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Submissions from 2020

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Potentially preventable mortality in the pediatric intensive care unit: Findings from a retrospective mortality analysis, Qalab Abbas, Fozia Memon, Parveen Laghari, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, and Anwarul Haque

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Glycogen storage diseases-time to flip the outdated diagnostic approach centered on liver biopsy with the molecular testing, Sibtain Ahmed and Bushra Afroze

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Simulator-based ultrasound training for identification of endotracheal tube placement in a neonatal intensive care unit using point of care ultrasound, Khushboo Qaim Ali, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Uzair Ansari, Shaun Morris, Mark Oliver Tessaro, Shabina Ariff, and Hasan Merali

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SIOP PODC-adapted treatment guidelines for craniopharyngioma in low- and middle-income settings, Nisreen Amayiri, Ariane Spitaels, Mohamed Zaghloul, Anthony Figaji, Sergio Cavalheiro, Hermann L. Muller, Moawia Elhassan, Jeannette Parkes, Naureen Mushtaq, and Fatima Mubarak

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Neonatal fluid and electrolytes profile effect on amphotericin B associated nephrotoxicity in neonatal tertiary care unit of Karachi-Pakistan, Gul Ambreen, Arshalooz Rahman, Kashif Hussain, Mehreen Sohail, Saba Javed, Syed Shamim, Umer Ali, Khalil Ahmad, and Arjumand Rizvi

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Efficacy of colistin in multidrug-resistant neonatal sepsis: Experience from a tertiary care center in Karachi, Pakistan, Gul Ambreen, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Kashif Hussain, Syed Shamim Raza, Umer Ali, Iqbal Azam Syed, Junaid Iqbal, and Zafar Fatmi

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Environmental surveillance as a tool for identifying high-risk settings for typhoid transmission, Jason R. Andrews, Alexander T. Yu, Senjuti Saha, Jivan Shakya, Kristen Aiemjoy, Lily Horng, Farah Qamar, Denise Garret, Stephen Baker, Samir Saha, and Stephen P. Luby

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Biological sensitivity to context in Pakistani preschoolers: Hair cortisol and family wealth are interactively associated with girls' cognitive skills, Emma Armstrong-Carter, Jenna E. Finch, Saima Siyal, Aisha K. Yousafzai, and Jelena Obradović

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Prescribing patterns of antihypertensive medications in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review, Verda Arshad, Zainab Samad, Jai K. Das, Aysha Almas, Nouman Rashid, Salim S. Virani, Gerald S. Bloomfield, Tazeen H. Jafar, and Bilal Ahmed

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What does severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 mean for global pneumonia prevention, diagnosis, and treatment?, Shally Awasthi, Harry Campbell, Charles S. Dela Cruz, Hamish R. Graham, Leith Greenslade, Fyezah Jehan, and Heather J. Zar

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Pediatric congenital heart diseases: Patterns of presentation to the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital, Surraiya Bano, Saleem Akhtar, and Uzma R. Khan

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Pilot phase experience of the international quality improvement collaborative catheterization registry, Oliver M. Barry, Fatima Ali, Miguel Ronderos, Abish Sudhaker, R Krishna Kumar, Marhisham C. Mood, Carlos Corona-Villalobos, Dinh Toai Nguyen, Kaitlin Doherty-Schmeck, and Babar Hasan

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Story of Lyari, Rabab Batool

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Evaluating implementation of "management of possible serious bacterial infection (PSBI) when referral is not feasible" in primary health care facilities in Sindh province, Pakistan, Maria Asif Bhura, Shabina Ariff, Shamim Ahmad Qazi, Zaitoon Qazi, Imran Ahmed, Yasir Bin Nisar, Zamir Suhag, Abdul Wahab Soomro, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Covid-19 risks and response in South Asia, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Buddha Basnyat, Samir Saha, and Ramanan Laxminarayan

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The surveillance for enteric fever in asia project (SEAP), severe typhoid fever surveillance in Africa (SETA), surveillance of enteric fever in India (SEFI), and strategic typhoid alliance across Africa and Asia (STRATAA) population-based enteric fever studies: A Review of methodological similarities and differences, Megan E. Carey, William R. MacWrigh, Justin Im, James E. Meiring, Malick M. Gibani, Se Eun Park, Ashley Longley, Hyon Jin Jeon, Caitlin Hemlock, and Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai

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The diversity of lipopolysaccharide (O) and capsular polysaccharide (K) antigens of invasive klebsiella pneumoniae in a multi-country collection, Myeongjin Choi, Nicolas Hegerle, Joseph Nkeze, Shaichi Sen, Sanchita Jamindar, Shamima Nasrin, Sunil Sen, Jasnehta Permala-Booth, James Sinclair, and Sadia Shakoor

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Cardiac Abnormalities seen in pediatric patients during the SARS-CoV2 pandemic: An international experience, Bradley C. Clark, Joan Sanchez-de-Toledo, Carles Bautista-Rodriguez, Nadine Choueiter, Diego Lara, Hechaan Kang, Shazia Mohsin, Alain Fraisse, Sergi Cesar, and Nadeem Aslam

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Impact of conflict on maternal and child health service delivery - how and how not: A country case study of conflict affected areas of Pakistan, Jai K. Das, Zahra Ali Padhani, Sultana Jabeen, Arjumand Rizvi, Uzair Ansari, Malika Fatima, Ghulam Akbar, Wardah Ahmed, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Paediatric porphyria and human hemin: A treatment challenge in a lower middle income country, Syeda Anum Fatima, Humaira Jurair, Qalab Abbas, and Arshalooz Rahman

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Researching the delivery of health and nutrition interventions for women and children in the context of armed conflict: Lessons on research challenges and strategies from BRANCH Consortium case studies of Somalia, Mali, Pakistan and Afghanistan, Michelle F. Gaffey, Anushka Ataullahjan, Jai K. Das, Mohammed Shafiq Mirzazada, Moctar Tounkara, Abdirisak A. Dalmar, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Performance of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of pediatric pneumonia in Mozambique and Pakistan, Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Fyezah Jehan, Rubao Bila, Alessandro Lamorte, Jun Hwang, Lola Madrid, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Benazir Baloch, and Naila Nadeem

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Early intervention physical therapy using "parent empowerment program" for children with Down syndrome in Pakistan: A feasibility study, Zehra Habib-Hasan, Memoona Salman Sheikh, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Iqbal Azam Syed, and Margaret O'Nei

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Impact of home-based family planning counselling and referral on modern contraceptive use in Karachi, Pakistan: A retrospective, cross-sectional matched control study, Kristy Hackett, Elizabeth Henry, Imtiaz Hussain, Mirbaz Khan, Khalid Feroz, Navdep Kaur, Ryoko Sato, Sajid Bashir Soofi, David Canning, and Iqbal Shah

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Characteristics of preterm with sight threatening retinopathy of prematurity, Muhammad Hanif, Shabina Ariff, Aisha Ansar, Khabir Ahmad, and Ali Shabbir Hussain

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Machine learning model demonstrates stunting at birth and systemic inflammatory biomarkers as predictors of subsequent infant growth - A four-year prospective study, Elizabeth Harrison, Sana Syed, Lubaina Ehsan, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Kamran Sadiq, Fayyaz Umrani, Sheraz Ahmed, Najeeb Rahman, Sadaf Jakhro, Jennie Z. Ma, Molly Hughes, and Syed Asad Ali

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Challenges and special aspects of pulmonary hypertension in middle- to low-income regions: JACC state-of-the-art review, Babar Hasan, Georg Hansmann, Werner Budts, Alexandra Heath, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Zhi-Cheng Jing, Martin Koestenberger, Katharina Meinel, Ana Olga Mocumbi, and Ganna D. Radchenko

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Seasonal influence on postoperative hip fracture complications: Retrospective cohort of more than 1000 patients from a tertiary-care university hospital, Obada Hasan, Mashal Amin, Fatima Mahmood, Amna Rabbani, Umar Rabbani, and Shahryar Noordin

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Do new trainees pose a threat to postoperative complications after hip fracture surgeries? Retrospective cohort of 1045 patients over a decade at a university hospital, Obada Hasan, Mashal Amin, Umar Rabbani, Amna Rabbani, Fatima Mahmood, and Shahryar Noordin

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A framework for improving parent satisfaction with the inpatient pediatric admission process: Experience from a low-resource setting, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Muneera Rasheed, Farheen Sherali, Sehrish Hussain, Rahmat Hassan, Aneela Hameed, Rashid Ali, and Babar Hasan

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CLABSI reduction using evidence based interventions and nurse empowerment: A quality improvement initiative from a tertiary care NICU in Pakistan, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Anjum Mohyuddin Ahmed, Saba Arbab, Shabina Ariff, Syed Rehan Ali, Simon Demas, Jehan Zeb, Arjumand Rizvi, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, and Joveria Farooqi

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Intravenous vs intravenous plus aerosolized colistin for treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia - A matched case-control study in neonates, Kashif Hussain, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Gul Ambreen, Ambreen Mughal, Sidra Idrees, Mehreen Sohail, and Javaid Iqbal

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Reduction of cardiac iron overload by optimising iron chelation therapy in transfusion dependent thalassaemia using cardiac T2* MRI: A quality improvement project from Pakistan, Shabneez Hussain, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Fatima Ali, Erum Hasan, Najveen Alvi, Aijaz Hussain, Khajista Ishrat, Zia Ur Rahman, Azizuddin Qamruddin, Azra Parvin, and Babar Hasan

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Correction to: Epidemiology of patients presenting to a pediatric emergency department in Karachi, Pakistan, Nadir Ijaz, Matthew Strehlow, N Ewen Wang, Elizabeth Pirrotta, Areeba Tariq, Naseeruddin Mahmood, and Swaminatha Mahadevan

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A race against time: Reduced azithromycin susceptibility in salmonella enterica serovar typhi in Pakistan, Junaid Iqbal, Irum Fatima Dehraj, Megan E. Carey, Zoe A. Dyson, Denise Garrett, Jessica C. Seidman, Furqan Kabir, Senjuti Saha, Stephen Baker, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Sepsis induced pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) - Are biomarkers the answer in a resource limited setting?, Sidra Ishaque

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Elective tracheostomy in critically ill children: A 10-year single-center experience from a lower-middle income country, Sidra Ishaque, Anwarul Haque, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Hamdan Mallick, and Saad Nasir

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Neurocognitive abilities in individuals with down syndrome-A narrative review, Sidra Kaleem Jafri and Karen Elizabeth Harman

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Low vaccination in rural Sindh, Pakistan: A case of refusal, ignorance or access?, Durenaz Jamal, Shehla Zaidi, Sara Husain, David W. Orr, Atif Riaz, Asif A. Farrukhi, and Rabia Najmi Taha

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Multiomics characterization of preterm birth in low- and middle-income countries, Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Muhammad Ilyas, Usma Mehmood, Aneeta Hotwani, Ambreen Nizar, Sajid Muhammad, Waqasuddin Khan, Javairia Khalid, and Furqan Kabir

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Randomized trial of amoxicillin for pneumonia in Pakistan, Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Salima Kerai, Benazir Baloch, Nick Brown, Najeeb Rahman, Arjumand Rizvi, Yasir Shafiq, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Amoxicillin course length or use in childhood pneumonia in underserved areas. Reply, Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, and Arjumand Rizvi

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Current challenges of digital health interventions in Pakistan: Mixed methods analysis, Abdul Momin Kazi, Saad Ahmed Qazi, Nazia Ahsan, Sadori Khawaja, Fareeha Sameen, Muhammad Ayub Khan Mughal, Zabin Wajidali, Hussain Kalimuddin, Yasir Rauf, and Fatima Mahmood

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Position paper: Challenges and specific strategies for constitutional mismatch repair deficiency syndrome in low-resource settings, Rejin Kebudi, Nisreen Amayiri, Malak Abedalthagafi, Asım Noor Rana, Salman Kirmani, Naureen Musthaq, Zakiya Al Lamki, Jamila El Houdzi, Hulya Yazici, and Shahenda El-Naggar

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Effectiveness of wheat soya blend supplementation during pregnancy and lactation on pregnancy outcomes and nutritional status of their infants at 6 months of age in Thatta and Sujawal districts of Sindh, Pakistan: A cluster randomized-controlled trial, Gul Nawaz Khan, Shabina Ariff, Sumra Kureishy, Muhammad Sajid, Arjumand Rizvi, Cecilia Garzon, Mica Jenkins, Saskia de Pee, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Specialized nutritious food combined with cash transfers and social and behavior change communication to prevent stunting among children aged 6 to 23 months in Pakistan: Protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial, Gul Nawaz Khan, Sumra Kureishy, Shabina Ariff, Atif Habib, Asra Abeer Usmani, Areeba Mubarik, Masawar Hussain, Naveed Akbar, Pablo Rodriguez De Castro, Alba Cecilia Garzon, Saskia De Pee, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Effect of lipid-based nutrient supplement-Medium quantity on reduction of stunting in children 6-23 months of age in Sindh, Pakistan: A cluster randomized controlled trial, Gul Nawaz Khan, Sumra Kureishy, Shabina Ariff, Arjumand Rizvi, Muhammad Sajid, Cecilia Garzon, Ali Ahmad Khan, Saskia de Pee, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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A descriptive study of double burden of malnutrition in mothers of children with severe acute malnutrition admitted in children hospital and institute of child health, Multan, Saadia Khan, Umme Ammara, Reema Arshad, Farah Naz, and Kamran Ishfaq

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Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on paediatric services at a referral centre in Pakistan: Lessons from a low-income and middle-income country setting, Salman Kirmani and Ali Faisal Saleem Dr

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Reasons for facebook usage: Data from 46 countries, Marta Kowal, Piotr Sorokowski, Agnieszka Sorokowska, Małgorzata Dobrowolska, Katarzyna Pisanski, Anna Oleszkiewicz, Toivo Aavik, Grace Akello, Charlotte Alm, and Rizwana Shaikh

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Exploring the influence of socio-cultural factors and environmental resources on the health related quality of life of children and adolescents after congenital heart disease surgery: parental perspectives from a low middle income country, Laila Ladak, Robyn Gallagher, Babar Hasan, Khadija Awais, Ahmed Abdullah, and Janice Gullick

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Health-related quality of life in adult CHD surgical patients in a low middle-income country: A mixed-methods study, Laila Ladak, Robyn Gallagher, Babar Hasan, Khadija Awais, Ahmed Abdullah, and Janice Gullick

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Diarrhoeal disease and subsequent risk of death in infants and children residing in low-income and middle-income countries: Analysis of the gems case-control study and 12-month gems-1a follow-on study, Myron M. Levine, Dilruba Nasrin, Sozinho Acácio, Quique Bassat, Helen Powell, Sharon M. Tennant, Samba O. Sow, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Shahida Qureshi, and Farheen Quadri

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A novel histological index for evaluation of environmental enteric dysfunction identifies geographic-specific features of enteropathy among children with suboptimal growth, Ta-Chiang Liu, Kelley VanBuskirk, Syed Asad Ali, M. Paul Kelly, Lori R. Holtz, Omer H. Yilmaz, Kamran Sadiq, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Beatrice Amadi, and Sana Syed

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Management practices for west syndrome in south Asia: A survey study and meta-analysis, Priyanka Madaan, Prem Chand, Kyaw Linn, Jithangi Wanigasinghe, Mimi Lhamu Mynak, Prakash Poudel, Raili Riikonen, Amit Kumar, Pooja Dhir, Sandeep Negi, and Jitendra Kumar Sahu

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Pivoting dental practice management during the COVID-19 pandemic-A systematic review, Syed Sarosh Mahdi, Zohaib Ahmed, Raheel Allana, Alessandro Peretti, Francesco Amenta, Mohammed Bijle, Liang Lin Seow, and Umer Daood

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Surgical attitudes and preferences regarding choice of anaesthesia amongst orthopaedic surgeons, Sara Haider Malik, Huma Saleem, Allah Ditta Ashfaq, Nimra Haider Malik, and Tariq Abbasi

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Natural history of non-lethal raine syndrome during childhood, Chiara Mameli, Giulia Zichichi, Nasim Mahmood, Siham Chafai Elalaoui, Adnan Mirza, Poonam Dharmaraj, Marco Burrone, Elisa Cattaneo, Jayesh Sheth, and Ajit Gandhi

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Prolonged length of stay after surgery for adult congenital heart disease: A single-centre study in a developing country, Russell S. Martins, Zaiba S. Dawood, Muhammad K Y. Memon, and Saleem Akhtar

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Computational-based identification and analysis of globally expressed differential genes in high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma cell lines, Fareha Masood, Waqasuddin Khan, and Reaz Uddin

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Early life experiences and trajectories of cognitive development, Benjamin J J. McCormick, Laura E. Caulfield, Stephanie A. Richard, Laura Pendergast, Jessica C. Seidman, Angelina Maphula, Beena Koshy, Ladislaus Blacy, Reeba Roshan, and Muneera Rasheed

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Duration of post-diarrheal enteric pathogen carriage in young children in low-resource settings, Timothy L. McMurry, Elizabeth T Rogawski McQuade, Jie Liu, Gagandeep Kang, Margaret N. Kosek, Aldo A M. Lima, Pascal O. Bessong, Amidou Samie, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Typhoid and paratyphoid cost of illness in Pakistan: Patient and health facility costs from the surveillance for enteric fever in Asia project II, Nelly Mejia, Farah Qamar, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Jamal Raza, Denise O. Garrett, Kashmira Date, Taiwo Abimbola, and Sarah W. Pallas

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Acute kidney injury after congenital heart disease surgery: A single-center experience in a low- to middle-income country, Fatima Mir, Misha Khalid Khan, Bilal Mirza, Sonia Qureshi Jr, and Qalab Abbas

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HIV infection predominantly affecting children in Sindh, Pakistan, 2019: A cross-sectional study of an outbreak, Fatima Mir, Syed Faisal Mahmood, amna siddiqui, Shehla Baqi, Syed Hani Abidi, Abdul Momin Kazi, Aspara Ali, Amerta Ladhani, Farah Qamar, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Sikander Ali Memon, Jamila Soomro, Saqib Ali Shaikh, Victoria Simms, Palwasha Khan, and Rashida Abbas Ferrand

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Serum amoxicillin levels in young infants (0-59 days) with sepsis treated with oral amoxicillin, Fatima Mir, Robin E. Pearce, Naila Baig-Ansari, Shamim Qazi, Jeffrey S. Barrett, Susan Abdel-Rahman, Greg Kearns, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Impact of conflict on maternal and child health service delivery: A country case study of Afghanistan, Mohammed Shafiq Mirzazada, Zahra Ali Padhani, Sultana Jabeen, Malika Fatima, Arjumand Rizvi, Uzair Ansari, Jai K. Das, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Paediatric respiratory isolation: A challenge for a secondary care hospital! A service innovation project, Nadia Mohammad, Shireen Mohammad, Arjumand Sohaila, Syed Mohammad Yousuf, Adnan Khan, Rahila Meghani, Kashif Sajwani, Khalil Ahmad, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, and Pawan Vash

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Nutritional support for lactating women with or without azithromycin for infants compared to breastfeeding counseling alone in improving the 6-month growth outcomes among infants of peri-urban slums in Karachi, Pakistan-The protocol for a multiarm assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial (Mumta LW trial), Ameer Muhammad, Yasir Shafiq, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Benazir Baloch, Amna Tanweer, Nida Yazdani, and Fyezah Jehan

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Strategies to improve coverage of typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV) immunization campaign in Karachi, Pakistan, Farah Qamar Naz, Rabab Batool, Sonia Qureshi, Miqdad Ali, Tahira Sadaf, Junaid Mehmood, Khalid Iqbal, Akram Sultan, Noah Duff, and Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai

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Outcomes of BRAF V600E pediatric gliomas treated with targeted BRAF inhibition, Liana Nobre, Michal Zapotocky, Vijay Ramaswamy, Scott Ryall, Julie Bennett, Daniel Alderete, Julia Balaguer Guill, Lorena Baroni, Ute Bartels, and Naureen Mushtaq

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Vitamin C supplementation for prevention and treatment of pneumonia, Zahra Ali Padhani, Zorays Moazzam, Alina Ashraf, Hasana Bilal, Rehana Salam, Jai K. Das, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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The clinical presentation of culture-positive and culture-negative, qPCR-attributable shigellosis in the global enteric multicenter study and derivation of a shigella severity score: Implications for pediatric shigella vaccine trials, Patricia B. Pavlinac, James A. Platts-Mills, Kirkby D. Tickell, Furqan Kabir, Farah Qamar, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Adil Kalam, Fatima Aziz, Shahida Qureshi, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Emerging challenges and threats for dental health care sector attributable to COVID-19: Tale of a developing country, Asma Sadruddin Pethani, Raheel Rehman Allana, and Mehmood Hussain

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Adverse events following immunization with typhoid conjugate vaccine in an outbreak setting in Hyderabad, Pakistan, Farah Qamar, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Asif Khaliq, Sultan Karim, Hina Memon, Amber Junejo, Inayat Baig, Najeeb Rehman, Shafqat Bhurgry, Hina Afroz, and Uzma Sami

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Diabetes conversation map - A novel tool for diabetes management self-efficacy among type 2 diabetes patients in Pakistan: A randomized controlled trial, Rubina Qasim, Sarfaraz Masih, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Hakim Shah, Abdul Manan, Yousaf Shah, Muhammad Yaqoob, Abida Razzaq, Ajmal Khan, and Atiya Rahman Khan Rohilla

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The spectrum of primary immunodeficiencies at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan, Sonia Qureshi, Fatima Mir, Samina Junejo, Khalid Saleem, Samreen Zaidi, Abdullah B. Naveed, Khalil Ahmad, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Response of extensively drug resistant salmonella typhi to treatment with meropenem and azithromycin, in Pakistan, Sonia Qureshi, Abdullah B. Naveed, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Khalil Ahmad, Sarwat Ansari, Heeramani Lohana, Aiman Mukhtar, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Frequency of early-onset neonatal sepsis following prolonged rupture of membranes, Heeranand Rathore, Arshalooz Rahman, Muhammad Salman, Muhammad Nasir, and Seharish Sherali

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Role of oxidative stress and altered thyroid hormones in unexplained infertility, Rehana Rehman, Hiba Ismail Rajpar, Mussarat Ashraf, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Salima Lalani, and Faiza Alam

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Fetal cerebellar growth and sylvian fissure maturation: International standards from the Fetal growth longitudinal study of the INTERGROWTH-21st project, María J. Rodriguez‐Sibaja, José Villar, Eric O. Ohuma, Raffaele Napolitano, Sabrina Heyl, Maria Carvalho, Yasmin A. Jaffer, J. Alison Noble, Manuela Oberto, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Protection from natural immunity against enteric infections and etiology-specific diarrhea in a longitudinal birth cohort, Elizabeth T. Rogawski McQuade, Jie Liu, Gagandeep Kang, Margaret N. Kosek, Aldo A. M Lima, Pascal O. Bessong, Amidou Samie, Rashidul Haque, Estomih R. Mduma, Pascal O. Bessong, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on pediatric oncology care in the Middle East, North Africa, and West Asia region: A report from the pediatric oncology east and mediterranean (POEM) group, Raya Saab, Anas Obeid, Fatiha Gachi, Houda Boudiaf, Lilit Sargsyan, Khulood Al-Saad, Tamar Javakhadze, Azim Mehrvar, Sawsan Sati Abbas, Naureen Mushtaq, and Asim Belgaumi

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Management of west syndrome during COVID-19 pandemic: A viewpoint from south Asian west syndrome research group, Jitendra Kumar Sahu, Priyanka Madaan, Prem Chand, Amit Kumar, Kyaw Linn, Mimi Lhamu Mynak, Prakash Poudel, and Jithangi Wanigasinghe

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Pediatric hematology oncology during SARS-CoV-2: A brief communication of 28 patients and changes in clinical practice from a single institute in Pakistan, Mir Ibrahim Sajid, Sadaf Altaf, Naureen Mushtaq, Asim Belgaumi, and Zehra Fadoo

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The gut of healthy infants in the community as a reservoir of ESBL and carbapenemase-producing bacteria, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, Ahreen Allana, Lauren Hale, Alondra Diaz, Raul Salinas, Cristina Salinas, Shahida Qureshi, Aneeta Hotwani, Najeeb Rehman, Asia Khan, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Patrick C. Seed, and Mehreen Arshad

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One-year decline of poliovirus antibodies following fractional-dose inactivated poliovirus vaccine, Ali Faisal Saleem, Ondrej Mach, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Zaubina Kazi, Attaullah Baig, Muhammad Sajid, Vishali Jeyaseelan, Roland W. Sutter, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Availability, use, and satisfaction of personal protective equipment among healthcare workers: A cross-sectional assessment of low- and middle-income countries, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Ammar Anwer, Muzna Sarfraz, and Javaria Siddiq

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Epidemiology of shigella infections and diarrhea in the first two years of life using culture-independent diagnostics in 8 low-resource settings, Fariha Shaheen, Furqan Kabir, Arjumand Rizvi, Fatima Aziz, Adil Kalam, Shahida Qureshi, Sadia Shakoor, Ali Turab, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and Najeeha Talat Iqbal

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Impact of treatment with RUTF on plasma lipid profiles of severely malnourished Pakistani children, Engy Shokry, Kamran Sadiq, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Atif Habib, Naveed Bhutto, Arjumand Rizvi, Imran Ahmed, Hans Demmelmair, Olaf Uhl, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and Berthold Koletzko

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Laboratory blood testing in paediatric intensive care unit of a university hospital: Are we doing it appropriately?, Hafsa Sohail; Shazia Bibi; Mahnaz Hakeem,; Anwarul Haque; and Qalab Abbas

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Universality of the triangular theory of love: Adaptation and psychometric properties of the triangular love scale in 25 countries, Piotr Sorokowski, Agnieszka Sorokowska, Maciej Karwowski, Agata Groyecka, Toivo Aavik, Grace Akello, Charlotte Alm, Naumana Amjad, Afifa Anjum, and Rizwana Shaikh

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Dialing in prevention of childhood stunting and diarrhea in low-income countries, Sana Syed and Sean R. Moore

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Assessing early childhood fluid reasoning in low- and middle-income nations: Validity of the Wechsler preschool and primary scale of intelligence across seven MAL-ED Sites, Linda uan-Iu, Laura L. Pendergast, Muneera Rasheed, Fahmida Tofail, Erling Svensen, Angelina Maphula, Reeba Roshan, Baitun Nahar, Rita Shrestha, and Brittney Williams

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Late weaning and maternal closeness, associated with advanced motor and visual maturation, reinforce autonomy in healthy, 2-year-old children, José Villar, Roseline Ochieng, Eleonora Staines-Urias, Michelle Fernandes, Marc Ratcliff, Manorama Purwar, Fernando Barros, Bernardo Horta, Maria Carvalho, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Immunity and field efficacy of type 2-containing polio vaccines after cessation of trivalent oral polio vaccine: A population-based serological study in Pakistan, Arie Voorman, Atif Habib, Imtiaz Hussain, Rana Muhammad Safdar, Jamal A. Ahmed, William C. Weldon, Imran Ahmed, Muhammad Umer, Jeffrey Partridge, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Global burden of acute lower respiratory infection associated with human metapneumovirus in children under 5 years in 2018: A systematic review and modelling study, Xin Wang, You Li, Maria Deloria-Knoll, Shabir A. Madhi, Cheryl Cohen, Syed Asad Ali, Sudha Basne, Quique Bassat, W Abdullah Brooks, and Malinee Chittaganpitch

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Global burden of respiratory infections associated with seasonal influenza in children under 5 years in 2018: A systematic review and modelling study, Xin Wang, You Li, Katherine L. O'Brien, Qalab Abbas, Syed Asad Ali, Respiratory Virus Global Epidemiology Network, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Antenatal dexamethasone for early preterm birth in low-resource countries, WHO ACTION Trials Collaborators, Olufemi T. Oladapo, Joshua P. Vogel, Gilda Piaggio, My-Huong Nguyen, Fernando Althab, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Shabina Ariff, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Lumaan Sheikh

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Successful completion of pregnancy after mustard procedure for transposition of great arteries: A rare case from the developing world, Muhammad Kamran Younis Memon, Ayesha Malik, and Saleem Akhtar