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Submissions from 2021

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Nutritional perspectives for the prevention and mitigation of COVID-19, Saeed Akhtar, Jai K. Das, Tariq Ismail, Muqeet Wahid, Wisha Saeed, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Impact of local terminology on the design of a community-based diagnostic and management algorithm for postpartum sepsis: Findings of formative research, Shabina Ariff, Fatima Mir, Wafa Aftab, Farrukh Raza, Shujaat Zaidi, Sheraz Memon, Amnesty LeFevre, Linda A. Bartlett, Peter Winch, Sajid Bashir Soofi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Bovine lactoferrin to prevent neonatal infections in low-birth-weight newborns in Pakistan: Protocol for a three-arm double-blind randomized controlled trial, Shabina Ariff, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Almas Aamir, Michelle D'Almeida, Arzina Aziz Ali, Ashraful Alam, and Michael Dibley

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Enteric fever, Buddha Basnyat, Farah Naz Qamar, Priscilla Rupali, Tahmeed Ahmed, and Christopher M. Parry

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Uterine artery embolization combined with methotrexate for broad ligament ectopic pregnancy in a 30-year old primigravida, Khurram Khaliq Bhinder, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Shaista Riaz, Samreen Aslam, and Zouina Ameena

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Correlation of severity of COVID-19 disease with gastrointestinal manifestations and liver injury - A north Brooklyn community hospital experience: A retrospective cohort study, Kitson Deane, Ajay Singh, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Lyam Ciccone, Beishi Zheng, Arslan Afzal, Gulam Khan, Giovanna Rodriguez, and Gul Bahtiyar

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The role and challenges of cluster randomised trials for global health, Louis Dron, Monica Taljaard, Yin Bun Cheung, Rebecca Grais, Nathan Ford, Kristian Thorlund, Fyezah Jehan, Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Denis Xavier, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Jay J H. Park, and Edward J. Mills

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The effect of a culturally sensitive mental well-being module on Pakistani nursing students' knowledge and beliefs regarding their own mental health and illness, Salima Farooq, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Yasmin Parpio, Sonia Ijaz Haider, Shirin Rahim, Aspara Ali, and David Arthur

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Serial lung ultrasounds in pediatric pneumonia in Mozambique and Pakistan, Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Lola Madrid, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Benazir Baloch, Pio Vitorino, Jun Hwang, Alessandro Lamort, Nee Kanth, and Fyezah Jehan

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Lung ultrasound patterns in paediatric pneumonia in Mozambique and Pakistan, Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Pio Vitorino, Zunera Qasim, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Jun Hwang Jun Hwang, Alessandro Lamorte, Marta Valente, Benazir Baloch, Muhammad Imran Nisar, and Fyezah Jehan

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Abstract to publication conversion in pediatric critical care medicine in Pakistan, Anwarul Haque, Mohammad Shahzad, Humaira Jurair, Naveed ur Rehman Siddiqui, Sidra Ishaque, and Qalab Abbas

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Evaluating motor performance with the Bruininks-Oseretsky test of motor proficiency in impoverished Pakistani children, Zehra Habib Hasan, Fariha Shaheen, Arjumand Rizvi, Jelena Obradovic, and Aisha Khan Yousafzai

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Machine learning for child and adolescent health: A systematic review, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Sarah Masroor Jeelani, Abeer Aziz, Muhammad Ibrahim Habib, Bilal Iqbal, Waqaas Akmal, Khan Siddiqui, Babar Hasan, Mariska Leeflang, and Jai K. Das

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The impact of maternal preeclampsia and hyperglycemia on the cardiovascular health of the offspring: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Nuruddin Badruddin Mohammed, Karim Rizwan Nathani, Saima Sattar, Devyani Chowdhury, Shiraz Maskatia, Seda Tierney, Babar Hasan, and Jai K. Das

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Cardiovascular dysfunction in children exposed to preeclampsia during fetal life, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Nuruddin Badruddin Mohammed, Shafquat Rozi, Nadeem Aslam, Shazia Mohsin, Salima Ashiqali, Hina Ali, Saima Sattar, Devyani Chowdhury, and Babar Sultan Hasan

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Development of an international standard set of clinical and patient-reported outcomes for children and adults with congenital heart disease: A report from the international consortium for health outcomes measurement congenital heart disease working group, Kevin Hummel, Sarah Whittaker, Nick Sillett, Amy Basken, Malin Berghammer, Tomás Chalela, Julie Chauhan, Luis Antonio Garcia, Babar Hasan, and Laila Ladak

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Effectiveness of management of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) through community health workers as compared to a traditional facility-based model: A cluster randomized controlled trial, Imtiaz Hussain, Atif Habib, Shabina Ariff, Gul Nawaz Khan, Arjumand Rizvi, Suhail Channar, Abid Hussain, Shahid Fazal, Deepak Kumar, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Meropenem-induced pancytopenia in a preterm neonate: A case report, Kashif Hussain, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Naureen Mohammad, Ambreen Mughal, Sidra Idrees, Javaid Iqbal, and Gul Ambreen

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Mucosal genomics implicate lymphocyte activation and lipid metabolism in refractory environmental enteric dysfunction, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Najeeb Rahman, Kamran Sadiq, Zubair Ahmad, Romana Idress, Junaid Iqbal, Sheraz Ahmed, Aneeta Hotwani, Fayyaz Umrani, Sana Syed, and Syed Asad Ali

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Characteristics of salmonella recovered from stools of children enrolled in the global enteric multicenter study, Irene N. Kasumba, Caisey V. Pulford, Blanca M. Perez-Sepulveda, Sunil Sen, Nurulla Sayed, Jasnehta Permala-Booth, Sofie Livio Sofie Livio, Darren Heavens Darren Heavens, Ross Low Ross Low, Shahida Qureshi, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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Teleneurology based management of infantile spasms during COVID-19 pandemic: A consensus report by the south Asia allied west syndrome research group, Priyanka Madaan, Jitendra Kumar Sahu, Jithangi Wanigasinghe, Kanij Fatema, Kyaw Linn, Mimi Lhamu Mynak, Nicolás Garófalo Gómez, Pauline Samia, Prakash Poudel, and Prem Chand

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Health-related quality of life in adults with tetralogy of Fallot repair: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Mahim Malik, Zaiba S. Dawood, Mahin Janjua, Sardar Shahmir Babar Chauhan, and Laila Ladak

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Risk factors and outcomes of prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time in surgery for adult congenital heart disease: A single-center study from a low-middle-income country, Russell S. Martins, Ronika Devi Ukrani, Muhammad K. Memon, Waris Ahmad, and Saleem Akhtar

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Duration of postdiarrheal enteric pathogen carriage in young children in low-resource settings, Timothy L. McMurry, Elizabeth T Rogawski McQuade, Jie Liu, Gagandeep Kang, Margaret N. Kosek, Aldo A M. Lima, Pascal O. Bessong, Amidou Samie, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Silent epidemic of childhood bronchiectasis in Pakistan: An infectious disease physician's perspective, Fatima Mir

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Factors associated with HIV infection among children in Larkana district, Pakistan: A matched case-control study, Fatima Mir, Aspara Ali, Victoria Simms, Syed Hani Abidi, Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Aneeta Hotwani, Sikander Ali Memon, Saqib Ali Shaikh, Syed Faisal Mahmood, and Rashida Abbas Ferrand

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Multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) in Pakistani children: A description of the phenotypes and comparison with historical cohorts of children with Kawasaki disease and myocarditis, Shazia Mohsin, Qalab Abbas, Devyani Chowdhary, Farah Khalid, Abdul Sattar Sheikh, Zuviya Ghazala Ali Khan, Nadeem Aslam, Omaima Anis Bhatti, Maha Inam, Ali Faisal Saleem, and Adnan T. Bhutta

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Disease surveillance for the COVID-19 era: Time for bold changes, Oliver W. Morgan, Ximena Aguilera, Andrea Ammon, John Amuasi, Ibrahima Socé Fall, Tom Frieden, David Heymann, Chikwe Ihekweazu, Eun-Kyeong Jeong, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Clinical, neuroimaging, and molecular spectrum of TECPR2-associated hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy with intellectual disability, Sonja Neuser, Barbara Brechmann, Gali Heimer, Ines Brösse, Susanna Schubert, Lauren O'Grady, Michael Zech, Siddharth Srivastava, Shahnaz Ibrahim, and Fatima Khan

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A pathogenic UFSP2 variant in an autosomal recessive form of pediatric neurodevelopmental anomalies and epilepsy, Min Ni, Bushra Afroze, Chao Xing, Chunxiao Pan, Yanqiu Shao, Ling Cai, Brandi L. Cantarel, Jimin Pei, Nick V. Grishin, and Stacy Hewson

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Direct and indirect effect of 10 valent pneumococcal vaccine on nasopharyngeal carriage in children under 2 years of age in Matiari, Pakistan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Sheraz Ahmed, Fyezah Jehan, Shahira Shahid, Sadia Shakoor, Furqan Kabir, Aneeta Hotwani, Sahrish Munir, Sajid Muhammad, Farah Khalid, Syed Asad Ali, Anita K. M. Zaidi, and Najeeha Talat Iqbal

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Serial population-based serosurveys for COVID-19 in two neighbourhoods of Karachi, Pakistan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Nadia Ansari, Farah Khalid, Mashal Amin, Hamna Shahbaz, Aneeta Hotwani, Najeeb Rehman, Usma Mehmood, Arjumand Rizvi, Junaid Iqbal, Ali Faisal Saleem, and Fyezah Jehan

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Impact of 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) on nasopharyngeal carriage in children 2 years of age: Data from a four-year time series cross-sectional study from Pakistan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Shahira Shahid, Sajid Muhammad, Farah Khalid, Amjad Hussain, Sheraz Ahmed, Sadia Shakoor, Furqan Kabir, Aneeta Hotwani, Syed Asad Ali, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Fyezah Jehan, and Najeeha Talat Iqbal

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Urgently seeking efficiency and sustainability of clinical trials in global health, Jay J H. Park, Rebecca F. Grais, Monica Taljaard, Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Fyezah Jehan, Jean B. Nachega, Nathan Ford, Denis Xavier, Andre P. Kengne, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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How COVID-19 has fundamentally changed clinical research in global health, Jay J H. Park, Robin Mogg, Gerald E. Smith, Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Fyezah Jehan, Craig R. Rayner, Jeanine Condo, Eric H. Decloedt, Jean B. Nachega, Gilmar Reis, and Edward J. Mills

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Prevalence and risk factors associated with multi-drug resistant organisms (MDRO) carriage among pediatric patients at the time of admission in a tertiary care hospital of a developing country. A cross-sectional study, Sonia Qureshi, Noshi Maria, Mohammad Zeeshan, Seema Irfan, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Development and feasibility testing of a play-based psychosocial intervention for reduced patient stress in a pediatric care setting: Experiences from Pakistan, Muneera A. Rasheed, Vardah Bharuchi, Waliyah Mughis, and Ayesha Hussain

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Use of artificial intelligence on electroencephalogram (EEG) waveforms to predict failure in early school grades in children from a rural cohort in Pakistan, Muneera A. Rasheed, Prem Chand, Saad Ahmed, Hamza Sharif, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Ayat Siddiqui, and Babar S. Hasan

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Implementation and evaluation of a social media-based communication strategy to enhance employee engagement: Experiences from a children's hospital, Pakistan, Muneera A. Rasheed, Alma Arshad Hookmani, Sana Waleed, H Sundus Fatima, Soha Siddiqui, Muhammad Khurram, and Babar Hasan

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Feasibility, usability and acceptability of paediatric lung ultrasound among healthcare providers and caregivers for the diagnosis of childhood pneumonia in resource-constrained settings: A qualitative study, Atif Riaz, Olga Cambaco, Laura Elizabeth Ellington, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Khatia Munguambe, Usma Mehmood, Sana Qaisar, Benazir Baloch, Muhammad Imran Nisar, and Fyezah Jehan

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A public health approach for deciding policy on infant feeding and mother-infant contact in the context of COVID-19, Nigel Rollins, Nicole Minckas, Fyezah Jehan, Rakesh Lodha, Daniel Raiten, Claire Thorne, Philippe Van de Perre, Mija Ververs, Neff Walker, and Rajiv Bahl

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High flow nasal cannula therapy in children with acute respiratory insufficiency in the pediatric intensive care unit of a resource-limited country: A preliminary experience, Bushra Saeed, Asim Azim, Anwar Ul Haque, and Qalab Abbas

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Frequency of immediate neonatal complications (hypoglycemia and neonatal jaundice) in late preterm and term neonates, Muhammad Salman, Heeranand Rathore, Shabina Ariff, Rashid Ali, Ausaf Ahmed Khan, and Muhammad Nasir

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Understanding and promoting racial diversity in healthcare settings to address disparities in pandemic crisis management, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Alanna Barrios, Kuchalambal Agadi, Sindhu Thevuthasan, Krunal Pandav, Manish Kc, Muzna Sarfraz, Pedram Rad, and George Michel

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Randomized controlled trials of remdesivir in hospitalized coronavirus disease 2019 patients: A meta-analysis, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Marcos Sanchez-Gonzalez, Jack Michel, George Michel, Odalys Frontela, Jorge Posada, Jose Cardona, and Eugenio Angueira

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Tocilizumab and COVID-19: A meta-analysis of 2120 patients with severe disease and implications for clinical trial methodologies, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz, Hinna Aftab, and Zainab Pervaiz

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Is COVID-19 pushing us to the fifth industrial revolution (Society 5.0)?, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Hamza M. Iftikar, and Ramsha Akhund

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Variances in BCG protection against COVID-19 mortality: A global assessment, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Krunal Pandav, Sarabjot Singh Makkar, Saman Hasan Siddiqui, Gaurav Patel, Tania Platero-Portillo, Bishnu Mohan Singh, Mohamed Iburahim Haja Maideen, Deepika Sarvepalli, and Muzna Sarfraz

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Assessing health-related quality of life, morbidity, and survival status for individuals with down syndrome in Pakistan (DS-Pak): Protocol for a web-based collaborative registry, Ayat Siddiqui, Laila Akber Cassum, Abdul Momin Kazi, Sidra Kaleem Jafri, Fizza Akbar, and Salman Kirmani

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Utility of epilepsy surgery in survivors of childhood cancer, Ayat Siddiqui, Amy L. McGregor, James W. Wheless, Paul Klimo, Frederick A. Boop, and Raja B. Khan

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Global variation of COVID-19 mortality rates in the initial phase, Saman Hasan Siddiqui, Azza Sarfraz, Arjumand Rizvi, Fariha Shaheen, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, and Syed Asad Ali

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Artificial intelligence-based analytics for diagnosis of small bowel enteropathies and black box feature detection, Sana Syed, Lubaina Ehsan, Aman Shrivastava, Saurav Sengupta, Marium Khan, Kamran Kowsari, Shan Guleria, Kamran Sadiq, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, and Syed Asad Ali

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PIGG variant pathogenicity assessment reveals characteristic features within 19 families, Camille Tremblay-Laganière, Reza Maroofian, Thi Tuyet Mai Nguyen, Ehsan Ghayoor Karimiani, Salman Kirmani, Fizza Akbar, Shahnaz Ibrahim, Bushra Afroze, Mohammad Doosti, and Farah Ashrafzadeh

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Maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality among pregnant women with and without COVID-19 Infection: The INTERCOVID multinational cohort study, José Villar, Shabina Ariff, Robert B. Gunier, Ramachandran Thiruvengadam, Stephen Rauch, Alexey Kholin, Paola Roggero, Federico Prefumo, Marynéa Silva do Vale, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Comparative analysis of pediatric COVID-19 infection in Southeast Asia, south Asia, Japan, and China, Judith Ju Ming Wong, Qalab Abbas, Soo Lin Chua, Ririe Fachrina Malisie, Kah Min Pon, Tomohiro Katsuta, Hongxing Dang, Pei Chuen Lee, Muralidharan Jayashree, and Quratulain Maha

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X-linked hypophosphatemic osteomalacia with PHEX mutation presenting late in Pakistan, Nawazish Zehra, Lena Jafri, Salman Kirmani, and Aysha Habib Khan

Submissions from 2020

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Potentially preventable mortality in the pediatric intensive care unit: Findings from a retrospective mortality analysis, Qalab Abbas, Fozia Memon, Parveen Laghari, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, and Anwarul Haque

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Glycogen storage diseases-time to flip the outdated diagnostic approach centered on liver biopsy with the molecular testing, Sibtain Ahmed and Bushra Afroze

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Diagnostic value of clinical features to distinguish enteric fever from other febrile illnesses in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan, Kristen Aiemjoy, Dipesh Tamrakar, Shampa Saha, Shiva R. Naga, Alexander T. Yu, Ashley Longley, Kashmira Date, Caitlin Hemlock, Farah Naz Qamar, and Samir K. Saha

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Simulator-based ultrasound training for identification of endotracheal tube placement in a neonatal intensive care unit using point of care ultrasound, Khushboo Qaim Ali, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Uzair Ansari, Shaun Morris, Mark Oliver Tessaro, Shabina Ariff, and Hasan Merali

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SIOP PODC-adapted treatment guidelines for craniopharyngioma in low- and middle-income settings, Nisreen Amayiri, Ariane Spitaels, Mohamed Zaghloul, Anthony Figaji, Sergio Cavalheiro, Hermann L. Muller, Moawia Elhassan, Jeannette Parkes, Naureen Mushtaq, and Fatima Mubarak

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Neonatal fluid and electrolytes profile effect on amphotericin B associated nephrotoxicity in neonatal tertiary care unit of Karachi-Pakistan, Gul Ambreen, Arshalooz Rahman, Kashif Hussain, Mehreen Sohail, Saba Javed, Syed Shamim, Umer Ali, Khalil Ahmad, and Arjumand Rizvi

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Efficacy of colistin in multidrug-resistant neonatal sepsis: Experience from a tertiary care center in Karachi, Pakistan, Gul Ambreen, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Kashif Hussain, Syed Shamim Raza, Umer Ali, Syed Iqbal Azam, Junaid Iqbal, and Zafar Fatmi

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Healthcare utilization patterns for acute febrile illness in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan: Results from the surveillance for enteric fever in Asia project, Jason R. Andrews, Krista Vaidya, Shampa Saha, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Caitlin Hemlock, Ashley Longley, Kristen Aiemjoy, Alexander T. Yu, Isaac I. Bogoch, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Environmental surveillance as a tool for identifying high-risk settings for typhoid transmission, Jason R. Andrews, Alexander T. Yu, Senjuti Saha, Jivan Shakya, Kristen Aiemjoy, Lily Horng, Farah Qamar, Denise Garret, Stephen Baker, Samir Saha, and Stephen P. Luby

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Determinants of infant and young complementary feeding practices among children 6-23 months of age in urban Pakistan: A multicenter longitudinal study, Shabina Ariff, Kamran Sadiq, Javairia Khalid, Laila Sikanderali, Batha Tariq, Fariha Shaheen, Gul Nawaz Khan, Atif Habib, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Biological sensitivity to context in Pakistani preschoolers: Hair cortisol and family wealth are interactively associated with girls' cognitive skills, Emma Armstrong-Carter, Jenna E. Finch, Saima Siyal, Aisha K. Yousafzai, and Jelena Obradović

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Prescribing patterns of antihypertensive medications in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review, Verda Arshad, Zainab Samad, Jai K. Das, Aysha Almas, Nouman Rashid, Salim S. Virani, Gerald S. Bloomfield, Tazeen H. Jafar, and Bilal Ahmed

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What does severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 mean for global pneumonia prevention, diagnosis, and treatment?, Shally Awasthi, Harry Campbell, Charles S. Dela Cruz, Hamish R. Graham, Leith Greenslade, Fyezah Jehan, and Heather J. Zar

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Pediatric congenital heart diseases: Patterns of presentation to the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital, Surraiya Bano, Saleem Akhtar, and Uzma R. Khan

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Pilot phase experience of the international quality improvement collaborative catheterization registry, Oliver M. Barry, Fatima Ali, Miguel Ronderos, Abish Sudhaker, R Krishna Kumar, Marhisham C. Mood, Carlos Corona-Villalobos, Dinh Toai Nguyen, Kaitlin Doherty-Schmeck, and Babar Hasan

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Story of Lyari, Rabab Batool

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Evaluating implementation of "management of possible serious bacterial infection (PSBI) when referral is not feasible" in primary health care facilities in Sindh province, Pakistan, Maria Asif Bhura, Shabina Ariff, Shamim Ahmad Qazi, Zaitoon Qazi, Imran Ahmed, Yasir Bin Nisar, Zamir Suhag, Abdul Wahab Soomro, and Sajid Bashir Soofi

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Covid-19 risks and response in South Asia, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Buddha Basnyat, Samir Saha, and Ramanan Laxminarayan

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The surveillance for enteric fever in asia project (SEAP), severe typhoid fever surveillance in Africa (SETA), surveillance of enteric fever in India (SEFI), and strategic typhoid alliance across Africa and Asia (STRATAA) population-based enteric fever studies: A Review of methodological similarities and differences, Megan E. Carey, William R. MacWrigh, Justin Im, James E. Meiring, Malick M. Gibani, Se Eun Park, Ashley Longley, Hyon Jin Jeon, Caitlin Hemlock, and Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai

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The diversity of lipopolysaccharide (O) and capsular polysaccharide (K) antigens of invasive klebsiella pneumoniae in a multi-country collection, Myeongjin Choi, Nicolas Hegerle, Joseph Nkeze, Shaichi Sen, Sanchita Jamindar, Shamima Nasrin, Sunil Sen, Jasnehta Permala-Booth, James Sinclair, and Sadia Shakoor

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Cardiac Abnormalities seen in pediatric patients during the SARS-CoV2 pandemic: An international experience, Bradley C. Clark, Joan Sanchez-de-Toledo, Carles Bautista-Rodriguez, Nadine Choueiter, Diego Lara, Hechaan Kang, Shazia Mohsin, Alain Fraisse, Sergi Cesar, and Nadeem Aslam

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Associations between household-level exposures and all-cause diarrhea and pathogen-specific enteric infections in children enrolled in five sentinel surveillance studies, Josh M. Colston, Abu S G. Faruque, M Jahangir Hossain, Debasish Saha, Suman Kanungo, Inácio Mandomando, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Richard Omore, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Impact of conflict on maternal and child health service delivery - how and how not: A country case study of conflict affected areas of Pakistan, Jai K. Das, Zahra Ali Padhani, Sultana Jabeen, Arjumand Rizvi, Uzair Ansari, Malika Fatima, Ghulam Akbar, Wardah Ahmed, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Paediatric porphyria and human hemin: A treatment challenge in a lower middle income country, Syeda Anum Fatima, Humaira Jurair, Qalab Abbas, and Arshalooz Rahman

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Researching the delivery of health and nutrition interventions for women and children in the context of armed conflict: Lessons on research challenges and strategies from BRANCH Consortium case studies of Somalia, Mali, Pakistan and Afghanistan, Michelle F. Gaffey, Anushka Ataullahjan, Jai K. Das, Mohammed Shafiq Mirzazada, Moctar Tounkara, Abdirisak A. Dalmar, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Performance of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of pediatric pneumonia in Mozambique and Pakistan, Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Fyezah Jehan, Rubao Bila, Alessandro Lamorte, Jun Hwang, Lola Madrid, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Benazir Baloch, and Naila Nadeem

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Impact of home-based family planning counselling and referral on modern contraceptive use in Karachi, Pakistan: A retrospective, cross-sectional matched control study, Kristy Hackett, Elizabeth Henry, Imtiaz Hussain, Mirbaz Khan, Khalid Feroz, Navdep Kaur, Ryoko Sato, Sajid Bashir Soofi, David Canning, and Iqbal Shah

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Characteristics of preterm with sight threatening retinopathy of prematurity, Muhammad Hanif, Shabina Ariff, Aisha Ansar, Khabir Ahmad, and Ali Shabbir Hussain

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Machine learning model demonstrates stunting at birth and systemic inflammatory biomarkers as predictors of subsequent infant growth - A four-year prospective study, Elizabeth Harrison, Sana Syed, Lubaina Ehsan, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Kamran Sadiq, Fayyaz Umrani, Sheraz Ahmed, Najeeb Rahman, Sadaf Jakhro, Jennie Z. Ma, Molly Hughes, and Syed Asad Ali

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Challenges and special aspects of pulmonary hypertension in middle- to low-income regions: JACC state-of-the-art review, Babar Hasan, Georg Hansmann, Werner Budts, Alexandra Heath, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Zhi-Cheng Jing, Martin Koestenberger, Katharina Meinel, Ana Olga Mocumbi, and Ganna D. Radchenko

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Seasonal influence on postoperative hip fracture complications: Retrospective cohort of more than 1000 patients from a tertiary-care university hospital, Obada Hasan, Mashal Amin, Fatima Mahmood, Amna Rabbani, Umar Rabbani, and Shahryar Noordin

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Do new trainees pose a threat to postoperative complications after hip fracture surgeries? Retrospective cohort of 1045 patients over a decade at a university hospital, Obada Hasan, Mashal Amin, Umar Rabbani, Amna Rabbani, Fatima Mahmood, and Shahryar Noordin

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Early intervention physical therapy using "parent empowerment program" for children with down syndrome in Pakistan: A feasibility study, Zehra Habib Hasan, Memoona Salman Sheikh, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Syed Iqbal Azam, and Margaret O'Nei

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Utilization of blood culture in south Asia for the diagnosis and treatment of febrile illness, Caitlin Hemlock, Stephen P. Luby, Shampa Saha, Farah Naz Qamar, Jason R. Andrews, Samir K. Saha, Dipesh Tamrakar, Kashmira Date, Ashley T. Longley, Denise O. Garrett, and Isaac I. Bogoch

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A framework for improving parent satisfaction with the inpatient pediatric admission process: Experience from a low-resource setting, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Muneera Rasheed, Farheen Sherali, Sehrish Hussain, Rahmat Hassan, Aneela Hameed, Rashid Ali, and Babar Hasan

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An application of the list experiment to estimate abortion prevalence in Karachi, Pakistan, Sarah Huber-Krum, Kristy Hackett, Navdep Kaur, Sidrah Nausheen, Sajid Bashir Soofi, David Canning, and Iqbal Shah

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CLABSI reduction using evidence based interventions and nurse empowerment: A quality improvement initiative from a tertiary care NICU in Pakistan, Ali Shabbir Hussain, Anjum Mohyuddin Ahmed, Saba Arbab, Shabina Ariff, Syed Rehan Ali, Simon Demas, Jehan Zeb, Arjumand Rizvi, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, and Joveria Farooqi

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Neurodevelopment outcome of neonates treated with intraventricular colistin for ventriculitis caused by multiple drug-resistant pathogens-A case series, Kashif Hussain, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Gul Ambreen, and Javaid Iqbal

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Intravenous vs intravenous plus aerosolized colistin for treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia - A matched case-control study in neonates, Kashif Hussain, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Gul Ambreen, Ambreen Mughal, Sidra Idrees, Mehreen Sohail, and Javaid Iqbal

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Reduction of cardiac iron overload by optimising iron chelation therapy in transfusion dependent thalassaemia using cardiac T2* MRI: A quality improvement project from Pakistan, Shabneez Hussain, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Fatima Ali, Erum Hasan, Najveen Alvi, Aijaz Hussain, Khajista Ishrat, Zia Ur Rahman, Azizuddin Qamruddin, Azra Parvin, and Babar Hasan

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Correction to: Epidemiology of patients presenting to a pediatric emergency department in Karachi, Pakistan, Nadir Ijaz, Matthew Strehlow, N Ewen Wang, Elizabeth Pirrotta, Areeba Tariq, Naseeruddin Mahmood, and Swaminatha Mahadevan

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A race against time: Reduced azithromycin susceptibility in salmonella enterica serovar typhi in Pakistan, Junaid Iqbal, Irum Fatima Dehraj, Megan E. Carey, Zoe A. Dyson, Denise Garrett, Jessica C. Seidman, Furqan Kabir, Senjuti Saha, Stephen Baker, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Sepsis induced pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) - Are biomarkers the answer in a resource limited setting?, Sidra Ishaque

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Elective tracheostomy in critically ill children: A 10-year single-center experience from a lower-middle income country, Sidra Ishaque, Anwarul Haque, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Hamdan Mallick, and Saad Nasir