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Submissions from 2008

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Case-control study of risk factors associated with hepatitis C virus infection among pregnant women in hospitals of Karachi-Pakistan, Uzma R. Khan, Naveed Z. Janjua, Saeed Akhtar, and Juanita Hatcher

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E-health readiness assessment: promoting "hope" in the health-care institutions of Pakistan., Shariq Khoja, Richard Scott, and Salman Gilani

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Periodontal disease and adverse birth outcomes: a study from Pakistan., N Mobeen, I. Jehan, N. Banday, J. Moore, E. M. McClure, O. Pasha, L. L. Wright, and R. L. Goldenberg

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Community-based approaches to combating malnutrition and poor education among girls in resource-poor settings: report of a large scale intervention in Pakistan., G Pappas, A. Agha, G. N. Rafique, K. S. Khan, S. H. Badruddin, and H. Peermohamed

Healing the schism: medicine and public health in Pakistan., Greg Pappas, Jay H Glasser, Mohammad Akhter, and Parvez B Nayani

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Impact of working status on their lives: a survey of working women at a teaching hospital in Karachi, Pakistan, Waris Qidwai, Shahan Waheed, Salma Ayub, and Iqbal Azam

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Perspectives on domestic violence: case study from Karachi, Pakistan., F. Rabbani, F. Qureshi, and N. Rizvi

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Pakistan's health policy: Appropriateness and relevance to women's health needs, Narjis Rizvi and Sania Nishtar

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Myths and fallacies about epilepsy among residents of a Karachi slum area, Majid Shafiq, Mansoor Tanwir, Asma Tariq, Ayesha Saleem, Monaa Zafar, and Ali Khan Khuwaja

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Marching toward the Millennium Development Goals: what about health systems, health-seeking behaviours and health service utilization in Pakistan?, Babar Shaikh

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Women's social position and health-seeking behaviors: is the health care system accessible and responsive in Pakistan?, Babar T Shaikh, David Haran, and Juanita Hatcher

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Using SERVQUAL for assessing and improving patient satisfaction at a rural health facility in Pakistan., B. T. Shaikh, N. Mobeen, Iqbal Azam Syed, and F. Rabbani

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Risk factors for typhoid fever in children in squatter settlements of Karachi: a nested case-control study., Fahad Javaid Siddiqui, Syed Rizwan Haider, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Management of post-partum hemorrhage in low-income countries, Gijs Walraven, Sikolia Wanyonyi, and William Stones

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Prescription of medicines by medical students of Karachi, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study, Syed Nabeel Zafar, Reema Syed, Sana Waqar, Faria A. Irani, and Sarah Saleem

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Self-medication amongst university students of Karachi: prevalence, knowledge and attitudes, Syed Nabeel Zafar, Reema Syed, Sana Waqar, Akbar Jaleel Zubairi, Talha Vaqar, Mehrine Shaikh, Wajeeha Yousaf, Saman Shahid, and Sarah Saleem

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Deliberate self-harm: characteristics of patients presenting to a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan., Nida Zakiullah, Sadia Saleem, Sameea Sadiq, Nadia Sani, Munira Shahpurwala, Afroz Shamim, Atif Yousuf, Murad M Khan, and Parvez Nayani

Submissions from 2007

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Eight key household practices of Integrated management of childhood illnesses (IMCI) amongst mothers of children aged 6 to 59 months in Gambat, Sindh, Pakistan, Ajmal Agha, Muhammad Younus, Muhammed Masood Kadir, Sajid Ali, and Zafar Fatmi

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High risk behaviors of injection drug users registered with harm reduction programme in Karachi, Pakistan, Arshad Altaf, Sharaf Ali Shah, Najam A. Zaidi, Ashraf Memon, Nadeem-ur-Rehman, and Norman Wray

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Incidence, patterns and severity of reported unintentional injuries in Pakistan for persons five years and older: results of the National Health Survey of Pakistan 1990–94, Zafar Fatmi, Wilbur C. Hadden, Junaid A. Razzak, Huma Qureshi, Adnan A. Hyder, and Gregory Pappas

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Resource allocation within the National AIDS Control Program of Pakistan: a qualitative assessment of decision maker's opinions, Sara Husain, Masood Kadir, and Zafar Fatmi

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Patients' satisfaction and opinions of their experiences during admission in a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan - a cross sectional study, Sardar Zakariya Imam, Khezar Shahzada Syed, Syed Ahad Ali, Syed Umer Ali, Kiran Fatima, Marium Gill, Muhammad Ovais Hassan, Saad Hasan Hashmi, Maham T. Siddiqi, and Hadi Muhammad Khan

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Poor knowledge--predictor of nonadherence to universal precautions for blood borne pathogens at first level care facilities in Pakistan, Naveed Z. Janjua, Mahreen Razaq, Subhash Chandir, Shafquat Rozi, and Bushra Mahmood

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Stillbirths in an urban community in Pakistan, Imtiaz Jehan, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sohail Salat, Sameera Rizvi, Omrana Pasha, Hillary Harris, Nancy Moss, and Robert L. Goldenberg

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Problem-based versus conventional curricula: influence on knowledge and attitudes of medical students towards health research, Hassan Khan, Ather M. Taqui, Muhammad Rizwanulhaq Khawaja, and Zafar Fatmi

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High prevalence of lack of knowledge of symptoms of acute myocardial infarction in Pakistan and its contribution to delayed presentation to the hospital, Muhammad S. Khan, Fahim H. Jafary, Azhar M. Faruqui, Syed I. Rasool, Juanita Hatcher, Nish Chaturvedi, and Tazeen Jafar

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Blindness in children at the Ida Rieu school for the blind and deaf, Sadia Javed Khan, Afshan Hassan, Laila Khalid, Uzma Karim, Erum Hashmi, Fariha Gul, and Imtiaz Jehan

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Validation of self-reported history of colorectal cancer screening, Shariq Khoja, S Elizabeth McGregor, and Robert J. Hilsden

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Cost of diabetes care in out-patient clinics of Karachi, Pakistan, Liaquat A. Khowaja, Ali K. Khuwaja, and Peter Cosgrove

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Use of psychoactive drugs among patients visiting outpatient clinics in Karachi, Pakistan reply, Ali Khan Khuwaja

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Noncommunicable diseases and injuries: action needed in South Asia too, Ali Khan Khuwaja, Riaz Qureshi, and Zafar Fatmi

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Anion gap among patients of multiple myeloma and normal individuals, Shireen Mansoor, Imran Siddiqui, Salman Adil, Ghulam Nabi Kakepoto, Zafar Fatmi, and Farooq Ghani

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Maternal chronic ill health negatively affects child survival in a poor rural population of Pakistan, R Nuruddin, L Meng Kin, W C. Hadden, and I Azam

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Social marketing of insecticide-treated bednets: The case for Pakistan, S Qazi and B T. Shaikh

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Women's empowerment and health: The role of institutions of power in Pakistan, N Qureshi and B T. Shaikh

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Effect of general practitioner education on adherence to antihypertensive drugs: cluster randomised controlled trial, Nudrat Noor Qureshi, Juanita Hatcher, Nish Chaturvedi, and Tazeen H. Jafar

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Knowledge and beliefs of adolescents regarding sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS in a rural district in Pakistan, Hafsa Raheel, Franklin White, Muhammad Masood Kadir, and Zafar Fatmi

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Maternal risk factors associated with low birth weight in Karachi: A case-control study, S A. Rizvi, J Hatcher, I Jehan, and R Qureshi

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Prevalence and predictors of smokeless tobacco use among high-school males in Karachi, Pakistan, S Rozi and S Akhtar

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Correlates of cigarette smoking among male college students in Karachi, Pakistan, Shafquat Rozi, Zahid A. Butt, and Saeed Akhtar

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Chlorhexidine vaginal and neonatal wipes in home births in Pakistan: a randomized controlled trial, S Saleem, T Reza, E M. McClure, O Pasha, N Moss, D J. Rouse, J Bartz, and R L. Goldenberg

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Reproductive health matters, rather more for adolescents!, Babar Tasneem Shaikh

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Gender sensitization among health providers and communities through transformative learning tools: experiences from Karachi, Pakistan., Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Sayyeda Reza, Masood Afzal, and Fauziah Rabbani

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Health seeking behaviour and health services utilization trends in national health survey of Pakistan: what needs to be done?, Babar T. Shaikh and Juanita Hatcher

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Thirty years of Alma Ata pledges: is devolution in Pakistan an opportunity for rekindling primary health care?, Babar T. Shaikh, Muhammad Masood Kadir, and Gregory Pappas

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Maternal characteristics in relation to income in a semi-rural community in Pakistan, A R. Siddiqui

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Screening for emotional and behavioural problems amongst 5-11-year-old school children in Karachi, Pakistan, Ehsan Ullah Syed, Sajida Abdul Hussein, and Sadia Mahmud

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Depression in the elderly: does family system play a role? a cross-sectional study, Ather M. Taqui, Ahmed Itrat, Waris Qidwai, and Zeeshan Qadri

Submissions from 2006

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Breast cancer risk factor knowledge among nurses in teaching hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan: a cross-sectional study, Faiza Ahmed, Sadia Mahmud, Juanita Hatcher, and Shaista M. Khan

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Prevalence and socio-demographic factors associated with tobacco smoking among adult males in rural Sindh, Pakistan, Sajid Ali, Nalini Sathiakumar, and Elizabeth Delzell

Residents' perceptions of work environment during their postgraduate medical training in Pakistan, B I. Avan, S A. Raza, S Khokhar, F Awan, N Sohail, S Rashid, and H Hamza

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Knowledge and skills in community oriented medical education (COME)self-ratings of medical undergraduates in Karachi, Ayesha Aziz, Ambreen Kazi, Ashraf Jahangeer, and Zafar Fatmi

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Good governance and sustainability: a case study from Pakistan, Syed Muhammad Israr and Anwar Islam

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Women in Pakistan have a greater burden of clinical cardiovascular risk factors than men, Tazeen H. Jafar

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Prevalence of overweight and obesity and their association with hypertension and diabetes mellitus in an Indo-Asian population, Tazeen H. Jafar, Nish Chaturvedi, and Gregory Pappas

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Acute health effects of the Tasman Spirit oil spill on residents of Karachi, Pakistan, Naveed Zafar Janjua, Pashtoon Murtaza Kasi, Haq Nawaz, Sadia Zohra Farooqui, Urooj Bakht Khuwaja, Najam-ul-Hassan, Syed Nadim Jafri, Shahid Ali Lutfi, Muhammad Masood Kadir, and Nalini Sathiakumar

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Estimates of intraclass correlation coefficient and design effect for surveys and cluster randomized trials on injection use in Pakistan and developing countries, Naveed Zafar Janjua, Mohammad Imran Khan, and John D. Clemens

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Social environment and depression among pregnant women in urban areas of Pakistan: importance of social relations., Ambreen Kazi, Zafar Fatmi, Juanita Hatcher, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Unaiza Niaz, and Gail A. Wasserman

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Knowledge and attitudes about health research amongst a group of Pakistani medical students, Hassan Khan, Muhammad RizwanulHaq Khawaja, Abdul Waheed, Muhammad Ameen Rauf, and Zafar Fatmi

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Knowledge of modifiable risk factors of heart disease among patients with acute myocardial infarction in Karachi, Pakistan: a cross sectional study, Muhammad S. Khan, Fahim H. Jafary, Tazeen H. Jafar, Azhar M. Faruqui, Syed I. Rasool, Juanita Hatcher, and Nish Chaturvedi

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Chewing of betel, areca and tobacco: perceptions and knowledge regarding their role in head and neck cancers in an urban squatter settlement in Pakistan, Muhammad RizwanulHaq Khawaja, Samia Mazahir, Atif Majeed, Farida Malik, Kanwal AliRaza Merchant, Maria Maqsood, Rabia Malik, Shehzad Ghaffar, and Zafar Fatmi

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Socio-demographic correlates of betel, areca and smokeless tobacco use as a high risk behavior for head and neck cancers in a squatter settlement of Karachi, Pakistan, Samia Mazahir, Rabia Malik, Maria Maqsood, Kanwal AliRaza Merchant, Farida Malik, Atif Majeed, Zafar Fatmi, Muhammad Rizwanulhaq Khawaja, and Shehzad Ghaffar

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Geographic data on health inequities: understanding policy implications, Gregory Pappas

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Validity of measures of pain and symptoms in HIV/AIDS infected households in resources poor settings: results from the Dominican Republic and Cambodia, Gregory Pappas, R Cameron Wolf, Guy Morineau, and Richard Harding

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Background demographics and risk behaviors of injecting drug users in Karachi, Pakistan, Shehzad Parviz, Zafar Fatmi, Arshad Altaf, Joseph B. McCormick, S. Fischer-Hoch, Mohammad Rahbar, and Stephen Luby

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Living with globalization: a menace or a chance?, Fauziah Rabbani, Babar T Shaikh, and Sarah Wamala

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Diabetes knowledge, beliefs and practices among people with diabetes attending a university hospital in Karachi, Pakistan, G Rafique, S I. Azam, and F White

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Identifying needs and barriers to diabetes education in patients with diabetes, Ghazala Rafique and Furqan Shaikh

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Distribution and circumstances of injuries in squatter settlements of Karachi, Pakistan., Narjis Rizvi, Stephen Luby, Iqbal Azam Syed, and Fauziah Rabbani

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Psycho-social consequences of secondary infertility in Karachi., Neelofar Sami and Tazeen Saeed Ali

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Sleep deprivation and its associated factors among general ward patients at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan, Majid Shafiq, Farah F. Salahuddin, Maham Siddiqi, Zaman Shah, Rehmat Ali, Rizwan A. Siwani, Ayesha Saleem, Kashif Shakoor Shaikh, and Ali Khan Khuwaja

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Prevalence and determinants of asthma in adult male leather tannery workers in Karachi, Pakistan: A cross sectional study, Khurram Shahzad, Saeed Akhtar, and Sadia Mahmud

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Health workers for change: a tool for promoting behaviour change among health providers., Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Fauziah Rabbani, and M. Rahim

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Assessing knowledge, exploring needs: a reproductive health survey of adolescents and young adults in Pakistan, Babar Tasneem Shaikh and Syed Tariq Rahim

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Health care and public health in South Asia, B T. Shaikh, M M. Kadir, and J Hatcher

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Pharmaceutical research: paradox, challenge or dilemma?, Abdul Latif Sheikh

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Typhoid fever in children: some epidemiological considerations from Karachi, Pakistan., Fahad Javaid Siddiqui Javaid Siddiqui, Fauziah Rabbani, Rumina Hasan, Shaikh Qamaruddin Nizami, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Migration, medical education, and health care: A view from Pakistan, Jamsheer J. Talati and Gregory Pappas

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Knowledge, attitude and practices of reproductive age females about tetanus toxoid vaccine: a pilot study, Amna Zeb, Syed Ali Hyder Zaidi, and Imtiaz Jehan

Submissions from 2005

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Recommendations to strengthen the role of lady health workers in the national program for family planning and primary health care in Pakistan: the health workers perspective, Habib Ahmed Afsar and Muhammad Younus

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Space-time clustering of childhood leukaemia cases in Karachi, Pakistan, Saeed Akhtar, Tim E. Carpenter, Fouzia Ajmal, Shafquat Rozi, and Salman Adil

Residents' perceptions of communication skills in postgraduate medical training programs of Pakistan, B I. Avan, S A. Raza, and H R. Afridi

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Assessing the effects of training on knowledge and skills of health personnel: a case study from the family health project in Sindh, Pakistan, Syed Farid-ul-Hasnain, Syed Muhammad Israr, and Saleem Jessani

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Maternal and newborn care: Practices and beliefs of traditional birth attendants in Sindh, Pakistan, Z Fatmi, A Z. Gulzar, and A Kazi

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Stalling HIV through social marketing: prospects in Pakistan, Sara Husain and Babar T. Shaikh

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Project mentality: a threat to effective implementation and sustainability of donor funded projects in Pakistan, Syed Muhammad Israr

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Heart disease epidemic in Pakistan: women and men at equal risk, Tazeen H. Jafar, Fahim H. Jafary, Saleem Jessani, and Nish Chaturvedi

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Injection use in two districts of Pakistan: implications for disease prevention, Naveed Zafar Janjua, Saeed Akhtar, and Yvan J F Hutin

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Health and social impacts of improved stoves on rural women: a pilot intervention in Sindh, Pakistan, Waqar A. Khushk, Zafar Fatmi, F White, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Long-term improvement in unsafe injection practices following community intervention, Stephen Luby, Fawzia Hoodbhoy, Aziz Jan, Aly Shah, and Yvan Hutin

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Directions for national data policy for antiretroviral therapy in resource-poor settings: a focus on durable viral suppression, Gregory Pappas, John-Manuel Andriote, and Philip Mwalali

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Exploring ethical considerations for the use of biological and physiological markers in population-based surveys in less developed countries, Gregory Pappas and Adnan A. Hyder

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Medical education and training: responding to community needs., Fauziah Rabbani, Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Qamar Mahmood, Kausar S. Khan Ms, Syed Muhammad Israr, and Yousuf Memon

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Randomized controlled trial of standard versus double dose cotrimoxazole for childhood pneumonia in Pakistan, Zeba A. Rasmussen, Abdul Bari, Shamim Qazi, Gul Rehman, Iqbal Azam, SherBaz Khan, Farida Aziz, Sadia Rafi, Mehr Taj Roghani, and Imran Iqbal

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Prevalence and factors associated with current smoking among high school adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan, Shafquat Rozi, Saeed Akhtar, Sajid Ali, and Javaid Khan

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The quest for small family size among Pakistani women--is voluntary termination of pregnancy a matter of choice or necessity?, Sarah Saleem and Fariyal F. Fikree

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Quality of health care: an absolute necessity for patient satisfaction, Babar T. Shaikh

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Medical education: let's change the emphases, Babar Tasneem Shaikh and Fauziah Rabbani

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Health management information system: a tool to gauge patient satisfaction and quality of care., Babar Tasneem Shaikh and Fauziah Rabbani

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Health seeking behaviour and health service utilization in Pakistan: challenging the policy makers, Babar T. Shaikh and Juanita Hatcher