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Submissions from 2022

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Development and validation of a clinical predictive model for severe and critical pediatric COVID-19 infection, Judith Ju Ming Wong, Qalab Abbas, Felix Liauw, Ririe Fachrina Malisie, Chin Seng Ga, Muhammad Abid, Pustika Efar, Josephine Gloriana, Soo Lin Chuah, and Rehena Sultana

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Incidence of typhoid and paratyphoid fever in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan: Results of the surveillance for enteric fever in Asia project, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Sadia Shakoor, Irum Fatima Dehraj, Junaid Mehmood, Rozina Thobani, Aneeta Hotwani, Najeeb Rehman, Seema Irfan, Abdul Momin Kazi, and Mohammed J. Hunzai

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Impact of nutrition support team in achieving target calories in children admitted in pediatric intensive care unit, Arsheen Zeeshan, Qurat Ul Ain Naim, Muhammad Jawwad, Amna Afzal Saeed, Qalab Abbas, and Anwar Ul Haque

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Understanding the context of healthcare utilisation for children under-five with diarrhoea in the DRC: Based on andersen behavioural model, Siyu Zou, Xinran Qi, Keiko Marshall, Maria Asif Bhura, Rie Takesue, and Kun Tang

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Prevalence and associated socioeconomic factors of multimorbidity in 10 regions of China: An analysis of 0.5 million adults, Siyu Zou, Zhicheng Wang, Maria Asif Bhura, Guoting Zhang, and Kun Tang

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Association of multimorbidity of non-communicable diseases with mortality: A 10-year prospective study of 0.5 million chinese adults, S. Zou, Z. Wang, Maria Asif Bhura, and K. Tang

Submissions from 2021

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Phylogenetic and drug-resistance analysis of HIV-1 sequences from an extensive paediatric HIV-1 outbreak in Larkana, Pakistan, Syed Hani Abidi, George Makau Nduva, Dilsha Siddiqui, Wardah Rafaqat, Syed Faisal Mahmood, Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Apsara Ali, Aneeta Hotwani, Rashida Abbas Ferrand, and Fatima Mir

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Cohort Profile: The alliance for maternal and newborn health improvement (AMANHI) biobanking study, Fahad Aftab, Salahuddin Ahmed, Aneeta Hotwani, Muhammad Ilyas, Mohammad Javaid, Fyezah Jehan, Farah Khalid, Usma Mehmood, Muhammad Imran Nisar, and Muhammad Sajid

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Nutritional perspectives for the prevention and mitigation of COVID-19, Saeed Akhtar, Jai K. Das, Tariq Ismail, Muqeet Wahid, Wisha Saeed, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Factors associated with parenting stress among mothers of children with developmental disabilities: A cross-sectional study, Apsara Ali, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Fauzia Basaria Hasnani, Ghazal Peerwani, Maria Asif Bhura, Syed Iqbal Azam, and Amna Rehana Siddiqui

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Detection of subclinical rheumatic heart disease in children using a deep learning algorithm on digital stethoscope: A study protocol, Fatima Ali, Babar Hasan, Huzaifa Ahmad, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Zainab Bhuriwala, Muhammad Hanif, Shahab U. Ansari, and Devyani Chowdhury

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Impact of a standardised parenteral nutrition protocol: A quality improvement experience from a NICU of a developing country, Gul Ambreen, Uswa Jiwani, Waqar Khowaja, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Kashif Hussain, Syed Shamim Raza, Arjumand Rizvi, Uzair Ansari, Khalil Ahmad, Simon Demas, and Shabina Ariff

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Effect of 3 days of oral azithromycin on young children with acute diarrhea in low-resource settings: A randomized clinical trial, Antibiotics for Children With Diarrhea (ABCD) Study Group, Tahmeed Ahmed, Farah Naz Qamar, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Shahida Qureshi, Sadia Shakoor, Rozina Thobani, Aneeta Hotwani, Furqan Kabir, and Jan Mohammed

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The radiological presentation of Rasmussen aneurysm secondary to pulmonary tuberculosis and COVID-19: A case report, Adnan Arif, Khurram Khaliq Bhinder, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Miguel Felix, and Ivan Chérrez-Ojeda

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Effect of community-based kangaroo mother care package on neonatal mortality among preterm and low birthweight infants in rural Pakistan: Protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial, Shabina Ariff, Atif Habib, Zahid Memon, Tayyaba Arshad, Tariq Samejo, Ikram Maznani, Muhammad Umer, Amjad Hussain, Arjumand Rizvi, Imran Ahmed, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Impact of local terminology on the design of a community-based diagnostic and management algorithm for postpartum sepsis: Findings of formative research, Shabina Ariff, Fatima Mir, Wafa Aftab, Farrukh Raza, Shujaat Zaidi, Sheraz Memon, Amnesty LeFevre, Linda A. Bartlett, Peter Winch, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Evaluation the effectiveness of abridged IMNCI (7-Day) course v standard (11-Day) course in Pakistan, Shabina Ariff, Kamran Sadiq, Uswa Jiwani, Khalil Ahmad, Khadija N Humayun, Shakeel Ahmed, Shaikh Qamaruddin Nizami, Iqtidar Khan, Nabeela Ali, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Bovine lactoferrin to prevent neonatal infections in low-birth-weight newborns in Pakistan: Protocol for a three-arm double-blind randomized controlled trial, Shabina Ariff, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Almas Aamir, Michelle D'Almeida, Arzina Aziz Ali, Ashraful Alam, and Michael Dibley

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Vitamin D status and pulmonary exacerbations in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis: Experience from a tertiary care center, Danish Abdul Aziz, Syeda Khadija Fatima, Haissan Iftikhar, and Fatima Mir

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Risk factors leading to pulmonary exacerbation in patients with cystic fibrosis: A systematic review, Danish Abdul Aziz, Syeda Khadija Fatima, and Hasan Nawaz Tahir

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Characteristics of electrolyte imbalance and pseudo-bartter syndrome in hospitalized cystic fibrosis children and adolescents, Danish Abdul Aziz, Fatima Siddiqui, Quratulain Abbasi, Haissan Iftikhar, Shahira Shahid, and Fatima Mir

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Enteric fever, Buddha Basnyat, Farah Naz Qamar, Priscilla Rupali, Tahmeed Ahmed, and Christopher M. Parry

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Effectiveness of typhoid conjugate vaccine against culture-confirmed typhoid in a peri-urban setting in Karachi: A case-control study, Rabab Batool, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Sonia Qureshi, Miqdad Ali, Tahira Sadaf, Junaid Mehmood, Per Ashorn, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Characterization and outcomes of hospitalized children with coronavirus disease 2019: A report from a multicenter, viral infection and respiratory illness universal study (Coronavirus disease 2019) registry, Utpal S. Bhalala, Katja M. Gist, Sandeep Tripathi, Karen Boma, Vishakha K. Kumar, Lynn Retford, Kathleen Chiotos, Allison M. Blatz, Heda Dapul, and Sidra Ishaque

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Frequency of primiparous mother initiated breastfeeding earlier after birth and factors associated with it in Sindh, Pakistan: A secondary analysis, Asma A. Bham, Sucheta Sharma, Akash Sardool, Umer F. Mujahid, Amrat Ayaz, Komal Valliani, and Nawaal Maredia

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Uterine artery embolization combined with methotrexate for broad ligament ectopic pregnancy in a 30-year old primigravida, Khurram Khaliq Bhinder, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Shaista Riaz, Samreen Aslam, and Zouina Ameena

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Balancing science and public policy in Pakistan's COVID-19 response, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Faisal Sultan, Aamer Ikram, Adil H. Haider, Assad Hafeez, and Muhammad Islam

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Challenges of assessing community mortality due to respiratory viruses in children aged less than 5 years, Mauricio T. Caballero, Ashish Satav, Christopher J. Gill, Saad B. Omer, Rachel C. Pieciak, Abdul Momin Kazi, Eric Af Simões, and Fernando P. Polack

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Broadly neutralizing antibodies overcome SARS-CoV-2 Omicron antigenic shift, Elisabetta Cameroni, John E. Bowen, Laura E. Rosen, Christian Saliba, Samantha K. Zepeda, Katja Culap, Dora Pinto, Laura A. VanBlargan, Anna De Marco, and Najeeha Talat Iqbal

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Comparing growth velocity of HIV exposed and non-exposed infants: An observational study of infants enrolled in a randomized control trial in Zambia, Obvious Nchimunya Chilyabanyama, Roma Chilengi, Natasha Makabilo Laban, Masuzyo Chirwa, Michelo Simunyandi, Luiza Miyanda Hatyoka, Innocent Ngaruye, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, and Samuel Bosomprah

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Distance from healthcare facilities is associated with increased morbidity of acute infection in pediatric patients in Matiari, Pakistan, Elise Corden, Saman Hasan Siddiqui, Yash Sharma, Sheraz Ahmed, Fayyaz Umrani, Najeeb Rahman, Rafey Ali, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Syed Asad Ali, and Sana Syed

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Correlation of severity of COVID-19 disease with gastrointestinal manifestations and liver injury - A north Brooklyn community hospital experience: A retrospective cohort study, Kitson Deane, Ajay Singh, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Lyam Ciccone, Beishi Zheng, Arslan Afzal, Gulam Khan, Giovanna Rodriguez, and Gul Bahtiyar

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The role and challenges of cluster randomised trials for global health, Louis Dron, Monica Taljaard, Yin Bun Cheung, Rebecca Grais, Nathan Ford, Kristian Thorlund, Fyezah Jehan, Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Denis Xavier, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Jay J H. Park, and Edward J. Mills

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Exploring digital health interventions to support community health workers in low-and-middle-income countries during the COVID-19 pandemic: A scoping review protocol, Anam Shahil Feroz, Komal Valliani, Hajra Khwaja, and Sehrish Karim

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Serial lung ultrasounds in pediatric pneumonia in Mozambique and Pakistan, Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Lola Madrid, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Benazir Baloch, Pio Vitorino, Jun Hwang, Alessandro Lamort, Nee Kanth, and Fyezah Jehan

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Lung ultrasound patterns in paediatric pneumonia in Mozambique and Pakistan, Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Pio Vitorino, Zunera Qasim, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Jun Hwang Jun Hwang, Alessandro Lamorte, Marta Valente, Benazir Baloch, Muhammad Imran Nisar, and Fyezah Jehan

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COVID-19 vaccine-associated thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome (TTS): A systematic review and post hoc analysis, Muhammad Usman Hafeez, Maha Ikram, Zunaira Shafiq, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Vikash Jaiswal, Muzna Sarfraz, and Ivan Chérrez-Ojeda

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Abstract to publication conversion in pediatric critical care medicine in Pakistan, Anwarul Haque, Mohammad Shahzad, Humaira Jurair, Naveed ur Rehman Siddiqui, Sidra Ishaque, and Qalab Abbas

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Generating evidence from contextual clinical research in low- to middle income countries: A roadmap based on theory of change, Babar Hasan, Muneera Rasheed, Asra Wahid, Raman Krishna Kumar, and Liesl Zuhlke

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Evaluating motor performance with the Bruininks-Oseretsky test of motor proficiency in impoverished Pakistani children, Zehra Habib Hasan, Fariha Shaheen, Arjumand Rizvi, Jelena Obradovic, and Aisha Khan Yousafzai

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Clavicular fractures in newborns: What happens to one of the commonly injured bones at birth?, Hina Mumtaz Hashmi, Nazia Shamim, Vinod Kumar, Naureen Anjum, and Khalil Ahmad

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Clinical profile and predictors of mortality in neonates born with non-immune hydrops fetalis: Experience from a lower-middle-income country, Vinod K. Hasija, Adnan Mirza, Waqar Khowaja, Sidra Asif, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Shabina Ariff, and Khalil Ahmad

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Machine learning for child and adolescent health: A systematic review, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Sarah Masroor Jeelani, Abeer Aziz, Muhammad Ibrahim Habib, Bilal Iqbal, Waqaas Akmal, Khan Siddiqui, Babar Hasan, Mariska Leeflang, and Jai K. Das

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Diagnostic accuracy of machine learning models to identify congenital heart disease: A meta-analysis, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Uswa Jiwani, Saima Sattar, Rehana A. Salam, Babar Hasan, and Jai K. Das

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The impact of maternal preeclampsia and hyperglycemia on the cardiovascular health of the offspring: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Nuruddin Badruddin Mohammed, Karim Rizwan Nathani, Saima Sattar, Devyani Chowdhury, Shiraz Maskatia, Seda Tierney, Babar Hasan, and Jai K. Das

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Cardiovascular dysfunction in children exposed to preeclampsia during fetal life, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Nuruddin Badruddin Mohammed, Shafquat Rozi, Nadeem Aslam, Shazia Mohsin, Salima Ashiqali, Hina Ali, Saima Sattar, Devyani Chowdhury, and Babar Sultan Hasan

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Role of community engagement in maternal health in rural Pakistan: Findings from the CLIP randomized trial, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Sana Sadiq Sheikh, Rahat Qureshi, Javed Memon, Farrukh Raza, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Jeffrey N. Bone, Marianne Vidler, Sumedha Sharma, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Development of an on-job mentorship programme to improve nursing experience for enhanced patient experience of compassionate care, Alma Arshad Hookmani, Naureen Lalani, Noureen Sultan, Aly Zubairi, Ayesha Hussain, Babar Hasan, and Muneera A. Rasheed

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Development of an international standard set of clinical and patient-reported outcomes for children and adults with congenital heart disease: A report from the international consortium for health outcomes measurement congenital heart disease working group, Kevin Hummel, Sarah Whittaker, Nick Sillett, Amy Basken, Malin Berghammer, Tomás Chalela, Julie Chauhan, Luis Antonio Garcia, Babar Hasan, and Laila Ladak

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Effectiveness of management of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) through community health workers as compared to a traditional facility-based model: A cluster randomized controlled trial, Imtiaz Hussain, Atif Habib, Shabina Ariff, Gul Nawaz Khan, Arjumand Rizvi, Suhail Channar, Abid Hussain, Shahid Fazal, Deepak Kumar, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Pharmacist-directed vancomycin therapeutic drug monitoring in pediatric patients: A collaborative-practice model, Kashif Hussain, Rahila Ikram, Gul Ambreen, and Muhammad Sohail Salat

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Meropenem-induced pancytopenia in a preterm neonate: A case report, Kashif Hussain, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Naureen Mohammad, Ambreen Mughal, Sidra Idrees, Javaid Iqbal, and Gul Ambreen

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Association of risk factors for early childhood disability in rural Pakistan, Shahnaz H. Ibrahim, Arjumand Rizvi, Anjum M. Ahmed, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Mucosal genomics implicate lymphocyte activation and lipid metabolism in refractory environmental enteric dysfunction, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Najeeb Rahman, Kamran Sadiq, Zubair Ahmad, Romana Idress, Junaid Iqbal, Sheraz Ahmed, Aneeta Hotwani, Fayyaz Umrani, Sana Syed, and Syed Asad Ali

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Gastrointestinal complications in critically ill children: Experience from a resource-limited country, Sidra Ishaque, Mariam Shakir, Asma Akbar Ladak, and Anwar Ul Haque

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Use of antioxidants supplementation on developmental outcomes in children with down syndrome-A systematic review and meta-analyses, Sidra Kaleem Jafri, Atiya Iqbal, Anusha Alam, Zohra Lassi, and Julia Frei

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The influence of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) on Parkinson’s disease: An updated systematic review, Vikash Jaiswal, Danah Alquraish, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Shavy Nagpal, Prakriti Singh Shrestha, Dattatreya Mukherjee, Prathima Guntipalli, Diana F. Sánchez Velazco, and Arushee Bhatnagar

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Improved clinical competence and patients satisfaction: Comparison of patient-centered, interdisciplinary collaborative round versus traditional post-partum round, Arshia Javed, Arjumand Sohaila, Irfan Sheikh, and Nida Qadir

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Hepatitis E: Genotypes, strategies to prevent and manage, and the existing knowledge gaps, Lubna Kamani, Zahra Ali Padhani, and Jai K. Das

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Characteristics of salmonella recovered from stools of children enrolled in the global enteric multicenter study, Irene N. Kasumba, Caisey V. Pulford, Blanca M. Perez-Sepulveda, Sunil Sen, Nurulla Sayed, Jasnehta Permala-Booth, Sofie Livio Sofie Livio, Darren Heavens Darren Heavens, Ross Low Ross Low, Shahida Qureshi, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Respiratory syncytial virus-associated mortality among young infants in Karachi, Pakistan: A prospective postmortem surveillance study, Abdul Momin Kazi, Obianuju G. Aguolu, Waliyah Mughis, Nazia Ahsan, Saima Jamal, Ayub Khan, Hanya M. QureshI, Inci Yildirim, Fauzia A. Malik, and Saad B. Omer

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Characteristics of mobile phone access and usage among caregivers in Pakistan - A mHealth survey of urban and rural population, Abdul Momin Kazi, Nazia Ahsan, Saima Jamal, Ayub Khan, Waliyah Mughis, Raheel Allana, Abdul Nafey Kazi, Hussain Kalimuddin, Syed Asad Ali, William McKellin, and Jean-Paul Collet

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Usability and acceptability of a mobile app for behavior change and to improve immunization coverage among children in Pakistan: A mixed-methods study, Abdul Momin Kazi, Nazia Ahsan, Waliyah Mughis, Saima Jamal, Raheel Allana, Mehreen Raza, Sahrish Muneer, Muhammad Ayub Khan Mughal, Hussain Kalimuddin, and Fareeha Sameen

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Using big data and mobile health to manage diarrhoeal disease in children in low-income and middle-income countries: Societal barriers and ethical implications, Karen H. Keddy, Senjuti Saha, Samuel Kariuki, John Bosco Kalule, Farah Naz Qamar, Zoya Haq, and Iruka N. Okeke

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A review of toolkits and case definitions for detecting enteric fever outbreaks in Asian and African countries from 1965-2019, Asif Khaliq, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Salman Haq, Rahima Yaseen, Sonia Qureshi, Fahad Rind, Zahra A. Padhani, Ayub Khan, Abdul Momin Kazi, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Performance of a validated spontaneous preterm delivery predictor in south Asian and Sub-Saharan African women: A nested case control study, Rasheda Khanam, Tracey C. Fleischer, Nansi S. Boghossian, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Usha Dhingra, Muhammad Ilyas, Usma Mehmood, Karim Muhammad, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, and Fyezah Jehan

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Musculoskeletal manifestations in alkaptonuria: A cross-sectional study, Aysha Habib Khan, Bushra Afroze, Hafsa Majid, Yusra Zaidi, Azeema Jamil, and Lena Jafri

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Accuracy of spontaneous breathing trial using ET-CPAP in predicting successful extubation of neonates, Azeem Khan, Vikram Kumar, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Erum Choudry, Muhammad Khalid, Sheharyar Khan, Fayaz Ahmed Memon, Anum Rahim, and Syed Rehan Ali

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Effectiveness of transcutaneous bilirubin measurement in high-risk neonates and to evaluate validity of transcutaneous bilirubin with total serum bilirubin levels in both low and high-risk neonates at a tertiary care center in a developing country, Durre Shahwar Khan, Adnan Mirza, Areesh Bhatti, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Batha Tariq, and Arjumand Rizvi

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Conducting household surveys on reproductive health in urban settings: Lessons from Karachi, Pakistan, Mirbaz Khan, Sidrah Nausheen, Imtiaz Hussain, Kristy Hackett, Kaneez Zehra, Khalid Feroz, David Cannin, Iqbal Shah, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Perianal magnetic resonance imaging findings and their potential impact on outcome in children with perianal fistulizing Crohn disease, Muhammad Rehan Khan, Jessica A. Ulrich, Nathan C. Hull, Akitoshi Inoue, William S. Harmsen, William A. Faubion Jr, Joel G. Fletcher, and Imad Absah

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Referral pattern and outcomes of neonates from secondary care setting of Aga Khan University hospital to tertiary care centers in Pakistan, Suneeta Khemani, Nazia Shamim, Adnan Mirza, Nadia Mohammad, Safdar Kagazwala, and Shakeel Ahmed

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Neonatal outcomes and congenital anomalies in pregnancies affected by hypothyroidism, Zareen Kiran,; Aisha Sheikh; Khadija N Humayun; and Najmul Islam

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Teleneurology based management of infantile spasms during COVID-19 pandemic: A consensus report by the south Asia allied west syndrome research group, Priyanka Madaan, Jitendra Kumar Sahu, Jithangi Wanigasinghe, Kanij Fatema, Kyaw Linn, Mimi Lhamu Mynak, Nicolás Garófalo Gómez, Pauline Samia, Prakash Poudel, and Prem Chand

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Health-related quality of life in adults with tetralogy of Fallot repair: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Mahim Malik, Zaiba S. Dawood, Mahin Janjua, Sardar Shahmir Babar Chauhan, and Laila Ladak

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Risk factors and outcomes of prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time in surgery for adult congenital heart disease: A single-center study from a low-middle-income country, Russell S. Martins, Ronika Devi Ukrani, Muhammad K. Memon, Waris Ahmad, and Saleem Akhtar

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Global respiratory syncytial virus-related infant community deaths, Natalie I. Mazur, Yvette N. Löwensteyn, Joukje E. Willemsen, Christopher J. Gill, Leah Forman, Lawrence M. Mwananyanda, Dianna M. Blau, Robert F. Breiman, Shabir A. Madhi, and Abdul Momin Kazi

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Duration of postdiarrheal enteric pathogen carriage in young children in low-resource settings, Timothy L. McMurry, Elizabeth T Rogawski McQuade, Jie Liu, Gagandeep Kang, Margaret N. Kosek, Aldo A M. Lima, Pascal O. Bessong, Amidou Samie, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Silent epidemic of childhood bronchiectasis in Pakistan: An infectious disease physician's perspective, Fatima Mir

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Impact of pulse oximetry on hospital referral acceptance in children under 5 with severe pneumonia in rural Pakistan (district Jamshoro): Protocol for a cluster randomised trial, Fatima Mir, Apsara Ali, Suhail Chanar, Amjad Hussain, Arjumand Rizvi, Imran Ahmed, Zahid Memon, Atif Habib, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Factors associated with HIV infection among children in Larkana district, Pakistan: A matched case-control study, Fatima Mir, Apsara Ali, Victoria Simms, Syed Hani Abidi, Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Aneeta Hotwani, Sikander Ali Memon, Saqib Ali Shaikh, Syed Faisal Mahmood, and Rashida Abbas Ferrand

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Multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) in Pakistani children: A description of the phenotypes and comparison with historical cohorts of children with Kawasaki disease and myocarditis, Shazia Mohsin, Qalab Abbas, Devyani Chowdhary, Farah Khalid, Abdul Sattar Sheikh, Zuviya Ghazala Ali Khan, Nadeem Aslam, Omaima Anis Bhatti, Maha Inam, Ali Faisal Saleem, and Adnan T. Bhutta

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Quality improvement initiative in paediatric echocardiography laboratory in a low- to middle-income country, Shazia Mohsin, Babar Hasan, Mishaal Ather, Salima Ashiqali, Nadeem Aslam, Farah Khalid, Zain Adil Shabbir, Shaan Adil Shabbir, and Devyani Chowdhury

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Association of maternal prenatal selenium concentration and preterm birth: A multicountry meta-analysis, Nagendra Monangi, Huan Xu, Waqasuddin Khan, Furqan Kabir, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Aneeta Hotwani, Usma Mehmood, Ambreen Nizar, Javairia Khalid, and Fyezah Jehan

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Disease surveillance for the COVID-19 era: Time for bold changes, Oliver W. Morgan, Ximena Aguilera, Andrea Ammon, John Amuasi, Ibrahima Socé Fall, Tom Frieden, David Heymann, Chikwe Ihekweazu, Eun-Kyeong Jeong, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Fake COVID-19 vaccination in India: An emerging dilemma?, Dattatreya Mukherjee, Upasana Maskey, Angela Ishak, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, and Vikash Jaiswal

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Establishing reference interval for thyroid-stimulating hormone in children below two-year ages in Pakistani population, Siraj Muneer, Imran Siddiqui, Hafsa Majid, Lena Jafri, Khadija N Humayun, Sibtain Ahmed, and Aysha Habib Khan

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Tebipenem as an oral alternative for the treatment of typhoid caused by XDR salmonella typhi, Elli Mylona, Phat Voong Vinh, Sonia Qureshi, Abhilasha Karkey, Sabina Dongol, Tuyen Ha Thanh, Judd Walson, Lluis Ballell, Elena Fernández Álvaro, Farah Naz Qamar, and Stephen Baker

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Pathogens associated with linear growth faltering in children with diarrhea and impact of antibiotic treatment: The global enteric multicenter study, Dilruba Nasrin, William C. Blackwelder, Halvor Sommerfelt, Yukun Wu, Tamer H. Farag, Sandra Panchalingam, Kousick Biswas, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Shahida Qureshi, and Farheen Quadri

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Clinical, neuroimaging, and molecular spectrum of TECPR2-associated hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy with intellectual disability, Sonja Neuser, Barbara Brechmann, Gali Heimer, Ines Brösse, Susanna Schubert, Lauren O'Grady, Michael Zech, Siddharth Srivastava, Shahnaz Ibrahim, and Fatima Khan

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A pathogenic UFSP2 variant in an autosomal recessive form of pediatric neurodevelopmental anomalies and epilepsy, Min Ni, Bushra Afroze, Chao Xing, Chunxiao Pan, Yanqiu Shao, Ling Cai, Brandi L. Cantarel, Jimin Pei, Nick V. Grishin, and Stacy Hewson

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Direct and indirect effect of 10 valent pneumococcal vaccine on nasopharyngeal carriage in children under 2 years of age in Matiari, Pakistan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Sheraz Ahmed, Fyezah Jehan, Shahira Shahid, Sadia Shakoor, Furqan Kabir, Aneeta Hotwani, Sahrish Munir, Sajid Muhammad, Farah Khalid, Syed Asad Ali, Anita K. M. Zaidi, and Najeeha Talat Iqbal

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Serial population-based serosurveys for COVID-19 in two neighbourhoods of Karachi, Pakistan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Nadia Ansari, Farah Khalid, Mashal Amin, Hamna Shahbaz, Aneeta Hotwani, Najeeb Rehman, Usma Mehmood, Arjumand Rizvi, Junaid Iqbal, Ali Faisal Saleem, and Fyezah Jehan

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Impact of 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) on nasopharyngeal carriage in children 2 years of age: Data from a four-year time series cross-sectional study from Pakistan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Shahira Shahid, Sajid Muhammad, Farah Khalid, Amjad Hussain, Sheraz Ahmed, Sadia Shakoor, Furqan Kabir, Aneeta Hotwani, Syed Asad Ali, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Fyezah Jehan, and Najeeha Talat Iqbal

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Urgently seeking efficiency and sustainability of clinical trials in global health, Jay J H. Park, Rebecca F. Grais, Monica Taljaard, Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Fyezah Jehan, Jean B. Nachega, Nathan Ford, Denis Xavier, Andre P. Kengne, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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How COVID-19 has fundamentally changed clinical research in global health, Jay J H. Park, Robin Mogg, Gerald E. Smith, Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Fyezah Jehan, Craig R. Rayner, Jeanine Condo, Eric H. Decloedt, Jean B. Nachega, Gilmar Reis, and Edward J. Mills

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The clinical presentation of culture-positive and culture-negative, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)-Attributable shigellosis in the global enteric multicenter study and derivation of a shigella severity score: Implications for pediatric shigella vaccine trials, Patricia B. Pavlinac, James A. Platts-Mills, Kirkby D. Tickell, Furqan Kabir, Farah Qamar, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Adil Kalam, Fatima Aziz, Shahida Qureshi, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Poliovirus excretion among children with primary immune deficiency in Pakistan: A pilot surveillance study protocol, Asma Sadruddin Pethani, Zaubina Kazi, Ujala Nayyar, Muhammad Shafiq-Ur-Rehman, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Mach Ondrej, and Ali Faisal Saleem

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Acceptance of COVID-19 vaccine in Pakistan: A nationwide cross-sectional study, Mohammad Aadil Qamar, Omar Irfan, Rubaid A. Dhillon, Areesh Bhatti, Mir Ibrahim Sajid, Safia Awan, Wajiha Rizwan, Ali Bin Sarwar Zubairi, Zouina Sarfraz, and Javaid Ahmed Khan

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Procedural risk in congenital cardiac catheterization (PREDIC3T), Brian P. Quinn, Mary Yeh, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Fatima Ali, David Balzer, Oliver Barry, Sarosh Batlivala, Darren Berman, Susan Foerster, and Bryan Goldstein