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Submissions from 2024

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Applying the principles for digital development to improve maternal and child health in the Peri-urban areas of Karachi, Pakistan, Hareem Ahmer, Kinza Farooqui, Karim Jivani, Rehan Adamjee, and Zahra Hoodbhoy

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Assessing pattern of the Pediatric Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome (PMIS) in children during the COVID-19 pandemic: Experience from the emergency department of tertiary care center of a low-middle-income country, Saleem Akhtar, Iqra Anis, Kumar Nirdosh, Muhammad Ihsan Tayyab Ihsan, Ahmed Raheem Buksh, and Surraiya Bano

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Editorial: Biorisk management, laboratory acquired infections and clinical containment, volume II, Kashif Ali, Esmeralda Meyer, and Furqan Kabir

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Environmental surveillance for COVID-19 using SARS-CoV-2 RNA concentration in wastewater - A study in district east, Karachi, Pakistan, Nadia Ansari, Furqan Kabir, Farah Khalid, Usma Mehmood, Abdul Momin Kazi, Hussain Kalimuddin, Samiah Kanwar, Fatima Aziz, Fyezah Jehan, and Muhammad Imran Nisar

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A research definition and framework for acute paediatric critical illness across resource-variable settings: A modified delphi consensus, Anita V. Arias, Michael Lintner Rivera, Nadeem I. Shafi, Qalab Abbas, Abdelhafeez H. Abdelhafeez, Muhammad Ali, Halaashuor Ammar, Ali I. Anwar, John Adabie Appiah, and Jonah E. Attebery

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Effect of maternal and newborn care service package on perinatal and newborn mortality: A cluster randomized clinical trial, Shabina Ariff, Uswa Jiwani, Arjumand Rizvi, Sajid Muhammad, A Hussain, Imran Ahmed, Masawar Hussain, Muhammad Usman, Junaid Iqbal, Zahid Memon, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Maternal vaccination against COVID-19 and neonatal outcomes during Omicron: INTERCOVID-2022 study, Fernando C. Barros, Robert B. Gunier, Albertina Rego, Loïc Sentilhes, Stephen Rauch, Serena Gandino, Jagjit S. Teji, Jim G. Thornton, Shabina Ariff, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Pivoting school health and nutrition programmes during COVID-19 in low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review, Bianca Carducci, Georgia Dominguez, Emily Kidd, Karlie Janes, Aatekah Owais, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Exploring the role of information and communication technologies in allergic rhinitis in specialist centers: Patient perspectives on usefulness, value, and impact on healthcare, Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda, Jean Bousquet, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Monica Rodriguez Gonzales, Anna Bedbrook, Nelson Rosario, Benjamin Zepeda-Ortega, Guillermo Guidos, and Ulbio Alcivar Molina

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Optimizing research for neonates with encephalopathy: The role of core outcome sets, Declan Devane, Shabina Ariff, Maira Niaz, Mandy Daly, Patricia Healy, David M. Haas, Jamie J. Kirkham, Vincent Kibe, Sarah Koskei, and Farhana Tabassum

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Motivations for investigating health inequities in observational epidemiology: A content analysis of 320 studies, Omar Dewidar, Georgia McHale, Ali Al Zubaidi, Mostafa Bondok, Leenah Abdelrazeq, Regina Greer Smith, Janice Tufte, Lucy C. Barker, Melissa K K. Sharp, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Comparison of Masimo Total Hemoglobin SpHb® continuous non-invasive hemoglobin monitoring device with laboratory complete blood count measurement using venous sample: Protocol for an observational substudy of the Pregnancy Risk and Infant Surveillance and Measurement Alliance Maternal and Newborn Health (PRISMA MNH) study, Fouzia Farooq, Emily R. Smith, Qing Pan, Sasha Glass Baumann, Victor Akelo, Fyezah Jehan, Margaret Margaret Kasaro, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Gregory Ouma, and Zahra Hoodbhoy

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Young adults' hopes regarding no communicable disease (NCD) prevention and management after the SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic: Reflections from the NCD Child #YouthCOVIDCHAT Campaign, Nicola J. Gray, Marie Hauerslev, George Msengi, Laura Lewis Watts, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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A holistic strategy of mother and child health care to improve the coverage of routine and polio immunization in Pakistan: Results from a demonstration project, Atif Habib, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Imran Ahmed, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Zamir Hussain, Rehman Tahir, Saeed Anwar, Ahmed Ali Nauman, Muhammad Sharif, and Muhammad Islam

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Strain features of pneumococcal isolates in the pre- and post-PCV10 era in Pakistan, Nida Javaid, Asma Basharat, Hadiqa Jaleel, Shaper Mirza, Stephanie W. Lo, Stephen D. Bentley, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Sadia Shakoor, Furqan Kabir, and Aneeta Hotwani

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Behavior change interventions to address unhealthy food consumption: A scoping review, Shivani Kachwaha, Sunny S. Kim, Jai K. Das, Sabrina Rasheed, SubbaRao M. Gavaravarapu, Pooja Pandey Rana, and Purnima Menon

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Heated and humidified high flow therapy (HHHFT) in extreme and very preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS): A retrospective cohort from a tertiary care setting in Pakistan, Vikram Kumar Kessani, Fatima Hemani, Iqrar Ali, Sana Memon, Rija Zaheer, Albar Soomro, Jai K. Das, Khalid N. Haque, and Syed Rehan Ali

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Health trends in Canada 1990-2019: An analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study, Jacek A. Kopec, Farshad Pourmalek, Daniel A. Adeyinka, Amin Adibi, Gina Agarwal, Samiah Alam, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Zahid A. Butt, Vijay K. Chattu, and Oghenowede Eyawo

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Initial dysnatremia and clinical outcomes in pediatric traumatic brain injury: A multicenter observational study, Gawin Mai, Jan Hau Lee, Paula Caporal, Juan D. Roa G, Sebastián González-Dambrauskas, Yanan Zhu, Adriana Yock-Corrales, Qalab Abbas, Yasser Kazzaz, and Dianna Sri Dewi

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Effective strategies for increasing the uptake of modern methods of family planning in South Asia: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Zahid Memon, Tahmeena Ahmed, Syeda Aleena Fazal, Sophie Reale, Rachael Spencer, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and Hora Soltani

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Association between the use of accredited social health activist (ASHA) services and uptake of institutional deliveries in India, Sujata Mishra, Susan Horton, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and Beverley M. Essue

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Association of maternal prenatal copper concentration with gestational duration and preterm birth: A multicountry meta-analysis, Nagendra K. Monangi, Waqasuddin Khan, Furqan Kabir, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Aneeta Hotwani, Usma Mehmood, Ambreen Nizar, Javairia Khalid, Huan Xu, and Rasheeda Khanam

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Early to mid-pregnancy HbA1c levels and its association with adverse pregnancy outcomes in three low middle-income countries in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Javairia Khalid, Shahira Shahid, Farah Khalid, Usma Mehmood, Muhammad Farrukh Qazi, Asra Abeer Usmani, Usha Dhingra, Swagata Chetia, and Fyezah Jehan

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Infant growth and body composition from birth to 24 months: Are infants developing the same?, Shane A. Norris, Lukhanyo H. Nyati, Alexia Murphy Alford, Nishani Lucas, Ina S. Santos, Caroline S. Costa, Rebecca Kuriyan, V Pujitha Wickranasinghe, Shabina Ariff, and Andrew P. Hills

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Exploring the role of information and communication technologies in allergic rhinitis in specialist centers: Patient perspectives on usefulness, value, and impact on healthcare, Ivan Cherrez Ojeda, Jean Bousquet, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Monica Rodriguez Gonzales, Anna Bedbrook, Nelson Rosario, Benjamin Zepeda Ortega, Guillermo Guidos, and Ulbio Alcivar Molina

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Human milk micronutrients and child growth and body composition in the first 2 years: A systematic review, Sarah M. Reyes, Meredith Merilee Brockway, Larisa Lotosk, Joann M. McDermid, Deborah Chan, Matthew Granger Granger, Fyezah Jehan, Patrick Kolsteren, Lindsay H. Allen, and Daniela Hampel

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An evidence gap map of interventions for noncommunicable diseases and risk factors among children and adolescents, Rehana A. Salam, Maryam Hameed Khan, Syed Saqlain Ali Meerza, Jai K. Das, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Mucosal immunity to poliovirus in children 0-15 years of age: A community-based study in Karachi, Pakistan in 2019, Ali Faisal Saleem, Zaubina Kazi, Mahjabeen Zehra, Sadia Parkar, Grace Macklin, Bernardo A. Mainou, Rocio Lopez Cavestany, Ondrej Mach, and Masroor Alam

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Evaluating cognitive behavioral therapy as a solution for postnatal depression in economically disadvantaged regions, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, and Shah Zaib Amin

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Investigating experimental treatments for rhinitis: A state-of-the-art systematic review, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, and Ivan Cherrez Ojeda

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Causes of maternal deaths in Sierra Leone from 2016 to 2019: Analysis of districts' maternal death surveillance and response data, Yasir Shafiq, Marta Caviglia Caviglia, Zainab Juheh Bah, Abibatu K. Kamara, Francesca Tognon, Michele Orsi, Caracciolo Claudia, Fabio Manenti, Francis Moses, and Tom Sessay

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Impact of Ebola and COVID-19 on maternal, neonatal, and child health care among populations affected by conflicts: A scoping review exploring demand and supply-side barriers and solutions, Yasir Shafiq, Elena Rubini, Luca Ragazzon, Francesco Barone Adesi, Zoha Zahid Fazal, Muhammad Murtaza Bukhari, Maheen Zakaria, and Noor Ul Huda Zeeshan

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Metabolic and bariatric surgery in children: Current practices and outcomes, Shayan Shah, Noor A. Khan, and Faisal G. Qureshi

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"If the food is finished after my brother eats then we (girls) sleep hungry." Food insecurity and dietary diversity among slum-dwelling adolescent girls and boys in Pakistan: A mixed methods study, Sana Sheikh, Rubina Barolia, Atif Habib, Iqbal Azam Syed, Rahat Qureshi, and Romaina Iqbal

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Late-preterm corticosteroids in low-resource settings, Blair J. Wylie and Syed Asad Ali

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Current evidence of PD-1 and PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitors for esophageal cancer: An updated meta-analysis and synthesis of ongoing clinical trials, Saram Zafar, Rabbia Shehzadi, Hina Dawood, Moeez Maqbool, Azza Sarfraz, and Zouina Sarfraz

Submissions from 2023

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Low-field magnetic resonance imaging in a boy with intracranial bolt after severe traumatic brain injury: Illustrative case, Awais Abbas, Kiran Hilal, Aniqa Abdul Rasool, Ume-Farwah Zahidi, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, and Qalab Abbas

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641: Resources and inequities among pediatric critical care facilities in Pakistan, Qalab Abbas, Muhammad Zaid Hussain, Fatima Farrukh Shahbaz, Hamna Shahbaz, Mustafa Ali Khan, Naveed ur Rehman Siddiqui, Anwarul Haque, Muhammad Haroon Hamid, and Asad Latif

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Clinical and epidemiological features of pediatric population hospitalized with COVID-19: A multicenter longitudinal study (March 2020-December 2021) from Pakistan, Qalab Abbas, Farah Khalid, Fatima Farrukh Shahbaz, Javeria Khan, Shazia Mohsin, Murtaza Ali Gowa, Abdul Sattar Shaikh, Javairia Khalid, Sehrish Karim, and Fyezah Jehan

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Evaluation of the resources and inequities among pediatric critical care facilities in Pakistan, Qalab Abbas, Fatima Farrukh Shahbaz, Muhammad Zaid H. Hussain, Mustafa Ali Khan, Hamna Shahbaz, Huba Atiq, Naveed ur Rehman Siddiqu, Murtaza Ali Gowa, Hamna Shahbaz, Huba Atiq, and Naveed Ur Rehman Siddiqui

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Intestinal epithelial digestive, transport, and barrier protein expression Is increased in environmental enteric dysfunction, Shabnam Abtahi, Anne Sailer, Joseph T. Roland, Xenia Haest, Sandra D. Chanez-Paredes, Kumail Ahmed, Kamran Sadiq, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Syed Asad Ali, and Jerrold R. Turner

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Comprehensive profiling of social mixing patterns in resource poor countries: A mixed methods research protocol, Obianuju Genevieve Aguolu, Moses Chapa Kiti, Maria Sundaram, Alessia Melegaro, Charfudin Sacoor, Ivalda Macicame, Americo Jose, Rajan Srinivasan, Saad B. Omer, and Abdul Momin Kazi

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Placental inflammation and pregnancy outcomes: A prospective, observational study in South Asia: The PURPOSe study, Imran Ahmed, Najia Bano Ghanchi, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Kay Hwang, Afia Zafar, Sarah Saleem, Zeeshan Uddin, Sheetal Harakuni, Sheetal Harakuni, and Manjunath S. Somannavar

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Evaluation of the clinical, biochemical, and genetic presentation of neonatal and adult-onset 5,10-methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) deficiency in patients from Pakistan, Sibtain Ahmed, Fizza Akbar, Ralph J. DeBerardinis, Min Ni, and Bushra Afroze

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Postmortem minimally invasive tissue sampling in communities: Exploring perceptions of families, funeral workers, religious and community leaders and healthcare providers from Pakistan, Nazia Ahsan, Fauzia Aman Malik, Waliyah Mughis, Rawshan Jabeen, Shaheen Mehboob, Raheel Allana, Syeda Quratulain, Saima Jamal Saima Jamal, Christina R. Paganelli, and Abdul Momin Kazi

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Biorisk management, laboratory acquired infections and clinical containment, Kashif Ali, Furqan Kabir, and Esmeralda Meyer

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COVID-19 pandemic impacted internet use and anxiety among general public during COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Malik Muhammad Hamza Khan, Fauzia Basaria Hasnani, Ghazal Peerwani, Muhammad Talha Nawaz, Ayesha Nasir Hameed, Meher Angez, Aspara Ali Nathwani, and Syed Iqbal Azam

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Can marburg virus be the next global pandemic, Raheel Allana and Asad Allana

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Bridging the equity gap through EPI immunization services in Pakistan, Raheel Allana and Rawshan Jabeen

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Differential associations between body composition indices and neurodevelopment during early life in term-born infants: Findings from the Pakistan cohort: Multi-center body composition reference study, Shabina Ariff, Almas Aamir, Aneurin Young, Laila Sikanderali, Arjumand Rizvi, Fariha Shaheen, Gul Nawaz Khan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Michelle Fernandes

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A near real-time risk analytics algorithm predicts elevated lactate levels in pediatric cardiac critical care patients, Ahmed Asfari, Joshua Wolovits, Avihu Z. Gazit, Qalab Abbas, Andrew J. Macfadyen, David S. Cooper, Craig Futterman, Jamie S. Penk, Robert B. Kelly, and Joshua W. Salvin

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Has the landscape of immunotherapy for prostate cancer changed? A systematic review and post hoc analysis, Muhammad Usman Ashraf, Ume Farwa, Maryam Siddiqa, Azza Sarfraz, Nishwa Azeem, and Zouina Sarfraz

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The effectiveness of real-time computer-aided and quality control systems in colorectal adenoma and polyp detection during colonoscopies: a meta-analysis, Muhammad Fawad Aslam, Shehar Bano, Mariam Khalid, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz, Karla Robles-Velasco, Miguel Felix, Kitson Deane, and Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda

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Structural changes in the brain on magnetic resonance imaging in malnourished children: A scoping review of the literature, Ahmed Ayaz, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Kheezran Ahmed, Prem Chand, Ameer Muhammad, and Fyezah Jehan

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Asthma exacerbations and body mass index in children and adolescents: Experience from a tertiary care center, Danish Abdul Aziz, Rameen Ata Bajwa, Werdah Viquar, Fatima Siddiqui, and Aiza Abbas

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Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guideline: Achieving optimal asthma control in children aged 6-11 years, Danish Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Aqib Sajjad, and Ameema Asad

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Clinical outcomes of children with acute asthma managed with intravenous magnesium sulphate outside intensive care setting, Danish Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Aqib Sajjad, and Haissan Iftikhar

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Identification of potential therapeutic intervening targets by in-silico analysis of nsSNPs in preterm birth-related genes, Muhammad Bilal Azmi, Waqasuddin Khan, M Kamran Azim, Muhammad Imran Nisar, and Fyezah Jehan

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Sensitivity and specificity of wearables for atrial fibrillation in elderly populations: A systematic review, Faiza Babar, Abdul Manan Cheema, Zubair Ahmad, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Huma Ashraff, Hamnah Tayyab, Ali Mustafa Bajwa, Haider Ali, and Muzna Sarfraz

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Spatiotemporal variation in risk of Shigella infection in childhood: A global risk mapping and prediction model using individual participant data, Hamada S. Badr, Josh M. Colston, Nhat-Lan H. Nguyen, Yen Ting Chen, Eleanor Burnett, Syed Asad Ali, Ajit Rayamajhi, Syed M. Satter, Muhammad Imran Nisar, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Coverage survey of typhoid conjugate vaccine among children aged 6 months to 15 years in an urban slum settlement of Lyari Town Karachi, Pakistan, Rabab Batool, Sonia Qureshi, Zoya Haq, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Rehana Salam, Rafey Ali, Tahira Sadaf, Miqdad Ali, and Farah Nza Qamar

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Parental acceptance of typhoid conjugate vaccine for children aged 6 months to 15 years in an outbreak setting of Lyari Town Karachi, Pakistan, Rabab Batool, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Sonia Qureshi, Sajid Muhammad, Ibtisam Qazi, Tahira Sadaf, Per Ashorn, and Farah Qamar

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The global challenge of childhood obesity and its consequences: What can be done?, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Shane A. Norris, Morven Roberts, and Atul Singhal

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The global challenge of childhood obesity and its consequences: What can be done?, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Shane A. Norris, Morven Roberts, and Atul Singhal

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Ten years for GHSP: Where are we now? where will we go?, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Rajani Ved, Nana Twum-Danso, Abdulmumin Saad, and Stephen Hodgins

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Mucosal transcriptomics highlight lncRNAs implicated in ulcerative colitis, crohn disease, and celiac disease, Tzipi Braun, Katya E. Sosnovski, Amnon Amir, Marina BenShoshan, Kelli L. VanDussen, Rebekah Karns, Nina Levhar, Haya Abbas-Egbariya, Rotem Hadar, and Syed Asad Ali

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Human milk macronutrients and child growth and body composition in the first 2 years: A systematic review, Meredith Merilee Brockway, Allison I. Daniel, Sarah M M. Reyes, Matthew Granger, Joann M. McDermid, Rebecca Refvik, Karanbir K. Sidhu, Suad Musse, Pooja P. Patel, and Fyezah Jehan

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Sequential viral introductions and spread of BA.1 across Pakistan provinces during the Omicron wave, Ali Raza Bukhari, Javaria Ashraf, Akber Kanji, Yusra Abdul Rehman, Maliha Yameen, Samiah Kanwar, Waqasuddin Khan, Furqan Kabir, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Rumina Hasan, and Zahra Hasan

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Global diversity and antimicrobial resistance of typhoid fever pathogens: Insights from a meta-analysis of 13,000 salmonella typhi genomes, Megan E. Carey, Zoe A. Dyson, Danielle J. Ingle, Afreenish Amir, Mabel K. Aworh, Marie Anne, Ka Lip Chew, John A. Crump, Junaid Iqbal, Rumina Hasan, Sadia Shakoor, and Farah Qamar

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Protocol for validation of the Global Scales for Early Development (GSED) for children under 3 years of age in seven countries, Vanessa Cavallera, Gillian Lancaster, Melissa Gladstone, Maureen M. Black, Gareth McCray, Ambreen Nizar, Salahuddin Ahmed, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Farzana Begum, and Fyezah Jehan

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Potassium channel subfamily T member 1(KCNT1) pathological variant causing epilepsy of infancy with migrating focal seizures: A case report, Prem Chand, Meher Angez, Ayesha Nasir Hameed, and Salman Kirmani

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Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy in asparagine-linked glycosylation thirteen (ALG13) gene defect and dramatic response with ketogenic diet, Prem Chand, Asna Sulaiman, Meher Angez, and Salman Kirmani

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Role of microRNA in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH): A comprehensive review, Mah I Kan Changez, Maryam Mubeen, Monezahe Zehra, Aniqa Abdul Rasool, Anmol Mohan, Um Ul Wara, Usha Tejwaney, and Vikash Kumar

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Clinical standards for drug-susceptible TB in children and adolescents, S. S. Chiang, S. M. Graham, H. S. Schaaf, B. J. Marais, C. C. Sant’Anna, S. Sharma, J. R. Starke, R. Triasih, J. Achar, and Farhana Amanullah

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The last mile-community engagement and conditional incentives to accelerate polio eradication in Pakistan: Study protocol for a quasi-experimental trial, Jai K. Das, Amira Khan, Farhana Tabassum, Zahra Ali Padhani, Atif Habib, Mushtaq Mirani, Abdu R. Rahman, Zahid Ali Khan, Arjumand Rizvi, and Imran Ahmed

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Community mobilization and community incentivization (CoMIC) strategy for child health in a rural setting of Pakistan: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial, Jai K. Das, Rehana A. Salam, Arjumand Rizvi, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Health behaviors and care seeking practices for childhood diarrhea and pneumonia in a rural district of Pakistan: A qualitative study, Jai Kumar Das, Faareha Siddiqui, Zahra Ali Padhani, Maryam Hameed Khan, Sultana Jabeen, Mushtaq Mirani, Shaista Mughal, Shafaq Baloch, Imtiaz Sheikh, Sana Khatoon, Khan Muhammad, Manesh Gangwani, Karim Nathani, Rehana Salam, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Vulnerable newborn types: Analysis of subnational, population-based birth cohorts for 541 285 live births in 23 countries, 2000-2021, Daniel J. Erchick, E A. Hazel, J Katz, A C C. Lee, M Diaz, L S F. Wu, S Yoshida, R Bahl, Fyezah Jehan, and M Ilyas

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Multiomic signals associated with maternal epidemiological factors contributing to preterm birth in low- and middle-income countries, Camilo A. Espinosa, Waqasuddin Khan, Rasheda Khanam, Sayan Das, Javairia Khalid, Aneeta Hotwani, Ambreen Nizar, Furqan Kabir, Fyezah Jehan, and Muhammad Imran Nisar

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Comparative predictive power of serum vs plasma proteomic signatures in feto-maternal medicine, Camilo Espinosa, Said Mohammed Ali, Waqasuddin Khan, Rasheda Khanam, Jesmin Pervin, Joan T. Price, Sayedur Rahman, Tarik Hasan, Salahuddin Ahmed, and Rubhana Raqib

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Association of exercise, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, and cognition among older women: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Shahrukh Farrukh, Shagufta Habib, Amna Rafaqat, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, and Hira Tariq

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Emerging therapeutic strategies for diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma: A systematic review, Shahrukh Farrukh, Shagufta Habib, Amna Rafaqat, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz, Karla Robles-Velasco, Miguel Felix, and Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda

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Client-centered counseling and facilitation in improving modern contraceptive uptake in urban slum of Karachi Pakistan, Zoha Zahid Fazal, Noor Ul Huda Zeeshan, Ghazal Moin, Alishan Bachlany, and Yasir Shafiq

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Fresh versus frozen versus lyophilized fecal microbiota transplant for recurrent clostridium difficile infection: A systematic review and network meta-analysis, Manesh Kumar Gangwani, Muhammad Aziz, Abeer Aziz, Fnu Priyanka, Simcha Weissman, Khiem Phan, Dushyant Singh Dahiya, Zohaib Ahmed, Amir Humza Sohail, and Wade Lee-Smith

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Newborn weight nomograms in selected low and middle-income countries, Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Fyezah Jehan, Shabina Ariff, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Eric Schaefer, Valerie Flaherman, Akina Shrestha, Srijana Dongol, Victoria Laleau, and Augusto Braima de Sa

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Gain and loss of function variants in EZH1 disrupt neurogenesis and cause dominant and recessive neurodevelopmental disorders, Carolina Gracia-Diaz, Yijing Zhou, Qian Yang, Paula Espana-Bonilla, Chul-Hwan Lee, Shuo Zhang, Natàlia Padilla, Raquel Fueyo, Elisa A. Waxman, and Shahnaz H. Ibrahim

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Development of treatment-decision algorithms for children evaluated for pulmonary tuberculosis: An individual participant data meta-analysis, Kenneth S. Gunasekera, Olivier Marcy, Johanna Muñoz, Elisa Lopez-Varela, Moorine P. Sekadde, Molly F. Franke, Maryline Bonnet, Shakil Ahmed, Farhana Amanullah, and Aliya Anwar

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Does IPV boost intestinal immunity among children under five years of age? An experience from Pakistan, Atif Habib, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Imtiaz Hussain, Imran Ahmed, Zamir Hussain, Rehman Tahir, Saeed Anwar, Simon Cousens, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Exploring knowledge and perceptions of polio disease and its immunization in polio high-risk areas of Pakistan, Atif Habib, Farhana Tabassum, Imtiaz Hussain, Tooba Jawed Khan, Nazia Syed, Fariha Shaheen, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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High prevalence of food insecurity in peri-urban communities in Karachi, Pakistan: The flood aftermath, Kaniz Amna Haider, Zoya Surani, Ayesha Khalid, Syed Ali Jaffar Zaidi, Rumassah Chohan, and Zahra Hoodbhoy

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Experience in prenatal genetic testing and reproductive decision-making for monogenic disorders from a single tertiary care genetics clinic in a low-middle income country, Amna Hanif, Fizza Akbar, Salman Kirmani, Amyna Jaffarali, Ghulam Zainab, Ayesha Malik, Zeeshan Ansar Ahmed, and Bushra Afroze

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Implementation evaluation of a medical student-led intervention to enhance students' engagement with research: Findings and lessons learned, Mian Arsam Haroon, Ali Aahil Noorali, Abdullah Khan Khattak, Muzamil Hamid Hussain, Rohan Advani, Ashmal Sami, Asma A H. Merchant, Adnan Ali Khan, Sana Gul Baloch, Saulat Fatimi, Zainab Samad, Babar Hasan, and Muneera Rasheed

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Can machine learning methods be used for identification of at-risk neonates in low-resource settings? A prospective cohort study, Babar S. Hasan, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Amna Khan, Mariana Nogueira, Bart Bijnens, and Devyani Chowdhury

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Neurokinin 1/3 receptor antagonists for menopausal women: A current systematic review and insights into the investigational non-hormonal therapy, Fatima Hassan, Anam Saleem, Sehar Saba Samuel, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz, and Manish Kc

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Does the CDC COVID-19 exposure assessment criteria for healthcare personnel work in a healthcare setting in Pakistan?, Imran Hassan, Unab Khan, Shehreen Ali, Asif Hakim, and Asad Ali

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Mean temperature and drought projections in Central Africa: A population-based study of food insecurity, childhood malnutrition and mortality, and infectious disease, Munum Hassan, Kinza Saif, Muhammad Saad Ijaz, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Karla Robles-Velasco, and Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda

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Body composition from birth to 2 years, Andrew P. Hills, Shane A. Norris, Nuala M. Byrne, Sisitha Jayasinghe, Alexia J. Murphy-Alford, Cornelia U. Loechl, Leila I. Cheikh Ismail, Anura V. Kurpad, Rebecca Kuriyan, and Shabina Ariff

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Routine immunization coverage and immunization card retention in Pakistan: Results from a cross-sectional national survey, Imtiaz Hussain, Ahmad Khan, Dale A. Rhoda, Imran Ahmed, Muhammad Umer, Uzair Ansari, Muhammad Akram Shah, Soofia Yunus, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Routine antibiotics for infants less than 6 months of age with growth failure/faltering: A systematic review, Aamer Imdad, Fanny F. Chen, Melissa François, Momal Sana, Emily Tanner-Smith, Abigail Smith, Olivia Tsistinas, Jai K. Das, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Recent advancements in gremlin-1: Breast cancer, Nimrah Inam, Ayesha Hameed, and Lubna Vohra