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Submissions from 2020

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The changing trend of teleconsultations during COVID-19 era at a tertiary facility in Tanzania, Philip Adebayo, Ahmed Jusabani, Murtaza Mukhtar, and Ali Akbar Zehri

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COVID-19 and stroke in sub-Saharan Africa: case series from Dar es Salaam, Philip Adebayo, Nadeem Kassam, Omar Aziz, Ahmed Jusabani, Samina Somji, and Mugisha Clement

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Menstrual-Related Headaches Among a Cohort of African Adolescent Girls, Philip Adebayo, Folajimi M. Otubogun, and Rufus O. Akinyemi

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Conceptual framework for establishing the African Stroke Organization, Rufus Akinyemi, Fred Sarfo, Foad Abd-Allah, Yomi Ogun, Mofou Belo, Patty Francis, M Bettencourt Mateus, Pamela Naidoo, Augustina Charway-Felli, and Philip Adebayo

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Cardiac pacing in sub-Saharan Africa, Aimé Bonny, Olujimi A. Ajijola, Jeilan Mohamed, Mahmoud Sani, Zaheer Yousef, Matthew F. Yuyun, Kamilu Karaye, Mervat Aboulmaaty Nahib, Yazid Aoudia, and Loreen Akinyi

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Cardiac arrhythmia services in Africa from 2011 to 2018: the second report from the Pan African Society of Cardiology working group on cardiac arrhythmias and pacing, Aimé Bonny, Marcus Ngantcha, Matthew F. Yuyun, Kamilu M. Karaye, Wihan Scholtz, Ahmed Suliman, George Nel, Yazid Aoudia, Adama Kane, and Jeilan Mohamed

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Resource and Infrastructure-Appropriate Management of ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction in Low- and Middle-Income Countries, Y. Chandrashekhar, Thomas Alexander, Ajit Mullasari, Dharam J. Kumbhani, Samir Alam, Erick Alexanderson, Damodar Bachani, Jacobus Cornelius Wilhelmus Badenhorst, Ragavendra Baliga, and Jeilan Mohamed

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Determining the quality of life of children living with epilepsy in Kenya—A cross-sectional study using the CHEQOL-25 tool, Raana Hussain; James Orwa; Dilraj Sokhi; Caroline Kathomi; Hussein , Dossajeeb; Osman Miyanji; Anthony Ngugi; and Pauline Samia

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Endobronchial Tuberculosis: A Rare Presentation, Nadeem Kassam, Omar M. Aziz, Samina Somji, and Grace Shayo

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The inaugural meeting of the Africa Heart Rhythm Association (AFHRA), Jeilan Mohamed, Joselyn Rwebembera, Hassan Aden, Loreen Akinyi, Olujimi A. Ajijola, Ashley Chin, Bundhoo Kaviraj, Kamilu M. Karaye, Amam Mbakwem, and Beatrice Murage

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Long-Term Outcomes and Factors Associated with Mortality in Patients with Moderate to Severe Pulmonary Hypertension in Kenya, Mzee Ngunga, Abdulaziz Mansur Abeid, Jeilan Mohamed, and Anders Barasa

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The role of kidney transplantation as a component of integrated care for chronic kidney disease, Philip J. O'Connell, Mark Brown, Tak Mao Chan, Rolando Claure-Del Granado, Simon Davies, Somchai Eiam-Ong, Mohamed H. Hassan, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Adeera Levin, and Ahmed Twahir

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Benign Recurrent Intrahepatic Cholestasis (BRIC): An African Case Report, Adil Salyani, Linda Barasa, Allan Rajula, and Sayed Karar

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Qualitative Approach to Understanding Barriers to Delivering Difficult News in Sub Saharan Africa, Karishma Sharma, Jasmit Shah, and Sayed Karar

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Autoimmune Encephalitis is Recognised as an Important Differential Diagnosis in a Kenyan Tertiary Referral Centre, Dilraj Sokhi and Onkar Singh Bhogal

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Development of a framework for minimum and optimal safety and quality standards for hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, Laura Sola, Nathan W. Levin, David W. Johnson, Roberto Pecoits-Filho, Harith M. Aljubori, Yuqing Chen, Stefaan Claus, Allan Collins, Brett Cullis, and Ahmed Twahir

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Adequacy of Hemodialysis and Its Associated Factors among Patients Undergoing Chronic Hemodialysis in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Samina Somji, Pascal Ruggajo, and Sibtain Moledina

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Randomized control trial of advanced cancer patients at a private hospital in Kenya and the impact of dignity therapy on quality of life, John Weru, Miriam Gatehi, and Alice Musibi

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Global case studies for chronic kidney disease/end-stage kidney disease care, Chih-Wei Yang, David C.H. Harris, Valerie A. Luyckx, Masaomi Nangaku, Fan Fan Hou, Guillermo Garcia Garcia, Hasan Abu-Aisha, Abdou Niang, Laura Sola, and Ahmed Twahir

Theses/Dissertations from 2019

Eligibility and patient barriers to peritoneal dialysis in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease, Saleem Mohamed Abdulkarim

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Adult-onset Still’s disease triggered by pregnancy, Saleem Abdulkarim, Fredrick Otieno, and Sayed Karar

Factors associated with cardiac dysfunction following anthracyline-based chemotherapy in adults in a tertiary hospital in Nairobi, Joseph Odunga Abuodha

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Metastatic Breast Cancer in Kenya: Presentation, Pathologic Characteristics, and Patterns-Findings From a Tertiary Cancer Center, Etoroabasi Ekpe, Asim Jamal, Jasmit Shah, Judith S. Jacobson, and Shahin Sayed

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Cardiovascular risk factors among people living with HIV in rural Kenya: a clinic-based study, Kenneth Juma, Roseanne Nyabera, Sylvia Mbugua, George Odinya, James Jowi, Mzee Ngunga, David Zakus, and Gerald Yonga

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Using CIRUPA to Help Foster Communication with Families about Brain Death in Sub‑Saharan Africa, Sayed Karar, Anthony Ochola, Fatima Juma, and Feroza Daroowalla

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Statement on imaging and pulmonary hypertension from the Pulmonary Vascular Research Institute (PVRI), David G. Kiely, David L. Levin, Paul M. Hassoun, Dunbar Ivy, Pei-Ni Jone, Jumaa Bwika, Steven M. Kawut, Jim Lordan, Angela Lungu, and Jeremy A. Mazurek

Barriers to definitive hyper-acute management of stroke at a tertiary facility in Nairobi, Kenya, Caroline Wangui Mithi

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May Measurement Month 2017: the results of blood pressure screening of 14 845 individuals in Kenya—Sub-Saharan Africa, Elijah N. Ogola, Felix Barasa, Anders Barasa, Bernard M. Gitura, Benson Njunguna, Thomas Beaney, Xin Xia, and Neil R. Poulter

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Pregabalin for Treatment of Docetaxel-Related Hand-Foot Syndrome, Kelvin Orare, Jamila Nambafu, Sitna Mwanzi, and Sayed Karar

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Acinetobacter infections: a retrospective study to determine in hospital mortality rate and clinical factors associated with mortality, Rajiv Patel, Jasmit Shah, Gunturu Revathi, Wangari Siika, and Reena Shah

Disease activity and functional status and their relation to depression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, Joe Rosana Rakiro

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BayesMetab: treatment of missing values in metabolomic studies using a Bayesian modeling approach, Jasmit Shah, Guy N. Brock, and Jeremy Gaskins

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Delivering Difficult News in a Tertiary Hospital in Sub-Saharan Africa—A Consensus Study Among Residents, Karishma Sharma, Jasmit Shah, and Sayed Karar

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Access to care and financial burden for patients with breast cancer in Ghana, Kenya, and Nigeria, Majid Twahir, Rasaaq Adisa Oyesegun, Joel Yarney, Andrew Gachii, Clement Edusa, Chukwumere Nwogu, Gitangu Mangutha, Philip Anderson, Emmanuel Benjamin, Borna Müller, and Charles Ngoh

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Outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome in a referral hospital in sub-Saharan Africa, Mohamed Varwani, Jeilan Mohamed, Mzee Ngunga, and Anders Barasa

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Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes-Palliative Care in Africa Program: Improving Access to Quality Palliative Care, Sriram Yennurajalingam, Charles E. Amos, John Weru, Edwina Beryl, Addo Opare-Lokko, Joseph Anthony Arthur, Kristy Nguyen, Olaitan Soyannwo, Runcie C.W. Chidebe, Janet L. Williams, Zhanni Lu, Ellen Baker, Sanjeev Arora, Eduardo Bruera, and Suresh Reddy

Theses/Dissertations from 2018

Long-term outcomes and factors associated with mortality among patients with moderate to severe pulmonary hypertension in Kenya, Abdulaziz Mansur Abeid

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The association between asymptomatic and mild neurocognitive impairment and adherence to antiretroviral therapy among people living with human immunodeficiency virus, Violet Awori, Peter Mativo, Gerald Yonga, and Reena Shah

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Constrictive Bronchiolitis Attributable to Inhalation of Toxic Agents: Considerations for a Case Definition., Daniel E. Banks, Caroline A. Bolduc, Sayed Karar, and Michael J. Morris

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Spontaneous regression of a primary squamous cell lung cancer following biopsy: a case report, Nathan Esplin, Khadija Fergiani, Timothy B. Legare, John W. Stelzer, Hammad Bhatti, and Sayed Karar

A Randomized control trial of English-speaking advanced cancer patients at AKUs medical and surgical clinics and the impact on QOL of one session of Dignity Therapy, Miriam Gatehi-Muriithi

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Mammographic Breast Density and Breast Cancer Molecular Subtypes: The Kenyan-African Aspect, Asim Jamal, Maeve Mullooly, Shahin Sayed, Rose Ndumia, Innocent Abayo, James Orwa, Ronald Wasike, Zahir Moloo, and Gretchen L. Gierach

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Improving Metastatic Breast Cancer Care in Kenya Using Information Technology, Asim Jamal, Shahin Sayed, C. Cathomi, and F. Chite

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Treatment of Anal Cancer Pain – A Case Report, Sayed Karar and Saleem Abdulkarim

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Social work integration and performance of palliative care at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi County, Kenya, Cosmas Kipkoech, Johnson Mavole, Simon Ikonze Ndulu, and John Weru

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Initial Rhythm and Resuscitation Outcomes for Patients Developing Cardiac Arrest in Hospital: Data From Low-Middle Income Country, Mzee Ngunga, Gerald Yonga, Benjamin Wachira, and Justin A. Ezekowitz

Acinetobacter infections: a retrospective study to determine in – hospital mortality rate and clinical factors associated with mortality, Rajiv Patel

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Prevalence of HLA-B*5701 in a Kenyan population with HIV infection, Reena Shah, H. Nabiswa, Nancy Okinda, Gunturu Revathi, Mark Hawken, and Nelson M.

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ECHO palliative care in Africa (ECHO-PACA): Improving access to quality palliative care., Sriram Yennu, Charles E. Amos Jr, John Weru, Edwina Beryl Victoria, Joseph Anthony Arthur, Olaitan Soyannwo, Runcie C.W. Chidebe, Eduardo Bruera, and Suresh Reddy

Submissions from 2017

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mHealth in palliative care for cancer patients & care givers, Newton Andebe, Peter Waiganjo, and John Weru

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Risk Factors for Hypoxia and Tachypnea Among Adolescents With Vertically-acquired HIV in Nairobi, Engi F. Attia, Noel S. Weiss, Elizabeth Maleche Obimbo, Christine J. McGrath, Anthony Cagle, Eoin T. West, El Antouny G. Neveen, Attwa Mena, Crothers Kristina, and Michael Chung

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Symptomatic recovery and pharmacological management in a clinical cohort with peripartum cardiomyopathy, Anders Barasa, Valentina Goloskokova, Lars Ladfors, Harshida Patel, and Maria Schaufelberger

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Alcohol use and immune reconstitution among HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy in Nairobi, Kenya, Anthony Cagle, Christine McGrath, Barbra A. Richardson, Dennis Donovan, Sameh Sakr, Nelly Yatich, Richard Ngomoa, Agnes Chepngeno Langat, Grace John-Stewart, and Michael Chung

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Palliative Care: Kenya’s Current Profile and Prospects for the Future, Tayreez Mushani and John Weru

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Initial Rhythm and Outcomes for Inhospital Cardiac Arrest in Kenya, Mzee Ngunga, Gerald Yonga, Benjamin Wachira, and Ezekowitz Justin

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Factors that influence advance directives completion amongst terminally ill patients at a tertiary hospital in Kenya, Stephen Omondi, John Weru, Asim Jamal, and Gerald Yonga

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Improving and Sustaining ICT Skills of Health Researchers in Kenya Through a Three-Tiered Approach of Online Learning, Hands-On Workshops, and Personalized Mentoring, A. Osoti, J. Kinuthia, Michael Chung, E. Opiyo, R. Oboko, C. Chepken, S. Fueller, D. Masuda, M. Dunbar, and D. Masys

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Echocardiographic predictors of outcome in acute heart failure patients in sub-Saharan Africa: insights from THESUS-HF, Mahmoud U. Sani, Beth A. Davison, Gad Cotter, Albertino Damasceno, Bongani M. Mayosi, Okechukwu S. Ogah, Charles Mondo, Anastase Dzudie, Dike B. Ojji, Charles Kouam Kouam, Ahmed Suliman, Gerald Yonga, Sergine Abdou Ba, Fikru Maru, Bekele Alemayehu, Christopher Edwards, and Karen Sliwa

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Maternal Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy Reduces Vertical Cytomegalovirus Transmission But Does Not Reduce Breast Milk Cytomegalovirus Levels, Jennifer A. Slyker, Barbra Richardson, Michael Chung, Claire Atkinson, Kristjana H. Ásbjörnsdóttir, Dara A. Lehman, Michael Boeckh, Vincent Emery, James Kiarie, and Grace John-Stewart

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Practical Neurology linked to the curriculum: an online resource, Dilraj Sokhi, Alice Brockington, and Christine Lo

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Costs of integrating cervical cancer screening at an HIV clinic in Kenya, Elisabeth L. Vodicka, Joseph B. Babigumira, Marita R. Mann, Rose J. Kosgei, Fan Lee, Nelly R. Mugo, Timothy C. Okech, Samah R. Sakr, Louis P. Garrison Jr, and Michael Chung

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Most people in Africa don’t have access to palliative care. This needs to change, John Weru

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What Kenya needs to do to end the taboo of talking about ‘end of life care’, John Weru

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Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Considerations for the Pharmacological Management of Elderly Patients, Sizheng Zhao, Fred Otieno, Asan Akpan, and Robert J. Moots

Submissions from 2016

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Sensitivity and Specificity of Respiratory Symptoms and Clinical Signs for Abnormal Spirometry among HIV+ Individuals in Kenya, Engi F. Attia, Elizabeth Maleche-Obimbo, Nelly Yatich, Lilian Ndukwe, Sameh Sakr, Neveen G. El Antouny, Michael Chung, and Kristina A. Crothers

The Association between Asymptomatic and Mild Neurocognitive Impairment and Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy amongst people living with HIV, Violet Maloba Awori

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RAS Mutation Predicts Positive Resection Margins and Narrower Resection Margins in Patients Undergoing Resection of Colorectal Liver Metastases, Kristoffer Watten Brudvik, Yoshihiro Mise, Michael Chung, Yun Shin Chun, Scott E. Kopetz, Guillaume Passot, Claudius Conrad, Dipen M. Maru, Thomas A. Aloia, and Jean-Nicolas Vauthey

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Increasing HIV-1 pretreatment drug resistance among antiretroviral-naïve adults initiating treatment between 2006 and 2014 in Nairobi, Kenya, Michael Chung, Silverman Rachel, Beck Ingrid, Yatich Nelly, Dross Sandra, Jennifer McKernan-Mullin, Stephen Bii, Kenneth Tapia, Joshua Stern, Chohan Bhavna, Samah R. Sakr, and James N. Kiarie

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Implementation of HIV Drug Resistance Testing in Kenya, Horacio Duarte, Ingrid Beck, James Munyao, Molly Levine, Catherine Kiptinness, Bhavna Chohan, Samah Sakr, Michael Chung, and Lisa Frenkel

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Short Communication: Analysis of Minor Populations of Human Immunodeficiency Virus by Primer Identification and Insertion-Deletion and Carry Forward Correction Pipelines, Paul Hughes, Wenjie Deng, Scott C. Olson, Robert W. Coombs, Michael Chung, and Lisa M. Frenkel

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Malignant Pervascular Epitheloid Cell Tumor (PEComa), Presenting as a Large Intra-Abdominal Mass in a Young Woman: A Case Report and Review of Literature, Asim Jamal, Majid Sikosana, Samuel Nguku, and Zahir Moloo

The Diagnostic Accuracy Of Determine™ Tb Lam Antigen in Detection of Extra Pulmonary Tuberculosis (EPTB), Fatimah Osman Juma

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A case of refractory thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura treated with plasmapheresis and rituximab, Nicholas Kirui and Ahmed Sokwala

Risk factors, Clinico-Pathologic Characteristics and Outcomes in Young Kenyan Female Patients with Breast Cancer in AKUH-N, Gilford Mutwiri Mwikamba

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What change in outcomes after cardiac arrest is necessary to change practice? Results of an international survey, Graham Nichol, Siobhan P. Brown, Gavin D. Perkins, Francis Kim, Fritz Sterz, Jo Ann Broeckel Elrod, Spyros Mentzelopoulos, Richard Lyon, Yaseen Arabi, Maaret Castren, Peter Larsen, Terence Valenzuela, Jan-Thorsten Graesner, Scott Youngquist, Nalinas Khunkhlai, Henry E. Wang, Franek Ondrej, Juan Manuel Fraga Sastrias, Anders Barasa, and Michael R. Sayre

Factors that Influence Advance Directives Completion amongst Terminally Ill Patients at AKUHN, Stephen Omondi Otieno

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Simplified Paper Format for Detecting HIV Drug Resistance in Clinical Specimens by Oligonucleotide Ligation, Nuttada Panpradist, Ingrid A. Beck, Michael Chung, James N. Kiarie, Lisa M. Frenkel, and Barry R. Lutz

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Symptoms in women with Peripartum Cardiomyopathy: A mixed method study, Harshida Patel, Marie Berg, Anders Barasa, Cecily Begley, and Maria Schaufelberger

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Partner Disclosure and Early CD4 Response among HIV-Infected Adults Initiating Antiretroviral Treatment in Nairobi Kenya, T. Tony Trinh, Nelly Yatich, Richard Ngomoa, Christine J. McGrath, Barbra A. Richardson, Samah R. Sakr, Agnes Langat, Grace C. John-Stewart, and Michael Chung

Outcomes in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndromes at The Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Mohamed Hasham Varwani

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Telephone versus Face to Face Palliative Care Consults during Referral, John Weru

Submissions from 2015

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Epidemiology of posttraumatic stress disorder: prevalence, correlates and consequences, Lukoye Atwoli, Dan Stein, Karestan C. Koenen, and Katie A. Mclaughlin

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Development of the roadmap and guidelines for the prevention and management of high blood pressure in Africa: Proceedings of the PASCAR: Hypertension task force meeting: Nairobi, Kenya, Anastase Dzudie, Dike Ojji, Benedict Chukwuemeka Anisiuba, Serigne Abdou, Ruth Cornick, Albertino Damasceno, Abdoul Kane, Ana Ogla Mocumbi, Awad Mohamed, George Nel, Elijah Ogola, Basden Onwubere, Harun Otieno, Brian Rainer, Aletta Schutte, Ibrahim Toure Ali, Marc Twagirumukiza, Neil Poulter, and Bongani Mayosi

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Methylation Levels of CADM1, MAL, and MIR124-2 in Cervical Scrapes for Triage of HIV-Infected, High-Risk HPV-Positive Women in Kenya., De Vuyst Hugo, Franceschi Silvia, Plummer Martyn, Nelly R. Mugo, Samah R. Sakr, Chris J. L. M. Meijer, Daniëlle A. M. Heideman, Vanessa Tenet, Peter J. F. Snijders, Albertus T. Hesselink, and Michael Chung

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Does upgrade to tri-ventricular pacemaker improve long-term clinical response in non-responders to biventricular cardiac resynchronization therapy?, Sharon Hw Man, Jeilan Mohamed, Shoaib Siddiqui, and G. André Ng

Respiratory function amongst asymptomatic HIV positive and HIV negative clients at Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Noah Kipkemei Murbiy

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Gender differences in clinical characteristics and outcome of acute heart failure in sub-Saharan Africa: results of the THESUS-HF study, Okechukwu S. Ogah, Beth A. Davison, Karen Sliwa, Bongani M. Mayosi, Albertino Damasceno, Mahmoud U. Sani, Charles Mondo, Anastase Dzudie, Dike B. Ojji, Charles Kouam, Ahmed Suliman, Neshaad Schrueder, Gerald Yonga, Sergine Abdou Ba, Fikru Maru, Bekele Alemayehu, Christopher Edwards, and Gad Cotter

Comparison of cardiovascular risk profiles amongst newly diagnosed cancer patients and non-cancer patients at the Aga Khan University Hospital Nairobi, Majid Lingani-Ncube Sikosana

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Mortality Across Two ART Trials Enrolling at ≤200 vs ≤350 CD4 cells/uL in Kenya, Rachel A. Silverman, Michael Chung, James N. Kiarie, Nelly Yatich, Julia Njoroge, Catherine Kiptiness, Samah Sakr, Grace John-Stewart, and Lisa Frenkel

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Atrial fibrillation in sub-saharan Africa: epidemiology, unmet needs, and treatment options, Bruce Sheldon Stambler and Mzee Ngunga

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Characterization of in-hospital cardiac arrest in adult patients at a tertiary hospital in Kenya, Benjamin Wachira

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Uchunguzi (Journal Watch/Montre de journal) June 2015, Benjamin Wachira

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Uchunguzi (Journal WatchMontre de Journal) March 2015, Benjamin Wachira

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Uchunguzi (Journal Watch/Montre de journal) September 2015, Benjamin Wachira

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Initial Impressions and Review of Literature Concerning Factors Affecting the Use of Palliative Care Assessment Tools in an African Setting, John Weru

Theses/Dissertations from 2014

Incidence and risk factors for acute myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery at the Aga Khan University hospital Nairobi, Salim Said Ahmed

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Rationale and design of the Pan-African sudden cardiac death survey: The Pan-African SCD study, Aimé Bonny, Marcus Ngantcha, Sylvie Ndongo Amougou, Adama Kane, Sonia Marrakchi, Emmy Okello, Georges Taty, Abdulrrazzak Gehani, Mamadou Diakite, Mohammed Talle, Pier Lambiase, Martin Houenassi, Ashley Chin, Harun Otieno, Gloria Temu, Isaac Koffi Owusu, Kamilu Karaye, Abdalla AM Awad, Bo Bo Gregers Winkel, and Silvia Priori

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Oligonucleotide ligation assay detects HIV drug resistance associated with virologic failure among antiretroviral-naive adults in Kenya, Michael Chung, Ingrid A. Beck, Sandra Dross, Kenneth Tapia, James N. Kiarie, Barbra A. Richardson, Julie Overbaugh, Samah R. Sakr, Grace C. John-Stewart, and Lisa M. Frenkel

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Clinical features, proximate causes, and consequences of active convulsive epilepsy in Africa, Symon M. Kariuki, William Matuja, Albert Akpalu, Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Martin Chabi, Ryan G. Wagner, Myles Connor, Eddie Chengo, Anthony K. Ngugi, Rachael Odhiambo, Christian Bottomley, Steven White, Josemir W. Sander, Brian G. R. Neville, and Charles R. J. C. Newton

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Effect of surgical subspecialty training on patent ductus arteriosus ligation outcomes, Dor Markush, Kelleigh E. Briden, Michael Chung, Katherine W. Herbst, Trudy J. Lerer, Stephen Neff, Amy C. Wu, and Brendan T. Campbell