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Submissions from 2020

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Disparities in prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates: Solvable or not?, Simone Badal, William Aiken, Belinda Morrison, Henkel Valentine, Sophia Bryan, Andrew Gachii, and Camille Ragin

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Interactions between the Physical and Social Environments with Adverse Pregnancy Events Related to Placental Disorders—A Scoping Review, Yolisa Prudence Dube, Newton Nyapwere, Laura A. Magee, Marianne Vidler, Sophie E. Moore, Benjamin Barratt, Rachel Craik, Peter von Dadelszen, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Marleen Temmerman, Angela Koech, Patricia Okiro, Geoffrey Omuse, and Sikolia Wanyonyi

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Retroperitoneal isolated enteric duplication cyst, Fariha Fazal and Patricia Okiro

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Combating antibiotic resistance using guidelines and enhanced stewardship in Kenya: a protocol for an implementation science approach, Jesse Gitaka, Moses Kamita, Dominic Mureithi, Davies Ndegwa, Moses Masika, Geoffrey Omuse, Moses Ngari, Francis Makokha, Peter Mwaura, Ronald Mathai, Francis Muregi, and Matilu Mwau

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Urinary bladder metastasis from breast cancer: a rare cause of hematuria, Samuel Gitau, Allan Njau, and Sitna Mwanzi

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CML in megakaryocytic transformation and extramedullary infiltration, Elizabeth Kagotho and Hong Chang

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Maternal inflammatory markers for chorioamnionitis in preterm prelabour rupture of membranes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic test accuracy studies, Angela Koech, Geoffrey Omuse, Abraham Mukaindo, and Marleen Temmerman

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Addressing the shortage of pathologists in Africa: Creation of a MMed Programme in Pathology in Zambia, Victor Mudenda, Evans Malyangu, Shahin Sayed, and Kenneth Fleming

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Whole Genome Sequencing Reveals Virulence Potentials of Helicobacter pylori Strain KE21 Isolated from a Kenyan Patient with Gastric Signet Ring Cell Carcinoma, Catherine Mwangi, Stephen Njoroge, Evariste Tshibangu-Kabamba, Zahir Moloo, Allan Rajula, Smita Devani, Takashi Matsumoto, Kimang’a Nyerere, Samuel Kariuki, Gunturu Revathi, and Yoshio Yamaoka

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Determination of reference intervals for common chemistry and immunoassay tests for Kenyan adults based on an internationally harmonized protocol and up-to-date statistical methods, Geoffrey Omuse, Kiyoshi Ichihara, Daniel Maina, Mariza Hoffman, Elizabeth Kagotho, Alice Kanyua, Jane Mwangi, Caroline Wambua, Angela Amayo, Peter Ojwang, Zul Premji, and Rajiv Erasmus

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Prognosticating COVID-19: A need for Africa-specific laboratory predictors, Geoffrey Omuse, Janet Maranga, Abubakar Abdillah, and Daniel Maina

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Role of clinical laboratories in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, Nikhil Shri Sahajpal, Allan Njau, Ashis K. Mondal, Sudha Ananth, Alka Chaubey, Amyn Rojiani, and Ravindra Kolhe

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Proposal of RT-PCReBased Mass Population Screening for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (Coronavirus Disease 2019), Nikhil S. Sahajpal, Ashis K. Mondal, Allan Njau, Sudha Ananth, Kimya Jones, Pankaj K. Ahluwalia, Meenakshi Ahluwalia, Yasmeen Jilani, Alka Chaubey, Madhuri Hegde, Vamsi Kota, Amyn Rojiani, and Ravindra Kolhe

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Adverse Childhood Experiences and Changing Levels of Psychosocial Distress Scores Across Pregnancy in Kenyan Women, Pauline Samia, Shahirose Premji, Farideh Tavangar, Ilona S. Yim, Sikolia Wanyonyi, Mohamoud Merali, Wangira Musana, Geoffrey Omuse, Ntonghanwah Forcheh, Aliyah Dosani, Nicole Letourneau, and The Maternal Infant Global Health Team (MiGHT) Collaborators in Research

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Point-of-care HPV molecular diagnostics for a test-and-treat model in high-risk HIV populations, Shahin Sayed, Michael Chung, and Marleen Temmerman

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Establishing the College of Pathologists of East, Central and Southern Africa – The Regional East Central and Southern Africa College of Pathology, Shahin Sayed, Rudo Mutasa, Ephata Kaaya, Victor Mudenda, Erasmus Rajiv, Edda Vuhahula, Jamilla Rajab, Robert Lukande, Edwin Walong, Angela Mutuku, and Kenneth Fleming

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Prospective Cohort Study on Timing of Antimicrobial Prophylaxis for Post-Cesarean Surgical Site Infections, Angie Sway, Anthony Wanyoro, Peter Nthumba, Alexander Aiken, Patrick Ching, Anna Maruta, Gunturu Revathi, and Joseph Solomkin

Submissions from 2019

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Giardiasis, Rodney Adam

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Giardiasis. Conn's Current Therapy, Rodney Adam

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Analysis of Candida auris fungemia at a single facility in Kenya, Rodney Adam, Gunturu Revathi, Nancy Okinda, Melanie Fontaine, Jasmit Shah, Elizabeth Kagotho, Mariana Castanheira, Michael A. Pfaller, and Daniel Maina

Is there an association between placental inflammatory lesions and vaginal microbiota in preterm labour? A case control study, David Ogechi Atandi

Is there an association between placental inflammatory lesions and vaginal microbiota in preterm labour? A case control study, David Ogechi Atandi

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Metastatic Breast Cancer in Kenya: Presentation, Pathologic Characteristics, and Patterns-Findings From a Tertiary Cancer Center, Etoroabasi Ekpe, Asim Jamal, Jasmit Shah, Judith S. Jacobson, and Shahin Sayed

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Performance evaluation of Nova StatStrip blood glucose monitoring system at a teaching hospital in Kenya, Brenda Gicheru, Geoffrey Omuse, C. Abou-Diwan, and Daniel Maina

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The Top 25 Laboratory Tests by Volume and Revenue in Five Different Countries, Susan Horton, Kenneth A. Fleming, Modupe Kuti, Lai-Meng Looi, Sanjay A. Pai, Shahin Sayed, and Michael L. Wilson

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Cytological diagnosis of cryptococcosis in a biliary specimen: Report of a rare case with brief review of literature, Neeta Kumar, Ruchika Gupta, Shahin Sayed, Zahir Moloo, Rodney Adam, Gunturu Revathi, and Smita Devani

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Difficulties in diagnosis of Riedel's thyroiditis on aspiration cytology: A case report and brief review of the literature, Neeta Kumar, Ruchika Gupta, Shahin Sayed, Zahir Moloo, Sudhir Vinayak, and Mushtaq Ahmed

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Prevalence of and Risk Factors Associated with Polymerase Chain Reaction-Determined Plasmodium falciparum Positivity on Day 3 after Initiation of Artemether-Lumefantrine Treatment for Uncomplicated Malaria in Bagamoyo District, Tanzania, Richard Mwaiswelo, Billy Ngasala, Irina Jovel, Weiping Xu, Erik Larsson, Maja Malmberg, Jose Pedro Gil, Zul Premji, Bruno P. Mmbando, and Andreas Mårtensson

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Xpert® MTB/RIF assay on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues in the diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, Allan Njau, Samuel Gakinya, Shahin Sayed, and Zahir Moloo

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Comparing Diagnostic Performance of Pronto Dry Rapid Urease® and Culture to Histopathology among Endoscopy Patients at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi-Kenya, Stephen Njoroge, Catherine Mwangi, Kimang’a Nyerere, Gunturu Revathi, Smita Devani, Allan Rajula, Rose Kamenwa, Nyamongo Onkoba, and Fredrick Odhiambo

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Serum ferritin and its association with haemoglobin levels and body mass index in an urban adult population in Kenya, Geoffrey Omuse, Patrick Mugaine, and Daniel Maina

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Acinetobacter infections: a retrospective study to determine in hospital mortality rate and clinical factors associated with mortality, Rajiv Patel, Jasmit Shah, Gunturu Revathi, Wangari Siika, and Reena Shah

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Developing core elements and checklist items for global hospital antimicrobial stewardship programmes: a consensus approach, C. Pulcini, F. Binda, A. S. Lamkang, A. Trett, E. Charani, D. A. Goff, S. Harbarth, S. L. Hinrichsen, G. Levy-Hara, and Gunturu Revathi

Acceptability and adequacy of vaginal self sampling for HPV DNA testing in cervical cancer screening among women attending a tertiary hospital clinics in Nairobi Kenya, Sagal Omar Salad

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Bridging the Gap in Training and Clinical Practice in Sub-Saharan Africa, Mansoor Saleh, Gurudatta Naik, Anne Mwirigi, Asim Jamal, Saleem Sayani, Munir Ghesani, Sheemain Asaria, Aliyah R. Sohani, Shahin Sayed, Zahir Moloo, Karim I. Budhwani, and Zohray Talib

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Verrucous Carcinoma Arising in Association With Giant Condyloma, Jonathan Wawire, Katrine Hansen, and M. Ruhul Quddus

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Clear Cell Lesions of the Mullerian System: Not Always That "Clear"!, Jonathan Wawire, W. Dwayne Lawrence, and M. Ruhul Quddus

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Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma in Kenya: MYC, BCL2, and the Cell of Origin, Jonathan Wawire, Shahin Sayed, Zahir Moloo, and Aliyah R. Sohani

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Large Epithelial and Stromal Lesion of Breast: It’s Not Always Phyllodes!, Jonathan Wawire, Kamaljeet Singh, and M. Ruhul Quddus

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The Lancet Commission on diagnostics: advancing equitable access to diagnostics, Michael L. Wilson, Rifat Atun, Kristen DeStigter, John Flanigan, Kenneth A. Fleming, Susan Horton, Sabine Kleinert, and Shahin Sayed

Theses/Dissertations from 2018

Reference intervals for prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time derived from black African blood donors at a university teaching hospital in Nairobi, Kenya, Abubakar Abdillah

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A randomized control trial comparing train of four ratio > 0.9 to clinical assessment of return of neuromuscular function before endotracheal extubation on critical respiratory events in adult patients undergoing elective surgery at a tertiary hospital in Nairobi, Isaac Adembesa, Vitalis Mung’ayi, Zul Premji, and Dorothy Kamya

Evaluation of Breast Cancer Biomarkers using Genexpert® on Core Biopsy-A Retrospective Laboratory Based Validation Study., Erick Chesori

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Improving Metastatic Breast Cancer Care in Kenya Using Information Technology, Asim Jamal, Shahin Sayed, C. Cathomi, and F. Chite

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Vitamin D status in healthy black African adults at a tertiary hospital in Nairobi, Kenya: a cross sectional study, Elizabeth Kagotho, Geoffrey Omuse, Nancy Okinda, and Peter Ojwang

Association of tissue Vitamin D Receptor expression with Breast Cancer Molecular Subtypes in Kenyan Women, Mutambuki Kimondo

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Training the Next Generation of African Pathologists, Ann Marie Nelson, Martin Hale, Mohenou Isidore Jean-Marie Diomande, Quentin Eichbaum, Yawale Iliyasu, Raphael M. Kalengayi, Belson Rugwizangoga, and Shahin Sayed

Comparison of Xpert Mtb/Rif with Histology for the Detection of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in Formalin Fixed Paraffin Embedded Tissues at Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Njau Allan Njoroge

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Complete blood count reference intervals from a healthy adult urban population in Kenya, Geoffrey Omuse, Daniel Maina, Jane Mwangi, Caroline Wambua, Kiran Radia, Alice Kanyua, Elizabeth Kagotho, Mariza Hoffman, Peter Ojwang, Zul Premji, Kiyoshi Ichihara, and Rajiv Erasmus

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Task Sharing and Shifting to Provide Pathology Diagnostic Services: The Kenya Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy Cytology and Bone Marrow Aspiration and Trephine Biopsy Training Program, Shahin Sayed, Andrew Field, Jamilla Rajab, Anderson Mutuiri, Jessie Githanga, Mary Mungania, Nancy Okinda, Zahir Moloo, Abubakar Abdillah, Brian Ayara, Erick Chesori, Julia Muthua, Leah Obosy, Thaddeus Massawa, Okoth Obiero, Elizabeth Kagotho, Peter K. Shikuku, Andrew K. Gachii, Eunidah Migide, Donstefano Muninzwa, Sanford M. Dawsey, and Lucy Muchiri

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Ethnicity and Breast Cancer Characteristics in Kenya, Shahin Sayed, Zahir Moloo, Ronald Wasike, Peter Bird, Raymond Oigara, Faith Wambui Njoroge, Asim Jamal, Sudhir Vinayak, Rajendra Chauhan, Patricia Okiro, Samuel Gakinya, and Innocent Abayo

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Breast Cancer knowledge, perceptions and practices in a rural Community in Coastal Kenya, Shahin Sayed, Anthony Ngugi, Megan R. Mahoney, Jaameeta Kurji, Zohray M. Talib, Sarah B. Macfarlane, Theresa A. Wynn, Mansoor Saleh, Amyn B Lakhani, Esther Nderitu, Felix Agoi, Zul Premji, Jo Anne Zujewski, and Zahir Moloo

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Prevalence of HLA-B*5701 in a Kenyan population with HIV infection, Reena Shah, H. Nabiswa, Nancy Okinda, Gunturu Revathi, Mark Hawken, and Nelson M.

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Artificial intelligence can augment global pathology initiatives – Authors' reply, Michael L. Wilson, Shahin Sayed, Susan Horton, and Kenneth A. Fleming

Submissions from 2017

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Evaluation of the Parasight Platform for Malaria Diagnosis, Yochay Eshel, Arnon Houri-Yafin, Hagai Benkuzari, Natalie Lezmy, Mamta Soni, Malini Charles, Jayanthi Swaminathan, Hilda Solomon, Pavithra Sampathkumar, Zul Premji, Caroline Mbithi, Zaitun Nneka, Simon Onsongo, Daniel Maina, Sarah Levy-Schreier, Caitlin Lee Cohen, Dan Gluck, Joseph Joel Pollak, and Seth J. Salpeter

Comparison of the Sensitivity of Biomarker Based Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and Conventional Methods in the Identification of Clinically Relevant Bacteria and Yeast, Ali Abdow Kassim

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Comparison of biomarker based Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and conventional methods in the identification of clinically relevant bacteria and yeast, Ali Kassim, Valentin Pflüger, Zul Premji, Claudia Daubenberger, and Gunturu Revathi

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Urolithiasis analysis in a multiethnic population at a tertiary hospital in Nairobi, Kenya, Francis Kiigu, Alfred Hayombe, and Daniel Maina

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Molecular characterization of multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniaeand Escherichia coliharbouring extended spectrum beta-lactamases andcarbapenemases genes at a tertiary hospital, Kenya, Daniel Maina, Gunturu Revathi, and Andrew C. Whitelaw

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High resolution melting: a useful field-deployable method to measure dhfr and dhps drug resistance in both highly and lowly endemic Plasmodium populations, Yaye Dié Ndiaye, Cyrille K. Diédhiou, Amy K. Bei, Baba Dieye, Aminata Mbaye, Nasserdine Papa Mze, Rachel F. Daniels, Ibrahima M. Ndiaye, Awa B. Déme, Amy Gaye, Mouhamad Sy, Tolla Ndiaye, Aida S. Badiane, Mouhamadou Ndiaye, Zul Premji, Dyann F. Wirth, Souleymane Mboup, Donald Krogstad, Sarah K. Volkman, Ambroise D. Ahouidi, and Daouda Ndiaye

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Reference intervals for thyroid stimulating hormone and free thyroxine derived from neonates undergoing routine screening for congenital hypothyroidism at a university teaching hospital in Nairobi, Kenya: a cross sectional study, Geoffrey Omuse, Ali Kassim, Francis Kiigu, Ra'ana Hussain, and Mary Limbe

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Metabolic syndrome and its predictors in an urban population in Kenya: A cross sectional study, Geoffrey Omuse, Daniel Maina, Mariza Hoffman, Jane Mwangi, Caroline Wambua, Elizabeth Kagotho, Angela Amayo, Peter Ojwang, Zul Premji, Kiyoshi Ichihara, and Rajiv Erasmus

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Comparison of equations for estimating glomerular filtration rate in screening for chronic kidney disease in asymptomatic black Africans: A cross sectional study, Geoffrey Omuse, Daniel Maina, Jane Mwangi, Caroline Wambua, Alice Kiyua, Elizabeth Kagotho, Angela Amayo, Peter Ojwang, and Rajiv Erasmus

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The 17th International Congress on Infectious Diseases workshop on developing infection prevention and control resources for low- and middle-income countries, Sangeeta Sastry, Nadia Masroor, Gonzalo Bearman, Rana Hajjeh, Alison Holmes, Ziad Memish, Britta Lassmann, Didier Pittet, Fiona Macnab, Rachel Kamau, Evelyn Wesangula, Paras Pokharel, Paul Brown, Frances Daily, Fatma Amer, Jaime Torres, Miguel O’Ryan, Gunturu Revathi, Andre Bulabula, and Shaheen Mehtar

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Training health workers in clinical breast examination for early detection of breast cancer in low- and middle-income countries, Shahin Sayed, Anthony Ngugi, Powell Ochieng, Aruyaru S. Mwenda, and Rehana Salam

Diagnostic accuracy of Hba1c Test in diagnosis of Diabetes and Prediabetes in a Multiethnic Population at Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi., Francis Kiigu Wathigo

Prevalence of Double MYC/BCL2 Expression and the Cell of Origin in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphomas Diagnosed at a Tertiary Level Referral Laboratory, Jonathan Wawire

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Fibroadenoma With Pleomorphic Stromal Giant Cells: It's Not as Bad as It Looks!, Jonathan Wawire, Kamaljeet Singh, and Margaret M. Steinhoff

Submissions from 2016

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High Prevalence of Liver Fibrosis in Patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Monoinfection and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Hepatitis-B Co-infection as Assessed by Shear Wave Elastography: Study at a Teaching Hospital in Kenya, Samuel Gitau, Sudhir Vinayak, Micah Ominde, Rodney Adam, and Reena Shah

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Results from the Survey of Antibiotic Resistance (SOAR) 2011-14 in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Republic of Senegal and Kenya, A. Kacou-Ndouba, Gunturu Revathi, P. Mwathi, A. Seck, A. Diop, M. J. Kabedi-Bajani, W. Mwiti, M. J. Anguibi-Pokou, I. Morrissey, and D. Torumkuney

Vitamin D Levels in Black African Adults at the Aga Khan University Hospital Nairobi, Elizabeth Muringa Kagotho

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Comparison of Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute and European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing guidelines for the interpretation of antibiotic susceptibility at a University teaching hospital in Nairobi, Kenya: a cross-sectional study, Ali Kassim, Geoffrey Omuse, Zul Premji, and Gunturu Revathi

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Spectrum of Microbial Diseases and Resistance Patterns at a Private Teaching Hospital in Kenya: Implications for Clinical Practice, Daniel Maina, Geoffrey Omuse, Gunturu Revathi, and Rodney Adam

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Expression of p53 and HER2/Neu in Kenyan Women With Primary Ovarian Carcinoma, Anderson Mutuiri, Ancent Nzioka, Satya Busarla, Shahin Sayed, and Zahir Moloo

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Adding a single low-dose of primaquine (0.25 mg/kg) to artemether-lumefantrine did not compromise treatment outcome of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Tanzania: a randomized, single-blinded clinical trial, Richard Mwaiswelo, Billy Ngasala, Irina Jovel, Berit Aydin‑Schmidt, Roland Gosling, Zul Premji, Bruno Mmbando, Anders Björkman, and Andreas Mårtensson

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Safety of a single low-dose of primaquine in addition to standard artemether-lumefantrine regimen for treatment of acute uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Tanzania, Richard Mwaiswelo, Billy Ngasala, Irina Jovel, Roland Gosling, Zul Premji, Eugenie Poirot, Bruno Mmbando, Anders Björkman, and Andreas Mårtensson

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Reference intervals for thyroid stimulating hormone and free thyroxine derived from neonates undergoing routine screening for congenital hypothyroidism at a university teaching hospital in Nairobi, Kenya: a cross sectional study, Geoffrey Omuse, Ali Kassim, Francis Kiigu, Syeda Hussain, and Mary Limbe

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Molecular characterization of Staphylococcus aureus isolates from various healthcare institutions in Nairobi, Kenya: a cross sectional study, Geoffrey Omuse, Kristien Nel Van Zyl, Kim Hoek, Shima Abdulgader, Samuel Kariuki, Andrew Whitelaw, and Gunturu Revathi

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Prevalence of Transmitted Drug Resistance Mutations in HIV-1-Infected Drug-Naive Patients from Urban and Suburban Regions of Kenya, Simon Onsongo, Syed Hani Abidi, Samoel Khamadi, Reena Shah, Sheila Kageha, Peter Ojwang, Syed Ali, and Nancy Okinda

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Breast Camps for Awareness and Early Diagnosis of Breast Cancer in Countries With Limited Resources: A Multidisciplinary Model From Kenya, Shahin Sayed, Zahir Moloo, Anthony Ngugi, Amyn Allidina, Rose Ndumia, Anderson Mutuiri, Ronald Wasike, Charles Wahome, Mohamed Abdihakin, Riaz Kasmani, Carol D. Spears, Raymond Oigara, Elizabeth B. Mwachiro, Satya V.P. Busarla, Kibet Kibor, Abdulaziz Ahmed, Jonathan Wawire, Omar Sherman, Mansoor Saleh, Jo Anne Zujewski, and Sanford M. Dawsey

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis lineage 4 comprises globally distributed and geographically restricted sublineages, David Stucki, Daniela Brites, Leïla Jeljeli, Mireia Coscolla, and Gunturu Revathi

Submissions from 2015

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Ceftriaxone-Resistant Salmonella enterica Serotype Typhimurium Sequence Type 313 from Kenyan Patients Is Associated with the blaCTX-M-15 Gene on a Novel IncHI2 Plasmid, Samuel Kariuki, Chinyere Okoro, John Kiiru, Samuel Njoroge, Geoffrey Omuse, Gemma Langridge, Robert A. Kingsley, Gordon Dougan, and Gunturu Revathi

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Relationship between Antibody Susceptibility and Lipopolysaccharide O-Antigen Characteristics of Invasive and Gastrointestinal Nontyphoidal Salmonellae Isolates from Kenya, Robert S. Onsare, Francesca Micoli, Luisa Lanzilao, Renzo Alfini, Chinyere K. Okoro, Anne W. Muigai, Gunturu Revathi, Allan Saul, Samuel Kariuki, Calman A. MacLennan, and Simona Rondini

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Proceedings of the African Pathologists Summit; March 22-23, 2013; Dakar, Senegal: a summary, Shahin Sayed

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Quality pathology and laboratory diagnostic services are key to improving global health outcomes: improving global health outcomes is not possible without accurate disease diagnosis, Shahin Sayed

Submissions from 2014

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HIV-1 progression links with viral genetic variability and subtype, and patient's HLA type: analysis of a Nairobi-Kenyan cohort, Syed Hani Abidi, Aniqa Shahid, Laila S. Lakhani, Reena Shah, Nancy Okinda, Peter Ojwang, Farhat Abbas, Sarah Rowland-Jones, and Syed Ali

Androgen receptor expression and associated clinico-pathologic features in primary breast cancer from Kenya, Joshua Kibera Chege

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Residual disease and HPV persistence after cryotherapy for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2/3 in HIV positive women in Kenya, Hugo De Vuyst, Nelly R. Mugo, Silvia Franceschi, Kevin McKenzie, Vanessa Tenet, Julia Njoroge, Farzana S. Rana, Samah R. Sakr, Peter J.F. Snijders, and Michael Chung

The heart weight–body weight coefficient in Kenyans aged 14 years and above, Mbayah Etabale

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Epidemiology of malaria in a village in the Rufiji River Delta, Tanzania: declining transmission over 25 years revealed by different parasitological metrics, Anna Färnert, Victor Yman, Manijeh Vafa Homann, Grace Wandell, Leah Mhoja, Marita Johansson, Salome Jesaja, Johanna Sandlund, Kazuyuki Tanabe, Ulf Hammar, Matteo Bottai, Zul Premji, Anders Björkman, and Ingegerd Rooth

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Outbreaks of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains in a Kenyan teaching hospital, Charlotte A. Huber, Anna L. Sartor, Francis McOdimba, Reena Shah, Patricia Shivachi, Hanna E. Sidjabat, Gunturu Revathi, and David L. Paterson

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Environmental and occupational factors associated with chronic myeloid leukemia: a case-control study, R. Kasmani, N.A. Othieno-Abinya, M.t. Singh Riyat, G.W. Kiarie, and Peter Wanzala

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A review of 74 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma at a tertiary referral hospital in Nairobi, Kenya, G. Kiraka, Mbayah Etabale, and Riyat Malkit

The prevalence of malaria and assessment of the uptake of malaria prevention measures in blood donors in two regional blood transfusion centres in Kenya, Valerie Magutu

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Using verbal autopsy to measure causes of death: the comparative performance of existing methods, C.J.L. Mahende, R. Lozano, A.D. Flaxman, P. Serina, D. Phillips, A. Stewart, S.L. James, A. Vahdatpour, C. Atkinson, M.K. Freeman, S.L. Ohno, R. Black, S.M. Ali, A.H. Baqui, L. Dandona, E. Dantzer, G.L. Darmstadt, V. Das, U. Dhingra, A. Dutta, W. Fawzi, S. Gomez, B. Hernandez, R. Joshi, H.D. Kalter, A. Kumar, V. Kumar, M. Lucero, S. Mehta, Zul Premji, D. Ramirez-Villalobos, H. Remolador, I. Riley, M. Romero, M. Said, D. Sanvictores, S. Sazawal, V. Tallo, and A. D. Lopez

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Aetiology of acute febrile episodes in children attending Korogwe District Hospital in north-eastern Tanzania, C. Mahende, B. Ngasala, J. Lusingu, A. Butichi, P. Lushino, M. Lemnge, and Zul Premji

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Suitability of Vitek 2 System in Identification and Susceptibility Testing of Gram Negative Bacteremias by Direct Inoculation, Daniel Maina and Elizabeth Kagotho

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Applying consensus criteria to the evaluation of patients with suspected chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma, E. Mulwa-Babu, Riyat Malkit, and D. Parech

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Low prevalence of methicillin resistant as determined by an automated identification system in two private hospitals in Nairobi, Kenya: a cross sectional study, Geoffrey Omuse, Beatrice Kabera, and Gunturu Revathi

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Harnessing microbiome and probiotic research in sub-Saharan Africa: Recommendations from an African workshop, Gregor Reid, Nicholas Nduti, Wilbert Sybesma, Remco Kort, Tobias R. Kollmann, Rodney Adam, Hamadi Boga, Eric M. Brown, Alexandra Einerhand, Hani El-Nezami, Gregory B. Gloor, Irene I. Kavere, Johanna Lindahl, Amee Manges, Wondu Mamo, Rocio Martin, Amy McMillan, Jael Obiero, Pamela A. Ochieng’, Arnold Onyango, Stephen Rulisa, Eeva Salminen, Seppo Salminen, Antony Sije, Jonathan R. Swann, William van Treuren, Daniel Waweru, and Steve J. Kemp