, Abdul Momin Kazi, Sidra Kaleem Jafri, Fizza Akbar, and Salman Kirmani

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Utility of epilepsy surgery in survivors of childhood cancer, Ayat Siddiqui, Amy L. McGregor, James W. Wheless, Paul Klimo, Frederick A. Boop, and Raja B. Khan

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Global variation of COVID-19 mortality rates in the initial phase, Saman Hasan Siddiqui, Azza Sarfraz, Arjumand Rizvi, Fariha Shaheen, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, and Syed Asad Ali

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Red blood cell transfusion in critically-ill children and its association with outcome, Hafsa Sohail, Shah Ali Ahmed, Parveen Usman, Farah Khalid, Anwar Ul Haque, and Qalab Abbas

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Effectiveness of unconditional cash transfers combined with lipid-based nutrient supplement and/or behavior change communication to prevent stunting among children in Pakistan: A cluster randomized controlled trial, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Shabina Ariff, Gul Nawaz Khan, Atif Habib, Sumra Kureishy, Yasir Ihtesham, Masawar Hussain, Arjumand Rizvi, Muhammad Sajid, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Effectiveness of specialized nutritious foods and social and behavior change communication interventions to prevent stunting among children in Badakhshan, Afghanistan: Protocol for a quasi-experimental study, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Gul Nawaz Khan, Shabina Ariff, Arjumand Rizvi, Mohammad Asif Hussainyar, Cecilia Garzon, Martin Ahimbisibwe, Rafiullah Sadeed, and Ahmad Reshad

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Affective interpersonal touch in close relationships: A cross-cultural perspective, Agnieszka Sorokowska, Supreet Saluja, Piotr Sorokowski, Tomasz Frąckowiak, Maciej Karwowski, Toivo Aavik, Grace Akello, Charlotte Alm, Naumana Amjad, and Rizwana Shaikh

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Artificial intelligence-based analytics for diagnosis of small bowel enteropathies and black box feature detection, Sana Syed, Lubaina Ehsan, Aman Shrivastava, Saurav Sengupta, Marium Khan, Kamran Kowsari, Shan Guleria, Kamran Sadiq, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, and Syed Asad Ali

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PIGG variant pathogenicity assessment reveals characteristic features within 19 families, Camille Tremblay-Laganière, Reza Maroofian, Thi Tuyet Mai Nguyen, Ehsan Ghayoor Karimiani, Salman Kirmani, Fizza Akbar, Shahnaz Ibrahim, Bushra Afroze, Mohammad Doosti, and Farah Ashrafzadeh

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Adverse reactions following COVID-19 vaccination: An Ecuadorian experience, Emanuel Vanegas, Karla Robles-Velasco, María F. Osorio, María José Farfán Bajaña, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Juan Carlos Fernández Cadena, Derly Madeleiny Andrade Molina, Matias Panchana Lascano, and Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda

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Maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality among pregnant women with and without COVID-19 Infection: The INTERCOVID multinational cohort study, José Villar, Shabina Ariff, Robert B. Gunier, Ramachandran Thiruvengadam, Stephen Rauch, Alexey Kholin, Paola Roggero, Federico Prefumo, Marynéa Silva do Vale, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Performance and determinants of serum creatinine and cystatin C-based GFR estimating equations in south Asians, Yeli Wang, Andrew S. Levey, Lesley A. Inker, Saleem Jessani, Rasool Bux, Zainab Samad, Ali Raza Khan, Amy B. Karger, John C. Allen, and Tazeen H. Jafar

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Comparative analysis of pediatric COVID-19 infection in Southeast Asia, south Asia, Japan, and China, Judith Ju Ming Wong, Qalab Abbas, Soo Lin Chua, Ririe Fachrina Malisie, Kah Min Pon, Tomohiro Katsuta, Hongxing Dang, Pei Chuen Lee, Muralidharan Jayashree, and Quratulain Maha

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Unveiling and addressing implementation barriers to routine immunization in the peri-urban slums of Karachi, Pakistan: A mixed-methods study, Amna Tanweer Yazdani, Ameer Muhammad, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Uzma Khan, and Yasir Shafiq

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Bridge Employment and Longevity: Evidence from a 10-year follow-up cohort study in 0.16 million Chinese, Ruoyu Yin, Yiqian Xin, Maria Asif Bhura, Zhicheng Wang, and Kun Tang

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Evaluating implementation of LEAPS, a youth-led early childhood care and education intervention in rural Pakistan: Protocol for a stepped wedge cluster-randomized trial, Aisha Khizar Yousafzai, Christopher R. Sudfeld, Emily E. Franchett, Saima Siyal, Karima Rehmani, Shelina Bhamani, Quanyi Dai, Chin R. Reyes, Günther Fink, and Liliana A. Ponguta

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Effectiveness of typhoid conjugate vaccine against culture-confirmed salmonella enterica serotype typhi in an extensively drug-resistant outbreak setting of Hyderabad, Pakistan: A cohort study, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Sultan Karim, Sonia Qureshi, Abdul Momin Kazi, Hina Memon, Amber Junejo, Zohra Khawaja, Najeeb Ur Rehman, Muhammad Sajid Ansari, Rafey Ali, Heera Mani Lohana, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Critical illness related to community acquired pneumonia, its epidemiology and outcomes in a pediatric intensive care unit of Pakistan, Arsheen Zeeshan, Qalab Abbas, Arsalan Siddiqui, Farah Khalid, and Fyezah Jehan

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Mid-upper arm circumference assessment and comparison with weight for length Z-score in infants ≤6 months as an indicator of severe acute malnutrition, Mahjabeen Zehra, Ali Faisal Saleem, Zaubina Kazi, and Sadia Parkar

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X-linked hypophosphatemic osteomalacia with PHEX mutation presenting late in Pakistan, Nawazish Zehra, Lena Jafri, Salman Kirmani, and Aysha Habib Khan

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Bile acid profiling reveals distinct signatures in undernourished children with environmental enteric dysfunction, Xueheng Zhao, Kenneth D R. Setchell, Rong Huang, Indika Mallawaarachchi, Lubaina Ehsan, Edward Dobrzykowski Iii, Junfang Zhao, Sana Syed, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Junaid Iqbal, Kamran Sadiq, Sheraz Ahmed, and Syed Asad Ali

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P017 Small bowel transcriptomics define similarities and divergent pathways between Crohn, environmental enteric dysfunction (EED), and celiac diseases, implicating role for the microbiome in the pathogenesis, Y Haberman Ziv, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, T Braun, P J. Dexheimer, R Hadar, Najeeb Rehman, Sana Syed, C Moskaluk, S R. Moore, and Syed Asad Ali

Submissions from 2020

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Potentially preventable mortality in the pediatric intensive care unit: Findings from a retrospective mortality analysis, Qalab Abbas, Fozia Memon, Parveen Laghari, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, and Anwarul Haque

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Glycogen storage diseases-time to flip the outdated diagnostic approach centered on liver biopsy with the molecular testing, Sibtain Ahmed and Bushra Afroze

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Diagnostic value of clinical features to distinguish enteric fever from other febrile illnesses in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan, Kristen Aiemjoy, Dipesh Tamrakar, Shampa Saha, Shiva R. Naga, Alexander T. Yu, Ashley Longley, Kashmira Date, Caitlin Hemlock, Farah Naz Qamar, and Samir K. Saha

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Simulator-based ultrasound training for identification of endotracheal tube placement in a neonatal intensive care unit using point of care ultrasound, Khushboo Qaim Ali, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Uzair Ansari, Shaun Morris, Mark Oliver Tessaro, Shabina Ariff, and Hasan Merali

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SIOP PODC-adapted treatment guidelines for craniopharyngioma in low- and middle-income settings, Nisreen Amayiri, Ariane Spitaels, Mohamed Zaghloul, Anthony Figaji, Sergio Cavalheiro, Hermann L. Muller, Moawia Elhassan, Jeannette Parkes, Naureen Mushtaq, and Fatima Mubarak

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Neonatal fluid and electrolytes profile effect on amphotericin B associated nephrotoxicity in neonatal tertiary care unit of Karachi-Pakistan, Gul Ambreen, Arshalooz Rahman, Kashif Hussain, Mehreen Sohail, Saba Javed, Syed Shamim, Umer Ali, Khalil Ahmad, and Arjumand Rizvi

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Efficacy of colistin in multidrug-resistant neonatal sepsis: Experience from a tertiary care center in Karachi, Pakistan, Gul Ambreen, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Kashif Hussain, Syed Shamim Raza, Umer Ali, Syed Iqbal Azam, Junaid Iqbal, and Zafar Fatmi

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Healthcare utilization patterns for acute febrile illness in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan: Results from the surveillance for enteric fever in Asia project, Jason R. Andrews, Krista Vaidya, Shampa Saha, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Caitlin Hemlock, Ashley Longley, Kristen Aiemjoy, Alexander T. Yu, Isaac I. Bogoch, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Environmental surveillance as a tool for identifying high-risk settings for typhoid transmission, Jason R. Andrews, Alexander T. Yu, Senjuti Saha, Jivan Shakya, Kristen Aiemjoy, Lily Horng, Farah Qamar, Denise Garret, Stephen Baker, Samir Saha, and Stephen P. Luby

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Determinants of infant and young complementary feeding practices among children 6-23 months of age in urban Pakistan: A multicenter longitudinal study, Shabina Ariff, Kamran Sadiq, Javairia Khalid, Laila Sikanderali, Batha Tariq, Fariha Shaheen, Gul Nawaz Khan, Atif Habib, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Biological sensitivity to context in Pakistani preschoolers: Hair cortisol and family wealth are interactively associated with girls' cognitive skills, Emma Armstrong-Carter, Jenna E. Finch, Saima Siyal, Aisha K. Yousafzai, and Jelena Obradović

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Prescribing patterns of antihypertensive medications in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review, Verda Arshad, Zainab Samad, Jai K. Das, Aysha Almas, Nouman Rashid, Salim S. Virani, Gerald S. Bloomfield, Tazeen H. Jafar, and Bilal Ahmed

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What does severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 mean for global pneumonia prevention, diagnosis, and treatment?, Shally Awasthi, Harry Campbell, Charles S. Dela Cruz, Hamish R. Graham, Leith Greenslade, Fyezah Jehan, and Heather J. Zar

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Pediatric congenital heart diseases: Patterns of presentation to the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital, Surraiya Bano, Saleem Akhtar, and Uzma R. Khan

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Pilot phase experience of the international quality improvement collaborative catheterization registry, Oliver M. Barry, Fatima Ali, Miguel Ronderos, Abish Sudhaker, R Krishna Kumar, Marhisham C. Mood, Carlos Corona-Villalobos, Dinh Toai Nguyen, Kaitlin Doherty-Schmeck, and Babar Hasan

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Story of Lyari, Rabab Batool

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Evaluating implementation of "management of possible serious bacterial infection (PSBI) when referral is not feasible" in primary health care facilities in Sindh province, Pakistan, Maria Asif Bhura, Shabina Ariff, Shamim Ahmad Qazi, Zaitoon Qazi, Imran Ahmed, Yasir Bin Nisar, Zamir Suhag, Abdul Wahab Soomro, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Covid-19 risks and response in South Asia, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Buddha Basnyat, Samir Saha, and Ramanan Laxminarayan

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The surveillance for enteric fever in asia project (SEAP), severe typhoid fever surveillance in Africa (SETA), surveillance of enteric fever in India (SEFI), and strategic typhoid alliance across Africa and Asia (STRATAA) population-based enteric fever studies: A Review of methodological similarities and differences, Megan E. Carey, William R. MacWrigh, Justin Im, James E. Meiring, Malick M. Gibani, Se Eun Park, Ashley Longley, Hyon Jin Jeon, Caitlin Hemlock, and Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai

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The diversity of lipopolysaccharide (O) and capsular polysaccharide (K) antigens of invasive klebsiella pneumoniae in a multi-country collection, Myeongjin Choi, Nicolas Hegerle, Joseph Nkeze, Shaichi Sen, Sanchita Jamindar, Shamima Nasrin, Sunil Sen, Jasnehta Permala-Booth, James Sinclair, and Sadia Shakoor

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Cardiac Abnormalities seen in pediatric patients during the SARS-CoV2 pandemic: An international experience, Bradley C. Clark, Joan Sanchez-de-Toledo, Carles Bautista-Rodriguez, Nadine Choueiter, Diego Lara, Hechaan Kang, Shazia Mohsin, Alain Fraisse, Sergi Cesar, and Nadeem Aslam

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Associations between household-level exposures and all-cause diarrhea and pathogen-specific enteric infections in children enrolled in five sentinel surveillance studies, Josh M. Colston, Abu S G. Faruque, M Jahangir Hossain, Debasish Saha, Suman Kanungo, Inácio Mandomando, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Richard Omore, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Impact of conflict on maternal and child health service delivery - how and how not: A country case study of conflict affected areas of Pakistan, Jai K. Das, Zahra Ali Padhani, Sultana Jabeen, Arjumand Rizvi, Uzair Ansari, Malika Fatima, Ghulam Akbar, Wardah Ahmed, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Paediatric porphyria and human hemin: A treatment challenge in a lower middle income country, Syeda Anum Fatima, Humaira Jurair, Qalab Abbas, and Arshalooz Rahman

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Researching the delivery of health and nutrition interventions for women and children in the context of armed conflict: Lessons on research challenges and strategies from BRANCH Consortium case studies of Somalia, Mali, Pakistan and Afghanistan, Michelle F. Gaffey, Anushka Ataullahjan, Jai K. Das, Mohammed Shafiq Mirzazada, Moctar Tounkara, Abdirisak A. Dalmar, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Performance of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of pediatric pneumonia in Mozambique and Pakistan, Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Fyezah Jehan, Rubao Bila, Alessandro Lamorte, Jun Hwang, Lola Madrid, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Benazir Baloch, and Naila Nadeem

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Impact of home-based family planning counselling and referral on modern contraceptive use in Karachi, Pakistan: A retrospective, cross-sectional matched control study, Kristy Hackett, Elizabeth Henry, Imtiaz Hussain, Mirbaz Khan, Khalid Feroz, Navdep Kaur, Ryoko Sato, Sajid Bashir Soofi, David Canning, and Iqbal Shah

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Characteristics of preterm with sight threatening retinopathy of prematurity, Muhammad Hanif, Shabina Ariff, Aisha Ansar, Khabir Ahmad, and Ali Shabbir Hussain

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Machine learning model demonstrates stunting at birth and systemic inflammatory biomarkers as predictors of subsequent infant growth - A four-year prospective study, Elizabeth Harrison, Sana Syed, Lubaina Ehsan, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Kamran Sadiq, Fayyaz Umrani, Sheraz Ahmed, Najeeb Rahman, Sadaf Jakhro, Jennie Z. Ma, Molly Hughes, and Syed Asad Ali

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Challenges and special aspects of pulmonary hypertension in middle- to low-income regions: JACC state-of-the-art review, Babar Hasan, Georg Hansmann, Werner Budts, Alexandra Heath, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Zhi-Cheng Jing, Martin Koestenberger, Katharina Meinel, Ana Olga Mocumbi, and Ganna D. Radchenko

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Seasonal influence on postoperative hip fracture complications: Retrospective cohort of more than 1000 patients from a tertiary-care university hospital, Obada Hasan, Mashal Amin, Fatima Mahmood, Amna Rabbani, Umar Rabbani, and Shahryar Noordin

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Do new trainees pose a threat to postoperative complications after hip fracture surgeries? Retrospective cohort of 1045 patients over a decade at a university hospital, Obada Hasan, Mashal Amin, Umar Rabbani, Amna Rabbani, Fatima Mahmood, and Shahryar Noordin

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Early intervention physical therapy using "parent empowerment program" for children with down syndrome in Pakistan: A feasibility study, Zehra Habib Hasan, Memoona Salman Sheikh, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Syed Iqbal Azam, and Margaret O'Nei

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Utilization of blood culture in south Asia for the diagnosis and treatment of febrile illness, Caitlin Hemlock, Stephen P. Luby, Shampa Saha, Farah Naz Qamar, Jason R. Andrews, Samir K. Saha, Dipesh Tamrakar, Kashmira Date, Ashley T. Longley, Denise O. Garrett, and Isaac I. Bogoch

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A framework for improving parent satisfaction with the inpatient pediatric admission process: Experience from a low-resource setting, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Muneera Rasheed, Farheen Sherali, Sehrish Hussain, Rahmat Hassan, Aneela Hameed, Rashid Ali, and Babar Hasan

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An application of the list experiment to estimate abortion prevalence in Karachi, Pakistan, Sarah Huber-Krum, Kristy Hackett, Navdep Kaur, Sidrah Nausheen, Sajid Bashir Soofi, David Canning, and Iqbal Shah

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CLABSI reduction using evidence based interventions and nurse empowerment: A quality improvement initiative from a tertiary care NICU in Pakistan, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Anjum Mohyuddin Ahmed, Saba Arbab, Shabina Ariff, Syed Rehan Ali, Simon Demas, Jehan Zeb, Arjumand Rizvi, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, and Joveria Farooqi

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Neurodevelopment outcome of neonates treated with intraventricular colistin for ventriculitis caused by multiple drug-resistant pathogens-A case series, Kashif Hussain, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Gul Ambreen, and Javaid Iqbal

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Intravenous vs intravenous plus aerosolized colistin for treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia - A matched case-control study in neonates, Kashif Hussain, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Gul Ambreen, Ambreen Mughal, Sidra Idrees, Mehreen Sohail, and Javaid Iqbal

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Reduction of cardiac iron overload by optimising iron chelation therapy in transfusion dependent thalassaemia using cardiac T2* MRI: A quality improvement project from Pakistan, Shabneez Hussain, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Fatima Ali, Erum Hasan, Najveen Alvi, Aijaz Hussain, Khajista Ishrat, Zia Ur Rahman, Azizuddin Qamruddin, Azra Parvin, and Babar Hasan

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Correction to: Epidemiology of patients presenting to a pediatric emergency department in Karachi, Pakistan, Nadir Ijaz, Matthew Strehlow, N Ewen Wang, Elizabeth Pirrotta, Areeba Tariq, Naseeruddin Mahmood, and Swaminatha Mahadevan

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A race against time: Reduced azithromycin susceptibility in salmonella enterica serovar typhi in Pakistan, Junaid Iqbal, Irum Fatima Dehraj, Megan E. Carey, Zoe A. Dyson, Denise Garrett, Jessica C. Seidman, Furqan Kabir, Senjuti Saha, Stephen Baker, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Sepsis induced pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) - Are biomarkers the answer in a resource limited setting?, Sidra Ishaque

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Elective tracheostomy in critically ill children: A 10-year single-center experience from a lower-middle income country, Sidra Ishaque, Anwarul Haque, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Hamdan Mallick, and Saad Nasir

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Neurocognitive abilities in individuals with down syndrome-A narrative review, Sidra Kaleem Jafri and Karen Elizabeth Harman

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Low vaccination in rural Sindh, Pakistan: A case of refusal, ignorance or access?, Durenaz Jamal, Shehla Zaidi, Sara Husain, David W. Orr, Atif Riaz, Asif A. Farrukhi, and Rabia Najmi Taha

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Multiomics characterization of preterm birth in low- and middle-income countries, Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Muhammad Ilyas, Usma Mehmood, Aneeta Hotwani, Ambreen Nizar, Sajid Muhammad, Waqasuddin Khan, Javairia Khalid, and Furqan Kabir

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Randomized trial of amoxicillin for pneumonia in Pakistan, Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Salima Kerai, Benazir Baloch, Nick Brown, Najeeb Rahman, Arjumand Rizvi, Yasir Shafiq, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Amoxicillin course length or use in childhood pneumonia in underserved areas. Reply, Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, and Arjumand Rizvi

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Current challenges of digital health interventions in Pakistan: Mixed methods analysis, Abdul Momin Kazi, Saad Ahmed Qazi, Nazia Ahsan, Sadori Khawaja, Fareeha Sameen, Muhammad Ayub Khan Mughal, Zabin Wajidali, Hussain Kalimuddin, Yasir Rauf, and Fatima Mahmood