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Submissions from 2013

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A cross sectional survey of newborn care practices in rural Sindh, Pakistan: implications for research and policy, Zahid Memon, M. Imran Khan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, S Muhammad, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Madurella mycetomatis as an agent of brain abscess: case report and review of literature, Fatima Mir, Sadia Shakoor, Mumtaz Jamshed Khan, Khurram Minhas, Afia Zafar, and Anita Zaidi

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Midterm results of bovine jugular vein conduit for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction, Shazia Samad Mohsin, Maria Tariq Siddiqui, Abdul Sattar Shaikh, Mehnaz Atiq, and Muneer Amanullah

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Childhood acute iymphoblastic leukaemia: Experience from a single tertiary care facility of Pakistan, Naureen Mushtaq, Zehra Fadoo, and Ahmed Naqvi

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Pakistan's expanded programme on immunization: an overview in the context of polio eradication and strategies for improving coverage, Aatekah Owais, Asif Raza Khowaja, Syed Asad Ali, and Anita K M Zaidi

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Formative research and development of an evidence-based communication strategy: the introduction of Vi typhoid fever vaccine among school-aged children in Karachi, Pakistan, Alfred Pach, Ghurnata Tabbusam, M. Imran Khan, Zamir Suhag, Imtiaz Hussain, Ejaz Hussain, Uzma Mumtaz, Inam ul Haq, Rehman Tahir, Amjad Miran, Aisha Yousafzai, Sushant Sahastrabuddhe, R Leon Ochiai, Sajid Soofi, John D. Clemens, Michael O. Favorov, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Comparison of clinical and CSF profiles in children with tuberculous and pyogenic meningitis; role of CSF protein: Glucose ratio as diagnostic marker of tuberculous meningitis, Farah Naz Qamar, Arshalooz Jamila Rahman, Sania Iqbal, and Khadija Humayun

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Community-based management and outcome of omphalitis in newborns in Karachi, Pakistan, Farah Naz Qamar, Shiyam Sundar Tikmani, Fatima Mir, and Anita Kazmi Mehdi Zaidi

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Health care use patterns for diarrhea in children in low-income periurban communities of Karachi, Pakistan, Farheen Quadri, Dilruba Nasrin, Asia Khan, Tabassum Bokhari, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Zaid Bhatti, Karen Kotloff, Myron M. Levine, and Anita K M Zaidi

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Prevalence of hypertension in healthy school children in Pakistan and its relationship with body mass index, proteinuria and hematuria, Arshalooz Jamila Rahman, Farah Naz Qamar, Sohail Ashraf, Zubair Ali Khowaja, Shafaq Binte Tariq, and Hira Naeem

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Severe combined immune deficiency syndrome, Ali Faisal Saleem, Ranish Deedar Ali Khawaja, Abdul Sattar Shaikh, Syed Asad Ali, and Anita Kaniz Mehdi Zaidi

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Trends in antibiotic susceptibility and incidence of late-onset Klebsiella pneumoniae neonatal sepsis over a six-year period in a neonatal intensive care unit in Karachi, Pakistan, Ali Faisal Saleem, Farah Naz Qamar, Hira Shahzad, Maqbool Qadir, and Anita K.M. Zaidi

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Community-based versus health facility-based management of acute malnutrition for reducing the prevalence of severe acute malnutrition in children 6 to 59 months of age in low- and middle-income countries, Yasir Shafiq, Ali Saleem, Zohra S. Lassi, and Anita KM Zaidi

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Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity: prospective cohort study from Pakistan, Abdul Sattar Shaikh, Ali Faisal Saleem, Shazia Samad Mohsin, Muhammad Matloob Alam, and Mehnaz Atiq Ahmed

Clinical characteristics, factors affecting sepsis outcome, Pakistan, Shahla Siddiqui, Bushra Jamil, Nosheen Nasir, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Fauzia Anis Khan, Phillippe Fossard, and Rabia Hussain

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Effect of provision of daily zinc and iron with several micronutrients on growth and morbidity among young children in Pakistan: a cluster-randomised trial, Sajid Soofi, Simon Cousens, Saleem P. Iqbal, Tauseef Akhund, Javed Khan, Imran Ahmed, Anita K. Zaidi, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Improved accessibility of emergency obstetrics and newborn care (EmONC) services for maternal and newborn health: a community based project, Ali Turab, Shabina Ariff, Atif Habib, Imran Ahmed, Masawar Hussain, Akhtar Rashid, Zahid Memon, M. Imran Khan, Sajid Soofi, and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

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Annual Research Review: Improved nutrition--pathway to resilience, Aisha K. Yousafzai, Muneera A. Rasheed, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Scientific rationale for study design of community-based simplified antibiotic therapy trials in newborns and young infants with clinically diagnosed severe infections or fast breathing in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, Anita K M Zaidi, Abdullah H. Baqui, Shamim Ahmad Qazi, Rajiv Bahl, Samir Saha, Adejumoke I. Ayede, Ebunoluwa A. Adejuyigbe, Cyril Engmann, Fabian Esamai, and Antoinette Kitoto Tshefu

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Simplified antibiotic regimens for the management of clinically diagnosed severe infections in newborns and young infants in first-level facilities in Karachi, Pakistan: study design for an outpatient randomized controlled equivalence trial, Anita K M Zaidi, Shiyam Sundar Tikmani, Shazia Sultana, Benazir Baloch, Momin Kazi, Hamidur Rehman, Khairunnissa Karimi, Fyezah Jehan, Imran Ahmed, and Simon Cousens

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Nutrition political economy, Pakistan. Province Report:Sindh, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Rozina Mistry, Gul Nawaz, Noorya Hayat, Shandana Khan Mohmand, and Andres Mejia Acosta

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The political economy of undernutrition. National Report, Pakistan, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Shandana Khan Mohmand, and Andres Mejia Acosta

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Nutrition political economy, Pakistan. Provincial Report: Balochistan., Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Suleman Qazi, Gul Nawaz, Noorya Hayat, Shandana Khan Mohmand, and Andres Mejia Acosta

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Nutrition political economy, Pakistan. Province Report: Punjab, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Akhtar Rashid, Gul Nawaz, Noorya Hayat, Shandara Khan Mohmand, and Andres Mejia Acosta

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Nutrition political economy, Pakistan. Province Report: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Abdul Wajid, Gul Nawaz, Kashif Nazeer, Shandana Khan Mohmand, and Andres Mejia Acosta

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Nutrition policy in the post-devolution context in Pakistan: an analysis of provincial opportunities and barriers, Shehla Zaidi, Shandana Khan Mohmand, Noorya Hayat, Andres Mejia Acosta, and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutta

Submissions from 2012

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Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis presenting as severe iron deficiency anaemia--a case from Pakistan, Noureen Afzal, Ammara Mushtaq, Arshalooz Rahman, and Sonia Qureshi

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Urinary tract infection presenting as jaundice in neonates, Noureen Afzal, Maqbool Qadir, Sonia Qureshi, Rehan Ali, Shakeel Ahmed, and Khalil Ahmad

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Pseudomonas necrotizing fasciitis in an otherwise healthy infant, Shakeel Ahmed, Syed Rehan Ali, and Zahra Aziz Samani

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Cardiac involvement in kawasaki disease in Pakistani children, Saleem Akhtar, Muhammad Matloob Alam, and Mehnaz Atiq Ahmed

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Icterus Neonatorum in Near-Term and Term Infants: An overview., Rehan Ali, Shakeel Ahmed, Maqbool Qadir, and Khalil Ahmad

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Sample size calculation and sampling techniques, Syed Asad Ali

Each day outdoor play!, Shelina Bhamani

Parwarish Markaz: Integrated services for the optimal development of children ages 0-3, Shelina Bhamani

Urban fathers’ involvement in early childhood development: A case study from Pakistan, Shelina Bhamani

Conduct problems in children attending pre-primary schools in rural areas of Pakistan, Shelina Bhamani and Nadia Ayub

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The Countdown for 2015: what lies ahead?, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta and Mickey Chopra

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The Ignominy of Low birth Weight in South Asia, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Global nutrition epidemiology and trends, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta and Rehana A. Salam

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Group B streptococcal disease in infants aged younger than 3 months: systematic review and meta-analysis, Karen M. Edmond, Christina Kortsalioudaki, Susana Scott, Stephanie J. Schrag, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Simon Cousens, and Paul T. Heath

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Acute myeloid leukaemia in children: experience at a tertiary care facility of Pakistan, Zehra Fadoo, Naureen Mushtaq, Saima Alvi, and Muhammad Ali

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Omphalocoele, ten years experience at a tertiary care hospital, Anila Haroon, Akhtar Amin Memon, and Rehan Ali

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Spinal muscular atrophy:clinical spectrum and genetic mutations in Pakistani children, S. H. Ibrahim, Tariq Moatter, and Ali Faisal Saleem

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Global micronutrient deficiencies in childhood and impact on growth and survival: challenges and opportunities, Aamer Imdad and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Intervention strategies to address multiple micronutrient deficiencies in pregnancy and early childhood, Aamer Imdad and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Basic study designs in health research, Fyezah Jehan and Abdul Momin Kazi

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Questionnaire designing and validation, Abdul Momin Kazi and Wardah Khalid

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Risk factors associated with typhoid fever in children aged 2-16 years in Karachi, Pakistan, M. Imran Khan, R. L. Ochiai, S. B. Soofi, L. Von-Seidlein, M. J. Khan, S. M. Sahito, Atif Habib, M. K. Puri, J. K. Park, Y. A. You, M. Ali, S. Q. Nizami, C. J. Acosta, R. Bradley-Sack, J. D. Clemens, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Effectiveness of Vi capsular polysaccharide typhoid vaccine among children: a cluster randomized trial in Karachi, Pakistan, M. Imran Khan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, R. Leon Ochiai, Atif Habib, Shah Muhammad Sahito, S. Qamaruddin Nizam, Camilo J Acosta, John D. Clemens, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Epidemiology, clinical presentation, and patterns of drug resistance of salmonella typhi in Karachi, Pakistan, M. Imran Khan, Sajid Bashir Soof, R. Leon Ochiai, Mohammad Jawed Khan, Shah Muhammad Sahito, Atif Habib, Mahesh K Puri, Lorenz von Seidlein, Jin Kyung Park, Young Ae You, Mohammad Ali, S. Qamarudding Nizami, Camilo J Acosta, Richard Bradley Sack, John D Clemens, and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

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Risk factors associated with typhoid fever in children aged 2–16 years in Karachi, Pakistan, M. I. KHAN, R. L. OCHIA, S. B. SOOFI, L. VON- SEIDLEIN, M. J. KHAN, S. M. SAHITO, Atif Habib, M. K. PURI, J. K. PARK, Y. A. YOU, M. ALI, S. Q. NIZAMI, C. J. ACOSTA, R. BRADLEY- SACK, J. D. CLEMENS, and Z. A. BHUTTA

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Neurodevelopmental outcomes of premature infants at a tertiary care center in Pakistan, Muhammad Rehan Khan, Prem K. Maheshwari, Huma Shamim, Ali F. Saleem, Shakeel Ahmed, Syed R. Ali, and Shahnaz H Ibrahim

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Morbidity pattern of sick hospitalized preterm infants in Karachi, Pakistan, Muhammad Rehan Khan, Prem Kumar Maheshwari, Huma Shamim, Shakeel Ahmed, and Syed Rehan Ali

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Mutation in NSUN2, which Encodes an RNA Methyltransferase, Causes Autosomal-Recessive Intellectual Disability, Muzammil Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Arshad Rafiq, Abdul Noor, Shobbir Hussain, Joana V. Flores, Verena Rupp, Akshita K. Vincent, Roland Malli, Ghazanfar Ali, Falak Sher Khan, Gisele E. Ishak, Dan Doherty, Rosanna Weksberg, Muhammad Ayub, Christian Windpassinger, S. H. Ibrahim, Michaela Frye, Muhammad Ansar, and John B. Vincent

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Parental Awareness and Coverage of Mass Measles Vaccination Drive 2011: Cross-Sectional Survey in the Metropolitan City of Karachi, Pakistan, Asif Raza Khowaja, Sana Sheikh, Ali Faisal Saleem, and Anita KM Zaidi

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Simultaneous Detection of Six Diarrhea-Causing Bacterial Pathogens with an In-House PCR-Luminex Assay, Jie Liu, Jean Gratz, Athanasia Maro, Happy Kumburu, Gibson Kibiki, Mami Taniuchi, Arif Mahmud Howlader, Shihab U. Sobuz, Rashidul Haque, Kaisar A. Talukder, Shahida Qureshi, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Doris M. Haverstick, and Eric R. Houpta

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Elective tracheostomy in mechanically ventilated children, Prem Kumar Maheshwari, Muhammad Rehan Khan, and Anwarul Haque

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Acute lymphoblastic leukemia in a child with Fanconi’s anemia, Naureen Mushtaq, Rabia Wali, Zehra Fadoo, and Ali Faisal Saleem

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Time trends and age-related etiologies of pediatric hydrocephalus: results of a groupwise analysis in a clinical cohort, Qura-Tul-Ain Rashid, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Kishwar Enam, Syed Faraz Kazim, Saniya Siraj Godil, Syed Ather Enam, Saleem Perwaiz Iqbal, and Syed Iqbal Azam

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Healthcare-associated infections among pediatric oncology patients in Pakistan: risk factors and outcome., Naveed-ur-Rehman Siddiqui, Rabia Wali, Anwarul Haque, and Zehra Fadoo

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Helping Babies Breathe: Global neonatal resuscitation program development and formative educational evaluation, Nalini Singhal, Jocelyn Lockyer, Herta Fidler, William Keenan, George Little, Sherri Bucher, Maqbool Qadir, and Susan Niermeyer

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Schools as potential vaccination venue for vaccines outside regular EPI schedule: results from a school census in Pakistan., Sajid Bashir Soofi, Inam-Ul Haq, M. Imran Khan, Muhammad Bilal Siddiqui, Mushtaq Mirani, Rehman Tahir, Imtiaz Hussain, Mahesh K Puri, Zamir Hussain Suhag, Asif R Khowaja, Abdul Razzaq Lasi, John D Clemens, Michael Favorov, R. Leon Ochiai, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Pediatric endotracheal intubations for airway management in the emergency department., Bano Surraiya, Akhtar Saleem, Nukhba Zia, Uzma Rahim Khan, and Anwarul Haq

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Community-based Treatment of Serious Bacterial Infections in Newborns and Young Infants A Randomized Controlled Trial Assessing Three Antibiotic Regimens, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Shiyam Sundar Tikmani, Haider J. Warraich, Gary L. Darmstadt, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Shazia Sultana, and Durrane Thaver

Submissions from 2011

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Health in Southeast Asia 2 Maternal, neonatal, and child health in southeast Asia: towards greater regional collaboration, Cecilia S. Acuin, Geok Lin Khor, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Endang L. Achadi, Thein Thein Htay, Rebecca Firestone, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Factors associated with typhoid relapse in the era of multiple drug resistant strains, Kaashif Aqeeb Ahmad, Liaqat Hayat Khan, Bakht Roshan, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Outcome and Prognostic Factors Seen in Pediatric Oncology Patients Admitted in PICU of a Developing Country, Nida Akhtar, Zehra Fadoo, Sukaina Panju, and Anwarul Haque

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Perception and practices of breastfeeding of infants 0-6 months in an urban and a semi-urban community in Pakistan: a cross-sectional study, Sumera Ali, Syed Faizan Ali, Ayesha Mallick Imam, Samia Ayub, and Abdul Gaffar Billoo

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Fecal incontinence and constipation in children: a clinical conundrum., Syed Rehan Ali, Shakeel Ahmed, Maqbool Qadir, Khadija N Humayun, and Khalil Ahmad

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Foetus-in-Foetu, Syed Rehan Ali, Maqbool Qadir, Shakeel Ahmed, and Prem Kumar

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Clinical spectrum and outcomes of neonatal candidiasis in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan, Shabina Ariff, Ali Faisal Saleem, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Reema Sajjad

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Murmur and Doppler Alternans in Critical Pulmonary Stenosis, Mehnaz Atiq, Saleem Akhter, Sheikh Abdul Sattar, Shazia Mohsin, and Nadeem Aslam

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Seeing the unseen:targeting neonatal mortality in rural Vietnam., Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Pakistan National Nutrition Survey, 2011, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Sajid Bashir Soofi, S. Shujaat H Zaidi, Atif Habib, and mtiaz Hussain

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Stillbirths: what difference can we make and at what cost?, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Joy E. Lawn, Arjumand Rizvi, Ingrid K. Friberg, Eva Weissman, Eckhart Buchmann, and Robert L. Goldenberg

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Child Development 2 Strategies for reducing inequalities and improving developmental outcomes for young children in low-income and middle-income countries, Patrice L. Engle, Lia C. H. Fernald, Harold Alderman, Jere Behrman, Chloe O'Gara, Aisha Yousafzai, Meena Cabral de Mello, Melissa Hidrobo, Nurper Ulkuer, Ilgi Ertem, and Selim Iltus

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Outcome of In-Hospital Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Arrest from a Single Center in Pakistan, Anwarul Haque, Arjumand Rizvi, and Surraiya Bano

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Benzodiazepine use among adults residing in the urban settlements of Karachi, Pakistan: a cross sectional study., Saleem P. Iqbal, Syed Ahmer, Salima Farooq, Yasmin Parpio, Ambreen Tharani, Rashid A. M Khan, and Mohammad Zaman

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Transition towards health promoting hospitals: adapting a global framework to Pakistan., A. R. Khowaja, R. Karmaliani, R. Mistry, and A Agha

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Effects of goal setting on dietary and physical activity changes in the Boy Scout badge projects., Hira Latif, Kathy Watson, Nga Nguyen, Debbe Thompson, Janice Baranowski, Russell Jago, Karen W Cullen, and Tom Baranowski

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Safety of insulin tolerance test for the assessment of growth hormone deficiency in children, Saira Waqar Lone, Yasir Naqi Khan, Farah Qamar, Irum Atta, Mohsina Noor Ibrahim, and Jamal Raza

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Incidence and etiology of omphalitis in Pakistan: a community-based cohort study, Fatima Mir, Shiyam Sundar Tikmani, Sadia Shakoor, Haider Javed Warraich, Shazia Sultana, Syed Asad Ali, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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5 versus 10 days of ceftriaxone for bacterial meningitis in children Reply, Elizabeth Molyneux, Shaikh Qamaruddin Nizami, Martin Willi Weber, and Shamim Ahmad Qazi

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Does improving maternal knowledge of vaccines impact infant immunization rates? A community-based randomized-controlled trial in Karachi, Pakistan, Aatekah Owais, Beenish Hanif, Amna R. Siddiqui, Ajmal Agha, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Why do families of sick newborns accept hospital care? a community-based cohort study in Karachi, Pakistan, A. Owais, S. Sultana, A. D. Stein, N. H. Bashir, R. Awaldad, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Significance of pyuria in the diagnosis of urinary tract infections in neonates, Arshalooz J Rahman, Farah Naz, and Sohail Ashraf

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Setting research priorities to reduce global mortality from childhood pneumonia by 2015, Igor Rudan, Shams El Arifeen, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Robert E. Black, Abdullah Brooks, Kit Yee Chan, Mickey Chopra, Trevor Duke, David Marsh, Antonio Pio, Eric A. F. Simoes, Giorgio Tamburlini, Evropi Theodoratou, Martin W. Weber, Cynthia G. Whitney, Harry Campbell, and Shamim A. Qazi

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Acinetobacter species meningitis in children: a case series from Karachi, Pakistan, Ali Faisal Saleem, Muhammad Shafaat Shah, Abdul Sattar Shaikh, Fatima Mir, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Availability and affordability of essential medicines: Exploring the health seeking behaviours and health service utilisation for children under-5 years living in squatter settlement of Karachi, Pakistan, Yasir Shafiq, Babar Tasneem Shaikh, and Ramesh Kumar

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Measles susceptibility in children in Karachi, Pakistan, Sana Sheikh, Syed Asad Ali, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Ajmal Agha, Asif Khowaja, Salim Allana, Shahida Qureshi, and Iqbal Azam

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Health-care associated infections in children after cardiac surgery in a pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (PCICU), Naveed-ur-Rehman Siddiqui, Fatima Mir, Omair Shakil, Muneer Amanullah, and Anwarul Haque

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A comparison of disease caused by Shigella and Campylobacter species: 24 months community based surveillance in 4 slums of Karachi, Pakistan., Sajid Bashir Soofi, Atif Habib, Lorenz von Seidlein, Muhammad Jawed Khan, Shah Muhammad, Naveed Bhutto, M. Imran Khan, Shahid Rasool, Afia Zafar, John D Clemens, Qamaruddin Nizami, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Clinical profile and outcomes of paediatric patients with diabetic ketoacidosis at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan, Madiha Syed, Fariha Batool Khawaja, Taimur Saleem, Umair Khalid, Abdul Rashid, and Khadija Nuzhat Humayun

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Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) associated peritonitis in a child: a rare case of peritonitis caused by sphingomonous paucimobilis, Arwa Quresh Tambawala, Sadaf Hamid, Iqtidar Khan, and Asad Ali

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Aplastic Anemia: Clinicohaematological Features, Treatment and Outcome Analysis, Rabia Wali, Zehra Fidoo, Salman Adil, and Muhammad Ahmed Naqvi

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Floods in Pakistan: a public health crisis, Haider Warraich, Anita K. M. Zaidi, and Kavita Patel

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A source of strength and empowerment? An exploration of the influence of disabled children on the lives of their mothers in Karachi, Pakistan, Aisha Khizar Yousafzai, Zia Farrukh, and Kausar Khan

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Effect of case management on neonatal mortality due to sepsis and pneumonia, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Hammad A. Ganatra, Sana Syed, Simon Cousens, Anne C. C. Lee, Robert Black, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, and Joy E. Lawn

Submissions from 2010

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Dyssegemental dyspalsia; Rolland-Desbuquois type--a case report from Pakistan, Bushra Afroze

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Asthma in children: management issues for family doctors., Shakeel Ahmed, Rehan Ali, Maqbool Qadir, and Khadija Humayun