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Submissions from 2021

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Nutritional perspectives for the prevention and mitigation of COVID-19, Saeed Akhtar, Jai K. Das, Tariq Ismail, Muqeet Wahid, Wisha Saeed, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Bovine lactoferrin to prevent neonatal infections in low-birth-weight newborns in Pakistan: Protocol for a three-arm double-blind randomized controlled trial, Shabina Ariff, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Almas Aamir, Michelle D'Almeida, Arzina Aziz Ali, Ashraful Alam, and Michael Dibley

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Enteric fever, Buddha Basnyat, Farah Naz Qamar, Priscilla Rupali, Tahmeed Ahmed, and Christopher M. Parry

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Serial lung ultrasounds in pediatric pneumonia in Mozambique and Pakistan, Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Lola Madrid, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Benazir Baloch, Pio Vitorino, Jun Hwang, Alessandro Lamort, Nee Kanth, and Fyezah Jehan

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Lung ultrasound patterns in paediatric pneumonia in Mozambique and Pakistan, Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Pio Vitorino, Zunera Qasim, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Jun Hwang Jun Hwang, Alessandro Lamorte, Marta Valente, Benazir Baloch, Muhammad Imran Nisar, and Fyezah Jehan

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Abstract to publication conversion in pediatric critical care medicine in Pakistan, Anwarul Haque, Mohammad Shahzad, Humaira Jurair, Naveed ur Rehman Siddiqui, Sidra Ishaque, and Qalab Abbas

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Machine learning for child and adolescent health: A systematic review, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Sarah Masroor Jeelani, Abeer Aziz, Muhammad Ibrahim Habib, Bilal Iqbal, Waqaas Akmal, Khan Siddiqui, Babar Hasan, Mariska Leeflang, and Jai K. Das

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Cardiovascular dysfunction in children exposed to preeclampsia during fetal life, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Nuruddin Badruddin Mohammed, Shafquat Rozi, Nadeem Aslam, Shazia Mohsin, Salima Ashiqali, Hina Ali, Saima Sattar, Devyani Chowdhury, and Babar Sultan Hasan

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Development of an international standard set of clinical and patient-reported outcomes for children and adults with congenital heart disease: A report from the international consortium for health outcomes measurement congenital heart disease working group, Kevin Hummel, Sarah Whittaker, Nick Sillett, Amy Basken, Malin Berghammer, Tomás Chalela, Julie Chauhan, Luis Antonio Garcia, Babar Hasan, and Laila Ladak

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Meropenem-induced pancytopenia in a preterm neonate: A case report, Kashif Hussain, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Naureen Mohammad, Ambreen Mughal, Sidra Idrees, Javaid Iqbal, and Gul Ambreen

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Mucosal genomics implicate lymphocyte activation and lipid metabolism in refractory environmental enteric dysfunction, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Najeeb Rahman, Kamran Sadiq, Zubair Ahmad, Romana Idress, Junaid Iqbal, Sheraz Ahmed, Aneeta Hotwani, Fayyaz Umrani, Sana Syed, and Syed Asad Ali

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Characteristics of salmonella recovered from stools of children enrolled in the global enteric multicenter study, Irene N. Kasumba, Caisey V. Pulford, Blanca M. Perez-Sepulveda, Sunil Sen, Nurulla Sayed, Jasnehta Permala-Booth, Sofie Livio Sofie Livio, Darren Heavens Darren Heavens, Ross Low Ross Low, Shahida Qureshi, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Teleneurology based management of infantile spasms during COVID-19 pandemic: A consensus report by the south Asia allied west syndrome research group, Priyanka Madaan, Jitendra Kumar Sahu, Jithangi Wanigasinghe, Kanij Fatema, Kyaw Linn, Mimi Lhamu Mynak, Nicolás Garófalo Gómez, Pauline Samia, Prakash Poudel, and Prem Chand

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Risk factors and outcomes of prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time in surgery for adult congenital heart disease: A single-center study from a low-middle-income country, Russell S. Martins, Ronika Devi Ukrani, Muhammad K. Memon, Waris Ahmad, and Saleem Akhtar

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Silent epidemic of childhood bronchiectasis in Pakistan: An infectious disease physician's perspective, Fatima Mir

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A pathogenic UFSP2 variant in an autosomal recessive form of pediatric neurodevelopmental anomalies and epilepsy, Min Ni, Bushra Afroze, Chao Xing, Chunxiao Pan, Yanqiu Shao, Ling Cai, Brandi L. Cantarel, Jimin Pei, Nick V. Grishin, and Stacy Hewson

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Direct and indirect effect of 10 valent pneumococcal vaccine on nasopharyngeal carriage in children under 2 years of age in Matiari, Pakistan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Sheraz Ahmed, Fyezah Jehan, Shahira Shahid, Sadia Shakoor, Furqan Kabir, Aneeta Hotwani, Sahrish Munir, Sajid Muhammad, Farah Khalid, Syed Asad Ali, Anita K. M. Zaidi, and Najeeha Talat Iqbal

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Serial population-based serosurveys for COVID-19 in two neighbourhoods of Karachi, Pakistan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Nadia Ansari, Farah Khalid, Mashal Amin, Hamna Shahbaz, Aneeta Hotwani, Najeeb Rehman, Usma Mehmood, Arjumand Rizvi, Junaid Iqbal, Ali Faisal Saleem, and Fyezah Jehan

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Impact of 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) on nasopharyngeal carriage in children 2 years of age: Data from a four-year time series cross-sectional study from Pakistan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Shahira Shahid, Sajid Muhammad, Farah Khalid, Amjad Hussain, Sheraz Ahmed, Sadia Shakoor, Furqan Kabir, Aneeta Hotwani, Syed Asad Ali, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Fyezah Jehan, and Najeeha Talat Iqbal

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Development and feasibility testing of a play-based psychosocial intervention for reduced patient stress in a pediatric care setting: Experiences from Pakistan, Muneera A. Rasheed, Vardah Bharuchi, Waliyah Mughis, and Ayesha Hussain

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Use of artificial intelligence on electroencephalogram (EEG) waveforms to predict failure in early school grades in children from a rural cohort in Pakistan, Muneera A. Rasheed, Prem Chand, Saad Ahmed, Hamza Sharif, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Ayat Siddiqui, and Babar S. Hasan

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Implementation and evaluation of a social media-based communication strategy to enhance employee engagement: Experiences from a children's hospital, Pakistan, Muneera A. Rasheed, Alma Arshad Hookmani, Sana Waleed, H Sundus Fatima, Soha Siddiqui, Muhammad Khurram, and Babar Hasan

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Feasibility, usability and acceptability of paediatric lung ultrasound among healthcare providers and caregivers for the diagnosis of childhood pneumonia in resource-constrained settings: A qualitative study, Atif Riaz, Olga Cambaco, Laura Elizabeth Ellington, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Khatia Munguambe, Usma Mehmood, Sana Qaisar, Benazir Baloch, Muhammad Imran Nisar, and Fyezah Jehan

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A public health approach for deciding policy on infant feeding and mother-infant contact in the context of COVID-19, Nigel Rollins, Nicole Minckas, Fyezah Jehan, Rakesh Lodha, Daniel Raiten, Claire Thorne, Philippe Van de Perre, Mija Ververs, Neff Walker, and Rajiv Bahl

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High flow nasal cannula therapy in children with acute respiratory insufficiency in the pediatric intensive care unit of a resource-limited country: A preliminary experience, Bushra Saeed, Asim Azim, Anwar Ul Haque, and Qalab Abbas

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Frequency of immediate neonatal complications (hypoglycemia and neonatal jaundice) in late preterm and term neonates, Muhammad Salman, Heeranand Rathore, Shabina Ariff, Rashid Ali, Ausaf Ahmed Khan, and Muhammad Nasir

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Is COVID-19 pushing us to the fifth industrial revolution (Society 5.0)?, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Hamza M. Iftikar, and Ramsha Akhund

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Artificial intelligence-based analytics for diagnosis of small bowel enteropathies and black box feature detection, Sana Syed, Lubaina Ehsan, Aman Shrivastava, Saurav Sengupta, Marium Khan, Kamran Kowsari, Shan Guleria, Kamran Sadiq, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, and Syed Asad Ali

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X-linked hypophosphatemic osteomalacia with PHEX mutation presenting late in Pakistan, Nawazish Zehra, Lena Jafri, Salman Kirmani, and Aysha Habib Khan

Submissions from 2020

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Potentially preventable mortality in the pediatric intensive care unit: Findings from a retrospective mortality analysis, Qalab Abbas, Fozia Memon, Parveen Laghari, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, and Anwarul Haque

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Glycogen storage diseases-time to flip the outdated diagnostic approach centered on liver biopsy with the molecular testing, Sibtain Ahmed and Bushra Afroze

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Diagnostic value of clinical features to distinguish enteric fever from other febrile illnesses in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan, Kristen Aiemjoy, Dipesh Tamrakar, Shampa Saha, Shiva R. Naga, Alexander T. Yu, Ashley Longley, Kashmira Date, Caitlin Hemlock, Farah Naz Qamar, and Samir K. Saha

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Simulator-based ultrasound training for identification of endotracheal tube placement in a neonatal intensive care unit using point of care ultrasound, Khushboo Qaim Ali, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Uzair Ansari, Shaun Morris, Mark Oliver Tessaro, Shabina Ariff, and Hasan Merali

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SIOP PODC-adapted treatment guidelines for craniopharyngioma in low- and middle-income settings, Nisreen Amayiri, Ariane Spitaels, Mohamed Zaghloul, Anthony Figaji, Sergio Cavalheiro, Hermann L. Muller, Moawia Elhassan, Jeannette Parkes, Naureen Mushtaq, and Fatima Mubarak

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Neonatal fluid and electrolytes profile effect on amphotericin B associated nephrotoxicity in neonatal tertiary care unit of Karachi-Pakistan, Gul Ambreen, Arshalooz Rahman, Kashif Hussain, Mehreen Sohail, Saba Javed, Syed Shamim, Umer Ali, Khalil Ahmad, and Arjumand Rizvi

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Efficacy of colistin in multidrug-resistant neonatal sepsis: Experience from a tertiary care center in Karachi, Pakistan, Gul Ambreen, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Kashif Hussain, Syed Shamim Raza, Umer Ali, Syed Iqbal Azam, Junaid Iqbal, and Zafar Fatmi

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Healthcare utilization patterns for acute febrile illness in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan: Results from the surveillance for enteric fever in Asia project, Jason R. Andrews, Krista Vaidya, Shampa Saha, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Caitlin Hemlock, Ashley Longley, Kristen Aiemjoy, Alexander T. Yu, Isaac I. Bogoch, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Environmental surveillance as a tool for identifying high-risk settings for typhoid transmission, Jason R. Andrews, Alexander T. Yu, Senjuti Saha, Jivan Shakya, Kristen Aiemjoy, Lily Horng, Farah Qamar, Denise Garret, Stephen Baker, Samir Saha, and Stephen P. Luby

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Determinants of infant and young complementary feeding practices among children 6-23 months of age in urban Pakistan: A multicenter longitudinal study, Shabina Ariff, Kamran Sadiq, Javairia Khalid, Laila Sikanderali, Batha Tariq, Fariha Shaheen, Gul Nawaz Khan, Atif Habib, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Biological sensitivity to context in Pakistani preschoolers: Hair cortisol and family wealth are interactively associated with girls' cognitive skills, Emma Armstrong-Carter, Jenna E. Finch, Saima Siyal, Aisha K. Yousafzai, and Jelena Obradović

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Prescribing patterns of antihypertensive medications in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review, Verda Arshad, Zainab Samad, Jai K. Das, Aysha Almas, Nouman Rashid, Salim S. Virani, Gerald S. Bloomfield, Tazeen H. Jafar, and Bilal Ahmed

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What does severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 mean for global pneumonia prevention, diagnosis, and treatment?, Shally Awasthi, Harry Campbell, Charles S. Dela Cruz, Hamish R. Graham, Leith Greenslade, Fyezah Jehan, and Heather J. Zar

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Pediatric congenital heart diseases: Patterns of presentation to the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital, Surraiya Bano, Saleem Akhtar, and Uzma R. Khan

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Pilot phase experience of the international quality improvement collaborative catheterization registry, Oliver M. Barry, Fatima Ali, Miguel Ronderos, Abish Sudhaker, R Krishna Kumar, Marhisham C. Mood, Carlos Corona-Villalobos, Dinh Toai Nguyen, Kaitlin Doherty-Schmeck, and Babar Hasan

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Story of Lyari, Rabab Batool

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Evaluating implementation of "management of possible serious bacterial infection (PSBI) when referral is not feasible" in primary health care facilities in Sindh province, Pakistan, Maria Asif Bhura, Shabina Ariff, Shamim Ahmad Qazi, Zaitoon Qazi, Imran Ahmed, Yasir Bin Nisar, Zamir Suhag, Abdul Wahab Soomro, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Covid-19 risks and response in South Asia, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Buddha Basnyat, Samir Saha, and Ramanan Laxminarayan

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The surveillance for enteric fever in asia project (SEAP), severe typhoid fever surveillance in Africa (SETA), surveillance of enteric fever in India (SEFI), and strategic typhoid alliance across Africa and Asia (STRATAA) population-based enteric fever studies: A Review of methodological similarities and differences, Megan E. Carey, William R. MacWrigh, Justin Im, James E. Meiring, Malick M. Gibani, Se Eun Park, Ashley Longley, Hyon Jin Jeon, Caitlin Hemlock, and Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai

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The diversity of lipopolysaccharide (O) and capsular polysaccharide (K) antigens of invasive klebsiella pneumoniae in a multi-country collection, Myeongjin Choi, Nicolas Hegerle, Joseph Nkeze, Shaichi Sen, Sanchita Jamindar, Shamima Nasrin, Sunil Sen, Jasnehta Permala-Booth, James Sinclair, and Sadia Shakoor

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Cardiac Abnormalities seen in pediatric patients during the SARS-CoV2 pandemic: An international experience, Bradley C. Clark, Joan Sanchez-de-Toledo, Carles Bautista-Rodriguez, Nadine Choueiter, Diego Lara, Hechaan Kang, Shazia Mohsin, Alain Fraisse, Sergi Cesar, and Nadeem Aslam

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Associations between household-level exposures and all-cause diarrhea and pathogen-specific enteric infections in children enrolled in five sentinel surveillance studies, Josh M. Colston, Abu S G. Faruque, M Jahangir Hossain, Debasish Saha, Suman Kanungo, Inácio Mandomando, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Richard Omore, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Impact of conflict on maternal and child health service delivery - how and how not: A country case study of conflict affected areas of Pakistan, Jai K. Das, Zahra Ali Padhani, Sultana Jabeen, Arjumand Rizvi, Uzair Ansari, Malika Fatima, Ghulam Akbar, Wardah Ahmed, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Paediatric porphyria and human hemin: A treatment challenge in a lower middle income country, Syeda Anum Fatima, Humaira Jurair, Qalab Abbas, and Arshalooz Rahman

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Researching the delivery of health and nutrition interventions for women and children in the context of armed conflict: Lessons on research challenges and strategies from BRANCH Consortium case studies of Somalia, Mali, Pakistan and Afghanistan, Michelle F. Gaffey, Anushka Ataullahjan, Jai K. Das, Mohammed Shafiq Mirzazada, Moctar Tounkara, Abdirisak A. Dalmar, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Performance of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of pediatric pneumonia in Mozambique and Pakistan, Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Fyezah Jehan, Rubao Bila, Alessandro Lamorte, Jun Hwang, Lola Madrid, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Benazir Baloch, and Naila Nadeem

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Early intervention physical therapy using "parent empowerment program" for children with Down syndrome in Pakistan: A feasibility study, Zehra Habib-Hasan, Memoona Salman Sheikh, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Syed Iqbal Azam, and Margaret O'Nei

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Impact of home-based family planning counselling and referral on modern contraceptive use in Karachi, Pakistan: A retrospective, cross-sectional matched control study, Kristy Hackett, Elizabeth Henry, Imtiaz Hussain, Mirbaz Khan, Khalid Feroz, Navdep Kaur, Ryoko Sato, Sajid Bashir Soofi, David Canning, and Iqbal Shah

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Characteristics of preterm with sight threatening retinopathy of prematurity, Muhammad Hanif, Shabina Ariff, Aisha Ansar, Khabir Ahmad, and Ali Shabbir Hussain

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Machine learning model demonstrates stunting at birth and systemic inflammatory biomarkers as predictors of subsequent infant growth - A four-year prospective study, Elizabeth Harrison, Sana Syed, Lubaina Ehsan, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Kamran Sadiq, Fayyaz Umrani, Sheraz Ahmed, Najeeb Rahman, Sadaf Jakhro, Jennie Z. Ma, Molly Hughes, and Syed Asad Ali

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Challenges and special aspects of pulmonary hypertension in middle- to low-income regions: JACC state-of-the-art review, Babar Hasan, Georg Hansmann, Werner Budts, Alexandra Heath, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Zhi-Cheng Jing, Martin Koestenberger, Katharina Meinel, Ana Olga Mocumbi, and Ganna D. Radchenko

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Seasonal influence on postoperative hip fracture complications: Retrospective cohort of more than 1000 patients from a tertiary-care university hospital, Obada Hasan, Mashal Amin, Fatima Mahmood, Amna Rabbani, Umar Rabbani, and Shahryar Noordin

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Do new trainees pose a threat to postoperative complications after hip fracture surgeries? Retrospective cohort of 1045 patients over a decade at a university hospital, Obada Hasan, Mashal Amin, Umar Rabbani, Amna Rabbani, Fatima Mahmood, and Shahryar Noordin

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Utilization of blood culture in south Asia for the diagnosis and treatment of febrile illness, Caitlin Hemlock, Stephen P. Luby, Shampa Saha, Farah Naz Qamar, Jason R. Andrews, Samir K. Saha, Dipesh Tamrakar, Kashmira Date, Ashley T. Longley, Denise O. Garrett, and Isaac I. Bogoch

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A framework for improving parent satisfaction with the inpatient pediatric admission process: Experience from a low-resource setting, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Muneera Rasheed, Farheen Sherali, Sehrish Hussain, Rahmat Hassan, Aneela Hameed, Rashid Ali, and Babar Hasan

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An application of the list experiment to estimate abortion prevalence in Karachi, Pakistan, Sarah Huber-Krum, Kristy Hackett, Navdep Kaur, Sidrah Nausheen, Sajid Bashir Soofi, David Canning, and Iqbal Shah

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CLABSI reduction using evidence based interventions and nurse empowerment: A quality improvement initiative from a tertiary care NICU in Pakistan, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Anjum Mohyuddin Ahmed, Saba Arbab, Shabina Ariff, Syed Rehan Ali, Simon Demas, Jehan Zeb, Arjumand Rizvi, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, and Joveria Farooqi

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Neurodevelopment outcome of neonates treated with intraventricular colistin for ventriculitis caused by multiple drug-resistant pathogens-A case series, Kashif Hussain, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Gul Ambreen, and Javaid Iqbal

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Intravenous vs intravenous plus aerosolized colistin for treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia - A matched case-control study in neonates, Kashif Hussain, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Gul Ambreen, Ambreen Mughal, Sidra Idrees, Mehreen Sohail, and Javaid Iqbal

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Reduction of cardiac iron overload by optimising iron chelation therapy in transfusion dependent thalassaemia using cardiac T2* MRI: A quality improvement project from Pakistan, Shabneez Hussain, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Fatima Ali, Erum Hasan, Najveen Alvi, Aijaz Hussain, Khajista Ishrat, Zia Ur Rahman, Azizuddin Qamruddin, Azra Parvin, and Babar Hasan

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Correction to: Epidemiology of patients presenting to a pediatric emergency department in Karachi, Pakistan, Nadir Ijaz, Matthew Strehlow, N Ewen Wang, Elizabeth Pirrotta, Areeba Tariq, Naseeruddin Mahmood, and Swaminatha Mahadevan

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A race against time: Reduced azithromycin susceptibility in salmonella enterica serovar typhi in Pakistan, Junaid Iqbal, Irum Fatima Dehraj, Megan E. Carey, Zoe A. Dyson, Denise Garrett, Jessica C. Seidman, Furqan Kabir, Senjuti Saha, Stephen Baker, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Sepsis induced pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) - Are biomarkers the answer in a resource limited setting?, Sidra Ishaque

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Elective tracheostomy in critically ill children: A 10-year single-center experience from a lower-middle income country, Sidra Ishaque, Anwarul Haque, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Hamdan Mallick, and Saad Nasir

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Neurocognitive abilities in individuals with down syndrome-A narrative review, Sidra Kaleem Jafri and Karen Elizabeth Harman

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Low vaccination in rural Sindh, Pakistan: A case of refusal, ignorance or access?, Durenaz Jamal, Shehla Zaidi, Sara Husain, David W. Orr, Atif Riaz, Asif A. Farrukhi, and Rabia Najmi Taha

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Multiomics characterization of preterm birth in low- and middle-income countries, Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Muhammad Ilyas, Usma Mehmood, Aneeta Hotwani, Ambreen Nizar, Sajid Muhammad, Waqasuddin Khan, Javairia Khalid, and Furqan Kabir

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Randomized trial of amoxicillin for pneumonia in Pakistan, Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Salima Kerai, Benazir Baloch, Nick Brown, Najeeb Rahman, Arjumand Rizvi, Yasir Shafiq, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Amoxicillin course length or use in childhood pneumonia in underserved areas. Reply, Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, and Arjumand Rizvi

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Current challenges of digital health interventions in Pakistan: Mixed methods analysis, Abdul Momin Kazi, Saad Ahmed Qazi, Nazia Ahsan, Sadori Khawaja, Fareeha Sameen, Muhammad Ayub Khan Mughal, Zabin Wajidali, Hussain Kalimuddin, Yasir Rauf, and Fatima Mahmood

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An artificial intelligence-based, personalized smartphone app to improve childhood immunization coverage and timelines among children in Pakistan: Protocol for a randomized controlled trial, Abdul Momin Kazi, Saad Ahmed Qazi, Sadori Khawaja, Nazia Ahsan, Rao Moueed Ahmed, Muhammad Ayub Khan Mughal, Hussain Kalimuddin, Yasir Rauf, Mehreen Raza, and Saima Jamal

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Position paper: Challenges and specific strategies for constitutional mismatch repair deficiency syndrome in low-resource settings, Rejin Kebudi, Nisreen Amayiri, Malak Abedalthagafi, Asım Noor Rana, Salman Kirmani, Naureen Musthaq, Zakiya Al Lamki, Jamila El Houdzi, Hulya Yazici, and Shahenda El-Naggar

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Effectiveness of wheat soya blend supplementation during pregnancy and lactation on pregnancy outcomes and nutritional status of their infants at 6 months of age in Thatta and Sujawal districts of Sindh, Pakistan: A cluster randomized-controlled trial, Gul Nawaz Khan, Shabina Ariff, Sumra Kureishy, Muhammad Sajid, Arjumand Rizvi, Cecilia Garzon, Mica Jenkins, Saskia de Pee, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Specialized nutritious food combined with cash transfers and social and behavior change communication to prevent stunting among children aged 6 to 23 months in Pakistan: Protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial, Gul Nawaz Khan, Sumra Kureishy, Shabina Ariff, Atif Habib, Asra Abeer Usmani, Areeba Mubarik, Masawar Hussain, Naveed Akbar, Pablo Rodriguez De Castro, Alba Cecilia Garzon, Saskia De Pee, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Effect of lipid-based nutrient supplement-Medium quantity on reduction of stunting in children 6-23 months of age in Sindh, Pakistan: A cluster randomized controlled trial, Gul Nawaz Khan, Sumra Kureishy, Shabina Ariff, Arjumand Rizvi, Muhammad Sajid, Cecilia Garzon, Ali Ahmad Khan, Saskia de Pee, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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A descriptive study of double burden of malnutrition in mothers of children with severe acute malnutrition admitted in children hospital and institute of child health, Multan, Saadia Khan, Umme Ammara, Reema Arshad, Farah Naz, and Kamran Ishfaq

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Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on paediatric services at a referral centre in Pakistan: Lessons from a low-income and middle-income country setting, Salman Kirmani and Ali Faisal Saleem Dr

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Reasons for facebook usage: Data from 46 countries, Marta Kowal, Piotr Sorokowski, Agnieszka Sorokowska, Małgorzata Dobrowolska, Katarzyna Pisanski, Anna Oleszkiewicz, Toivo Aavik, Grace Akello, Charlotte Alm, and Rizwana Shaikh

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Exploring the influence of socio-cultural factors and environmental resources on the health related quality of life of children and adolescents after congenital heart disease surgery: parental perspectives from a low middle income country, Laila Ladak, Robyn Gallagher, Babar Hasan, Khadija Awais, Ahmed Abdullah, and Janice Gullick

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Health-related quality of life in adult CHD surgical patients in a low middle-income country: A mixed-methods study, Laila Ladak, Robyn Gallagher, Babar Hasan, Khadija Awais, Ahmed Abdullah, and Janice Gullick

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Diarrhoeal disease and subsequent risk of death in infants and children residing in low-income and middle-income countries: Analysis of the gems case-control study and 12-month gems-1a follow-on study, Myron M. Levine, Dilruba Nasrin, Sozinho Acácio, Quique Bassat, Helen Powell, Sharon M. Tennant, Samba O. Sow, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Shahida Qureshi, and Farheen Quadri

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A novel histological index for evaluation of environmental enteric dysfunction identifies geographic-specific features of enteropathy among children with suboptimal growth, Ta-Chiang Liu, Kelley VanBuskirk, Syed Asad Ali, M. Paul Kelly, Lori R. Holtz, Omer H. Yilmaz, Kamran Sadiq, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Beatrice Amadi, and Sana Syed

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Illness severity and outcomes among enteric fever cases from Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan: Data from the surveillance for enteric fever in Asia project, 2016-2019, Ashley T. Longley, Caitlin Hemlock, Kashmira Date, Stephen P. Luby, Jason R. Andrews, Samir K. Saha, Isaac I. Bogoch, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Denise O. Garrett, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Management practices for west syndrome in south Asia: A survey study and meta-analysis, Priyanka Madaan, Prem Chand, Kyaw Linn, Jithangi Wanigasinghe, Mimi Lhamu Mynak, Prakash Poudel, Raili Riikonen, Amit Kumar, Pooja Dhir, Sandeep Negi, and Jitendra Kumar Sahu

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Pivoting dental practice management during the COVID-19 pandemic-A systematic review, Syed Sarosh Mahdi, Zohaib Ahmed, Raheel Allana, Alessandro Peretti, Francesco Amenta, Mohammed Bijle, Liang Lin Seow, and Umer Daood

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Newborn screening for congenital hypothyroidism: Improvement in short-term follow-up by audit and monitoring, Hafsa Majid, Sibtain Ahmed, Imran Siddiqui, Khadija N Humayun, Hussain Karimi, and Aysha Habib Khan

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Surgical attitudes and preferences regarding choice of anaesthesia amongst orthopaedic surgeons, Sara Haider Malik, Huma Saleem, Allah Ditta Ashfaq, Nimra Haider Malik, and Tariq Abbasi

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Natural history of non-lethal raine syndrome during childhood, Chiara Mameli, Giulia Zichichi, Nasim Mahmood, Siham Chafai Elalaoui, Adnan Mirza, Poonam Dharmaraj, Marco Burrone, Elisa Cattaneo, Jayesh Sheth, and Ajit Gandhi

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Prolonged length of stay after surgery for adult congenital heart disease: A single-centre study in a developing country, Russell S. Martins, Zaiba S. Dawood, Muhammad K Y. Memon, and Saleem Akhtar

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Computational-based identification and analysis of globally expressed differential genes in high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma cell lines, Fareha Masood, Waqasuddin Khan, and Reaz Uddin

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Early life experiences and trajectories of cognitive development, Benjamin J J. McCormick, Laura E. Caulfield, Stephanie A. Richard, Laura Pendergast, Jessica C. Seidman, Angelina Maphula, Beena Koshy, Ladislaus Blacy, Reeba Roshan, and Muneera Rasheed