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Submissions from 2018

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Comparison of enteral versus intravenous potassium supplementation in hypokalaemia in paediatric patients in intensive care post cardiac surgery: open-label randomised equivalence trial (EIPS), Naveed ur Rehman Siddiqu, Quratulain Merchant, Babar Hasan, Arjumand Rizvi, Muneer Amanullah, Amina Rehmat, and Anwarul Haque

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What’s coming for health science and policy in 2018? Global experts look ahead in their field, Soumya Swaminathan, Robin S. Room, Louise C. Ivers, Graham Hillis, Rebecca F. Grais, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and Peter Byass

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High SMAD7 and p-SMAD2,3 expression is associated with environmental enteropathy in children, Sana Syed, Vincenzo Dinallo, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Laura Di Iorio, Davide Di Fusco, Shan Guleria, Beatrice C. Amadi, Kamran Sadiq, Christopher Moskaluk, and Syed Asad Ali

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Serum anti-flagellin and anti-lipopolysaccharide immunoglobulins as predictors of linear growth faltering in Pakistani infants at risk for environmental enteric dysfunction, Sana Syed, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Kamran Sadiq, Jennie Z. Ma, Tauseef Akhund, Shahida Qureshi, Kerri Gosselin, Andrew Gewirtz, Christopher P. Duggan, and Syed Asad Ali

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Environmental enteropathy in undernourished Pakistani children: clinical and histomorphometric analyses, Sana Syed, Sunil Yeruva, Jeremy Herrmann, Anne Sailer, Kamran Sadiq, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Furqan Kabir, Kumail Ahmed, Shahida Qureshi, and Syed Asad Ali

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Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices towards newborn screening for congenital hypothyroidism before and after a health education intervention in pregnant women in a hospital setting in Pakistan, Batha Tariq, Ayesha Ahmed, Atif Habib, Ali Turab, Noshad Ali, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Shanila Nooruddin, Rekha J Kumar, Amin Tariq, Fariha Shaheen, and Shabina Ariff

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In vitro antifungal activity of 9, 10-dihydrophenanthrene-2- carboxylic acid isolated from a marine bacterium: Pseudomonas putida, Bushra Uzair, Asma Bano, Muhammad Bilal Khan Niazi, Farah Khan, Ghulam Mujtaba Shah, Ume Habiba, Nimra Naeem Khan, and Barkat Ali Khan

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Armed conflict and child mortality in Africa: A geospatial analysis, Zachary Wagner, Sam Heft-Neal, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Prof Robert E. Black, Marshall Burke, and Eran Bendavid

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Reducing micronutrient deficiencies in Pakistani children: Are subsidies on fortified complementary foods cost-effective?, Simon Wieser, Beatrice Brunner, Christina Tzogiou, Rafael Plessow, Michael B. Zimmermann, Jessica Farebrother, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zaid Ahmad Bhatti, Imran Ahmed, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Equity dimensions of the availability and quality of reproductive, maternal and neonatal health services in Zambia, Lily D. Yan, Jonas Mwale, Samantha Straitz, Godfrey Biemba, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Julia F. Ross, Law-rence Myananyanda, Mary Nambao, Paul Ngwakum, and Eleonora Genovese

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Effectiveness of a youth-led early childhood care and education programme in rural Pakistan: A cluster-randomised controlled trial, Aisha Khizar Yousafzai, Muneera Rasheed, Arjumand Rizvi, Fariha Shaheen, Liliana A. Ponguta, and Chin R. Reyes

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Integration of parenting and nutrition interventions in a community health program in Pakistan: an implementation evaluation, Aisha Khizar Yousafzai, Muneera Rasheed, and Saima Siyal

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Role of fractional dose intradermal inactivated poliovirus vaccine in halting polio transmission: Finding the missing piece for global polio eradication, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai

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Human metapneumovirus in hospitalized children less than five years of age in Pakistan., Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Romesa Ibrahim, Rozina Thobani, Fatima Aziz, and Syed Asad Ali

Submissions from 2017

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Acute necrotizing encephalopathy of childhood secondary to dengue infection: A case report from Pakistan, Qalab Abbas, Sidra Kaleem Jafri, Sidra Ishaque, and Muhammad T. Jamil

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Ethical issues in managing lysosomal storage disorders in children in low and middle income countries, Bushra Afroze and Nick Brown

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Is biological repair of heart on the horizon?, H R. Ahmad and Satwat Hashmi

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Progress in maternal and child health: how has South Asia fared?, Nadia Akseer, Mahdis Kamali, Shams E. Arifeen, Ashar Muhammad Malik, Zaid Ahmad Bhatti, Naveen Thacker, Mahesh Maksey, Harendra D’Silva, Inacio CM da Silva, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Impact of maternal respiratory infections on low birth weight - a community based longitudinal study in an urban setting in Pakistan, Asad Ali, Umber Zaman, Sadia Mahmud, Gul-E-Shehwar Zahid, Momin Kazi, William A. Petri, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Anita Zaidi, and Molly A. Hughes

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Ozone depletion, a big threat to climate change: What can be done?, Sumera Aziz Ali, Savera Aziz Ali, and Nadir Suhail

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RSV associated hospitalizations in children in Karachi, Pakistan: implications for vaccine prevention strategies, Syed Asad Ali, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Rabbia Waris, Fatima Jafri, Fatima Aziz, Imran Naeem Abbasi, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Exchangeable Zinc Pool Size at Birth in Pakistani SGA and AGA Infants Do Not Differ but are Lower than in US Infants, Shabina Ariff, Nancy F. Krebs, Jamie E. Westcott, K Michael Hambidge, Leland V. Miller, Arjumand Rizvi, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Assessment of cardiac function in fetuses of gestational diabetic mothers during the second trimester, Mehnaz Atiq, Anum Ikram, Batool M. Hussain, and Bakhtawar Saleem

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Phosphine induced acute cardiotoxicity in children: A need for health awareness, Mehnaz Atiq and Abdul Sattar Shaikh

Clinical and laboratory profile of children with Cystic Fibrosis: Experience of a tertiary care center in Pakistan, Danish Abdul Aziz, Abdul Gaffar Billoo, Ahad Qureshi, Misha Khalid, and Salman Kirmani

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Spectrum of celiac disease in paediatric population: experience of tertiary care center from Pakistan, Danish Abdul Aziz, Misha Kahlid, Fozia Memon, and Kamran Sadiq

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Paediatric inflammatory bowel disease: Clinical presentation and disease location, Danish Abdul Aziz, Maryum Moin, Atif Majeed, Kamran Sadiq, and Abdul Gaffar Biloo

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Understanding biological mechanisms underlying adverse birth outcomes in developing countries: protocol for a prospective cohort (AMANHI bio–banking) study, Abdullah H. Baqui, Rasheda Khanam, Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Atiya Hussain, Muhammad Ilyas, Aneeta Hotwani, Muhammad Sajid, Shahida Qureshi, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

Constructing a reference framework for ecep evaluation: A constructive grounded theory, Shelina Bhamani and Nasreen Husain

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Severe childhood malnutrition, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, James A. Berkley, Robert H. J. Bandsma, Marko Kerac, Indi Trehan, and André Briend

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Neurodevelopment, nutrition, and inflammation: the evolving global child health landscape, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Richard L. Guerrant, and Charles A. Nelson

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On the brink of conflict: the people of South Asia deserve better, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta and Samiran Nundy

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Comprehensive review of the evidence regarding the effectiveness of community-based primary health care in improving maternal, neonatal and child health: 8. summary and recommendations of the expert panel, Robert E. Black, Carl E. Taylor, Shobha Arole, Abhay Bang, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, A Mushtaque R. Chowdhury, Betty R. Kirkwood, Nazo Kureshy, Claudio F. Lanata, and James F. Phillips

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World perspective on the epidemiology of stunting between 1990 and 2015, Campisi S. C, Cherian A. M, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Hemimegalencephaly with intractable epilepsy: A case report, Prem Chand, Muhammad Faraz Raghib, and Muhammad Sohail Salat

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Modelling stunting in LiST: the effect of applying smoothing to linear growth data, Simon Cousens, Jamie Perin, Parul Christian, Lee Shu-Fune Wu, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Claudio Lanata, Richard L. Guerrant, Aldo A. M. Lima, and Kåre Mølbak

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Low birth weight: Case definition & guidelines for data collection, analysis, and presentation of maternal immunization safety data, Clare L. Cutland, Eve M. Lackritz, Tamala Mallett-Moore, Azucena Bardají, Ravichandran Chandrasekaran, Chandrakant Lahariya, Chandrakant Lahariya, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Milagritos D. Tapia, and Jayani Pathirana

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Water, sanitation and hygiene interventions for acute childhood diarrhea: a systematic review to provide estimates for the lives saved tool, Nazia Darvesh, Jai K. Das, Tyler Vaivada, Michelle F. Gaffey, Kumanan Rasanathan, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Nutrition in adolescents: physiology, metabolism, and nutritional needs, Jai K. Das, Rehana A. Salam, Kent L. Thornburg, Andrew M. Prentice, Susan Campisi, Zohra S. Lassi, Berthold Koletzko, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Conflict in South Asia and its impact on health, Siddarth David, Rukhsana Gazi, Mohammed Shafiq Mirzazada, Chesmal Siriwardhana, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Nobhojit Roy

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Congenital microcephaly: Case definition & guidelines for data collection, analysis, and presentation of safety data after maternal immunisation, Malini DeSilva, Flor M. Munoz, Erick Sell, Helen Marshall, Alison Tse Kawai, Alisa Kachikis, Paul Heath, Nicola P. Klein, James M. Oleske, and Fyezah Jehan

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Quality of life perceptions in school-going adolescents with social anxiety, Syeda Ayesha Farooq, Aeman Muneeb, Warda Ajmal, Maaida Asif Tauni, Sana Mahmood, Syed Kalimullah Sohaib Qadri, Asfand Yar Butt, Syed Farrukh Mustafa, Syed Hamza Sohai, and Narjis Rizvi

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Influenza epidemiology and immunization during pregnancy:final report of a World Health Organization working group, Deshayne B. Fell, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Michael G. Baker, Maneesh Batra, Julien Beauté, Philippe Beutels, Niranjan Bhat, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Cheryl Cohen, and Rehana Salam

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The burden of primary liver cancer and underlying etiologies from 1990 to 2015 at the global, regional, and national level: Results from the global burden of disease study 2015, Global Burden of Disease Liver Cancer Collaboration, Tomi Akinyemiju, Semaw Abera, Muktar Ahmed, Noore Alam, Mulubirhan Assefa Alemayohu, Christine Allen, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Yaw Amoako, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Prevalence and determinants of unintended pregnancies amongst women attending antenatal clinics in Pakistan, Atif Habib, Camille Raynes- Greenow, Sidrah Nausheen, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Muhammad Sajid, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, and Kirsten I Black

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Knowledge and perceptions of polio and polio immunization in polio high-risk areas of Pakistan, Atif Habib, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Noshad Ali, Imtiaz Hussain, Farhana Tabassum, Zamir Suhag, Saeed Anwar, Imran Ahmed, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Community engagement and integrated health and polio immunisation campaigns in conflict-affected areas of Pakistan: a cluster randomised controlled trial, Atif Habib, Sajid Soofi, Simon Cousens, Saeed Anwar, Najib ulHaque, Imran Ahmed, Noshad Ali, Rehman Tahir, and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

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Device-associated infections in a paediatric intensive care unit in Pakistan, A Haque, S A. Ahmed, Z Rafique, Q Abbas, H Jurair, and S A. Ali

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Development of pediatric neurologic emergency life support course: A preliminary report, Anwarul Haque, Fehmina Arif, Qalab Abbas, and Khalid Ahmed

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Implementation of ventilator bundle in pediatric intensive care unit of a developing country, Anwar ul Haque, Quratulain Riaz, and Syed Asad Ali

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Congenital neonatal scalp arteriovenous malformation: a very rare entity, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Shah Ali Ahmed, Syed Rehan Ali, and Khalil Ahmad

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Oral sildenafil use in neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Syed Rehan Ali, Shakeel Ahmed, Farah Naz Farid, and Anila Haroon

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A protocol for quality improvement programme to reduce central line-associated bloodstream infections in NICU of low and middle income country, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Syed Rehan Ali, Shabina Ariff, Saba Arbab, Simon Demas, Jehan Zeb, and Arjumand Rizvi

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Effectiveness of transcutaneous bilirubin measurement in managing neonatal jaundice in postnatal ward of a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Muhammad Hussain Shah, Maryam Lakhdir, Shabina Ariff, Simon Demas, Fatima Qaiser, and Syed Rehan Ali

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Seroprevalence of anti-polio antibodies in children from polio high-risk areas of Pakistan: a cross-sectional survey 2015–2016, Imtiaz Hussain, Ondrej Mach, Atif Habib, Zaid Bhatti, Zamir Suhag, M. Steven Oberste, William C Weldon, Roland W. Sutter, Sajid Soofi, and Zulfiqar Bhutta

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Vitamin A supplementation for preventing morbidity and mortality in children from six months to five years of age, Aamer Imdad, Evan Mayo Wilson, Kurt Herzer, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Frequency and outcome of acute neurologic complications after congenital heart disease surgery, Sidra Kaleem Jafri, Lubaina Ehsan, Qalab Abbas, Fatima Ali, Prem Chand, and Anwarul Haque

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Menkes disease: A rare disorder, Sidra Kaleem Jafri, Raman Kumar, Shazia Kulsoom Lashari, and Prem Chand

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Treating sick young infants with only fast breathing with oral amoxicillin in resource-limited settings: Taking the high road?, Fyezah Jehan and Shamim Qazi

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Measuring home environments across cultures: invariance of the home scale across eight international sites from the MAL-ED study, Paul C. Jones, Laura L. Pendergast, Barbara A. Schaefer, Muneera Rasheed, Erling Svensen, Rebecca Scharf, Rita Shrestha, Angelina Maphula, Reeba Roshan, and Zeba Rasmussen

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Teaching basic pediatric intensive care course to pediatric residents and consultants, Humaira Jurair, Qalab Abbas, and Anwar Ul Haque

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Single nucleotide polymorphisms in efflux pumps genes in extensively drug resistant mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Pakistan, Akber Kanji, Rumina Hasan, Asho Ali, Ambreen Zaver, Ying Zhang, Kehkashan Imtiaz, Wanliang Shi, Shoaib Rao, Samreen Shafiq, and Zahra Hasan

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The role of mobile phone-based interventions to improve routine childhood immunisation coverage, Abdul Momin Kazi

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Geo-spatial reporting for monitoring of household immunization coverage through mobile phones: findings from a feasibility study., Abdul Momin Kazi, M. Ali, Ayub Khan, Hussain Kalimuddin, K. Zubair, A.N. Kazi, Artani A., and S.A. Ali

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Secretor and Salivary ABO Blood Group Antigen Status Predict Rotavirus Vaccine Take in Infants, Abdul Momin Kazi, Margaret M. Cortese, Ying Yu, Benjamin Lopman, Ardythe L. Morrow, Jessica A. Fleming, Monica M. McNeal, A Duncan Steele, Umesh D. Parashar, and Anita K M Zaidi

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Progress and priorities for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health in Kenya: a Countdown to 2015 country case study, Emily C. Keats, Anthony Ngugi, William Macharia, Nadia Akseer, Emma Nelima Khaemba, Zaid Bhatti, Arjumand Rizvi, John Tole, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Equivalence and non-Inferiority trials in a snapshot, Salima Kerai

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Post-traumatic stress disorder and its predictors in emergency medical service personnel: A cross-sectional study from Karachi, Pakistan, Salima Kerai, Uzma R. Khan, Muhammad Islam, Nargis Asad, Junaid Razzak, and Omrana Pasha

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Concordance of cerebrospinal fluid latex particle agglutination test with CSF and blood culture among children with acute bacterial meningitis, Muhammad Khalid and Ali Faisal Saleem

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Missed immunization opportunities among children under 5 years of age dwelling In Karachi city, Asif Khaliq, Sayeeda Amber Sayed, Syed Abdullah Hussaini, Kiran Azam, and Mehak Qamar

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Neonatal and perinatal infections, Amira M. Khan, Shaun K. Morris, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Harlequin colour change, Suneeta Khemani, Shirin Bahadur Ali, Sarfaraz Karim, and Mohammad Ali Yezdan

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Age and sex normalization of intestinal permeability measures for the improved assessment of enteropathy in infancy and early childhood:results from the MAL-ED study., Margaret N. Kosek, Gwenyth O. Lee, Richard L. Guerrant, Rashidul Haque, Gagandeep Kang, Tahmeed Ahmed, Pascal Bessong, Syed Asad Ali, Shahida Qureshi, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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A mixed methods study to assess the effectiveness of food-based interventions to prevent stunting among children under-five years in districts Thatta and Sujawal, Sindh province, Pakistan: study protocol, Sumra Kureishy; Gul Nawaz Khan; Shabina Arrif,; Khizar Ashraf; Angela Cespedes; Atif Habib; Imtiaz Hussain; Asmat Ullah; Ali Turab; Imran Ahmed; Shehla Zaidi; and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Recommendations on arresting global health challenges facing adolescents and young adults, Zohra S. Lassi, Rehana Salam, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Cadres, content and costs for community-based care for mothers and newborns from seven countries: Implications for universal health coverage, Joy E. Lawn, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Steve N. Wall, Stefan Peterson, and Emmanuelle Daviaud

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Estimates of burden and consequences of infants born small for gestational age in low and middle income countries with INTERGROWTH-21st standard: analysis of CHERG datasets, Anne C C Lee, Naoko Kozuki, Simon Cousens, Gretchen A. Stevens, Hannah Blencowe, Mariangela F. Silveira, Ayesha Sania, Heather E. Rosen, Christentze Schmiegelow, Linda S. Adair, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Conditional random slope: A new approach for estimating individual child growth velocity in epidemiological research, Michael Leung, Diego G. Bassani, Amy Racine‐Poon, Anna Goldenberg, Syed Asad Ali, Gagandeep Kang, Prasanna S. Premkumar, and Daniel E. Roth

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De novo 11q deletion including SHANK2 in a patient with global developmental delay, Cherisse A. Marcou, April L. Studinski Jones, Marine I. Murphree, Salman Kirmani, and Nicole L. Hoppman

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A novel mutation in the JH4 domain of JAK3 causing severe combined immunodeficiency complicated by vertebral osteomyelitis, Farah Qamar, Samina Junejo, Sonia Qureshi, Michael Seleman, Wayne Bainter, Michel Massaad, Janet Chou, and Raif S. Geha

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Adaptation of MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory in rural Pakistan - useful tool for early childhood studies, M A. Rasheed, G Tabussum, Z H. Habib, and A K. Yousafzai

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Determinants and impact of giardia infection in the first 2 years of life in the MAL-ED birth cohort, Elizabeth T. Rogawski, Luther A. Bartelt, James A. Platts-Mills, Jessica C. Seidman, Amidou Samie, Alexandre Havt, Sudhir Babji, Shahida Qureshi, Sadia Shakoor, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Use of antibiotics in children younger than two years in eight countries: A prospective cohort study, Elizabeth T. Rogawski, James A. Platts-Mills, Jessica C. Seidman, Sushil John, Mustafa Mahfuz, Manjeswori Ulak, Sanjaya K. Shrestha, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Early Antibiotic Exposure in Low-resource Settings Is Associated With Increased Weight in the First Two Years of Life, Elizabeth T. Rogawski, James A. Platts-Mills, Jessica C. Seidman, Sushil John, Mustafa Mahfuz, Manjeswori Ulak, Sanjaya Shrestha, Sajid B. Soofi, Pablo Penataro Yori, and Estomih Mduma

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Failure to thrive: Case definition & guidelines for data collection, analysis, and presentation of maternal immunisation safety data, Elizabeth Ross, Flor M. Munoz, Bassey Edem, Cassandra Nan, Fyezah Jehan, Julie Quinn, Tamala Mallett Moore, Sanie Sesay, Hans Spiegel, and Librada Fortuna

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Global, regional, and national burden of cardiovascular diseases for 10 causes, 1990 to 2015, Gregory A. Roth, Catherine Johnson, Amanuel Abajobir, Foad Abd-Allah, Semaw Ferede Abera, Gebre Abyu, Muktar Ahmed, Baran Aksut, Tahiya Alam, Khurshid Alam, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Setting health research priorities using the CHNRI method: VII. a review of the first 50 applications of the CHNRI method, Igor Rudan, Sachiyo Yoshida, Kit Yee Chan, Devi Sridhar, Kerri Wazny, Harish Nair, Aziz Sheikh, Mark Tomlinson, Joy E. Lawn, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Setting health research priorities using the CHNRI method: VII. a review of the first 50 applications of the CHNRI method, Igor Rudan, Sachiyo Yoshida, Kit Yee Chan, Devi Sridhar, Kerri Wazny, Harish Nair, Aziz Sheikh, Mark Tomlinson, Joy E. Lawn, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Needle adapters for intradermal administration of fractional dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine: Evaluation of immunogenicity and programmatic feasibility in Pakistan, Ali Faisal Saleem, Ondrej Mach, Mohammad T. Yousafzai, Asia Khan, William C. Weldon, M Steven Oberste, Roland W. Sutter, and Anita K M Zaidi

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Immunogenicity of Different Routine Poliovirus Vaccination Schedules: a Randomized Controlled Trial, Karachi, Pakistan, Ali F. Saleem, Ondrej Mach, Mohammad T. Yousafzai, Asia Khan, William C. Weldon, M Steven Oberste, Syed S. Zaidi, Muhammad M. Alam, Farheen Quadri, and Roland W. Sutter

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Global respiratory syncytial virus-associated mortality in young children (RSV GOLD): a retrospective case series, Nienke M. Scheltema, Angela Gentile, Florencia Lucion, D James Nokes, Patrick K. Munywoki, Shabir A. Madhi, Michelle J. Groome, Cheryl Cohen, Jocelyn Moyes, and Syed Asad Ali

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Small for gestational age: Case definition & guidelines for data collection, analysis, and presentation of maternal immunisation safety data, Elizabeth P. Schlaudecker, Flor M. Munoz, Azucena Bardají, Nansi S. Boghossian, Asma Khalil, Hatem Mousa, Mirjana Nesin, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Vitali Pool, and Hans M.L. Spiegel

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Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to tetanus toxoid vaccination in women of childbearing age: A cross-sectional study in peri-urban settlements of Karachi, Pakistan, Yasir Shafiq, Asif Raza Khowaja, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Syed Asad Ali, Anita Zaidi, and Ali Faisal Saleem

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Measles cases among adolescents in southern Pakistan 2012–2015:the case for revisiting vaccination strategies, Sadia Shakoor, Erum Khan, Muhammad Imran Rajput, and Wali Muhammad Rahimoon

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Prioritizing research for integrated implementation of early childhood development and maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health and nutrition platforms, Renee Sharma, Michelle F. Gaffey, Harold Alderman, Diego G. Bassani, Kimber Bogard, Gary L. Darmstadt, Jai K. Das, Joseph E de Graft–Johnson, Jena D. Hamadani, and Susan Horton

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Global, regional, and national disease burden estimates of acute lower respiratory infections due to respiratory syncytial virus in young children in 2015: a systematic review and modelling study, Ting Shi, David A. McAllister, Katherine L. O'Brien, Eric A F Simoes, Shabir A. Madhi, Bradford D. Gessner, Fernando P. Polack, Evelyn Balsells, Sozinho Acacio, Claudia Aguayo, and Syed Asad Ali

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Intention to accept pertussis vaccine among pregnant women in Karachi, Pakistan, Mariam Siddiqui, Afshin Alaf Khan, Aiden Kennedy Varan, Alejandra Esteves-Jaramillo, Shazia Sultana, Syed Asad Ali, Anita K. M. Zaidi, and Saad B. Omer

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Modifiers of the effect of maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation on stillbirth, birth outcomes, and infant mortality: a meta-analysis of individual patient data from 17 randomised trials in low-income and middle-income countries, Emily R. Smith, Anuraj H. Shankar, Lee S-F Wu, Said Aboud, Seth Adu Afarwuah, Hasmot Ali, Rina Agustina, Shams Arifeen, Per Ashorn, and Arjumand Rizvi

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Effect of provision of home-based curative health services by public sector health-care providers on neonatal survival: a community-based cluster-randomised trial in rural Pakistan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Simon Cousens, Ali Turab, Yaqub Wasan, Shah Mohammed, Shabina Arif, Zaid Ahmad Bhatti, Imran Ahmed, Steve Wall, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Prevalence and possible factors associated with anaemia, and vitamin B 12 and folate deficiencies in women of reproductive age in Pakistan: analysis of national-level secondary survey data, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Gul Nawaz Khan, Kamran Sadiq, Shabina Ariff, Atif Habib, Sumra Kureishy, Imtiaz Hussain, Muhammad Umer, Zamir Suhag, Arjumand Rizvi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta