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Theses/Dissertations from 2016

Identification of hospital based factors associated with 30-days clinical outcomes in pediatric patients with head injury, Fareed Ahmed

Perceptions of women regarding the quality of family planning services in low income urban areas of Karachi : an exploratory study, Nazia Ahsan

Implementation barriers or gaps in misoprostol use for post-abortion care and post-partum hemorrhage prevention in developing countries : a systematic review, Amir Ali

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Impact of consumption of canned food during pregnancy, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir

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Important steps to maintain the privacy of patients in the hospital, Savera Aziz Ali, Minaz Mawani, Gulshan Bano, and Sumera Aziz Ali

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Low self-esteem leads to depression among elderly: Case study of nursing home, Savera Aziz Ali, Nadir Suhail, and Sumera Aziz Ali

Risk factors and perinatal outcomes for early and late onset preeclampsia, Pakistan : an observational study, Sohrab Ali

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Use of smokeless tobacco in medical students and hypertension, Sumera Aziz Ali

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Importance of storing medicines on required temperature in pharmacies and role of community pharmacies in rural areas: Literature review, Sumera Aziz Ali, Savera Aziz Ali, and Nadir Suhail

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Childhood obesity, a public health crisis: Narrative review of public health interventions for childhood obesity, Sumera Aziz Ali, Savera Aziz Ali, Nadir Suhail, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, and Gulshan Bano

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Geographic access to working family planning centers and unintended pregnancies among married women: a community based nested case control study., Sumera Aziz Ali, Sarah Saleem, Neelofar Sami, Mir Shabbar, Muhammad Ahmed, Shafquat Rozi, Robert L. Goldenberg, Margo S. Harrison, and Omrana Pasha

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Prevalence and determinants of unintended pregnancy: systematic review, Sumera Aziz Ali, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, and Waris Qidwai

Association of environmental arsenic exposure with Pnuemonia in children aged less than five years residing in Khairpur, District of sindh : a case-control study, Zoya Zulfiqar Ali

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The Antenatal Corticosteroids Trial (ACT)'s explanations for neonatal mortality - a secondary analysis., Fernando Althabe, Vanessa Thorsten, Karen Klein, Elizabeth M. McClure, Patricia L. Hibberd, Robert L. Goldenberg, Waldemar A. Carlo, Ana Garces, Archana Patel, Omrana Pasha, Elwyn Chomba, Nancy F. Krebs, Shivaprasad Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty, Nellie I. Hansen, Sreelatha Meleth, Dennis D. Wallace, Marion Koso-Thomas, Alan H. Jobe, Pierre M. Buekens, and José M. Belizán

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Engaging with community-based public and private mid-level providers for promoting the use of modern contraceptive methods in rural Pakistan: Results from two innovative birth spacing interventions, Syed Khurram Azmat, Waqas Hameed, Hasan Bin Hamza, Ghulam Mustafa, Muhammad Ishaque, Ghazunfer Abbas, Omar Farooq Khan, Jamshaid Asghar, Erik Munroe, and Safdar Ali

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Home-based early intervention and the influence of family resources on cognitive development., Carla M. Bann, Jan L. Wallander, Barbara Do, Vanessa Thorsten, Omrana Pasha, Fred J. Biasini, Roopa Bellad, Shivaprasad Goudar, Elwyn Chomba, Elizabeth McClure, and Waldemar A. Waldemar A. Carlo

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Use of antenatal corticosteroids at health facilities and communities in low-and-middle income countries., Mabel Berrueta, Jennifer Hemingway-Foday, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Robert L. Goldenberg, Waldemar A. Carlo, Ana Garces, Archana Patel, Sarah Saleem, Omrana Pasha, Elwyn Chomba, Patricia L. Hibberd, Nancy F. Krebs, Shivaprasad Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Fabian Esamai, Edward A. Liechty, Janet L. Moore, Elizabeth M. McClure, Marion Koso-Thomas, Pierre M. Buekens, José M. Belizán, and Fernando Althabe

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Variations in diabetes prevalence in low-, middle-, and high-income countries: results from the prospective urban and rural epidemiological study., Gilles R. Dagenais, Hertzel C. Gerstein, Xiaohe Zhang, Matthew McQueen, Scott Lear, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Viswanathan Mohan, Prem Mony, Rajeev Gupta, V. Raman Kutty, Rajesh Kumar, Omar Rahman, Khalid Yusoff, Katarzyna Zatonska, Aytekin Oguz, Annika Rosengren, Roya Kelishadi, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Rafael Diaz, Alvaro Avezum, Fernando Lanas, Annamarie Kruger, Nasheeta Peer, Jephat Chifamba, Romaina Iqbal, Noorhassim Ismail, Bai Xiulin, Liu Jiankang, Deng Wenqing, Yue Gejie, Sumathy Rangarajan, Koon Teo, and Salim Yusuf

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Coronary heart disease and household air pollution from use of solid fuel: a systematic review., Zafar Fatmi and David Coggon

Feasibility of mhealth in improving uptake of antenatal and postnatal care services in peri-urban areas of Karachi : a qualitative exploratory study, Anam Feroz

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Stretching the boundaries of medical education: A case of medical college embracing humanities and social sciences in medical education, Kulsoom Ghias, Kausar S. Khan, Rukhsana Ali, Shireen Azfar, and Rashida Ahmed

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Reducing stillbirths in low-income countries., Robert L. Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Omrana Pasha, Margo S. Harrison, and Elizabeth M. Mcclure

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The role of micro health insurance in providing financial risk protection in developing countries- a systematic review., Shifa Salman Habib, Shagufta Perveen, and Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja

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Comparing effectiveness of active and passive client follow-up approaches in sustaining the continued use of long acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) in rural Punjab: A multicentre, non-inferiority trial, Waqas Hameed, Syed Khurram Azmat, Moazzam Ali, Muhammad Ishaque, Ghazunfer Abbas, Erik Munroe, Rebecca Harrison, Wajahat Hussain Shamsi, Ghulam Mustafa, and Omar Farooq Khan

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External lead contamination of women's nails by surma in Pakistan: Is the biomarker reliable?, Akihiko Ikegami, Mai Takagi, Zafar Fatmi, Yayoi Kobayashi, Mayumi Ohtsu, Xiaoyi Cui, Nathan Mise, Atsuko Mizuno, Ambreen Sahito, Aneeta Khoso, and Fujio Kayama

Role of public private partnership in the provisin of safe drinking water in Gilgit : a qualitative exploratory study, Sultana Jabeen

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Control of blood pressure and risk attenuation: a public health intervention in rural Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka: feasibility trial results., Tazeen H. Jafar, Asita de Silva, Aliya Naheed, Imtiaz Jehan, Feng Liang, Pryseley N. Assam, Helena Legido-Quigley, Eric A. Finkelstein, Shah Ebrahim, Rajitha Wickremasinghe, Dewan Alam, and Aamir Hameed

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Critical Need of Osteoporosis Risk Assessment Tool for Pakistan, Lena Jafri, Romaina Iqbal, and Aysha Habib Khan

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Exposure assessment of lead from food and airborne dusts and biomonitoring in pregnant mothers, their fetus and siblings in Karachi, Pakistan and Shimotsuke, Japan., Fujio Kayama, Zafar Fatmi, Akihiko Ikegami, Atsuko Mizuno, Mayumi Ohtsu, Nathern Mise, Xiaoyi Cui, Masanori Ogawa, Takako Sakamoto, Yoshiko Nakagi, Takahiko Yoshida, Ambreen Sahito, Shahla Naeem, Kulsoom Ghias, Hina Saeed Zuberi, Kanwal Tariq, Yayoi Kobayashi, and Keiko Nohara

Occupational health and safety gaps in current standards and their implementation in textile industries of Karachi, Pakistan - an exploratory study, Mir Baz Khan

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Perspectives regarding antenatal care, delivery and breast feeding practices of women from Baluchistan, Pakistan., Aneeta Khoso, Ayesha Zahid Khan, Sayeeda Amber Sayed, and Ghazala Rafique

Pesticides use and impaired lung function among male agricultural farmers in rural Sindh, Pakistan, Zahid Ali Khowaja

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The Antenatal Corticosteroids Trial (ACT): a secondary analysis to explore site differences in a multi-country trial., Karen Klein, Elizabeth M. McClure, Daniela Colaci, Vanessa Thorsten, Patricia L. Hibberd, Fabian Esamai, Ana Garces, Archana Patel, Sarah Saleem, Omrana Pasha, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A. Carlo, Nancy F. Krebs, Shivaprasad Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Edward A. Liechty, Marion Koso-Thomas, Pierre M. Buekens, José M. Belizán, Robert L. Goldenberg, and Fernando Althabe

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Reference ranges of handgrip strength from 125,462 healthy adults in 21 countries: a prospective urban rural epidemiologic (PURE) study., Darryl P. Leong, Koon K. Teo, Sumathy Rangarajan, V. Raman Kutty, Fernando Lanas, Chen Hui, Xiang Quanyong, Qian Zhenzhen, Tang Jinhua, and Romaina Iqbal

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Economic burden of mental illnesses in Pakistan., ashar muhammad malik and Murad Moosa Khan

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Countdown to 2015 country case studies: what can analysis of national health financing contribute to understanding MDG 4 and 5 progress?, Carlyn Mann, Courtney Ng, Nadia Akseer, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Josephine Borghi, Tim Colbourn, Patricia Hernández-Peña, Luis Huicho, Muhammad Ashar Malik, Melisa Ashar Martinez-Alvarez, Spy Munthali, Ahmad Shah Salehi, Mekonnen Tadesse, Mohammed Yassin, and Peter Berman

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Associations of urinary sodium excretion with cardiovascular events in individuals with and without hypertension: a pooled analysis of data from four studies., Andrew Mente, Martin O'Donnell, Sumathy Rangarajan, Gilles Dagenais, Scott Lear, Matthew McQueen, Rafael Diaz, Alvaro Avezum, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Fernando Lanas, Wei Li, Yin Lu, Sun Yi, Lei Rensheng, Romaina Iqbal, Prem Mony, Rita Yusuf, Khalid Yusoff, Andrzej Szuba, Aytekin Oguz, Annika Rosengren, Ahmad Bahonar, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Aletta Elisabeth Schutte, Jephat Chifamba, Johannes F E Mann, Sonia S. Anand, Koon Teo, and S. Yusuf

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Availability, affordability, and consumption of fruits and vegetables in 18 countries across income levels: findings from the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study., Victoria Miller, Salim Yusuf, Clara K. Chow, Mahshid Dehgha, Daniel J. Corsi, Karen Lock, Barry Popkin, Sumathy Rangarajan, Rasha Khatib, Scott A. Lear, Prem Mony, Manmeet Kaur, Viswanathan Mohan, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, Rajeev Gupta, Annamarie Kruger, Lungiswa Tsolekile, Noushin Mohammadifard, Omar Rahman, Annika Rosengren, Alvaro Avezum, Andrés Orlandini, Noorhassim Ismail, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Kubilay Karsidag, Romaina Iqbal, Jephat Chifamba, Solange Martinez Oakley, Farnaza Ariffin, Katarzyna Zatonska, Paul Poirier, Li Wei, Bo Jian, Chen Hui, LiuXu Xu, Bai Xiulin, Koon Teo, and Andrew Mente

Parents' perceptions and practices regarding childhood diarrhea management in rural Thatta, Sindh, Mohammad Naeem

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Available interventions for prevention of cotton dust-associated lung diseases among textile workers, Asaad Ahmed Nafees and Zafar Fatmi

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Chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among textile workers in Karachi, Pakistan, Asaad Ahmed Nafees, Zafar Fatmi, Muhammad Masood Kadir, and Nalini Sathiakumar

The difference in impact of direct versus interfacility transfers in predicting 30 day mortality among adult road traffic crash victims presenting to the ED settings of three tertiary care hospitals in Karachi, Maleeha Naseem

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Wealth and cardiovascular health: a cross-sectional study of wealth-related inequalities in the awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in high-, middle- and low-income countries., Benjamin Palafox, Martin McKee, Dina Balabanova, Khalid F. Khalid, Alvaro Jr Avezum, Ahmad Bahonar, Noorhassim Noorhassim, Jephat Chifamba, Clara K. Chow, Daniel J. Corsi, Gilles R. Dagenais, Rafael Diaz, Rajeev Gupta, Romaina Iqbal, Manmeet Kaur, Rasha Khatib, Annamarie Kruger, Iolanthe Marike Kruger, Fernando Lanas, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Fu Minfan, Viswanathan Mohan, Prem K. Mony, Aytekin Oguz, Lia M. Palileo-Villanueva, Pablo Perel, Paul Poirier, Sumathy Rangarajan, Lei Rensheng, Annika Rosengren, Biju Soman, David Stuckler, S. V. Subramania, Koon Teo, Lungiswa P. Tsolekile, Andreas Wielgosz, Peng Yaguang, Karen Yeates, Mo Yongzhen, Khalid Yusoff, Rita Yusuf, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Katarzyna Zatońska, and Salim Yusuf

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Obesity and its relation with diabetes and hypertension: a cross-sectional study across 4 geographical regions., Shivani A. Patel, Mohammed K. Ali, Dewan Alam, Lijing L. Yan, Naomi S. Levitt, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, William Checkley, Yangfeng Wu, Vilma Irazola, Laura Gutierrez, Adolfo Rubinstein, Roopa Shivashankar, Xian Li, J. Jaime Miranda, Muhammad Haider Chowdhury, Ali Tanweer Siddiquee, Thomas A. Gaziano, Muhammad Masood Kadir, and Prabhakaran Dorairaj

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Is the “South Asian Phenotype” unique to South Asians?: comparing cardiometabolic risk factors in the CARRS and NHANES Studies., Shivani A. Patel, Roopa Shivashankar, Mohammed K. Ali, R. M. Anjana, M. Deepa, Deksha Kapoor, Dimple Kondal, Garima Rautela, V. Mohan, K.M. Venkat Narayan, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Zafar Fatmi, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Nikhil Tandon, and CARRS Investigators

Integrated management of childhood illness strategy implementation in a rural district of Pakistan through the lens of planners and implementers., Nousheen Pradhan, Nick Brown, Neelofar Sami, and Narjis Rizvi

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Health workers’ perspectives, knowledge and skills regarding community case management of childhood diarrhoea and pneumonia: a qualitative inquiry for an implementation research project “Nigraan” in District Badin, Sindh, Pakistan, Fauziah Rabbani, Shagufta Perveen, Wafa Aftab, Aysha Zahidie, Kashif Sangrasi, and Shamim Ahmad Qazi Ahmad Qazi

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Inspiring health worker motivation with supportive supervision: a survey of lady health supervisor motivating factors in rural Pakistan, Fauziah Rabbani, Leah Shipton, Wafa Aftab, Kashif Sangrasi, Shagufta Perveen, and Aysha Zahidie

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Schools of public health in low and middle-income countries: an imperative investment for improving the health of populations?, Fauziah Rabbani, Leah Shipton, Franklin White, Iman Nuwayhid, Leslie London, Abdul Ghaffar, Bui Thi Thu Ha, Rajiv Rimal, Anwar Islam, Amirhossein Takian, Samuel Wong, Shehla Zaidi, Kausar S. Khan, Rozina Karmaliani, Imran Naeem Abbasi, and Farhat Abbas

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Recent strategies to improve community case management of diarrhea among children under five in developing countries, Fauziah Rabbani and Aysha Zahidie

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Challenges in implementing a community based trial in a rural Pakistani district: lessons learnt from project NIGRAAN, F. Rabbani, Imran Naeem, Shipton Leah, Mehboob Beenish, Zahidie Aysha, Sangrasi Kashif, Aftab Wafa, Perveen Shagufta, and Qazi Shamim Ahmad

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Policy makers perceptions regarding performance of the lady heath worker programme: is there a know-do gap? findings from the NIGRAAN project, F. Rabbani, Shagufta Perveen, I. N Abbas, Wafa Aftab, Kashif Sangrasi, L Shipton, and Aysha Zahidie

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Schools of public health in low and middle-income countries: an imperative investment for improving the health of populations?, F. Rabbani, Leah Shipton, Franklin White, Iman Nuwayhid, Leslie London, Abdul Ghaffar, Bui Thi Thu Ha, Goran Tomson, Rajiv Rimal, Anwar Islam, Amirhossein Takian, Samuel Wong, Shehla Zaidi, Kausar Kausar, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Imran Naeem Abbasi, and Farhat Abbas

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Assessing global risk factors for non-fatal injuries from road traffic accidents and falls in adults aged 35-70 years in 17 countries: a cross-sectional analysis of the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiological (PURE) study., Parminder Raina, Nazmul Sohel, Mark Oremus, Harry Shannon, Prem Mony, Rajesh Kumar, Wei Li, Yang Wang, Xingyu Wang, Khalid Yusoff, Rita Yusuf, Romaina Iqbal, Andrzej Szuba, Aytekin Oguz, Annika Rosengren, Annamarie Kruger, Jephat Chifamba, Noushin Mohammadifard, Ebtihal Ahmad Darwish, Gilles Dagenais, Rafael Diaz, Alvaro Avezum, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Pamela Seron, Sumathy Rangarajan, Koon Teo, and Salim Yusuf

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Association of tobacco use and other determinants with pregnancy outcomes: a multicentre hospital-based case-control study in Karachi, Pakistan., Shafquat Rozi, Zahid Ahmad Butt, Nida Zahid, Saba Wasim, and Kashif Shafique

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Peer pressure and family smoking habits influence smoking uptake in teenage boys attending school: multilevel modeling of survey data., Shafquat Rozi, Sadia Mahmud, Gillian Lancaster, and Nida Zahid

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Caregivers knowledge, practices about childhood diarrhea and pneumonia and their perceptions of lady health worker program; findings from NIGRAAN implementation research project, K Sangrasi, F. Rabbani, W Aftab, A Zahidie, S Perveen, IN Abbas, SIA Shah, and SA Qazi

The association of body composition with quality of life in adult patients with end stage renal disease on hemodialysis visiting a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan, Sobiya Sawani

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Motivation and retention of physicians in primary healthcare facilities: a qualitative study from abbottabad, Pakistan, Sayed Masoom Shah, Shehla Zaidi, Jamil Ahmed, and Shafiq Ur Rehman

Exploring the factors affecting quality of neonatal care services at a secondary level public hospital in Karachi, Pakistan : an exploratory mixed method study, Noureen Abdul Sultan Somani

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Frequency of Birth Defects and its Relationship to Parents Having Interfamily Marriages at a Tertiary Care Hospital, Tufail Soomro and Shiyam Sunder Tikmani

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Prevalence, Etiology and Predictors of Urinary Tract Infections in Febrile Children under the Age of Five Years, Tufail Soomro and Shiyam Sunder Tikmani

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Success of Bubble CPAP in Treatment of Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Preterm Infants, Tufail Soomro and Shiyam Sunder Tikmani

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Frequency and Etiology of Community-Acquired Bloodstream Infection in Hospitalized Febrile Children, Tufail Soomro, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, and Sumera Aziz Ali

Storage of medicines and temperature control at community pharmacies in rural district of Sindh, Pakistan: an exploratory cross-sectional study, Nadir Suhail, Sumera Aziz Ali, Waris Qidwai, Savera Aziz Ali, Saleem Iqbal, Yousuf Memon, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Obesity, an emerging epidemic in Pakistan-a review of evidence., Sana Tanzil and Tanzil Jamali

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Frequency of Retinopathy of Prematurity in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Tufail Soomro, and Prashant Tikmani

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Prevalence and Determinants of Postpartum Depression in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Tufail Soomro, and Prashant Tikmani

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Rate and Risk Factors of Stillbirth in Pakistan: A Systematic Review, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani and Nida Zahid

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Handling challenging emotions in nursing care, Komal Valliani

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Descriptive epidemiology of somatising tendency: findings from the CUPID study., Sergio Vargas-Prada, David Coggon, Georgia Ntani, Georgia Ntani, Karen Walker-Bone, Keith T. Palmer, Vanda E. Felli, Raul Harari, Lope H. Barrero, Sarah A. Felknor, David Gimeno, Anna Cattrell, Matteo Bonzini, Eleni Solidaki, Eda Merisalu, Rima R. Habib, Farideh Sadeghian, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Sudath S. P. Warnakulasuriya, Ko Matsudaira, Busisiwe Nyantumbu, Malcolm R. Sim, Helen Harcombe, Ken Cox, Leila M. M. Sarquis, Maria H. Marziale, Florencia Harari, Rocio Freire, Natalia Harari, Magda V. Monroy, Leonardo A. Quintana, Marianela Rojas, E. Clare Harris, Consol Serra, J. Miguel Martinez, George Delclos, Fernando G. Benavides, Michele Carugno, Marco M. Ferrario, Angela C. Pesatori, Leda Chatzi, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Kristel Oha, Tiina Freimann, Ali Sadeghian, Roshini J. Peiris-John, Nalini Sathiakumar, A. Rajitha Wickremasinghe, Noriko Yoshimura, Helen L. Kelsall, Victor C. W. Hoe, Donna M. Urquhart, Sarah Derrett, David McBride, Peter Herbison, Andrew Gray, and Eduardo J. Salazar Vega

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Comment: "Prospective case control evaluation of epidural midazolam for improving pain and ambulation after microdiscectomy", Mohammad Yawar Yakoob

Association of dental caries and asthma among 12-15 years old children studying at 5 private schools of Karachi, Pakistan : a cross sectional study, Wajeeha Zahid

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Nutritional status and physical abuse among the children involved in domestic labour in Karachi Pakistan: a cross-sectional survey., Saima Zainab and Muhammad Masood Kadir

Perceived quality and factors influencing quality of mental health services at primary healthcare level in Kabul, Afghanistan. a qualitative exploratory study, Mohammad Ismail Zubair

Theses/Dissertations from 2015

Implementation of needle stick injury prevention guidelines in tertiary healthcare settings of Karachi, Pakistan, Haris Ahmad

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Eye care service use and its determinants in marginalized communities in Pakistan: The Karachi marine fishing communities eye and general health survey, Khabir Ahmad, Anthony B. Zwi, Daniel J. M. Tarantola, and Iqbal Azam Syed

Psychosocial factors associated with deliberate self-harm in adult patients presenting to tertiary care hospitals in Afghanistan: a matched case-control study, Mohammad Akbar

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Does academic assessment system type affect levels of academic stress in medical students? A cross-sectional study from Pakistan, Madiha Ali, Hamna Asim, Ahmed Iqbal Edhi, Muhammad Daniya Hashmi, Muhammad Shahjahan Khan, Farah Naz, Kanza Noor Qaiser, Sidra Masud Qureshi, Mohammad Faizan Zahid, and Imtiaz Jehan

Adaptation and validation of recent life changes questionnaire (RLCQ) to measure stress among urban adult population of Karachi, Pakistan, Azmina Abdulsultan Artani

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Assessing predictors of contraceptive use and demand for family planning services in underserved areas of Punjab province in Pakistan: Results of a cross-sectional baseline survey, Syed Khurram Azmat, Moazzam Ali, Muhammad Ishaque, Ghulam Mustafa, Waqas Hameed, Omar Farooq Khan, Ghazunfer Abbas, Marleen Temmerman, and Erik Munroe

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Comparing effectiveness of two client follow-up approaches in sustaining the use of long acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) among the underserved in rural Punjab, Pakistan: A study protocol and participants' profile, Syed Khurram Azmat, Waqas Hameed, Moazzam Ali, Muhammad Ishaque, Ghulam Mustafa, Omar Farooq Khan, Ghazunfer Abbas, and Erik Munroe

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Depression and its association with functional status and physical activity in the elderly in Karachi, Pakistan, Mehreen Anwar Bhamani, Murad Moosa Khan, Mehtab S. Karim, and Mohammed Umer Mir

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Landscape analysis of multi-sectoral initiatives for under-nutrition in Pakistan, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Albertha Nyaku, Jane Keylock, Shehla Zaidi, and Jai Das

Association of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with unintentional injuries among children age 4-11 years : hospital based matched case control study, Dr Hasana Bilal

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Determinants of method switching among social franchise clients who discontinued the use of intrauterine contraceptive device, Waqas Hameed, Syed Khurram Azmat, Moazzam Ali, Wajahat Hussain, Ghulam Mustafa, Muhammad Ishaque, Safdar Ali, Aftab Ahmed, and Marleen Temmerman

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Continuation rates and reasons for discontinuation of intra-uterine device in three provinces of Pakistan: Results of a 24-month prospective client follow-up, Waqas Hameed, Syed Khurram Azmat, Muhammad Ishaque, Wajahat Hussain, Erik Munroe, Ghulam Mustafa, Omar Farooq Khan, Ghazunfer Abbas, Safdar Ali, and Qaiser Jamshaid Asghar

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The Role of Neighborhood Environment in Promoting Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disease among Young Adults: Data from Middle to High Income Population in an Asian Megacity, Mohammad Ahraz Hussain, Sandal Noorani, Amna Khan, Hafsa Asad, Anam Rehan, Aamir Kazi, Mirza Zain Baig, Arish Noor, Amash Aqil, and Nida Shahab Bham

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Major dietary patterns and risk of acute myocardial infarction in young, urban Pakistani population, Romaina Iqbal, Saleem Perwaiz Iqbal, Mohsin Yakub, Asal Khan Tareen, and Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal

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Smokeless tobacco use among Pakistani women: a missed opportunity for tobacco control, Tanzil Jamali and Sana Tanzil

The Effects of dental scaling on adverse birth outcome : a randomized trial in Karachi, Pakistan, Zaubina Umar Kazi

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Accuracy and use of WHO hemoglobin color scale for diagnosis of anemia among pregnant women by health care providers in periurban settings in Karachi, Pakistan, Adeel Ahmed Khan, Zafar Fatmi, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Social and societal context of women’s mental health, what women want, what they get: gap analysis in Pakistan of mental health services, polices and research, Kausar S. Khan Ms, Sohail Amir Ali Bawani, Ghazala Rafique, Fatema Hasan, and Anis Haroon

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Social and societal context of women’s mental health, what women want, what they get: gap analysis in Pakistan of mental health services, polices and research, Kausar S. Khan, Ghazala Rafique, Sohail Amir Ali Bawani, Fatema Hasan, and Anis Haroon

Does supplementary video based teaching program mild to moderate primary stroke survivors and caregivers change post stroke complications requiring medical attention - a randomized controlled trial, Adeel Khoja

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Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding respiratory symptoms among textile workers of Karachi, Pakistan: A cross-sectional survey, Aneeta Khoso and Asaad Ahmed Nafees

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Prognostic value of grip strength: findings from the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study., Darryl P. Leong, ProfKoon K. Teo, Sumathy Rangarajan, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Alvaro Avezum, Andres Orlandini, Pamela Seron, Suad H. Ahmed, Annika Rosengren, Roya Kelishadi, Omar Rahman, Sumathi Swaminathan, Romaina Iqbal, Rajeev Gupta, Scott A. Lear, Aytekin Oguz, Khalid Yusoff, Katarzyna Zatonska, Jephat Chifamba, Ehimario Igumbor, Viswanathan Mohan, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Hongqiu Gu, Wei Li, and Salim Yusuf

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Universal health coverage assessment Pakistan, Muhammad Ashar Malik

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Cost of primary health care in Pakistan, Muhammad Ashar Malik, Wahid Gul, Saleem Per waiz Iqbal, and Farina Abrejo

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High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency in a low income peri-urban community in Karachi, Naseema Mehboobali, Saleem Perwaiz Iqbal, and Muhammad Perwaiz Iqbal