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Publications from 2021

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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training strategies in the times of COVID-19: A systematic literature review comparing different training methodologies, Daniyal Mansoor Ali, Butool Hisam, Natasha Shaukat, Mirza Noor Ali Baig, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Jonathan L. Epstein, Eric Goralnick, Paul D. Kivela, Bryan McNally, and Junaid Razzak

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Intimate partner violence against women: A comprehensive depiction of Pakistani literature, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Rida Farhan, Syeda Hussain, and Fatima Jawad

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Evaluation of radiology request forms in a tertiary care hospital: An audit with a focus on the impact of technological intervention, Muhammad Danish Barakzai, Zara Za Sheer, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Amna Alvi, Nouman Khan, Waseem M. Nizamani, Madiha Beg, and Saad Siddiqui

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Task sharing of injectable contraception services in Pakistan: A randomized controlled trial, Dawn S. Chin-Quee, Farina Abrejo, Mario Chen, Talib Lashari, Patrick Olsen, Zaheer Habib, Xiaoming Gao, Fauzia Assad, Farid Midhet, and Sarah Saleem

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Building better tuberculosis control systems in a post-COVID world: Learning from Pakistan during the COVID-19 pandemic, Razia Fatima, Nasim Akhtar, Aashifa Yaqoob, Anthony D. Harries, and Mishal S. Khan

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Using mobile phones to improve young people sexual and reproductive health in low and middle-income countries: A systematic review to identify barriers, facilitators, and range of mHealth solutions, Anam Shahil Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Adeel Khoja, Armish Asad, and Sarah Saleem

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Equipping community health workers with digital tools for pandemic response in LMICs, Anam Shahil Feroz, Adeel Khoja, and Sarah Saleem

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Budget impact and cost-effectiveness analyses of the COBRA-BPS multicomponent hypertension management programme in rural communities in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, Eric A. Finkelstein, Anirudh Krishnan, Aliya Naheed, Imtiaz Jehan, H Asita de Silva, Mihir Gandhi, Ching Wee Lim, Jehanzeb Khan, Samina Hirani, and Tazeen H. Jafar

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Adolescent health in the sustainable development goal era: Are we aligned for multisectoral action?, Asha George, Tanya Jacobs, Rajani Ved, Troy Jacobs, Kumanan Rasanathan, and Shehla Zaidi

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COVID-19, community trials, and inclusion, Paramjit S. Gill, Shoba Poduval, Jarnail S. Thakur, and Romaina Iqbal

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Development and validation of a psychometric scale to assess attitude towards safe abortions in Pakistan, Xaher Gul, Junaid-Ur-Rehman Siddiqui, Miraal Mavalvala, Waqas Hameed, and Muhammad Ishaque

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Cardiovascular dysfunction in children exposed to preeclampsia during fetal life, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Nuruddin Badruddin Mohammed, Shafquat Rozi, Nadeem Aslam, Shazia Mohsin, Salima Ashiqali, Hina Ali, Saima Sattar, Devyani Chowdhury, and Babar Sultan Hasan

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Associations of unprocessed and processed meat intake with mortality and cardiovascular disease in 21 countries [Prospective urban rural epidemiology (PURE) study]: A prospective cohort study, Romaina Iqbal, Mahshid Dehghan, Andrew Mente, Sumathy Rangarajan, Andreas Wielgosz, Alvaro Avezum, Pamela Seron, Khalid F. AlHabib, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, and Sumathi Swaminathan

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Glycemic index, glycemic load, and cardiovascular disease and mortality, David A. Jenkins, Mahshid Dehghan, Andrew Mente, Shrikant I. Bangdiwala, Sumathy Rangarajan, Kristie Srichaikul, Viswanathan Mohan, Alvaro Avezum, Rafael Díaz, and Romaina Iqbal

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Association of hemoglobin levels in the first trimester and at 26 to 30 weeks with fetal and neonatal outcomes: A secondary analyses of the global network for women's and children's health's ASPIRIN trial, Saleem Jessani, Sarah Saleem, Matthew K. Hoffman, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Janet L. Moore, Ana Garces, Lester Figueroa, Nancy F. Krebs, and Jean Okitawutshu

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Health services utilization and out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditures in public and private facilities in Pakistan: An empirical analysis of the 2013-14 OOP health expenditure survey, F Khalid, W Raza, D R. Hotchkiss, and R H. Soelaeman

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Rethinking vaccine hesitancy among minority groups, Mishal S. Khan, Sameen A Mohsin Ali, Addy Adelaine, and Abraar Karan

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The COVID-19 pandemic: An opportunity to strengthen health systems in Afghanistan, Umerdad Khudadad, Najibullah Safi, Wafa Aftab, Asrar Ali, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Factors associated with child maltreatment among children aged 11 to 17 years in community settings of Karachi, Pakistan, using belsky ecological framework, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Salima Farooq, Uzma Rahim Khan, Yasmin Parpio, Syed Iqbal Azam, Junaid Razzak, Anjiya Aslam Laljee, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Associations of fish consumption with risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality among individuals with or without vascular disease from 58 countries, Deepa Mohan, Andrew Mente, Mahshid Dehghan, Sumathy Rangarajan, Martin O'Donnel, Weihong Hu, Gilles Dagenai, Andreas Wielgosz, Scott Lear, and Romaina Iqbal

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Indoor air quality and its relationship with cluster type in urban Pakistani households, Asaad Ahmed Nafees, U Rabbani, S Razzaq, K Minai, Muhammad Arslan Khan, S Naeem, Zafar Fatmi, and P Burney

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Impact of social isolation on mortality and morbidity in 20 high-income, middle-income and low-income countries in five continents, Ryo Naito, Darryl P. Leong, Shrikant Ishve Bangdiwala, Martin McKee, S V. Subramanian, Sumathy Rangarajan, Shofiqul Islam, Alvaro Avezum, Karen E. Yeates, and Syed Iqbal Azam

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Incidence and pathophysiology of diabetes in south Asian adults living in India and Pakistan compared with US blacks and whites, K M Venkat Naraya, Dimple Kondal, Natalie Daya, Unjali P. Gujral, Deepa Mohan, Shivani A. Patel, Roopa Shivashankar, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Lisa R. Staimez, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Incidence of diabetes in south Asian young adults compared to Pima Indians, K M Venkat Narayan, Dimple Kondal, Sayuko Kobes, Lisa R. Staimez, Deepa Mohan, Unjali P. Gujral, Shivani A. Patel, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Roopa Shivashankar, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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A surrogate FRAX model for Pakistan, G Naureen, H Johansson, Romaina Iqbal, Lena Jafri, Aysha Habib Khan, Masood Umer, E Liu, L Vandenput, M Lorentzon, N C. Harvey, E V. McCloskey, and J A. Kanis

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Health systems approach to ensure quality and safety amid COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan, Nousheen Pradhan, Anam Shahil Feroz, and Syed Mairajuddin Shah

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Implications for schools reopening during the second wave of COVID-19 in Pakistan, Nousheen Pradhan and Kashmira Nanji

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Sociodemographic, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of influenza pneumonia patients admitted in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan: Findings from a cross-sectional study, Fazal Ur Rehman, Muhammad Arslan Ahmed, Kashif Aziz, Mahmooda Jabeen Ashraf, Tazein Amber, and Sumera Aziz Ali

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Smokeless tobacco initiation, use and cessation in south Asia: A qualitative assessment, Faraz Siddiqui, Ray Croucher Ray Croucher, Fayaz Ahmad, Zarak Hussain Ahmed, Roshani Babu, Linda Bauld, Fariza Fieroze, Rumana Huque, Maira Mubashir, and Narjis Rizvi

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Tuberculosis and non-communicable disease multimorbidity: An analysis of the world health survey in 48 low- and middle-income countries, Brendon Stubbs, Kamran Siddiqi, Helen Elsey, Najma Siddiqi, Ruimin Ma, Eugenia Romano, Sameen Siddiqi, and Ai Koyanagi

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Associations of cereal grains intake with cardiovascular disease and mortality across 21 countries in prospective urban and rural epidemiology study: Prospective cohort study, Sumathi Swaminathan, Mahshid Dehghan, John Michael Raj, Tinku Thomas, Sumathy Rangarajan, David Jenkins, Prem Mony, Viswanathan Mohan, Scott A. Lear, and Romaina Iqbal

Submissions from 2020

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Strengthening research capacity through regional partners: The HRP alliance at the world health organization, Richard Adanu, Luis Bahamondes, Vanessa Brizuela, Evelyn Gitau, Seni Kouanda, Pisake Lumbiganon, Thi Thuy Hanh Nguyen, Sarah Saleem, Anna Thorson, and Kwasi Torpey

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Long-term clinical outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention in saphenous vein grafts in a low to middle-income country, Ghurfan Adnan, Intisar Ahmed, Javed Tai, Maria Ali Khan, and Hammad Hasan

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Implementation of health and health-related sustainable development goals: Progress, challenges and opportunities - A systematic literature review, Wafa Aftab, Fahad Javaid Siddiqui, Hana Tasic, Shagufta Perveen, Sameen Siddiqi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Gender variations in neonatal and early infant mortality in India and Pakistan: A secondary analysis from the global network maternal newborn health registry, Zubair H. Aghai, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Archana Patel, Sarah Saleem, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Avinash Kavi, Parth Lalakia, Farnaz Naqvi, Patricia L. Hibberd, and Elizabeth M. McClure

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Perception-based influence factors of intention to adopt COVID-19 epidemic prevention in China, Munir Ahmad, Khadeeja Iram, and Gul Jabeen

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Impact of the societal response to COVID-19 on access to healthcare for non-COVID-19 health issues in slum communities of Bangladesh, Kenya, Nigeria and Pakistan: Results of pre-COVID and COVID-19 lockdown stakeholder engagements, Syed A K Shifat Ahmed, Motunrayo Ajisola, Kehkashan Azeem, Pauline Bakibinga, Yen-Fu Chen, Narjis Rizvi, Syed Iqbal Azam, Romaina Iqbal, Ahsana Nazish, and Komal Tabani

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Effect of parent-child relationship on physical aggression among adolescents: Global school-based student health survey, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Shafquat Rozi, Ghazal Peerwani, and Aspara Ali

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Maternal mental health amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, Naureen Akber Ali and Anam Feroz

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Prevalence and determinants of anemia among women of reproductive age in Thatta Pakistan: Findings from a cross-sectional study, Sumera Aziz Ali, Zahid Abbasi, Babar Shahid, Ghazal Moin, K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F. Krebs, Jamie E. Westcott, Elizabeth M. McClure, Robert L. Goldenberg, and Sarah Saleem

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Factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care among married women of reproductive age in the Rural Thatta, Pakistan: Findings from a community-based case-control study, Sumera Aziz Ali, Savera Aziz Ali, Anam Feroz, Sarah Saleem, Zafar Fatmi, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Use of smokeless tobacco before conception and its relationship with maternal and fetal outcomes of pregnancy in Thatta, Pakistan: Findings from women first study, Sumera Aziz Ali, Umber S. Khan, Farina Abrejo, Brandi Vollmer, Sarah Saleem, Michael K. Hambidge, Nancy F. Krebs, Jamie E. Westcott, Robert L. Goldenberg, Elizabeth M. McClure, and Omrana Pasha

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Prevalence and determinants of anemia among women of reproductive age in developing countries, Sumera Aziz Ali, Umber S. Khan, and Anam Feroz

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Hemoglobin concentrations and adverse birth outcomes in south Asian pregnant women: Findings from a prospective maternal and neonatal health registry, Sumera Aziz Ali, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Sarah Saleem, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sangappa Dhaded, Richard J. Derman, Janet L. Moore, Elizabeth M. McClure, and Robert L. Goldenberg

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Intimate partner violence against women in Pakistan: A review of qualitative research, Tazeen S. Ali, Rida Farhan, and Michelle Ayub

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Temporal changes in diabetes prevalence and achievement of care goals in urban south Asia from 2010 to 2016 - The center for cardio-metabolic risk reduction in south Asia study, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Mohan Deepa, Radhakrishnan Subashini, Shivani A. Patel, Dimple Kondal, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Nikhil Tandon, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, K M. Venkat Narayan, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Viswanathan Mohan, and Mohammed K. Ali

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Contrasting associations between diabetes and cardiovascular mortality rates in low-, middle-, and high-income countries: Cohort study data from 143,567 individuals in 21 countries in the PURE study, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Viswanathan Mohan, Sumathy Rangarajan, Hertzel C. Gerstein, Ulagamadesan Venkatesan, Patrick Sheridan, Gilles R. Dagenais, Scott A. Lear, Koon Teo, and Romaina Iqbal

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Perceptions of stakeholders about the role of health system in suicide prevention in Ghizer, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan, Anila Anjum, Tazeen S. Ali, Nousheen Pradhan, Murad M. Khan Dr., and Rozina Karmaliani Professor

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Long-term exposure to outdoor and household air pollution and blood pressure in the prospective urban and rural epidemiological (PURE) study, Raphael E. Arku, Michael Brauer, Suad H. Ahmed, Khalid F. AlHabib, Álvaro Avezum, Jian Bo, Tarzia Choudhury, Antonio Ml Dans, Rajeev Gupta, and Romaina Iqbal

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Covid -19, misinformation, and antimicrobial resistance, Mehreen Arshad, Syed Faisal Mahmood, Mishal Khan, and Rumina Hasan

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Prelacteal feeding practices in Pakistan: A mixed-methods study, Muhammad Asim, Zarak Husain Ahmed, Mark D. Hayward, and Elizabeth M. Widen

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Why are the Pakistani maternal, fetal and newborn outcomes so poor compared to other low and middle-income countries?, Aleha Aziz, Sarah Saleem, Tracy L. Nolen, Nousheen Akber Pradhan, Elizabeth M. McClure, Saleem Jessani, Ana L. Garces, Patricia L. Hibberd, Janet L. Moore, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Risk factors for postpartum sepsis: A nested case-control study, Samina Bakhtawar, Sana Sheikh, Rahat Qureshi, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Beth Payne, Iqbal Azam Syed, Peter Von Dadelszen, and Laura Magee

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The relationship between birth intervals and adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in six low and lower-middle income countries, Melissa Bauserman, Kayla Nowak, Tracy L. Nolen, Jackie Patterson, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Sarah Saleem, and Saleem Jessani

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Maternal mortality in six low and lower-middle income countries from 2010 to 2018: Risk factors and trends, Melissa Bauserman, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Tracy L. Nolen, Jackie Patterson, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Sarah Saleem, and Saleem Jessani

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Association of dairy consumption with metabolic syndrome, hypertension and diabetes in 147 812 individuals from 21 countries, Balaji Bhavadharini, Mahshid Dehghan, Andrew Mente, Sumathy Rangarajan, Patrick Sheridan, Viswanathan Mohan, Romaina Iqbal, Rajeev Gupta, Scott Lear, and Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen

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White rice intake and incident diabetes: A study of 132,373 participants in 21 countries, Balaji Bhavadharini, Viswanathan Mohan, Mahshid Dehghan, Sumathy Rangarajan, Sumathi Swaminathan, Annika Rosengren, Andreas Wielgosz, Alvaro Avezum, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, and Romaina Iqbal

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Prevalence and population attributable risk for chronic airflow obstruction in a large multinational study, Peter Burney, Jaymini Patel, Cosetta Minelli, Louisa Gnatiuc, André F S. Amaral, Ali Kocabaş, Hamid Hacene Cherkaski, Amund Gulsvik, Rune Nielsen Rune Nielsen, and Asaad Ahmed Nafees

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The state of diet-related NCD policies in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, Tunisia and Vietnam: A comparative assessment that introduces a ‘policy cube’ approach, Kent Buse, Wafa Aftab, Sadika Akhter, Linh Bui Phuong, Haroun Chemli, Minakshi Dahal, Anam Feroz, Sayad Hofiani, Nousheen Pradhan, and Fauziah Rabbani

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Preconceptional lipid-based nutrient supplementation in 2 low-resource countries results in distinctly different IGF-1/mTOR placental responses, Marisol Castillo-Castrejon, Ivana V. Yang, Elizabeth J. Davidson, Sarah J. Borengasser, Purevsuren Jambal, Jamie Westcott, Jennifer F. Kemp, Ana Garces, Sumera Aziz Ali, and Sarah Saleem

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Measuring service quality and assessing its relationship to contraceptive discontinuation: A prospective cohort study in Pakistan and Uganda, Karen T. Chang, Nirali M. Chakraborty, Amanda M. Kalamar, Waqas Hameed, Ben Bellows, Karen A. Grépin, Agha Xaher Gul, Sarah E K. Bradley, Lynn M. Atuyambe, and Dominic Montagu

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Associations of sickness absence for pain in the low back, neck and shoulders with wider propensity to pain, David Coggon, Georgia Ntani, Karen Walker-Bone, Vanda E. Felli, Raul Harari, Lope H. Barrero, Sarah A. Felknor, Marianela Rojas, Anna Cattrell, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Association of egg intake with blood lipids, cardiovascular disease, and mortality in 177,000 people in 50 countries, Mahshid Dehghan, Andrew Mente, Sumathy Rangarajan, Viswanathan Mohan, Scott Lear, Sumathi Swaminathan, Andreas Wielgosz, Pamela Seron, Alvaro Avezum, and Romaina Iqbal

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Preconception nutrition intervention improved birth length and reduced stunting and wasting in newborns in south Asia: The women first randomized controlled trial, Sangappa M. Dhaded, K. Michael Hambidge, Sumera Aziz Ali, Manjunath Somannavar, Sarah Saleem, Omrana Pasha, Umber Khan, Veena Herekar Herekar, Sunil Vernekar, and Yogesh Kumar S

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Can schools of global public health dismantle colonial legacies?, Ngozi A. Erondu, Dorothy Peprah, and Mishal S. Khan

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Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19 among Pakistani residents: Information access and low literacy vulnerabilities, Zafar Fatmi, Shafaq Mahmood, Waqas Hameed, Ibtisam Qazi, Muhammad Siddiqui, Anny Dhanwani, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Air pollution and non communicable diseases, Zafar Fatmi, Shafaq Mahmood, Zainab Samad, and Mohammad Wasay

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Acute coronary syndrome and use of biomass fuel among women in rural Pakistan: A case-control study, Zafar Fatmi, Ambreen Sahito, Georgia Ntani, and David Coggon

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The quality of patient care in oncology departments in Karachi, Pakistan: Patients' perceptions, Risha Fayyaz, Fasih Ali Ahmed, Adeel Abid, Afshan Akhtar, Rabail Jarwar, Anila Jasmine, Sameer Ahmad Khan, Shahira Shahid, Iraj Khan, Aneeq Muhammad Yousuf, and Imtiaz Jehan

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Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and well-being of communities: An exploratory qualitative study protocol, Anam Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Noshaba Akber Ali, Ridah Feroz, Salima Nazim Meghani, and Sarah Saleem

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Assessing mobile phone access, usage, and willingness among women to receive voice message-based mobile health intervention to improve antenatal care attendance in District Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan, Anam Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, and Sarah Saleem

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Using mobile phones to improve community health workers performance in low-and-middle-income countries, Anam Feroz, Rawshan Jabeen, and Sarah Saleem

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A comparison of MITS counseling and informed consent processes in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Kenya, and Ethiopia, Anam Feroz, Christina Paganelli, Milka Bunei, Beza Eshetu, Shahana Parveen, Sayyeda Reza, Chaitali Sanji, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, and Sarah Saleem

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Exploring perspectives, preferences and needs of a telemonitoring program for women at high risk for preeclampsia in a tertiary health facility of Karachi: A qualitative study protocol, Anam Feroz, Sarah Saleem, and Emily Seto

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Looking beyond the numbers: Quality assurance procedures in the global network for women's and children's health research maternal newborn health registry, Ana Garces, Emily MacGuire, Holly L. Franklin, Norma Alfaro, Gustavo Arroyo, Lester Figueroa, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sarah Saleem, Fabian Esama, and Archana Patel

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Association of parity with birthweight and neonatal death in five sites: The global network's maternal newborn health registry study, Ana Garces, Wilton Perez, Margo S. Harrison, Kay S. Hwang, Tracy L. Nolen, Robert L. Goldenberg, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Adrien Lokangaka, and Sarah Saleem

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Reports from the NICHD global network's maternal and newborn health registry: Supplement introduction, Robert L. Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sarah Saleem, Patricia L. Hibberd, Jorge E. Tolosa, Marion Koso-Thomas, Elizabeth M. McClure, and Global Network investigators

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Institutional deliveries and stillbirth and neonatal mortality in the global network's maternal and newborn health registry, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Norman Goco, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Avinash Kavi, Sunil S. Vernekar, Antoinette Tshefu, Elwyn Chomba, Ana L. Garces, Sarah Saleem, and Farnaz Naqvi

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Potentially heterogeneous cross-sectional associations of seafood consumption with diabetes and glycemia in urban south Asia, Matthew O. Gribble, Jennifer R. Head, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Deksha Kapoor, Vandana Garg, Deepa Mohan, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Viswanathan Mohan, Sudha Vasudevan, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Mobile consulting (mConsulting) and its potential for providing access to quality healthcare for populations living in low-resource settings of low- and middle-income countries, Frances Griffiths, Jocelyn Anstey Watkins, Caroline Huxley, Bronwyn Harris, Jonathan Cave, Senga Pemba, Beatrice Chipwaza, Romaina Iqbal, Saleem Sayani, and Komal Tabani

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Healthcare utilisation and expenditure patterns for cardio-metabolic diseases in South Asian cities: The CARRS study, Priti Gupta, Kalpana Singh, Roopa Shivashankar, Kavita Singh, Ajay Vamadevan, V Mohan, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Nikhil Tandon, K M. Narayan, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, and Mohammed K. Ali

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Barriers to optimizing teledentistry during COVID-19 pandemic, Muhammad Mohsin Haider, Asad Allana, and Raheel Rehman Allana

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Assessing the governance of the health policy-making process using a new governance tool: The case of Lebanon, Rasha Hamra, Sameen Siddiqi, Emma Carmel, and Walid Ammar

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Substantial and sustained reduction in under-5 mortality, diarrhea, and pneumonia in Oshikhandass, Pakistan: Evidence from two longitudinal cohort studies 15 years apart, C L. Hansen, B J J. McCormick, Iqbal Azam Syed, K Ahmed, J M. Baker, E Hussain, A Jahan, A F. Jamison, N Samji, Oshikhandass Diarrhea and Pneumonia Project, Anita K. M. Zaidi, and Ahmed Jan

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Cesarean birth in the global network for women's and children's health research: Trends in utilization, risk factors, and subgroups with high cesarean birth rates, Margo S. Harrison, Ana L. Garces, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sarah Saleem, Janet L. Moore, Fabian Esamai, Archana B. Patel, Elwyn Chomba, Carl L. Bose, and Edward A. Liechty

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Knowledge, awareness, and practices of cervical cancer, its risk factors, screening, and prevention among women in Karachi, Pakistan, Samina Hirani, Sarah Khana, Sidra Akram, Safna Naozer Virji, Preet Ayoub Shaikh, Ehsun Naeem, Rayaan Asad Chaudhry, Ahmed Bilal Khalid, Jalal Ud Din Khan, Muhammad Suhaib Qasim, and Imtiaz Jehan

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Associations of outdoor fine particulate air pollution and cardiovascular disease in 157 436 individuals from 21 high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries (PURE): A prospective cohort study, Perry Hystad, Andrew Larkin, Sumathy Rangarajan, Khalid F. AlHabib, Álvaro Avezum, Kevser Burcu Tumerdem Calik, Jephat Chifamba, Antonio Dans, Rafael Diaz, and Romaina Iqbal

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Contribution of house dust contamination towards lead exposure among children in Karachi, Pakistan, Akihiko Ikegami, Mayumi Ohtsu, Ambreen Sahito, Adeel Ahmed Khan, Zafar Fatmi, Yoshihiko Nakagi, Takahiko Yoshida, and Fujio Kayama

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Malnutrition and food insecurity in child labourers in Sindh, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study, Meesha Iqbal, Zafar Fatmi, Kausar S. Khan, Yusra Jumani, Neelma Amjad, and Asaad Ahmed Nafees

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Recommendations: Putting an end to child labour in Pakistan!, Meesha Iqbal, Zafar Fatmi, Kausar S. Khan, Asaad Ahmed Nafees, and Neelma Amjad

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Brucellosis in Pakistan: A neglected zoonotic disease, Meesha Iqbal, Zafar Fatmi, and Mumtaz Ali Khan

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Do recipients of cash transfer scheme make the right decisions on household food expenditure? A study from a rural district in Pakistan, Aminah Jahangir, Shehla Zaidi, Jai K. Das, and Shifa Habib

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Low vaccination in rural Sindh, Pakistan: A case of refusal, ignorance or access?, Durenaz Jamal, Shehla Zaidi, Sara Husain, David W. Orr, Atif Riaz, Asif A. Farrukhi, and Rabia Najmi Taha

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Effect of 5-minute movies shown via a mobile phone app on risk factors and mortality after stroke in a low- to middle-income country: Randomized controlled trial for the stroke caregiver dyad education intervention (Movies4Stroke), Ayeesha Kamran Kamal, Adeel Khoja, Bushra Usmani, Shahvaiz Magsi, Aresha Malani, Zahra Peera, Saadia Sattar, Masood Ahmed Akram, Sumaira Shahnawaz, Maryam Zulfiqar, Abdul Muqeet, Fabiha Zaidi, Saleem Sayani, Azmina Artani, Syed Iqbal Azam, and Sarah Saleem

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Assessing the efficiency of sub-national units in making progress towards universal health coverage: Evidence from Pakistan, Faraz Khalid, Maria Petro Brunal, Abdul Sattar, Samia Laokri, Matthew Jowett, Wajeeha Raza, and David R. Hotchkiss

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Regulation, quality reporting and third-party certification of healthcare providers, Amir Jahan Khan and Muhammad Ashar Malik

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Might representation of the UK's international aid be overly positive?, Mishal Khan

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Decolonising COVID-19: Delaying external debt repayments, Mishal Khan and Sarah Shanks

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Compliance of smokeless tobacco supply chain actors and products with tobacco control laws in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan: Protocol for a multicentre sequential mixed-methods study, Zohaib Khan, Rumana Huque, Aziz Sheikh, Anne Readshaw, Jappe Eckhardt, Cath Jackson, Mona Kanaan, Romaina Iqbal, Zohaib Akhter, and Javaid Khan

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Growth from birth through six months for infants of mothers in the "women first" preconception maternal nutrition trial, Nancy F. Krebs, K Michael Hambidge, Jamie L. Westcott, Ana L. Garcés, Lester Figueroa, Antoinette K. Tsefu, Adrien L. Lokangaka, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Sarah Saleem, and Sumera Aziz Ali