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Submissions from 2011

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Meeting the 2015 Millennium Development Goals with new interventions for abused women., Rozina Karmaliani, Shireen Shehzad, Saima Shams Hirani, Nargis Asad, Shela Akbar Ali Hirani, and Judith McFarlane

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Complementary feeding: a Global Network cluster randomized controlled trial, Nancy F. Krebs, K. Michael Hambidge, Manolo Mazariegos, Jamie Westcott, Norman Goco, Linda L. Wright, Marion Koso-Thomas, Antoinette Tshefu, Carl Bose, Omrana Pasha, Robert Goldenberg, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar Carlo, Mark Kindem, Abhik Das, Ty Hartwell, and Elizabeth McClure

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Behavioral problems among children living in orphanage facilities of Karachi, Pakistan: comparison of children in an SOS Village with those in conventional orphanages, Zohra S. Lassi, Sadia Mahmud, Ehsan U. Syed, and Naveed Z. Janjua

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Prevalence of head lice and hygiene practices among women over twelve years of age in Sindh, Balochistan, and North West Frontier Province: national health survey of Pakistan, 1990-1994., Sadia Mahmud, Gregory Pappas, and Wilbur C Hadden

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Lung function decrement with arsenic exposure to drinking groundwater along River Indus: a comparative cross-sectional study, Asaad A. Nafees, Ambreen Kazi, Zafar Fatmi, Muhammad Irfan, Arif Ali, and Fujio Kayama

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Stewardship in health policy and its relevance to Pakistan, Asaad A. Nafees and Parvez Nayani

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Pakistan and Water: New Pressures on Global Security and Human Health, Gregory Pappas

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The association between parity, infant gender, higher level of paternal education and preterm birth in Pakistan: a cohort study, Kiran Shaikh, Shahirose Sadrudin Premji, Marianne S. Rose, Ambreen Kazi, Shaneela Khowaja, and Suzanne Tough

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Risk factors predisposing to congenital heart defects., Faheem Ul Haq, Fatima Jalil, Saman Hashmi, Maliha Iqbal Jumani, Aamer Imdad, Mehnaz Jabeen, Javad Tauseef Hashmi, Furqan Bin Irfan, Muhammad Imran, and Mehnaz Atiq

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Three-level quality assessment of a dental hospital using EFQM., Farhan Vakani, Zafar Fatmi, and Kashif Naqvi

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Neurological involvement in patients with falciparum malaria: frequency and prognostic value, Mohammad Wasay, Asif Taqi, Huma Aziz, Iqbal Azam, and Mohammad Asim Beg

Social environment and depression among pregnant women in rural areas of Sind, Pakistan, Aysha Zahidie, Ambreen Kazi, Zafar Fatmi, Muhammad Tufail Bhatti, and Sayeda Dureshahwar

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Bureaucrats as purchasers of health services: limitations of the public sector for contracting, Shehla Zaidi, Susannah H. Mayhew, and Natasha Palmer

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Access to essential medicines: in Pakistan identifying policy research and concerns, Shehla Zaidi and Noureen Nishtar

Submissions from 2010

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Father's support and literacy--factors associated with child mortality in Gambat, Sindh-Pakistan, Ajmal Agha, Fozia Ajmal, Azam Iqbal, and Franklin White

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Knowledge and awareness about cervical cancer and its prevention amongst interns and nursing staff in Tertiary Care Hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan., Syed Faizan Ali, Samia Ayub, Nauman Fazal Manzoor, Sidra Azim, Muneeza Afif, Nida Akhtar, Wassi Ali Jafery, Imran Tahir, Syed Farid-Ul-Hasnian, and Najam Uddin

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Menstrual knowledge and practices of female adolescents in urban Karachi, Pakistan., Tazeen Saeed Ali and Syeda Naghma Rizvi

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Needle stick injuries among health care workers of public sector tertiary care hospitals of Karachi, Mubashir Aslam, Tahir Taj, Arif Ali, Waseem Mirza, Hammad Ali, Mudassir Iqbal Dar, and Nasira Badar

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Assessment of quality of care for the management of type 2 diabetes: a multicentre study from a developing country., Iqbal Syed Azam, Ali Khan Khuwaja, Ghazala Rafique, and Franklin White

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Social marketing for early neonatal care: Saving newborn lives in Pakistan., Iram Ejaz and Babar Tasneem Shaikh

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Prevalence and risk factors for stunting among children under 5 years: a community based study from Jhangara town, Dadu Sindh, Syed Farid-ul-Hasnain and Raafay Sophie

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Situational analysis of household energy and biomass use and associated health burden of indoor air pollution and mitigation efforts in Pakistan, Zafar Fatmi, Asma Rahman, Ambreen Kazi, Muhammad Masood Kadir, and Nalini Sathiakumar

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Infection-related stillbirths, Robert L. Goldenberg, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sarah Saleem, and Uma M. Reddy

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Prevalence and associated risk factors of sleep-disordered breathing symptoms in young and middle-aged Pakistani employed adults, Syed Fayyaz Hussain, Yona Keich Cloonan, Muhammad Islam, and Mohammad Hossein Rahbar

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Association of self-reported nasal blockage with sleep-disordered breathing and excessive daytime sleepiness in Pakistani employed adults, Syed Fayyaz Hussain, Yona Keich Cloonan, Mohammad H. Rahbar, and Muhammad Islam

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Sharp injuries and their determinants among health care workers at first-level care facilities in Sindh Province, Pakistan, Naveed Z. Janjua, Mohammad I. Khan, and Bushra Mahmood

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Health care risk factors among women and personal behaviours among men explain the high prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection in Karachi, Pakistan, N. Z. Janjua, H. B. Hamza, M. Islam, S. F. A. Tirmizi, A. Siddiqui, W. Jafri, and Saeed Hamid

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Dating gestational age by last menstrual period, symphysis-fundal height, and ultrasound in urban Pakistan, Imtiaz Jehan, Shahida Zaidi, Sameera Rizvi, Naushaba Mobeen, Elizabeth M. McClure, Breda Munoz, Omrana Pasha, Linda L. Wright, and Robert L. Goldenberg

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Knowledge, attitudes and practices of barbers about hepatitis B and C transmission in Hyderabad, Pakistan., A. H. Jokhio, T. A. Bhatti, and S. Memon

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Exposure of pregnant women to indoor air pollution: a study from nine low and middle income countries, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Elizabeth M. McClure, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Ana L. Garces, Janet Moore, Marie Onyamboko, Christine Kaseba, Fernando Althabe, Eduardo E. Castilla, Salvio Freire, Sailajanandan Parida, Sarah Saleem, Linda L. Wright, and Robert L. Goldenberg

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The hidden figure: sexual intimate partner violence among Pakistani women, Mufiza Zia Kapadia, Sarah Saleem, and Mehtab S. Karim

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Potential benefits and perceived need for health promoting hospitals in Pakistan: a healthcare stakeholder's perspective, Asif Raza Khowaja, Rozina Mistry, Ajmal Agha, and Rozina Karmaliani

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Quit Smoking for Life-Social Marketing Strategy for Youth: A Case for Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khowaja, Ali Khan Khuwaja, Parvez Nayani, Saleem Jessani, Malika Parveen Khowaja, and Saima Khowaja

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Screening of hepatitis B and C among people visiting general practice clinics in a rural district of Sindh, Pakistan., Ameet Kumar, Saima Lalani, Asad Ali Khan Afridi, and Ali Khan Khuwaja

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Childhood injuries in Pakistan: Results from two communities, Seema Zainulabdin Lasi, Ghazala Rafique, and Habib Peermohammad

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Secondhand smoke exposures in indoor public places in seven Asian countries, Jiyeon Lee, Soogil Lim, Kiyoung Lee, Xinbiao Guo, Ramachandra Kamath, Hiroshi Yamato, Adinegara L. Abas, Sumal Nandasena, Asaad A. Nafees, and Nalini Sathiakumar

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Predictors of obesity among post graduate trainee doctors working in a tertiary care hospital of public sector in Karachi, Pakistan, Sajid Mahmood, Muhammad Kazim Rahim Najjad, Nasir Ali, Naeem Yousuf, and Yasir Hamid

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A probit- log- skew-normal mixture model for repeated measures data with excess zeros, with application to a cohort study of paediatric respiratory symptoms, Sadia Mahmud, W. Y. Wendy Lou, and Neil W. Johnston

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Communities, birth attendants and health facilities: a continuum of emergency maternal and newborn care (the global network's EmONC trial), Omrana Pasha, Robert L. Goldenberg, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sarah Saleem, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Fernando Althabe, Archana Patel, Fabian Esamai, Ana Garces, Elwyn Chomba, Manolo Mazariegos, Bhala Kodkany, Jose M. Belizan, Richard J. Derman, Patricia L. Hibberd, Waldemar A. Carlo, Edward A. Liechty, K. Michael Hambidge, Pierre Buekens, Dennis Wallace, Lisa Howard-Grabman, Suzanne Stalls, Marion Koso-Thomas, Alan H. Jobe, and Linda L. Wright

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Contracting of primary health care services in Pakistan: is up-scaling a pragmatic thinking, Babar Shaikh, F. Rabbani, Najibullah Safi, and Zia Dawar

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Coverage and predictors of vaccination among children of 1-4 years of age in a rural sub-district of Sindh, Shiraz Shaikh, Tahir M Taj, A. Kazi, Jamil Ahmed, and Zafar Fatmi

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A multicentre matched case control study of risk factors for preeclampsia in healthy women in Pakistan., Uzma Shamsi, Juanita Hatcher, Azra Shamsi, Nadeem Zuberi, Zeeshan Qadri, and Sarah Saleem

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Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding dengue fever among adults of high and low socioeconomic groups, Madiha Syed, Taimur Saleem, Umme-Rubab Syeda, Manal Habib, Rehan Zahid, Atif Bashir, Madiha Rabbani, Madiha Khalid, Asif Iqbal, Ehsen Zawwar Rao, Shujja-ur-Rehman, and Sarah Saleem

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Brain Research to Ameliorate Impaired Neurodevelopment - Home-based Intervention Trial (BRAIN-HIT), Jan L. Wallander, Elizabeth McClure, Fred Biasini, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Omrana Pasha, Elwyn Chomba, Darlene Shearer, Linda Wright, Vanessa Thorsten, Hrishikesh Chakraborty, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Niranjana S. Mahantshetti, Roopa M. Bellad, Zahid Abbasi, and Waldemar Carlo

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Landscaping health financing works in Pakistan, Shehla Zaidi, Shafqat Shehzad, Asad Sayeed, and Liaquat Khowaja

Submissions from 2009

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and they kill me, only because I am a girl'... review of sex-selective abortions in South Asia, Farina Gul Abrejo, Babar Tasneem Shaikh, and Narjis Rizvi

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Public private mix model in enhancing tuberculosis case detection in District Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan, Jameel Ahmed, Mubashir Ahmed, A Laghari, Wasdev Lohana, Sajid Ali, and Zafar Fatmi

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Knowledge, attitude and practice of private practitioners regarding TB-DOTS in a rural district of Sindh, Pakistan, Mubashir Ahmed, Zafar Fatmi, Sajid Ali, Jamil Ahmed, and Naseem Ara

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Multilevel Modeling of Household Contextual Determinants of Tuberculin Skin Test Positivity among Contacts of Infectious Tuberculosis Patients, Umerkot, Pakistan, Saeed Akhtar and Suresh K. Rathi

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An autoregressive integrated moving average model for short-term prediction of hepatitis C virus seropositivity among male volunteer blood donors in Karachi, Pakistan, Saeed Akhtar and Shafquat Rozi

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Association of various reproductive rights, domestic violence and marital rape with depression among Pakistani women, Faridah A. Ali, Syed M. Israr, Badar S. Ali, and Naveed Z. Janjua

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High-risk behaviours among juvenile prison inmates in Pakistan, A. Altaf; N. Z. Janjua; S. Kristensen; N. A. Zaidi; A. Memon; E. W., III Hook; S. H. Vermund; and S. A. Shah

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Awareness of stroke risk factors, signs and treatment in a Pakistani population, Zarmeneh Aly, Kanza Abbas, Syed Faraz Kazim, Fawad Taj, Fatima Aziz, Affan Irfan, Rashid Sheikh, Mariam Shakir, Syed M Javed, and Zafar Fatmi

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Psychiatry as a career: a survey of factors affecting students' interest in psychiatry as a career., Mubashir Aslam, Tahir Taj, Arif Ali, Nasira Badar, Farzan Saeed, Muhammed Abbas, Saad Muzaffar, and Bilal Abid

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A systematic review of the use of telehealth in Asian countries, Hammad Durrani and Shariq Khoja

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Using verbal autopsy to ascertain perinatal cause of death: are trained non-physicians adequate?, C. Engmann, Imtiaz Jehan, J. Ditekemena, A. Garces, M. Phiri, M. Mazariegos, E. Chomba, Omrana Pasha, A. Tshefu, Y. Hemed, E. M. McClure, V. Thorsten, C. Bann, R. L. Goldenberg, C. Bose, P. Setel, W. A. Carlo, and L. L. Wright

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What do young adults know about the HIV/AIDS epidemic? Findings from a population based study in Karachi, Pakistan., Syed Farid-ul-Hasnain, Eva Johansson, and Gunilla Krantz

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Health burden of skin lesions at low arsenic exposure through groundwater in Pakistan. Is river the source?, Zafar Fatmi, Iqbal Azam, Faiza Ahmed, Ambreen Kazi, Albert Bruce Gill, Muhmmad Masood Kadir, Mubashir Ahmed, Naseem Ara, and Naveed Zafar Janjua

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Incidence and pattern of unintentional injuries and resulting disability among children under 5 years of age: results of the National Health Survey of Pakistan, Zafar Fatmi, Ambreen Kazi, Wilbur C. Haddend, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Junaid A. Razzak, and Gregory Pappas

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Educating and informing patients receiving psychopharmacological medications: are family physicians in Pakistan up to the task?, Hammad Ashraf Ganatra, Hadi Bhurgri, Roomasa Channa, Fauzia Ahmad Bawany, Syed Nabeel Zafar, Rafia Ishfaq Chaudhry, Syeda Hina Batool, Abdul Basit, Mehmood Asghar, Sarah Saleem, and Haider Naqvi

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Consanguinity among the risk factors for underweight in children under five: a study from rural Sindh, S. F. Hasnain and S. K. Hashmi

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Refinement and validation of an FFQ developed to estimate macro- and micronutrient intakes in a south Indian population, Romaina Iqbal, Kamalasanan Ajayan, Ankalmadagu V. Bharathi, Xiaohe Zhang, Shofiqul Islam, Chitthakkudam R. Soman, and Anwar T. Merchant

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Gestational diabetes mellitus--a forerunner of chronic disorders in mother and child, Romaina Iqbal, Sobia Jawaid, Abdul Jabbar, and Rahat Qureshi

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Prevalence of microalbuminuria and associated electrocardiographic abnormalities in an Indo-Asian population, Tazeen Jafar, Zeeshan Qadri, and Shiraz Hashmi

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Determinants of low birth weight in urban Pakistan, Naveed Zafar Janjua, Elizabeth Delzell, Rodney R. Larson, Sreelatha Meleth, Sibylle Kristensen, Edmond Kabagambe, and Nalini Sathiakumar

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Neonatal mortality, risk factors and causes: a prospective population-based cohort study in urban Pakistan, Imtiaz Jehan, Hillary Harris, Sohail Salat, Amna Zeb, Naushaba Mobeen, Omrana Pasha, Elizabeth M. McClure, Janet Moore, Linda L. Wright, and Robert L. Goldenberg

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Development of a stress scale for pregnant women in the South Asian context: the A-Z Stress Scale., Ambreen Kazi, Zafar Fatmi, J Hatcher, U Niaz, and A Aziz

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National representative body for e-health in Pakistan, Shariq Khoja, Hammad Durrani, and Zahid Ali Faheem

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Healthcare systems and care delivery in Pakistan., Khurshid Khowaja

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The health seeking behaviour of elderly population in a poor-urban community of Karachi, Pakistan, Abdullah Ladha, Romaisa Shamim Khan, Awais Amjad Malik, Sana Farooq Khan, Beenish Khan, Irum Nawaz Khan, Samiullah, Waleed Tallat Kayani, and Sarah Saleem

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National Health Accounts: lessons for Pakistan., ashar muhammad malik

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National Health Accounts: lessons for Pakistan, Muhammad Ashar Malik

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Does child gender determine household decision for health care in rural Thatta, Pakistan?, R. Nuruddin, W. C. Hadden, M. R. Petersen, and M. K. Lim

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Comparison of estimates of under-nutrition for pre-school rural Pakistani children based on the WHO standard and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) reference, Rozina Nuruddin, Meng Kin Lim, Wilbur C. Hadden, and Iqbal Azam

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Culture and quality care perceptions in a Pakistani hospital., Fauziah Rabbani, Wasim Jafri, Farhat Abbas, Firdous Jahan, Nadir Ali Syed, Gregory Pappas, Mats Brommels, and Goran Tomson

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Knowledge and practice of healthy lifestyle and dietary habits in medical and non-medical students of Karachi, Pakistan, Rubina A. Sajwani, Sana Shoukat, Rushna Raza, Muhammad Muhyeuddin Shiekh, Quratulain Rashid, Momin Saulat Siddique, Sukaina Panju, Hasan Raza, Sophia Chaudhry, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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General practitioner's knowledge regarding the diagnosis and drug therapy for acute myocardial infarction, Zaman Shah, Munsif Ali, Islam Hussain, Saadia Zohra Farooqui, Anita Naushir Akbar Ali, Ailia Welayat Ali, Fazal Manzoor Arain, Salman Saleem Allana, Shadmeen Rafique Aarabi, Salman Fasih Khan, Mansoor Arif, Saad Siddique, Majid Shafiq, and Amyn B Lakhani

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Does admission hyperglycemia predict intracranial and extracranial vasculopathy, Ather Mohammed Taqui, Ayeesha Kamral Kamal, Saqib Ali Gowani, Bhojo Asumal Khealani, and Shafquat Rozi

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Acetabular morphometry and prevalence of hip dysplasia in the South Asian population, Masood Umer, Yasir J. Sepah, Sharjeel Asif, Iqbal Azam Syed, and Muhammad Umar Jawad

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Redesigned immunization card and center-based education to reduce childhood immunization dropouts in urban Pakistan: A randomized controlled trial, Hussain R. Usman, Saeed Akhtar, Faiza Habib, and Imtiaz Jehan

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Prevalence of obesity in school-going children of Karachi., Haider Javed Warraich, Faisal Javed, Mohammed Faraz-Ul-Haq, Fariha Batool Khawaja, and Sarah Saleem

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Feasibility study on result-based financial mechanisms for MNCH, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Asad Saeed, Ajmal Agha, Ghulam Haider Akhund, Zohra Lassi, Farhan Saeed Vakani, Yasser Kureshi, Mohammad Faisal, Tanweer Hussain, and Murad Charania

Submissions from 2008

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ICPD to MDGs: Missing links and common grounds., Farina G Abrejo, Babar Shaikh, and Sarah Saleem

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Social health insurance: can we ever make a case for Pakistan, Farina G Abrejo and Babar Tasneem Shaikh

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An all time low budget for healthcare in Pakistan, Jamil Ahmed and Babar T Shaikh

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Knowledge and practices regarding cigarette smoking among adult women in a rural district of Sindh, Pakistan, Sajid Ali, Naseem Ara, Arif Ali, Beena Ali, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Attitudes and perceptions about prenatal diagnosis and induced abortion among adults of Pakistani population, Muhammad Osman Arif, Zafar Fatmi, Bhisham Pardeep, Tuba Ali, Hameed Iqbal, Haider Khan Bangash, Rushna Pervaiz, Hira Altaf, and Javed Ali Baba

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Non-Fatal limb injuries in motorbike accidents., Mubashir Aslam, Tahir M Taj, Syed Arif Ali, Waseem Akhtar Mirza, and Nasira Badar

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Tawana project-school nutrition program in Pakistan - its success, bottlenecks and lessons learned, Salma Halai Badruddin, Ajmal Agha, Habib Peermohamed, Ghazala Rafique, Kausar S. Khan, and Gregory Pappas

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Prevalence of behavioural and psychological problems in working children, Salman Bandeali, Ahmed Jawad, Asma Azmatullah, Hammad Bin Liaquat, Iram Aqeel, Aisha Afzal, Azmat Umal, Kashan Abidi, and S. M. Israr

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Awareness of cancer risk factors among patients and attendants presenting to a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan, Hadi Bhurgri, Saqib Ali Gowani, Ahmed Itrat, Saira Samani, Akbar Zuberi, Momin Saulat Siddique, Waris Qidwai Dr, and Yasmin Bhurgri

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Tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure during pregnancy: An investigative survey of women in 9 developing nations, Michele Bloch, Fernando Althabe, Marie Onyamboko, Christine Kaseba-Sata, Eduardo E. Castilla, Salvio Freire, Ana L. Garces, Sailajanandan Parida, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Norman Goco, Jutta Thornberry, Magdalena Daniels, Janet Bartz, Tyler Hartwell, Nancy Moss, and Robert Goldenberg

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Spousal abuse during pregnancy in Karachi, Pakistan, Mufiza Farid, Sarah Saleem, Mehtab S. Karim, and Juanita Hatcher

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Dietary Patterns and the Risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction in 52 Countries Results of the INTERHEART Study, Romaina Iqbal, Sonia Anand, Stephanie Ounpuu, Shofiqul Islam, Xiaohe Zhang, Sumathy Rangarajan, Jephat Chifamba, Ali Al-Hinai, Matyas Keltai, and Salim Yusuf

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Knowledge, awareness and practices regarding dengue fever among the adult population of dengue hit cosmopolitan., Ahmed Itrat, Abdullah Khan, Sunniya Javaid, Mahwash Kamal, Hassan Khan, Sannia Javed, Saira Kalia, Adil Haleem Khan, Muhammad Imran Sethi, and Imtiaz Jehan

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Rapidly rising rates of overweight and obesity coupled with persistently high rates of undernutrition among school aged children in an urban Indo-Asian population: authors' response, Tazeen Jafar, Juanita Hatcher, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

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Rise in childhood obesity with persistently high rates of undernutrition among urban school-aged Indo-Asian children, Tazeen Jafar, Z. Qadri, M. Islam, J. Hatcher, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutta, and N. Chaturvedi

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Knowledge of primary paediatric care providers regarding attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and learning disorder: a study from Pakistan, Ali Jawaid, A. M. Zafar, A. Naveed, S. Sheikh, S. Waheed, M. A. Zafar, E. U. Syed, and Zafar Fatmi

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Effect of Low vs. High Dietary Sodium on Blood Pressure Levels in a Normotensive Indo-Asian Population, Saleem Jessani, Juanita Hatcher, Nish Chaturvedi, and Tazeen Jafar

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Status of children's blood lead levels in Pakistan: Implications for research and policy, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Naveed Zafar Janjua, Sibylle Kristensen, Zafar Fatmi, and Nalini Sathiakumar