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Submissions from 2020

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Potentially preventable mortality in the pediatric intensive care unit: Findings from a retrospective mortality analysis, Qalab Abbas, Fozia Memon, Parveen Laghari, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, and Anwarul Haque

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Neonatal fluid and electrolytes profile effect on amphotericin B associated nephrotoxicity in neonatal tertiary care unit of Karachi-Pakistan, Gul Ambreen, Arshalooz Rahman, Kashif Hussain, Mehreen Sohail, Saba Javed, Syed Shamim, Umer Ali, Khalil Ahmad, and Arjumand Rizvi

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Efficacy of colistin in multidrug-resistant neonatal sepsis: Experience from a tertiary care center in Karachi, Pakistan, Gul Ambreen, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Kashif Hussain, Syed Shamim Raza, Umer Ali, Iqbal Azam Syed, Junaid Iqbal, and Zafar Fatmi

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Biological sensitivity to context in Pakistani preschoolers: Hair cortisol and family wealth are interactively associated with girls' cognitive skills, Emma Armstrong-Carter, Jenna E. Finch, Saima Siyal, Aisha K. Yousafzai, and Jelena Obradović

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Pediatric congenital heart diseases: Patterns of presentation to the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital, Surraiya Bano, Saleem Akhtar, and Uzma R. Khan

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Pilot phase experience of the international quality improvement collaborative catheterization registry, Oliver M. Barry, Fatima Ali, Miguel Ronderos, Abish Sudhaker, R Krishna Kumar, Marhisham C. Mood, Carlos Corona-Villalobos, Dinh Toai Nguyen, Kaitlin Doherty-Schmeck, and Babar Hasan

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Story of Lyari, Rabab Batool

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Covid-19 risks and response in South Asia, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Buddha Basnyat, Samir Saha, and Ramanan Laxminarayan

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The diversity of lipopolysaccharide (O) and capsular polysaccharide (K) antigens of invasive klebsiella pneumoniae in a multi-country collection, Myeongjin Choi, Nicolas Hegerle, Joseph Nkeze, Shaichi Sen, Sanchita Jamindar, Shamima Nasrin, Sunil Sen, Jasnehta Permala-Booth, James Sinclair, and Sadia Shakoor

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Impact of conflict on maternal and child health service delivery - how and how not: A country case study of conflict affected areas of Pakistan, Jai K. Das, Zahra Ali Padhani, Sultana Jabeen, Arjumand Rizvi, Uzair Ansari, Malika Fatima, Ghulam Akbar, Wardah Ahmed, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Characteristics of preterm with sight threatening retinopathy of prematurity, Muhammad Hanif, Shabina Ariff, Aisha Ansar, Khabir Ahmad, and Ali Shabbir Hussain

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Challenges and special aspects of pulmonary hypertension in middle- to low-income regions: JACC state-of-the-art review, Babar Hasan, Georg Hansmann, Werner Budts, Alexandra Heath, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Zhi-Cheng Jing, Martin Koestenberger, Katharina Meinel, Ana Olga Mocumbi, and Ganna D. Radchenko

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Seasonal influence on postoperative hip fracture complications: Retrospective cohort of more than 1000 patients from a tertiary-care university hospital, Obada Hasan, Mashal Amin, Fatima Mahmood, Amna Rabbani, Umar Rabbani, and Shahryar Noordin

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Do new trainees pose a threat to postoperative complications after hip fracture surgeries? Retrospective cohort of 1045 patients over a decade at a university hospital, Obada Hasan, Mashal Amin, Umar Rabbani, Amna Rabbani, Fatima Mahmood, and Shahryar Noordin

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A framework for improving parent satisfaction with the inpatient pediatric admission process: Experience from a low-resource setting, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Muneera Rasheed, Farheen Sherali, Sehrish Hussain, Rahmat Hassan, Aneela Hameed, Rashid Ali, and Babar Hasan

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CLABSI reduction using evidence based interventions and nurse empowerment: A quality improvement initiative from a tertiary care NICU in Pakistan, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Anjum Mohyuddin Ahmed, Saba Arbab, Shabina Ariff, Syed Rehan Ali, Simon Demas, Jehan Zeb, Arjumand Rizvi, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, and Joveria Farooqi

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Intravenous vs intravenous plus aerosolized colistin for treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia - A matched case-control study in neonates, Kashif Hussain, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Gul Ambreen, Ambreen Mughal, Sidra Idrees, Mehreen Sohail, and Javaid Iqbal

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Correction to: Epidemiology of patients presenting to a pediatric emergency department in Karachi, Pakistan, Nadir Ijaz, Matthew Strehlow, N Ewen Wang, Elizabeth Pirrotta, Areeba Tariq, Naseeruddin Mahmood, and Swaminatha Mahadevan

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Low vaccination in rural Sindh, Pakistan: A case of refusal, ignorance or access?, Durenaz Jamal, Shehla Zaidi, Sara Husain, David W. Orr, Atif Riaz, Asif A. Farrukhi, and Rabia Najmi Taha

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Randomized trial of amoxicillin for pneumonia in Pakistan, Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Salima Kerai, Benazir Baloch, Nick Brown, Najeeb Rahman, Arjumand Rizvi, Yasir Shafiq, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Current challenges of digital health interventions in Pakistan: Mixed methods analysis, Abdul Momin Kazi, Saad Ahmed Qazi, Nazia Ahsan, Sadori Khawaja, Fareeha Sameen, Muhammad Ayub Khan Mughal, Zabin Wajidali, Hussain Kalimuddin, Yasir Rauf, and Fatima Mahmood

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Position paper: Challenges and specific strategies for constitutional mismatch repair deficiency syndrome in low-resource settings, Rejin Kebudi, Nisreen Amayiri, Malak Abedalthagafi, Asım Noor Rana, Salman Kirmani, Naureen Musthaq, Zakiya Al Lamki, Jamila El Houdzi, Hulya Yazici, and Shahenda El-Naggar

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Effectiveness of wheat soya blend supplementation during pregnancy and lactation on pregnancy outcomes and nutritional status of their infants at 6 months of age in Thatta and Sujawal districts of Sindh, Pakistan: A cluster randomized-controlled trial, Gul Nawaz Khan, Shabina Ariff, Sumra Kureishy, Muhammad Sajid, Arjumand Rizvi, Cecilia Garzon, Mica Jenkins, Saskia de Pee, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Specialized nutritious food combined with cash transfers and social and behavior change communication to prevent stunting among children aged 6 to 23 months in Pakistan: Protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial, Gul Nawaz Khan, Sumra Kureishy, Shabina Ariff, Atif Habib, Asra Abeer Usmani, Areeba Mubarik, Masawar Hussain, Naveed Akbar, Pablo Rodriguez De Castro, Alba Cecilia Garzon, Saskia De Pee, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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A descriptive study of double burden of malnutrition in mothers of children with severe acute malnutrition admitted in children hospital and institute of child health, Multan, Saadia Khan, Umme Ammara, Reema Arshad, Farah Naz, and Kamran Ishfaq

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Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on paediatric services at a referral centre in Pakistan: Lessons from a low-income and middle-income country setting, Salman Kirmani and Ali Faisal Saleem Dr

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Reasons for facebook usage: Data from 46 countries, Marta Kowal, Piotr Sorokowski, Agnieszka Sorokowska, Małgorzata Dobrowolska, Katarzyna Pisanski, Anna Oleszkiewicz, Toivo Aavik, Grace Akello, Charlotte Alm, and Rizwana Shaikh

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Exploring the influence of socio-cultural factors and environmental resources on the health related quality of life of children and adolescents after congenital heart disease surgery: parental perspectives from a low middle income country, Laila Ladak, Robyn Gallagher, Babar Hasan, Khadija Awais, Ahmed Abdullah, and Janice Gullick

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Health-related quality of life in adult CHD surgical patients in a low middle-income country: A mixed-methods study, Laila Ladak, Robyn Gallagher, Babar Hasan, Khadija Awais, Ahmed Abdullah, and Janice Gullick

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Diarrhoeal disease and subsequent risk of death in infants and children residing in low-income and middle-income countries: Analysis of the gems case-control study and 12-month gems-1a follow-on study, Myron M. Levine, Dilruba Nasrin, Sozinho Acácio, Quique Bassat, Helen Powell, Sharon M. Tennant, Samba O. Sow, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Shahida Qureshi, and Farheen Quadri

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A novel histological index for evaluation of environmental enteric dysfunction identifies geographic-specific features of enteropathy among children with suboptimal growth, Ta-Chiang Liu, Kelley VanBuskirk, Syed Asad Ali, M. Paul Kelly, Lori R. Holtz, Omer H. Yilmaz, Kamran Sadiq, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Beatrice Amadi, and Sana Syed

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Surgical attitudes and preferences regarding choice of anaesthesia amongst orthopaedic surgeons, Sara Haider Malik, Huma Saleem, Allah Ditta Ashfaq, Nimra Haider Malik, and Tariq Abbasi

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Natural history of non-lethal raine syndrome during childhood, Chiara Mameli, Giulia Zichichi, Nasim Mahmood, Siham Chafai Elalaoui, Adnan Mirza, Poonam Dharmaraj, Marco Burrone, Elisa Cattaneo, Jayesh Sheth, and Ajit Gandhi

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Prolonged length of stay after surgery for adult congenital heart disease: A single-centre study in a developing country, Russell S. Martins, Zaiba S. Dawood, Muhammad K Y. Memon, and Saleem Akhtar

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Acute kidney injury after congenital heart disease surgery: A single-center experience in a low- to middle-income country, Fatima Mir, Misha Khalid Khan, Bilal Mirza, Sonia Qureshi Jr, and Qalab Abbas

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HIV infection predominantly affecting children in Sindh, Pakistan, 2019: A cross-sectional study of an outbreak, Fatima Mir, Syed Faisal Mahmood, amna siddiqui, Shehla Baqi, Syed Hani Abidi, Abdul Momin Kazi, Aspara Ali, Amerta Ladhani, Farah Qamar, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Sikander Ali Memon, Jamila Soomro, Saqib Ali Shaikh, Victoria Simms, Palwasha Khan, and Rashida Abbas Ferrand

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Serum amoxicillin levels in young infants (0-59 days) with sepsis treated with oral amoxicillin, Fatima Mir, Robin E. Pearce, Naila Baig-Ansari, Shamim Qazi, Jeffrey S. Barrett, Susan Abdel-Rahman, Greg Kearns, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Impact of conflict on maternal and child health service delivery: A country case study of Afghanistan, Mohammed Shafiq Mirzazada, Zahra Ali Padhani, Sultana Jabeen, Malika Fatima, Arjumand Rizvi, Uzair Ansari, Jai K. Das, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Paediatric respiratory isolation: A challenge for a secondary care hospital! A service innovation project, Nadia Mohammad, Shireen Mohammad, Arjumand Sohaila, Syed Mohammad Yousuf, Adnan Khan, Rahila Meghani, Kashif Sajwani, Khalil Ahmad, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, and Pawan Vash

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Nutritional support for lactating women with or without azithromycin for infants compared to breastfeeding counseling alone in improving the 6-month growth outcomes among infants of peri-urban slums in Karachi, Pakistan-The protocol for a multiarm assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial (Mumta LW trial), Ameer Muhammad, Yasir Shafiq, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Benazir Baloch, Amna Tanweer, Nida Yazdani, and Fyezah Jehan

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Vitamin C supplementation for prevention and treatment of pneumonia, Zahra Ali Padhani, Zorays Moazzam, Alina Ashraf, Hasana Bilal, Rehana Salam, Jai K. Das, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Emerging challenges and threats for dental health care sector attributable to COVID-19: Tale of a developing country, Asma Sadruddin Pethani, Raheel Rehman Allana, and Mehmood Hussain

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Adverse events following immunization with typhoid conjugate vaccine in an outbreak setting in Hyderabad, Pakistan, Farah Qamar, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Asif Khaliq, Sultan Karim, Hina Memon, Amber Junejo, Inayat Baig, Najeeb Rehman, Shafqat Bhurgry, Hina Afroz, and Uzma Sami

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Diabetes conversation map - A novel tool for diabetes management self-efficacy among type 2 diabetes patients in Pakistan: A randomized controlled trial, Rubina Qasim, Sarfaraz Masih, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Hakim Shah, Abdul Manan, Yousaf Shah, Muhammad Yaqoob, Abida Razzaq, Ajmal Khan, and Atiya Rahman Khan Rohilla

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Frequency of early-onset neonatal sepsis following prolonged rupture of membranes, Heeranand Rathore, Arshalooz Rahman, Muhammad Salman, Muhammad Nasir, and Seharish Sherali

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Fetal cerebellar growth and sylvian fissure maturation: International standards from the Fetal growth longitudinal study of the INTERGROWTH-21st project, María J. Rodriguez‐Sibaja, José Villar, Eric O. Ohuma, Raffaele Napolitano, Sabrina Heyl, Maria Carvalho, Yasmin A. Jaffer, J. Alison Noble, Manuela Oberto, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Protection from natural immunity against enteric infections and etiology-specific diarrhea in a longitudinal birth cohort, Elizabeth T. Rogawski McQuade, Jie Liu, Gagandeep Kang, Margaret N. Kosek, Aldo A. M Lima, Pascal O. Bessong, Amidou Samie, Rashidul Haque, Estomih R. Mduma, Pascal O. Bessong, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Pediatric hematology oncology during SARS-CoV-2: A brief communication of 28 patients and changes in clinical practice from a single institute in Pakistan, Mir Ibrahim Sajid, Sadaf Altaf, Naureen Mushtaq, Asim Belgaumi, and Zehra Fadoo

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The gut of healthy infants in the community as a reservoir of ESBL and carbapenemase-producing bacteria, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, Ahreen Allana, Lauren Hale, Alondra Diaz, Raul Salinas, Cristina Salinas, Shahida Qureshi, Aneeta Hotwani, Najeeb Rehman, Asia Khan, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Patrick C. Seed, and Mehreen Arshad

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Laboratory blood testing in paediatric intensive care unit of a university hospital: Are we doing it appropriately?, Hafsa Sohail; Shazia Bibi; Mahnaz Hakeem,; Anwarul Haque; and Qalab Abbas

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Assessing early childhood fluid reasoning in low- and middle-income nations: Validity of the Wechsler preschool and primary scale of intelligence across seven MAL-ED Sites, Linda uan-Iu, Laura L. Pendergast, Muneera Rasheed, Fahmida Tofail, Erling Svensen, Angelina Maphula, Reeba Roshan, Baitun Nahar, Rita Shrestha, and Brittney Williams

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Late weaning and maternal closeness, associated with advanced motor and visual maturation, reinforce autonomy in healthy, 2-year-old children, José Villar, Roseline Ochieng, Eleonora Staines-Urias, Michelle Fernandes, Marc Ratcliff, Manorama Purwar, Fernando Barros, Bernardo Horta, Maria Carvalho, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Immunity and field efficacy of type 2-containing polio vaccines after cessation of trivalent oral polio vaccine: A population-based serological study in Pakistan, Arie Voorman, Atif Habib, Imtiaz Hussain, Rana Muhammad Safdar, Jamal A. Ahmed, William C. Weldon, Imran Ahmed, Muhammad Umer, Jeffrey Partridge, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Global burden of respiratory infections associated with seasonal influenza in children under 5 years in 2018: A systematic review and modelling study, Xin Wang, You Li, Katherine L. O'Brien, Qalab Abbas, Syed Asad Ali, Respiratory Virus Global Epidemiology Network, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Successful completion of pregnancy after mustard procedure for transposition of great arteries: A rare case from the developing world, Muhammad Kamran Younis Memon, Ayesha Malik, and Saleem Akhtar

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If not now, then when? The importance of intervening early to provide family-based environments for all children, Aisha Khizar Yousafzai

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Food supplements to reduce stunting in Pakistan: A process evaluation of community dynamics shaping uptake, Shehla Zaidi, Jai K. Das, Gul Nawaz Khan, Rabia Najmi Taha, Mashal Murad Shah, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

Submissions from 2019

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Use of interventional radiology in critically injured children admitted in a pediatric intensive care unit of a developing country, Qalab Abbas, Muhammad Tariq Jamil, Anwarul Haque, and Raza Sayani

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Retrospective study of patients with hyperphenylalaninemia: Experience from a tertiary care center in Pakistan, Sibtain Ahmed, Hafsa Majid, Lena Jafri, Aysha Habib Khan, Zeba Zulfiqar Ali, and Bushra Afroze

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MLPA analyses reveal a spectrum of dystrophin gene deletions/duplications in Pakistani patients suspected of having duchenne/becker muscular dystrophy: A retrospective study, Zeeshan Ansar Ahmed, Asghar Nasir, Tariq Moatter, Sara Khan, Salman Kirmani, S. H. Ibrahim, Kahkashan Imam, Anif Ather, Azra Samreen, and Zahra Hasan

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Association of exposure to civil conflict with maternal resilience and maternal and child health and health system performance in Afghanistan, Nadia Akseer, Arjumand Rizvi, Zaid Ahmad Bhatti, Jai K. Das, Karl Everett, Aneesa Arur, Mickey Chopra, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Impact of congenital cardiac catheterization project on outcomes-quality improvement (C3PO-QI) in LMICs, Fatima Ali, Mohammad Qasim Mehdi, Saleem Akhtar, Nadeem Aslam, Rashid Abbas, Izat Shah, Jabbir Abidi, Sajid Arthur, zeenat Nizar, and Babar Hasan

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Quality initiative to reduce cardiac CT angiography radiation exposure in patients with congenital heart disease, Fatima Ali, Arjumand Rizvi, Huzaifa Ahmad, Phillip McGonagill, Muneeb Khan, Rajesh Krishnamurthy, Zafar Jamil, Naila Nadeem, Mohammad Yousuf, and Babar Hasan

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Typhoid conjugate vaccines: a new tool in the fight against antimicrobial resistance, Jason R. Andrews MD, Stephen Baker, Florian Marks, Marcella Alsan, Denise Garrett, Bruce G. Gellin, Samir K. Saha, Farah Naz Farid, and Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai

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Early neonatal vitamin A supplementation and infant mortality: An individual participant data meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials, Rajiv Bahl and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Association of nutritional status measures with self-efficacy and experiencing depressed mood among Pakistani young women (P10-090-19), Jo-Anna Baxter, Yaqub Wasan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Imran Ahmed, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Reaching the unreached; mobile health teams in conflict settings, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Rethinking community based strategies to tackle health inequities in South Asia, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Abhay Bang, Kaosar Afsana, Bishal Gyawali, Mohammed Shafiq Mirzazada, and Renuka Jayatissa

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Protecting women and children in conflict settings, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Michelle F. Gaffey, Karl Blanchet, Ron Waldman, and Kamran Abbasi

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India and Pakistan: a plea for sanity, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Arun Mitra, and Richard Horton

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Optimising the continuum of child and adolescent health and development, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Cesar Victora, Ties Boerma, Margaret E. Kruk, George Patton, Maureen M. Black, Susan Sawyer, Susan Horton, Robert E. Black, and Richard Horton

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Armed conflicts and national trends in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health in sub-Saharan Africa: what can national health surveys tell us?, Ties Boerma, Hannah Tappis, Ghada Saad-Haddad, Jai K. Das, Dessalegn Y. Melesse, Jocelyn DeJong, Paul Spiegel, Robert Black, Cesar Victora, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Duodenal biopsies classification and understanding using convolutional neural networks, Mohammad Al Boni, Sana Syed, Syed Asad Ali, Sean R. Moore, and Donald E. Brown

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Determinants of linear growth faltering among children with moderate-to-severe diarrhea in the global enteric multicenter study, Rebecca L. Brander, Patricia B. Pavlinac, Judd L. Walson, Grace C. John-Stewart, Marcia R. Weaver, Abu S. G Faruque, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Dipika Sur, Samba O. Sow, and M Jahangir Hossain

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Nash-wo-Numa (childhood growth & development) study protocol: Factors that impact linear growth in children 9 to 15 years of age in Matiari, Pakistan, Susan C. Campisi, Yaqub Wasan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Suneeta Monga, Daphne J. Korczak, Wendy Lou, Olle Soder, Ashley Vandermorris, Khadija N Humayun, Ayesha Mian, Peter Szatmari, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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The epidemiological burden of obesity in childhood: A worldwide epidemic requiring urgent action, Mariachiara Di Cesare, Maroje Sorić, Pascal Bovet, J Jaime Miranda, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Gretchen A. Stevens, Avula Laxmaiah, Andre-Pascal Kengne, and James Bentham

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Frequency of early morbidities in low birth weight neonates at the Aga khan university hospital, Karachi, Saroop Chand, Fayaz Ahmed Memon, Muhammad Hussain Shah, Abdul Lateef Leghari, Parveen Uzma, Rohan Advani, Muhammad Sohail Salat, and Shabina Ariff

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Factors leading to meconium aspiration syndrome in term- and post-term neonates, Saroop Chand, Aamna Salman, Razia Mustafa Abbassi, Abdul Rehman Siyal, Fayaz Ahmed Memon, Abdul Lateef Leghari, Ashmal Sami Kabani, and Sajid Ali

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Factors leading to meconium aspiration syndrome in term- and post-term neonates, saroop chand, Aamna Salman, Razia Mustafa Abbassi, Abdul Rehman Siyal, Fayaz Ahmed Memon, Abdul Leghari Leghari, Ashmal Sami Kabani, and Sajid Ali

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PDXK mutations cause polyneuropathy responsive to pyridoxal 5'-phosphate supplementation, Viorica Chelban, Matthew P. Wilson, Jodi Warman Chardon, Jana Vandrovcova, M Natalia Zanetti, Eleni Zamba-Papanicolaou, Stephanie Efthymiou, Care4Rare Canada Consortium and the SYNaPS Study Group, Shahnaz H. Ibrahim, and Salman Kirmani

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Childhood acute illness and nutrition (CHAIN) network: A protocol for a multi-site prospective cohort study to identify modifiable risk factors for mortality among acutely ill children in Africa and Asia, Childhood Acute Illness and Nutrition Network, J A. Berkley, J L. Walson, A H. Diallo, Asmsb Shahid, A Gwela, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, Syed Asad Ali, C C. Tigoi, and C Bourdon

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Human primary immunodeficiency caused by expression of a kinase-dead p110δ mutant, Sarah Beaussant Cohen, Wayne Bainter, Jared L. Johnson, Ting-Yu Lin, Jenny C. Y Wong, Jacqueline G. Wallace, Jennifer Jones, Sonia Qureshi, Fatima Mir, and Farah Qamar

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Addressing childhood undernutrition and development through education and lipid-based supplements, Jai K. Das and Rehana Salam

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Preventive lipid-based nutrient supplements given with complementary foods to infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age for health, nutrition, and developmental outcomes, Jai K. Das, Rehana Salam, Yousuf Bashir Hadi, Sana Sheikh, Afsah Z. Bhutta, Zita Weise Prinzo, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Food fortification with multiple micronutrients: Impact on health outcomes in general population, Jai K. Das, Rehana Salam, Salman Bin Mahmood, Anoosh Moin, Rohail Kumar, Kashif Mukhtar, Zohra Lassi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Chronic maternal depressive symptoms are associated with reduced socio-emotional development in children at 2 years of age: Analysis of data from an intervention cohort in rural Pakistan, Clariana V R. De Oliveira, Muneera Rasheed, and Aisha K. Yousafzai

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Duodenal imaging by tethered capsule OCT endomicroscopy in adolescents with environmental enteric dysfunction (Conference Presentation), Jing Dong, Kamran Sadiq, Catriona Grant, Omair Shakil, David Otuya, Hamidi Farrokhi, Anna Gao, Nitasha Bhat, Sarah Giddings, and Syed Asad Ali

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Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy disease in three siblings from Pakistan with a novel mutation, Sana Durrani, Bee Chin Chen, Yusnita Yakob, Lua Seok Hian, and Bushra Afroze

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Biallelic mutations in neurofascin cause neurodevelopmental impairment and peripheral demyelination, Stephanie Efthymiou, Vincenzo Salpietro, Nancy Malintan, Mallory Poncelet, Yamna Kriouile, Sara Fortuna, Rita De Zorzi, Katelyn Payne, Shahnaz. H. Ibrahim, and Salman Kirmani

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Infectious etiologies of intussusception among children <2 years old in 4 Asian>countries, Eleanor Burnett Eleanor Burnett, Furqan Kabir, Nguyen Van Trang, Ajit Rayamajhi, Syed M. Satter, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Nasir Saleem Saddal, Sehrish Muneer, and Syed Asad Ali

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OR to ICU handoff: Theory of change model for sustainable change in behavior, Tahira Faiz, Bushra Saeed, Sadaqat Ali, Qalab Abbas, and Mahim Malik

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Tu2047 – A transnasal imaging tube for unsedated oct imaging of the upper gastrointestinal tract, Hamid Farrokhi, Jing Dong, David Otuya, Yogesh Verma, Sarah K. Zemlok, Aditya Kumar, Rachel E. Shore, Sarah Giddings, Kamran Sadiq, and Syed Asad Ali

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Experiences of community youth leaders in a youth-led early childhood education program in rural Pakistan, Emily E. Franchett, Aisha K. Yousafzai, Muneera Rasheed, Saima Siyal, Chin R. Reyes, and Liliana Angelica Ponguta

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Oral ondansetron administration to dehydrated children in Pakistan: A randomized clinical trial, Stephen B. Freedman, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Andrew R. Willan, Sarah Williamson-Urquhart, Emaduddin Siddiqui, Jianling Xie, Fady Dawoud, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Mortality, morbidity, and hospitalisations due to influenza lower respiratory tract infections, 2017: An analysis for the global burden of disease study 2017, GBD 2017 Influenza Collaborators, Christopher E. Troeger, Brigette F. Blacker, Ibrahim A. Khalil, Stephanie R. M Zimsen, Samuel B. Albertson, Degu Abate, Jemal Abdela, Tara Ballav Adhikari, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Setting research priorities on multiple micronutrient supplementation in pregnancy, Filomena Gomes, Megan W. Bourassa, Seth Adu Afarwuah, Clayton Ajello, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Robert Black, Elisabete Catarino, Ranadip Chowdhury, Nita Dalmiya, and Pratibha Dwarkanath

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Evaluation of a maternal, neonatal and child health intervention package in a rural district of Pakistan: A quasi-experimental study, Atif Habib, Kirsten I. Black, Camille Raynes Greenow, Mushtaq Mirani, Sajid Muhammad, Fariha Shaheen, Monika Christofori Khadka, Annette Vondeling, Shabina Ariff, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Genome-wide association study identifies variation of glucosidase being linked to natural variation of the maximal quantum yield of photosystem II, Saber Hamdani, Hongru Wang, Guangyong Zheng, Shahnaz Perveen, Mingnan Qu, Naveed Khan, Waqasuddin Khan, Jianjun Jiang, Ming Li, and Xinyu Liu

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2019 updated consensus statement on the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric pulmonary hypertension: The European pediatric pulmonary vascular disease network (EPPVDN), endorsed by AEPC, ESPR and ISHLT, Georg Hansmann, Martin Koestenberger, Tero-Pekka Alastalo, Christian Apitz, Eric D. Austin, Damien Bonnet, Werner Budts, Michele D'Alto D'Alto, Michael A. Gatzoulis, and Babar Hasan

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Persistence of eustachian valve-rare cause of intra cardiac shunting leading to neonatal cyanosis, V Hasija, A Hussain, A Mirza, N Aslam, M Younis, and S Rehman