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Submissions from 2018

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Effect of life skills building education and micronutrient supplements provided from preconception versus the standard of care on low birth weight births among adolescent and young Pakistani women (15–24 years): A prospective, population-based cluster-randomized trial, Jo-Anna B. Baxter, Yaqub Wasan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zamir Suhag, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Effect of life skills building education and micronutrient supplements provided from preconception versus the standard of care on low birth weight births among adolescent and young Pakistani women (15–24 years): A prospective, population-based cluster-randomized trial, Jo-Anna B. Baxter, Yaqub Wasan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zamir Suhag, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Feasibility and effect of life skills building education and multiple micronutrient supplements versus the standard of care on anemia among non-pregnant adolescent and young Pakistani women (15-24 years): A prospective, population-based cluster-randomized trial, Jo-Anna B. Baxter, Yaqub Wasan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zamir Suhag, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Multiple-micronutrient supplementation: Evidence from large-scale prenatal programmes on coverage, compliance and impact, Cristiana Berti, Michelle F. Gaffey, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and Irene Cetin

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The dolphin trials: Nutritional supplementation for neonates and infants at risk, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Alma Ata and primary healthcare: Back to the future, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Rifat Atun, Navjoyt Ladher, and Kamran Abbasi

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Reducing typhoid burden within a generation, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Anita K. M. Zaidi, and Tikki Pangestu

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Partnerships for child health: capitalising on links between the sustainable development goals, Yulia Blomstedt, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Johan Dahlstrand, Peter Friberg, Lawrence O. Gostin, Måns Nilsson, Nelson K. Sewankambo, Göran Tomson, and Tobias Alfvén

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Preparing for safety monitoring after rotavirus vaccine introduction – Assessment of baseline epidemiology of intussusception among children <2 years of age in four Asian>countries, Eleanor Burnett, Nguyen Van Trang, Ajit Rayamajhi, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Syed M. Satter, Dang Duc Anh, Anupama Thapa, Saqib Hamid Qazi, James D. Heffelfinger, and Syed Asad Ali

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Hemimegalencephaly: Seizure outcome in an infant after hemispherectomy, Prem Chand, Pooja Manglani, and Qalab Abbas

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The feasibility of task-sharing the identification, emergency treatment, and referral for women with pre-eclampsia by community health workers in India, Umesh Charanthimath, Marianne Vidler, Geetanjali Katageri, Umesh Ramadurg, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Avinash Kavi, Anjali Joshi, Geetanjali Mungarwadi, Rahat Qureshi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Seasonality and within-subject clustering of rotavirus infections in an eight-site birth cohort study, J. M. Colston, A. M. S. Ahmed, Sajid Bashir Soofi, E. Svensen, R. Haque, J. Shrestha, R. Nshama, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, I. F. N. Lima, and A. Samie

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Slaying little dragons: the impact of the Guinea Worm Eradication Program on dracunculiasis disability averted from 1990 to 2016, Elizabeth A. Cromwell, Sharon Roy, Dieudonne P. Sankara, Adam Weiss, Jeffrey Stanaway, Ellen Goldberg, David M. Pigott, Heidi Larson, Stein Emil Vollset, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Scaling up primary health services for improving reproductive, maternal, and child health: a multisectoral collaboration in the conflict setting of Afghanistan, Jai K. Das, Nadia Akseer, Shafiq Mirzazada, Omarwalid Noorzada, Corinne E. Armstrong, Kashif Mukhtar, Ahmed Jan Naeem, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Fly control to prevent diarrhoea in children, Jai K. Das, Yousaf Bashir Hadi, Rehana Salam, Mehar Hoda, Zohra S. Lassi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Lipid‐based nutrient supplements for maternal, birth, and infant developmental outcomes, Jai K. Das, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Rehana Salam, Afsah Zulfiqar Bhutta, Nancy G. Valenzuela‐Rubio, Zita Weise Prinzo, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Nutrition for the next generation: older children and adolescents, Jai K. Das, Zohra S. Lassi, Zahra Hoodbhoy, and Rehana Salam

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Novel public-private partnerships to address the double burden of malnutrition, Adam Drewnowski, Benjamin Caballero, Jai K. Das, Jeff French, Andrew M. Prentice, Lisa R. Fries, Tessa M van Koperen, Petra Klassen-Wigger, and Barbara J. Rolls

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What’s coming for health science and policy in 2018? global experts look ahead in their field, The PLOS Medicine Editors, Soumya Swaminathan, Robin S. Room, Louise C. Ivers, Graham Hillis, Rebecca F. Grais, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and Peter Byass

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Measuring and understanding social-emotional behaviors in preschoolers from rural Pakistan, Jenna E. Finch, Aisha Khizar Yousafzai, Muneera Rasheed, and Jelena Obradović

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Oral ondansetron administration to nondehydrated children with diarrhea and associated vomiting in emergency departments in Pakistan: A randomized controlled trial, Stephen B. Freedman, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Andrew R. Willan, Sarah Williamson Urquhart, Noshad Ali, Jianling Xie, Fady Dawoud, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Intergenerational burden and risks of NCDs: need to promote maternal and child health, Mark Hanson, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Katie Dain, Carlos Fuchtner, and Moshe Hod

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Outcome of traumatic brain injury in children by using rotterdam score on computed tomography, Anwarul Haque, Zehra Dhanani, Amin Ali, Basit Salam, Qalab Abbas, Gohar Javed, and Humaira Jurair

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Impact of pharmacist-led antibiotic stewardship program in a PICU of low/middle-income country, Anwarul Haque, Kashif Hussain, Romesa Ibrahim, Qalab Abbas, Shah Ali Ahmed, Humaira Jurair, and Syed Asad Ali

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Rotavirus vaccine response correlates with the infant gut microbiota composition in Pakistan, Vanessa Harris, Syed Asad Ali, Susana Fuentes, Abdul Momin Kazi, Jacqueline Tate, Umesh Parashar, W. Joost Wiersinga, Carlo Giaquinto, Carolina De Weerth, and Willem M. De Vos

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Emergence of an extensively drug-resistant salmonella enterica serovar typhi clone harboring a promiscuous plasmid encoding resistance to fluoroquinolones and third-generation cephalosporins, Rumina Hasan, Sadia Shakoor, Farah Naz Farid, Dania Khalid Saeed, Ghazala Shaheen, Shahida Qureshi, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Muhammad Khalid Salim, Zahra Hasan, Elizabeth J. Klemma, Andrew J. Page, Kim Judge, Vanessa K. Wong, Timothy J. Dallman, Satheesh Nair, Stephen Baker, and Gordon Dougan

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Machine learning from fetal flow waveforms to predict adverse perinatal outcomes: A study protocol, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Babar Hasan, Fyezah Jehan, Bart Bijnens, and Devyani Chowdhury

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Impact of pre-eclampsia on the cardiovascular health of the offspring: a cohort study protocol, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Babar Hasan, Nuruddin Badruddin Mohammed, and Devyani Chowdhury

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Household chores as the main source of physical activity: Perspectives of pregnant Pakistani women, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Rahat Qureshi, Romaina Iqbal, and Qamarunissa Muhabat

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Seroprevalence of anti-polio antibodies in children from polio high risk area of Afghanistan: A cross sectional survey 2017, Imtiaz Hussain, Ondrej Mach, Nasir A. Hamid, Zaid Bhatti, Deborah D. Moore, Shahid Khan, Hasan Khan, William C. Weldon, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Impact of maternally derived pertussis antibody titers on infant whole-cell pertussis vaccine response in a low income setting, Romesa Ibrahim, Syed Asad Ali, Abdul Momin Kazi, Arjumand Rizvi, L. Beryl Guterman, Robert A. Bednarczyk, Ellie Kim, SoHee Park, Simon Paulos, and Amilia Jeyachandran

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CBS mutations and MTFHR SNPs causative of hyperhomocysteinemia in Pakistani children, Shahnaz Ibrahim, Saadia Maqbool, Maleeha Azam, Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal, and Raheel Qamar

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Epidemiology of patients presenting to a pediatric emergency department in Karachi, Pakistan, Nadir Ijaz, Matthew Strehlow, N. Ewen Wang, Elizabeth Pirrotta, Areeba Tariq, Naseeruddin Mahmood, and Swaminatha Mahadevan

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Promising biomarkers of environmental enteric dysfunction: a prospective cohort study in Pakistani children., Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Kamran Sadiq, Sana Syed, Tauseefullah Akhund, Fayyaz Umrani, Sheraz Ahmed, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Najeeb Rehman, Shahida Qureshi, and Syed Asad Ali

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Rapid intravenous rehydration of children with acute gastroenteritis and dehydration: a systematic review and meta-analysis, M. A. Iro, T. Sell, N. Brown, and K. Maitland

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Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis – Current perspectives, Sidra K. Jafri, Raman Kumar, and Shahnaz H. Ibrahim

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His mind will work better with both of us”: a qualitative study on fathers’ roles and coparenting of young children in rural Pakistan, Joshua Jeong, Saima Siyal, Günther Fink, Dana Charles McCoy, and Aisha K. Yousafzai

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“His mind will work better with both of us”: A qualitative study on fathers’ roles and coparenting of young children in rural Pakistan, Joshua Jeong, Saima Siyal, Günther Fink, Dana Charles McCoy, and Aisha Khizar Yousafzai

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A comparison of three diagnostic platforms for the detection of influenza A and B in children, Furqan Kabir, Marvi Tariq, Fatima Aziz, Syed Imran Rizvi, Shahida Qureshi, Syed Asad Ali, and Najeeha Talat Iqbal

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Comparison of neonatal outcomes between category-1 and non-category-1 primary emergency cesarean section: A retrospective record review in a tertiary care hospital, Dureshahwar Kanwar, Iffat Ahmed, Azra Amerjee, and Zahra Hoodbhoy

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Effect of mobile phone text message reminders on routine immunization uptake in Pakistan: randomized controlled trial, Abdul Momin Kazi, Murtaza Ali, Khurram Zubair, Hussain Kalimuddin, Abdul Nafey Kazi, Saleem Perwaiz Iqbal, Jean-Paul Collet, and Syed Asad Ali

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The dietary intake and practices of adolescent girls in low- and middle-Income countries: A systematic review, Emily C. Keats, Aviva I. Rappaport, Shailja Shah, Christina Oh, Reena Jain, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Fungal osteomyelitis in a patient with chronic granulomatous disease: Case report and review of the literature, Muhammad Khalid and Syed Asad Ali

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Invasive community acquired methicillin-resistant staphylococcal aureus (CA-MRSA) infections in children, Muhammad Khalid, Samina Junejo, and Fatima Mir

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Tracheal chondrosarcoma and surgical management, Fazal Wahab Khan, Ibrahim Zahid, Sarosh Moeen, and Sulaiman Bashir Hasan

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A comparison of maternal and newborn health services costs in Sindh Pakistan, Asif Raza Khowaja, Craig Mitton, Rahat Qureshi, Stirling Bryan, Laura A. Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Infantile Spasms: Clinical profile and treatment outcomes, Shazia Kulsoom, S. H. Ibrahim, Sidra Kaleem Jafri, Khemchand N. Moorani, and Misbah Anjum

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Business not as usual: how multisectoral collaboration can promote transformative change for health and sustainable development, Shyama Kuruvilla, Rachael Hinton, Ties Boerma, Ryan Bunney, Nuria Casamitjana, Rafael Cortez, Patrizia Fracassi, Jennifer Franz-Vasdeki, Daniel Helldén, Joanne McManus, and Jai K. Das

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Multicentre pilot study evaluation of lung ultrasound for the management of paediatric pneumonia in low-resource settings: a study protocol, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Giovanni Volpicelli, Alessandro Lamorte, Fyezah Jehan, Quique Bassat, and Amy Sarah Ginsburg

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Prophylactic antibiotics to reduce pelvic infection in women having miscarriage surgery – The AIMS (Antibiotics in Miscarriage Surgery) trial: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial, David Lissauer, Amie Wilson, Jane Daniels, Lee Middleton, Jon Bishop, Catherine Hewitt, Abi Merriel, Rahat Qureshi, Iffat Ahmed, and Humera Ismail

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Direct detection of shigella in stool specimens by use of a metagenomic approach, Jie Liu, Mathieu Almeida, Furqan Kabir, Sadia Shakoor, Shahida Qureshi, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Shan Li, Boubou Tamboura, Samba O. Sow, and Inacio Mandomando

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Assessing development across cultures: Invariance of the Bayley-III scales across seven International MAL-ED sites, Pendergast, Laura L; Schaefer, Barbara A; Murray-Kolb, Laura E.; Svensen, Erling; Shrestha, Rita; Rasheed, Muneera A; Scharf, Rebecca J.; Kosek, Margaret; Vasquez, Angel Orbe; and Maphula, Angelina

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Assessment of dental maturation on orthopantomograms among children with various dental malocclusions at a tertiary care hospital, Hafiz Taha Mahmood and Mubassar Fida

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Diagnostic dilemma of patients with methylmalonic aciduria: Experience from a tertiary care centre in Pakistan, Hafsa Majid, Aysha Habib Khan, Lena Jafri, Azeema Jamil, Nasir Yousufzai, Midhat Fatima, Zeba Zulfiqar Ali, and Bushra Afroze

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Reform of primary health care in Pakistan, Sadia M. Malik and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Two-year-old with a limp and suspected nonaccidental injury, Mallika Manyapu, Gohar Warraich, Subra Kugathasan, and Sana Syed

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Pathophysiology of environmental enteric dysfunction and its impact on oral vaccine efficacy, Chelsea Marie, Syed Asad Ali, Kanta Chandwe, William Petri Jr A, and Paul Kelly

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Core outcome sets for prevention and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage: An international delphi consensus study, Shireen Meher, Anna Cuthbert, Jamie J. Kirkham, Paula Williamson, Edgardo Abalos, Nasreen Aflaifel, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Alina Bishop, Jennifer Blum, and Peter Collins

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Meconium stained liquor and its neonatal outcome, Nadia Mohammad, Hafiz Taha Mahmood, Arjumand Sohaila, and Syed Rehan Ali

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Maternal predictors of intrauterine growth retardation, Nadia Mohammad, Arjumand Sohaila, Unaib Rabbani, Sufian Ahmed, Shakeel Ahmed, and Syed Rehan Ali

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The state of US health, 1990-2016: burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors among US states, Ali H. Mokdad, Katherine Ballestros, Michelle Echko, Scott Glenn, Helen E. Olsen, Erin Mullany, Alex Lee, Abdur Rahman Khan, Alireza Ahmadi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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The state of US health, 1990-2016: burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors among US states., Ali H. Mokdad, Katherine Ballestros, Michelle Echko, Scott Glenn, Helen E. Olsen, Erin Mullany, Alex Lee, Abdur Rahman Khan, Alireza Ahmadi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Global mortality from firearms, 1990-2016, Mohsen Naghavi, Laurie B. Marczak, Michael Kutz, Katya Anne, Megha Arora, Molly Miller-Petrie, Miloud Taki, Nadia Akseer, Rajaa M., and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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An Asian multicenter retrospective study on persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn: Incidence, etiology, diagnosis, treatment and outcome, Narongsak Nakwan, Suksham Jain, Kishore Kumar, Shigeharu Hosono, Majeda Hammoud, Yasser Yahia Elsayed, Shabina Ariff, Babar Hasan, Waqar Khowaja, and Poom Woei Bing

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The clinical respiratory score predicts paediatric critical care disposition in children with respiratory distress presenting to the emergency department, Kanwal Nayani, Rubaba Naeem, Owais Munir, Naureen Naseer, Asher Feroze, Nick Brown, and Asad Mian

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Nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in children under 5 years of age before introduction of pneumococcal vaccine (PCV10) in urban and rural districts in Pakistan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Kanwal Nayani, Tauseef Akhund, Atif Riaz, Omer Irfan, Sadia Shakoor, Sehrish Muneer, Sana Muslim, Aneeta Hotwani, Furqan Kabir, Cynthia Whitney, Lindsay Kim, Velusamy Srinivasan, Syed Asad Ali, Anita K. M. Zaidi, and Fyezah Jehan

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Early executive functioning in a global context: Developmental continuity and family protective factors, Jelena Obradović, Jenna E. Finch, Ximena A. Portilla, Muneera Rasheed, Nicole Tirado‐Strayer, and Aisha Khizar Yousafzai

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Adolescence and the next generation, George C. Patton, Craig A. Olsson, Vegard Skirbekk, Richard Saffery, Mary E. Wlodek, Peter S. Azzopardi, Marcin Stonawski, Bruce Rasmussen, Elizabeth Spry, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Development and internal validation of the multivariable CIPHER (Collaborative Integrated Pregnancy High-dependency Estimate of Risk) clinical risk prediction model, Beth A. Payne, Helen Ryan, Jeffrey Bone, Laura A. Magee, Alice B. Aarvold, J. Mark Ansermino, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Mary Bowen, J. Guilherme Cecatti, and Cynthia Chazotte

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Use of quantitative molecular diagnostic methods to assess the aetiology, burden, and clinical characteristics of diarrhoea in children in low-resource settings: A reanalysis of the MAL-ED cohort study, James A. Platts-Mills MD, Jie Liu, Elizabeth T. Rogawski, Furqan Kabir, Paphavee Lertsethtakarn, Adil Kalam, Fatima Aziz, Shahida Qureshi, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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A conceptual model for youth-led programs as a promising approach to early childhood care and education, Liliana Angelica Ponguta, Muneera Rasheed, Chin Regina Reyes, and Aisha Khizar Yousafzai

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A retrospective study of laboratory-based enteric fever surveillance, Pakistan, 2012-2014, Farah Naz Qamar, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Shazia Sultana, Attaullah Baig, Sadia Shakoor, Farzeen Hirani, Abdul Wassay, Sehrish Khushboo, Junaid Mehmood, and Alexander Freeman

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Outbreak investigation of ceftriaxone-resistant salmonella enterica serotype Typhi and its risk factors among the general population in Hyderabad, Pakistan: a matched case-control study, Farah Qamar, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Muhammad Khalid, Abdul Momin Kazi, Heeramani Lohana, Sultan Karim, Ayub Khan, Aneeta Hotwani, Shahida Qureshi, Furqan Kabir, Fatima Aziz, Naveed Masood Memon, Mudassar Hussain Domki, and Rumina Hasan

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Autosomal recessive agammaglobulinemia - first case with a novel TCF3 mutation from Pakistan, Sonia Qureshi, Muhammad Dawood Amir, Farah Naz Qamar, Wayne Bainter, Janet Chou, and Raif S. Geha

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Spectrum, management and outcomes of structural and functional uropathies in children attending a tertiary care center in Karachi; Pakistan, Arshalooz Rahman, Saima Hanif, Noor Ul-Ain Baloch, Abdul Rehman, Tauqeer Sheikh, and Mohammad Irfan Ladhani

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Ending violence against children: A call to action, Shanti Raman, Tufail Muhammad, Jeffrey Goldhagen, Bernard Gerbaka, Nicholas J. Spencer, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Ultrasonographic optic nerve sheath diameter measurement for raised intracranial pressure in a Tertiary care centre of a developing country, Naveed ur Rehman Siddiqu; Anwarul Haque; Qalab Abbas; Humaira , Jurair; Basit Salam; and Raza Sayani

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Upshaw-Schulman syndrome with c.2728C>T Mutation in ADAMTS13 Gene, Shahzadi Resham, Zehra Fadoo, and Bushra Moiz

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Reasons for non-vaccination and incomplete vaccinations among children in Pakistan, Atif Riaz, Sara Husain, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Fariha Shaheen, Waheed Mahesar, Saleh Muhammad Dal, Saad B. Omer, Shehla Zaidi, and Syed Asad Ali

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Relationships among common illness symptoms and the protective effect of breastfeeding in early childhood in MAL-ED: An eight-country cohort study, Stephanie A. Richard, Benjamin J. J. McCormick, Jessica C. Seidman, Zeba Rasmussen, Margaret N. Kosek, Elizabeth T. Rogawski, William Petri, Anurahda Bose, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and Ali Turab

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Use of quantitative molecular diagnostic methods to investigate the effect of enteropathogen infections on linear growth in children in low-resource settings: Longitudinal analysis of results from the MAL-ED cohort study, Elizabeth T. Rogawsk, Jie Liu, James A. Platts-Mill, Furqan Kabir, Paphavee Lertsethtakarn, Adil Kalam, Fatima Aziz, Shahida Qureshi, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Quality of care of treatment for uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition provided by lady health workers in Pakistan, Eleanor Rogers, Muhammad Ali, Shahid Fazal, Deepak Kumar, Saul Guerrero, Imtiaz Hussain, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Jose Luis Alvarez Morán

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Thrombolysis using tissue plasminogen activator: Experience from a critical care setting, Amna Afzal Saeed, Qalab Abbas, Sidra Ishaque, Bushra Saeed, and Anwarul Haque

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Needs assessment for curricular reform of a post graduate paediatric training programme at a private university hospital in Karachi, Pakistan, Sana Saeed, Khadija N. Humayun, Farah Qamar, Arshalooz Rahman, and Kashif Karim

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Evaluating the effectiveness of text messaging and phone call reminders to minimize no show at pediatric outpatient clinics in Pakistan: protocol for a mixed-methods study, Sana Saeed, Noureen Somani, Fatima Sharif, and Abdul Momin Kazi

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Causes and incidence of community-acquired serious infections among young children in south Asia (ANISA): An observational cohort study., Samir K. Saha, Stephanie J. Schrag, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Benazir Baloch, Furqan Kabir, Sheraz Ahmed, and Imran Ahmed

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Causes and incidence of community-acquired serious infections among young children in south Asia (ANISA): An observational cohort study, Samir K. Saha, Stephanie J. Schrag, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Yasir Shafiq, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Furqan Kabir, Aneeta Hotwani, and Imran Ahmed

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Evaluation of vaccine derived poliovirus type 2 outbreak response options: A randomized controlled trial, Karachi, Pakistan, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Ondrej Mach, Asia Khan, Farheen Quadri, William C. Weldon, M. Steven Oberste, Syed S. Zaidi, Muhammad M. Alam, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Early childhood growth and cognitive outcomes: findings from the MAL-ED study, Rebecca J. Scharf, Elizabeth T. Rogawski, Laura E. Murray‐Kolb, Angelina Maphula, Erling Svensen, Fahmida Tofail, Muneera Rasheed, Claudia Abreu, Angel Orbe Vasquez, and Rita Shrestha

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Congenitally Corrected Transposition of the Great Arteries in a Septuagenarian from the Developing Country of Pakistan, Hunaina Shahab, Salima Ashiqali, and Mehnaz Atiq

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Comparison of enteral versus intravenous potassium supplementation in hypokalaemia in paediatric patients in intensive care post cardiac surgery: open-label randomised equivalence trial (EIPS), Naveed ur Rehman Siddiqu, Quratulain Merchant, Babar Hasan, Arjumand Rizvi, Muneer Amanullah, Amina Rehmat, and Anwarul Haque

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What’s coming for health science and policy in 2018? Global experts look ahead in their field, Soumya Swaminathan, Robin S. Room, Louise C. Ivers, Graham Hillis, Rebecca F. Grais, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and Peter Byass

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High SMAD7 and p-SMAD2,3 expression is associated with environmental enteropathy in children, Sana Syed, Vincenzo Dinallo, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Laura Di Iorio, Davide Di Fusco, Shan Guleria, Beatrice C. Amadi, Kamran Sadiq, Christopher Moskaluk, and Syed Asad Ali

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Serum anti-flagellin and anti-lipopolysaccharide immunoglobulins as predictors of linear growth faltering in Pakistani infants at risk for environmental enteric dysfunction, Sana Syed, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Kamran Sadiq, Jennie Z. Ma, Tauseef Akhund, Shahida Qureshi, Kerri Gosselin, Andrew Gewirtz, Christopher P. Duggan, and Syed Asad Ali

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Environmental enteropathy in undernourished Pakistani children: Clinical and histomorphometric analyses, Sana Syed, Sunil Yeruva, Jeremy Herrmann, Anne Sailer, Kamran Sadiq, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Furqan Kabir, Kumail Ahmed, Shahida Qureshi, and Syed Asad Ali

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Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices towards newborn screening for congenital hypothyroidism before and after a health education intervention in pregnant women in a hospital setting in Pakistan, Batha Tariq, Ayesha Ahmed, Atif Habib, Ali Turab, Noshad Ali, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Shanila Nooruddin, Rekha J Kumar, Amin Tariq, Fariha Shaheen, and Shabina Ariff

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Comparative evidence on harms in pediatric randomized clinical trials from less developed versus more developed countries is limited, Dario Tedesco, Mufiza Farid Kapadia, Martin Offringa, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Yvonne Maldonado, John P.A. Ioannidis, and Despina G. Contopoulos-Ioannidis

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In vitro antifungal activity of 9, 10-dihydrophenanthrene-2- carboxylic acid isolated from a marine bacterium: Pseudomonas putida, Bushra Uzair, Asma Bano, Muhammad Bilal Khan Niazi, Farah Khan, Ghulam Mujtaba Shah, Ume Habiba, Nimra Naeem Khan, and Barkat Ali Khan

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Armed conflict and child mortality in Africa: A geospatial analysis, Zachary Wagner, Sam Heft-Neal, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Prof Robert E. Black, Marshall Burke, and Eran Bendavid

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Armed conflict and child mortality in Africa: a geospatial analysis, Zachary Wagner, Sam Heft-Neal, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Robert E Black, Marshall Burke, and Eran Bendavid