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Submissions from 2013

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Bibliographic review of research publications on access to and use of medicines in low-income and middle-income countries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: identifying the research gaps., Arash Rashidian, Nader Jahanmehr, Samer Jabbour, Shehla Zaidi, Fatemeh Soleymani, and Maryam Bigdeli

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Application of 4% chlorhexidine solution for cord cleansing after birth reduces neonatal mortality and omphalitis, Sarah Saleem

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Reproductive tract infections among married women in peri-urban areas of Karachi, Pakistan: A population-based study, Neelofar Sami, Tazeen S. Ali, and E. Khan

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Smoking practices and nicotine dependence among adolescents in Pakistan, Neelofar Sami, Sandal Salim Noorani, Laila Saleem Lakhani, Ayaz Ghouse, and Salimah Valliani

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High HIV incidence among persons who inject drugs in Pakistan: greater risk with needle sharing and injecting frequently among the homeless., Rab Nawaz Samo, Arshad Altaf, Ajmal Agha, Omrana Pasha, Shafquat Rozi, Ashraf Memon, Saleem Azam, Meridith Blevins, Sten Vermund, and Sharaf Ali Shah

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A multicenter matched case control study of breast cancer risk factors among women in Karachi, Pakistan., Uzma Shamsi, Shaista Khan, Sheheryar Usman, Saleem Soomro, and Iqbal Azam Syed

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Weight patterns and perceptions among female university students of Karachi: A cross sectional study, Zubaida Sirang, Hassaan Hasan Bashir, Bilal Jalil, Sarah Haroon Khan, Samia Altaf Hussain, Aneeqa Baig, Maryam Taufeeq, Kashif Samad, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Health belief model to predict sharps injuries among health care workers at first level care facilities in rural Pakistan, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Amna Rehana Siddiqui, and Naveed Zafar Janjua

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Disparities in access to surgical care within a lower income country: an alarming inequity, Syed Nabeel Zafar, Zafar Fatmi, Aftab Iqbal, Roomasa Channa, and Adil H. Haider

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Research fatigue among injecting drug users in Karachi, Pakistan, Aysha Zahidie, Arshad Altaf, Adeel Ahsan, and Tanzil Jamali

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An overview of the predictors of depression among adult Pakistani women, Aysha Zahidie and Tanzil Jamali

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Impact of water and sanitation and health education interventions on health and hygiene behaviors: a study from a northern Pakistani village, Aysha Zahidie and Fauziah Rabbani

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Nutrition political economy, Pakistan. Province Report:Sindh, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Rozina Mistry, Gul Nawaz, Noorya Hayat, Shandana Khan Mohmand, and Andres Mejia Acosta

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The political economy of undernutrition national report: Pakistan, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Shandana Khan Mohmand, and Andres Mejia Acosta

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Nutrition political economy, Pakistan. Provincial Report: Balochistan., Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Suleman Qazi, Gul Nawaz, Noorya Hayat, Shandana Khan Mohmand, and Andres Mejia Acosta

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Nutrition political economy, Pakistan. Province Report: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Abdul Wajid, Gul Nawaz, Kashif Nazeer, Shandana Khan Mohmand, and Andres Mejia Acosta

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Access to essential medicines in Pakistan: policy and health systems research concerns., Shehla Zaidi, Maryam Bigdeli, Noureen Aleem, and Arash Rashidian

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Nutrition policy in the post-devolution context in Pakistan: an analysis of provincial opportunities and barriers, Shehla Zaidi, Shandana Khan Mohmand, Noorya Hayat, Andres Mejia Acosta, and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutta

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Rational prescription & use: a snapshot of the evidence from Pakistan and emerging concerns, Shehla Zaidi and Noureen Aleem Nishtar

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Improvement in access and equity for maternal and neonatal health services: comparative advantages of contracted-out versus non-contracted-out facilities, Shehla Zaidi, Fauziah Rabbani, Iqbal Azam Syed, Atif Riaz, Peter Hatcher, Gul Nawaz Khan Nawaz Khan, Nousheen Pradhan, Hassan Fazli, Shiraz Shaikh, Yasmeen Khan, Syeda Nida Naim, and Unaib Rabbani

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Public private partnerships for improving maternal and neonatal health service delivery a review of the evidence, Shehla Zaidi, Rehana Salam, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Shahid Ansari, Syeda Subika Rizvi, Beenish Fatima Zehra, and Amin Pethani

Submissions from 2012

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Correlation of respiratory symptoms and spirometric lung patterns in a rural community setting, Sindh, Pakistan: A cross sectional survey, Imran Naeem Abbasi, Adeel Ahsan, and Asaad Ahmed Nafees

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Risk factors for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in urban Pakistan: A multicenter case-control study, Ahsan M. Ahmad, Saeed Akhtar, Rumina Hasan, Javaid A. Khan, Syed F. Hussain, and Nadeem Rizvi

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Comparing risk factors of HIV among hijra sex workers in Larkana and other cities of Pakistan: an analytical cross sectional study, Arshad Altaf, Aysha Zahidie, and Ajmal Agha

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Perceptions, interpretations and implications of abortions: A qualitative enquiry among the legal community of Pakistan, Syed Khurram Azmat, Mohsina Bilgrami, Babar T. Shaikh, Ghulam Mustafa, and Waqas Hameed

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Post-abortion care family planning use in Pakistan, Syed Khurram Azmat, Waqas Hameed, Muhammad Ishaque, Ghulam Mustafa, and Aftab Ahmed

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Barriers and perceptions regarding different contraceptives and family planning practices amongst men and women of reproductive age in rural Pakistan: A qualitative study, Syed Khurram Azmat, Ghulam Mustafa, Waqas Hameed, Muhammad Ali, Aftab Ahmed, and Mohsina Bilgrami

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Rates of IUCD discontinuation and its associated factors among the clients of a social franchising network in Pakistan, Syed Khurram Azmat, Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Waqas Hameed, Mohsina Bilgrami, Ghulam Mustafa, Muhammad Ali, Muhammad Ishaque, Wajahat Hussain, and Aftab Ahmed

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Delivering post-abortion care through a community-based reproductive health volunteer programme in Pakistan, Syed Khurram Azmat, Babar T. Shaikh, Ghulam Mustafa, Waqas Hameed, and Mohsina Bilgrami

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Birth attendants as perinatal verbal autopsy respondents in low- and middle-income countries: a viable alternative?, C. Engmann, A. Garces, Imtiaz Jehan, J. Ditekemena, M. Phiri, V. Thorsten, M. Mazariegos, E. Chomba, Omrana Pasha, A. Tshefu, D. Wallace, E. M. McClure, R. L. Goldenberg, W. A. Carlo, L. L. Wright, and C. Bose

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Young adults' perceptions on life prospects and gender roles as important factors to influence health behaviour: a qualitative study from Karachi, Pakistan, Syed Farid-ul Hasnain, Eva Johansson, Ingrid Mogren, and Gunilla Krantz

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Multiple genetic variants explain measurable variance in type 2 diabetes-related traits in Pakistanis., M. Islam, Tazeen Jafar, A. R. Wood, N. M. G. De Silva, M. Caulfield, N. Chaturvedi, and T. M. Frayling

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Use of biomass fuel and acute respiratory infections in rural Pakistan, N.Z. Janjua, B. Mahmood, V.K. Dharma, N. Sathiakumar, and M. Imran Khan

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High normal levels of albuminuria and risk of hypertension in Indo-Asian population., Saleem Jessani, Andrew S. Levey, Nish Chaturvedi, and Tazeen Jafar

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Scope of Policy Issues in eHealth: Results From a Structured Literature Review, Shariq Khoja, Hammad Durrani, Parvez Nayani, and Ammad Fahim

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Effect of air pollution on daily morbidity in Karachi, Pakistan, Haider Khwaja, Zafar Fatmi, Daniel Malashock, Zafar Aminov, Ambreen Kazi, Azhar Siddique, JahanZeb Qureshi Qureshi, and David Carpenter

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Lady health workers (LHWs) as flag bearers for children with disabilities in Pakistan, Seema Zainulabdin Lasi, Arisha Qayyum, and Ghazala Rafique

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Non fatal injuries among infants: A pilot study, Seema Zainulabdin Lasi, Ghazala Rafique, and Habib Peermohammad

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Socio-economic determinants of out-of-pocket Payments on healthcare in Pakistan, Ashar Muhammad Malik and Syed Iqbal Azam Shah

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Violence and abuse faced by junior physicians in the emergency department from patients and their caretakers: a nationwide study from Pakistan, Nabil Mahmood Mirza, Ali Imran Amjad, Abu Bakar Hafeez Bhatti, Fatima Tuz Zahra Mirza, Kashif Shakoor Shaikh, Jawad Kiani, Muhammad Muneeb Yusuf, Muhammad Umair Khan, Muhammad Enoos Nazir, Qazi Assad, Ayesha Humayun, Ismaa Ghazanfar Kiani, Sami Imran Amjad, and Sardar Zakariya Imam

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Extent of liver inflammation in predicting response to interferon alpha & Ribavirin in chronic hepatitis C patients: a cohort study, Shirin Mirza, Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Saeed Hamid, Muhammad Umar, and Shaheena Bashir

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Situation analysis of child labour in Karachi, Pakistan: A qualitative study, Asaad Ahmed Nafees, Kausar S. Khan, Zafar Fatmi, and Mubashir Aslam

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Indoor air pollution (PM2.5) due to secondhand smoke in selected hospitality and entertainment venues of Karachi, Pakistan, Asaad Ahmed Nafees, Tahir Taj, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Zafar Fatmi, Kiyoung Lee, and Nalini Sathiakumar

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CARRS Surveillance study: design and methods to assess burdens from multiple perspectives., Manisha Nair, Mohammed K. Ali, Vamadevan S. Ajay, Roopa Shivashankar, Viswanathan Mohan, Rajendra Pradeepa, Mohan Deepa, Hassan Khan, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Zafar Fatmi, Srinath Srinath Reddy, Nikhil Tandon, KM Venkat Narayan, and Dorairaj Prabhakaran

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CARRS Surveillance study: design and methods to assess burdens from multiple perspectives, Manisha Nair, Mohammed K. Ali, Vamadevan S. Ajay, Roopa Shivashankar, Viswanathan Mohan, Rajendra Pradeepa, Hassan M. Khan, Muhammad M. Kadir, Zafar Fatmi, K Srinath Reddy, Nikhil Tandon, KM Venkat Narayan, and Dorairaj Prabhakaran

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Implementing a public-private mix model for tuberculosis treatment in urban Pakistan: lessons and experiences, S. A. Naqvi, M. Naseer, A. Kazi, A. Pethani, I. Naeem, S. Zainab, and Zafar Fatmi

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Determinants of patient's satisfaction with health care system in Pakistan: a critical review, Maliha Naseer, Aysha Zahidie, and Babar Tasneem Shaikh

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Correlates of morbidity and mortality in severe necrotizing pancreatitis, K. M. Pal, Pashtoon Murtaza Kasi, Mohammad Tayyeb, S. M. Faisal Mosharraf, and Zafar Fatmi

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Frequency of poor quality of life and predictors of health related quality of life in cirrhosis at a tertiary care hospital Pakistan, Om Parkash, Romaina Iqbal, Fatima Jafri, Iqbal Azam, and Wasim Jafri

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Knowledge, attitude and practice of vitamin supplementation among patients visiting out-patient physicians in a teaching hospital in Karachi, Waris Qidwai, Zahra Aziz Samani, Iqbal Azam, and Saima Lalani

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Stress, job satisfaction and work hours in medical and surgical residency programmes in private sector teaching hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan, Sameer-ur-Rehman, Rohail Kumar, Nabeel Siddiqui, Zain Shahid, Sadia Syed, and Masood Kadir

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Perceptions and experiences of women in Karachi, Pakistan regarding secondary infertility: results from a community-based qualitative study, Neelofar Sami and Tazeen S. Ali

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Risk factors for secondary infertility among women in Karachi, Pakistan., Neelofar Sami, Tazeen S. Ali, Saba Wasim, and Sarah Saleem

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Experience of devolution in district health system of Pakistan: Perspectives regarding needed reforms, Shiraz Shaikh, Imran Naeem Abbasi, Asaad Ahmed Nafees, Aysha Zahidie, Zafar Fatmi, and Ambreen Kazi

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Respiratory symptoms and illnesses among brick kiln workers: A cross sectional study from rural districts of Pakistan, Shiraz Shaikh, Asaad Ahmed Nafees, Vikash Khetpal, Abid Ali Jamali, Abdul Manan Arain, and Akram Yousuf

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Deceased-donor organ transplantation: knowledge and attitudes among health care professionals managing critically ill patients in Karachi, Osama Tariq Siddiqui, Sobia Nizami, Emmon Raza, Mohammad Usman Ali, Marvi Bikak, Saad Siddiqui, Sania Hanif Khan, Mohsin Ali Mustafa, Sahoor Khan, and Zafar Fatmi

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Sindh health sector strategy 2012 – 2020, Shehla Zaidi

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NPO performance in reproductive health sector of low and middle income countries: what is the influence of the wider policy context, Shehla Zaidi and Xaher Gul

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Parallel NGO networks for HIV control: risks and opportunities for NGO contracting., Shehla Zaidi, Xaher Gul, and Noureen Aleem Nishtar

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Context matters in NGO–government contracting for health service delivery: a case study from Pakistan, Shehla Zaidi, Susannah H. Mayhew, John Cleland, and Andrew T. Green

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Role and contribution of private sector in moving towards universal health coverage in the eastern mediterranean region, Shehla Zaidi, Atif Riaz, Ali Thaver, Aftab Mukhi, and Latif Afzal Khan

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Risk factors for depression among married women belonging to higher and lower socioeconomic status in Karachi, Pakistan, Saima Zainab, Zafar Fatmi, and Ambreen Kazi

Submissions from 2011

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Predictors of unintentional poisoning among children under 5 years of age in Karachi: a matched case-control study, Bilal Ahmed, Zafar Fatmi, Amna R. Siddiqui, and Abdul L. Sheikh

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Knowledge, perceptions and myths regarding infertility among selected adult population in Pakistan: a cross-sectional study, Sumera Ali, Raafay Sophie, Ayesha M. Imam, Faisal I. Khan, Syed F. Ali, Annum Shaikh, and Syed Farid-ul-Hasnain

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Participatory action research as the approach for women’s empowerment, Ayesha Aziz, Meenaz Shams Hashwani, and Kausar S. Khan

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Knowledge of asthma management by general practitioners in Karachi, Pakistan: comparison with international guidelines, Nizar Bhulani, Saima Lalani, Aziez Ahmed, Yahya Jan, Urooba Faheem, Ayub Khan, Zahra Samani, Wahaj Aman, Faria Bhatti, Omar Hayat, and Sarah Saleem

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Administration of misoprostol by trained traditional birth attendants to prevent postpartum haemorrhage in home births in Pakistan: randomised placebo-controlled trial., J. Durocher, J. Blum, G. Walraven, N. F. Zuberi, and N. Mobeen

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NGOs and government partnership for health systems strengthening: A qualitative study presenting viewpoints of government, NGOs and donors in Pakistan, Iram Ejaz, Babar T. Shaikh, and Narjis Rizvi

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Assessing reasons for school/college dropout among young adults and implications for awareness about STDs and HIV/AIDS: findings from a population-based study in Karachi, Pakistan., Syed Farid-ul-Hasnain and Gunilla Krantz

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Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding handling, storage, and purification of water among people living in a semi-urban community before and after the intervention at Karachi, Pakistan, Salima Farooq, Yasmin Parpio, Tazeen S. Ali, Nafeesa Dhalvani, and Fazal Ather

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Stillbirths 1 Stillbirths: why they matter, J. Frederik Froen, Joanne Cacciatore, Elizabeth M. McClure, Oluwafemi Kuti, Abdul Hakeem Jokhio, Monir Islam, and Jeremy Shiffman

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Determining the factors associated with Unmet need for family planning: A cross-sectional survey in 49 districts of Pakistan, Waqas Hameed, Syed Khurram Azmat, Mohsina Bilgrami, and Muhammad Ishaqe

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Antipsychotic treatment and weight gain: does risperidone behave differently in Pakistani psychiatric patients?, Saleem Perwaiz Iqbal, Rashid A M Khan, and Syed Ahmer

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Level and Determinants of Kidney Function in a South Asian Population in Pakistan, Tazeen Jafar, Muhammad Islam, Saleem Jessani, Rasool Bux, Lesley A. Inker, Christophe Mariat, and andrew S. Levey

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Association of Socioeconomic Position With Under- and Overnutrition in Pakistan, Naveed Zafar Janjua, Romaina Iqbal, and Bushra Mahmood

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Meeting the 2015 Millennium Development Goals with new interventions for abused women., Rozina Karmaliani, Shireen Shehzad, Saima Shams Hirani, Nargis Asad, Shela Akbar Ali Hirani, and Judith McFarlane

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Complementary feeding: a Global Network cluster randomized controlled trial, Nancy F. Krebs, K. Michael Hambidge, Manolo Mazariegos, Jamie Westcott, Norman Goco, Linda L. Wright, Marion Koso-Thomas, Antoinette Tshefu, Carl Bose, Omrana Pasha, Robert Goldenberg, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar Carlo, Mark Kindem, Abhik Das, Ty Hartwell, and Elizabeth McClure

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Behavioral problems among children living in orphanage facilities of Karachi, Pakistan: comparison of children in an SOS Village with those in conventional orphanages, Zohra S. Lassi, Sadia Mahmud, Ehsan U. Syed, and Naveed Z. Janjua

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Prevalence of head lice and hygiene practices among women over twelve years of age in Sindh, Balochistan, and North West Frontier Province: national health survey of Pakistan, 1990-1994., Sadia Mahmud, Gregory Pappas, and Wilbur C Hadden

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Lung function decrement with arsenic exposure to drinking groundwater along river Indus: A comparative cross-sectional study, Asaad Ahmed Nafees, Ambreen Kazi, Zafar Fatmi, Muhammad Irfan, Arif Ali, and Fujio Kayama

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Stewardship in health policy and its relevance to Pakistan, Asaad Ahmed Nafees and Parvez Nayani

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Pakistan and Water: New Pressures on Global Security and Human Health, Gregory Pappas

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The association between parity, infant gender, higher level of paternal education and preterm birth in Pakistan: a cohort study, Kiran Shaikh, Shahirose Sadrudin Premji, Marianne S. Rose, Ambreen Kazi, Shaneela Khowaja, and Suzanne Tough

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Risk factors predisposing to congenital heart defects., Faheem Ul Haq, Fatima Jalil, Saman Hashmi, Maliha Iqbal Jumani, Aamer Imdad, Mehnaz Jabeen, Javad Tauseef Hashmi, Furqan Bin Irfan, Muhammad Imran, and Mehnaz Atiq

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Three-level quality assessment of a dental hospital using EFQM., Farhan Vakani, Zafar Fatmi, and Kashif Naqvi

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Neurological involvement in patients with falciparum malaria: frequency and prognostic value, Mohammad Wasay, Asif Taqi, Huma Aziz, Iqbal Azam, and Mohammad Asim Beg

Social environment and depression among pregnant women in rural areas of Sind, Pakistan, Aysha Zahidie, Ambreen Kazi, Zafar Fatmi, Muhammad Tufail Bhatti, and Sayeda Dureshahwar

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Bureaucrats as purchasers of health services: limitations of the public sector for contracting, Shehla Zaidi, Susannah H. Mayhew, and Natasha Palmer

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Access to essential medicines: in Pakistan identifying policy research and concerns, Shehla Zaidi and Noureen Nishtar

Submissions from 2010

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Father's support and literacy--factors associated with child mortality in Gambat, Sindh-Pakistan, Ajmal Agha, Fozia Ajmal, Azam Iqbal, and Franklin White

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Knowledge and awareness about cervical cancer and its prevention amongst interns and nursing staff in Tertiary Care Hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan., Syed Faizan Ali, Samia Ayub, Nauman Fazal Manzoor, Sidra Azim, Muneeza Afif, Nida Akhtar, Wassi Ali Jafery, Imran Tahir, Syed Farid-Ul-Hasnian, and Najam Uddin

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Menstrual knowledge and practices of female adolescents in urban Karachi, Pakistan., Tazeen Saeed Ali and Syeda Naghma Rizvi

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Needle stick injuries among health care workers of public sector tertiary care hospitals of Karachi, Mubashir Aslam, Tahir Taj, Arif Ali, Waseem Mirza, Hammad Ali, Mudassir Iqbal Dar, and Nasira Badar

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Assessment of quality of care for the management of type 2 diabetes: a multicentre study from a developing country., Iqbal Syed Azam, Ali Khan Khuwaja, Ghazala Rafique, and Franklin White

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Social marketing for early neonatal care: Saving newborn lives in Pakistan., Iram Ejaz and Babar Tasneem Shaikh

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Prevalence and risk factors for stunting among children under 5 years: a community based study from Jhangara town, Dadu Sindh, Syed Farid-ul-Hasnain and Raafay Sophie

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Situational analysis of household energy and biomass use and associated health burden of indoor air pollution and mitigation efforts in Pakistan, Zafar Fatmi, Asma Rahman, Ambreen Kazi, Muhammad Masood Kadir, and Nalini Sathiakumar

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Infection-related stillbirths, Robert L. Goldenberg, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sarah Saleem, and Uma M. Reddy

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Prevalence and associated risk factors of sleep-disordered breathing symptoms in young and middle-aged Pakistani employed adults, Syed Fayyaz Hussain, Yona Keich Cloonan, Muhammad Islam, and Mohammad Hossein Rahbar

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Association of self-reported nasal blockage with sleep-disordered breathing and excessive daytime sleepiness in Pakistani employed adults, Syed Fayyaz Hussain, Yona Keich Cloonan, Mohammad H. Rahbar, and Muhammad Islam