The Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology plays a key role in the overall mission of the Aga Khan University and the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya. We are a diverse community of women’s health care professionals who partner with our patients to deliver world-class, evidence-based comprehensive care to women across their lifespan.

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Submissions from 2014

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Migration Status, Work Conditions and Health Utilization of Female Sex Workers in Three South African Cities, Marlise Richter, Matthew F. Chersich, Jo Vearey, Benn Sartorius, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

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Forced marriage: an analysis of legislation and political measures in Europe, Alexia Sabbe, Marleen Temmerman, Eva Brems, and Els Leye

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Global causes of maternal death: a WHO systematic analysis, Lale Say, Doris Chou, Alison Gemmill, Özge Tunçalp, Ann-Beth Moller, Jane Daniels, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Marleen Temmerman, and Leontine Alkema

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Intimate partner violence after disclosure of HIV test results among pregnant women in Harare, Zimbabwe, Simukai Shamu, Christina Zarowsky, Tamara Shefer, Marleen Temmerman, and Naeemah Abrahams

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Maternal and perinatal health research priorities beyond 2015: an international survey and prioritization exercise, Joao Paulo Souza, Mariana Widmer, Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu, Theresa Anne Lawrie, Ebunoluwa Aderonke Adejuyigbe, Guillermo Carroli, Caroline Crowther, Sheena M. Currie, Therese Dowswell, and Marleen Temmerman

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One-year evaluation of the impact of an emergency obstetric and neonatal care training program in Western Kenya, Rachel F. Spitzer, Sarah Jane Steele, David Caloia, Julie Thorne, Alan D. Bocking, Astrid Christoffersen-Deb, Aaron Yarmoshuk, Loise Maina, Johanna Sitters, and Elkanah Orang'o

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Spousal discordance on fertility preference and its effect on contraceptive practice among married couples in Jimma zone, Ethiopia, Tizta Tilahun, Gily Coene, Marleen Temmerman, and Olivier Degomme

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International standards for newborn weight, length, and head circumference by gestational age and sex: the Newborn Cross-Sectional Study of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project, José Villar, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Cesar G. Victora, Eric O. Ohuma, Enrico Bertino, Doug G. Altman, Ann Lambert, Aris T. Papageorghiou, Maria Carvalho, Yasmin A. Jaffer, Michael G. Gravett, Manorama Purwar, Ihunnaya O. Frederick, Alison J. Noble, Ruyan Pang, Fernando C. Barros, Cameron Chumlea, Zulfiqar Bhutta, and Stephen H. Kennedy

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The likeness of fetal growth and newborn size across non-isolated populations in the INTERGROWTH-21st Project: the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study and Newborn Cross-Sectional Study, José Villar, Aris T. Papageorghiou, Ruyan Pang, Eric O. Ohuma, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Fernando C. Barros, Ann Lambert, Maria Carvalho, Yasmin A. Jaffer, Enrico Bertino, Michael G. Gravett, Doug G. Altman, Manorama Purwar, Ihunnaya O. Frederick, Julia A. Noble, Cesar G. Victora, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, and Stephen H. Kennedy

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Use of antenatal corticosteroids and tocolytic drugs in preterm births in 29 countries: an analysis of the WHO Multicountry Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health, Joshua P. Vogel, João Paulo Souza, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Rintaro Mori, Pisake Lumbiganon, Zahida Qureshi, Guillermo Carroli, Malinee Laopaiboon, Bukola Fawole, and Marleen Temmerman

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Monochorionic twin pregnancies: a systematic approach to diagnosis and management, Sikolia Wanyonyi

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Vaginal birth after caesarean section is not a safe option in low resource settings, Sikolia Wanyonyi and Francis G. Muriithi

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Image-scoring system for crown–rump length measurement, Sikolia Wanyonyi, R. Napolitano, E. O. Ohuma, L. J. Salomon, and A. T. Papageorghiou

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Authors' reply: 'To VBAC or not to VBAC', Sikolia Wanyonyi and S. K. Ngichabe

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Safety concerns for planned vaginal birth after caesarean section in sub-Saharan Africa, Sikolia Wanyonyi and S. K. Ngichabe

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High rates of abortion and low levels of contraceptive use among adolescent female sex workers in Kunming, China: a cross-sectional analysis, Xu-Dong Zhang, Elissa Kennedy, Marleen Temmerman, Yan Li, Wei-Hong Zhang, and Stanley Luchters

Theses/Dissertations from 2013

Association between elevated third trimester maternal haemoglobin and neonatal gestational age adjusted birth weight, Bob Otieno Achila

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Evaluating audio computer assisted self-interviews in urban south African communities: evidence for good suitability and reduced social desirability bias of a cross-sectional survey on sexual behaviour, Roxanne Beauclair, Fei Meng, Nele Deprez, Marleen Temmerman, Alex Welte, Wim Delva, and Niel Hens

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Standardisation of neonatal clinical practice, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, F Giuliani, A Haroon, H E. Knight, E Albernaz, M Batra, B Bhat, E Bertino, K McCormick, Roseline Ochieng, V Rajan, P Ruyan, L Cheikh Ismail, and V Paul

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Implementation of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project in Kenya, Maria Carvalho, Sudhir Vinayak, Roseline Ochieng, V Choksey, N Musee, W Stones, H E. Knight, and L Cheikh Ismail

Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in an ethnic African urban obstetric population in an equatorial city hospital, Raj Hasmukh Dodia

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Health workers' counselling practices on and women's awareness of pregnancy danger signs in selected rural health facilities in Burkina Faso, Ghana and Tanzania, Els Duysburgh, M. Ye, A. Williams, S. Massawe, and Marleen Temmerman

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Improving quality of maternal and newborn care in selected districts in 3 sub-saharan countries: baseline quality assessment, Els Duysburgh, Wei-Hong Zhang, M. Ye, Adrian Williams, S. Massawe, A. Sie, J. Williams, R. Mpembeni, S. Loukanova, and Marleen Temmerman

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A rapid questionnaire assessment of environmental exposures to pregnant women in the INTERGROWTH-21st Project, B Eskenazi, A Bradman, D Finkton, M Purwar, J A. Noble, R Pang, O Burnham, L Cheikh Ismail, F Farhi, F C. Barros, A Lambert, A T. Papageorghiou, Maria Carvalho, Y A. Jaffer, E Bertino, M G. Gravett, D G. Altman, E O. Ohuma, S H. Kennedy, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and J Villar

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Sexually transmitted infections and women's sexual and reproductive health, Sami L. Gottlieb, Lori M. Newman, Avni Amin, Marleen Temmerman, and Nathalie Broutet

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Primary healthcare providers’ views on improving sexual and reproductive healthcare for adolescents in Bolivia, Ecuador, and Nicaragua, Lina Jaruseviciene, Miguel Orozco, Marcia Ibarra, Freddy Cordova Ossio, Bernardo Vega, Nancy Auquilla, Joel Medina, Anna C. Gorter, Peter Decat, and Marleen Temmerman

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Conscientious objection to provision of legal abortion care, Brooke R. Johnson Jr, Eszter Kismödi, Monica V. Dragoman, and Marleen Temmerman

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The objectives, design and implementation of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project, Villar J, Altman D. G, Purwar M, Noble J. A, Knight H. E, Ruyan P, Ismail L. Cheikh, Barros F. C, Lambert A, Papageorghiou A. T, Maria Carvalho, Jaffer Y. A, Bertino E, Gravett M. G, Bhutta Z. A, and Kennedy S. H

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Successes and challenges of establishing a cervical cancer screening and treatment program in western Kenya, Kareem Khozaim, Elkanah Orang'o, Astrid Christoffersen-Deb, Peter Itsura, John Oguda, Hellen Muliro, Jackline Ndiema, and Grace Mwangi

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Large neurofibroma of the labia majora: A case report, Hussein Kidanto, Joshua Garison, and Peter Wangwe

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Screening for tuberculosis in pregnancy: do we need more than a symptom screen? Experience from western Kenya, R J. Kosgei, D Szkwarko, S Callens, P Gichangi, Marleen Temmerman, A-B Kihara, J J. Sitienei, E J. Cheserem, P M. Ndavi, A J. Reid, and E J. Carter

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Increasing caesarean section rates among low-risk groups: a panel study classifying deliveries according to Robson at a university hospital in Tanzania, Helena Litorp, Hussein Kidanto, Lennarth Nystrom, Elisabeth Darj, and Birgitta Essén

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The Contribution of Emotional Partners to Sexual Risk Taking and Violence among Female Sex Workers in Mombasa, Kenya: A Cohort Study, Stanley Luchters, Marlise L. Richter, Wilkister Bosire, Gill Nelson, Nzioki Kingola, Xu-Dong Zhang, Marleen Temmerman, and Matthew F. Chersich

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Male Sex Workers Who Sell Sex to Men Also Engage in Anal Intercourse with Women: Evidence from Mombasa, Kenya, Priya Mannava, Scott Geibel, Nzioki King’ola, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

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Grand multiparity: is it still a risk in pregnancy?, Andrew H. Mgaya, Siriel N. Massawe, Hussein Kidanto, and Hans N. Mgaya

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Limited effectiveness of HIV prevention for young people in sub-Saharan Africa: studying the role of intervention and evaluation, Kristien Michielsen, Marleen Temmerman, and Van Rossem

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Newborn Mortality and Fresh Stillbirth Rates in Tanzania After Helping Babies Breathe Training, Georgina Msemo, Augustine Massawe, Donan Mmbando, Neema Rusibamayila, Karim Manji Karim Manji, Hussein Kidanto, Damas Mwizamuholya, Prisca Ringia, Hege Langli Ersdal, and Jeffrey Perlman

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Sickle Cell Disease in Pregnancy: Trend and Pregnancy Outcomes at a Tertiary Hospital in Tanzania, Projestine S. Muganyizi and Hussein Kidanto

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Quality control (QC) in ultrasound fetal biometry: can self-scoring replace external QC?, R. Napolitano, C. Cosgrove, E. Ohuma, M. McNeill, Sikolia Wanyonyi, F. Roseman, K. Edwards, and A. T. Papageorghiou

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Which is best for fetal head biometry: the transthalamic or transventricular plane?, R. Napolitano, V. Donadono, E. Ohuma, C. L. Knight, Sikolia Wanyonyi, B. Kemp, T. Norris, and A. T. Papageorghiou

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Managing data for the international, multicentre INTERGROWTH-21st Project, E O. Ohuma, L Hoch, C Cosgrove, H E. Knight, L Cheikh Ismail, L Juodvirsiene, A T. Papageorghiou, H Al-Jabri, M Domingues, P Gilli, N Kunnawar, N Musee, F Roseman, A Carter, M Wu, and D G. Altman

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Human resource inequalities at the base of India's public health care system, Saseendran Pallikadavath, Abhishek Singh, Reuben Ogollah, Tara Dean, and William Stones

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Characteristics, sexual behaviour and risk factors of female, male and transgender sex workers in South Africa, Marlise L. Richter, M. Chersich, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

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AMPATH-Oncology: A model for comprehensive cancer care in sub-Saharan Africa, Strother R.M., F.C. Asirwa, N.B. Busakhala, E. Njiru, Elkanah Orang'o, F. Njuguna, J. Carter, A. Mega, S. Mostert, and G.J.L. Kaspers

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Determinants of child and forced marriage in Morocco: stakeholder perspectives on health, policies and human rights, Alexia Sabbe, Halima Oulami, Wahiba Zekraoui, Halima Hikmat, Marleen Temmerman, and Els Leye

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Maternal anaemia and duration of zidovudine in antiretroviral regimens for preventing mother-to-child transmission: a randomized trial in three African countries, Benn K.D. Sartorius, Matthew F. Chersich, Mary Mwaura, Nicolas Meda, Marleen Temmerman, Marie Louise Newell, Timothy M. M. Farley, Stanley Luchters, and the Kesho Bora Study Group

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Opportunities and obstacles to screening pregnant women for intimate partner violence during antenatal care in Zimbabwe, Simukai Shamu, Naeemah Abrahams, Marleen Temmerman, and Christina Zarowsky

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The evolution of comprehensive cancer care in Western Kenya, R.M. Strother, F.C. Asirwa, N.B. Busakhala, E. Njiru, Elkanah Orang'o, F. Njuguna, J. Skiles, J. Carter, G.J.L. Kaspers, and B. Rosen

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Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Married Couples in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia, Tizta Tilahun, Gily Coene, Stanley Luchters, Wondwosen Kassahun, Els Leye, Marleen Temmerman, and Olivier Degomme

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Ultrasound methodology used to construct the fetal growth standards in the INTERGROWTH-21st Project, Papageorghiou A. T, Sarris I, oannou C I, Todros T, Maria Carvalho, Pilu G, and Salomon L. J

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Comparison of HPV DNA testing in cervical exfoliated cells and tissue biopsies among HIV-positive women in Kenya, Hugo De Vuyst, Michael Chung, Lacopo Baussano, Nelly R. Mugo, Vanessa Tenet, Folkert J. van Kemenade, Farzana S. Rana, Samah R. Sakr, Chris J.L.M. Meijer, Peter J.F. Snijders, and Silvia Franceschi

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Cervical cerclage for prevention of preterm birth: a commentary, Sikolia Wanyonyi

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Improving perinatal outcomes through access to quality prenatal screening and diagnosis; what we need to know, Sikolia Wanyonyi

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Vulnerabilities, health needs and predictors of high-risk sexual behaviour among female adolescent sex workers in Kunming, China, Xu-Dong Zhang, Marleen Temmerman, Yan Li, Wei Luo, and Stanley Luchters

Submissions from 2012

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Antenatal care and the occurrence of Low Birth Weight delivery among women in remote mountainous region of Chitral, Pakistan, Z. Ahmed, S. Khoja, and Suha S. Tirmizi

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Sexual coercion among in-school adolescents in Rwanda: prevalence and correlates of victimization and normative acceptance, Els Van Decraen, Kristien Michielsen, Sarah Herbots, Ronan Van Rossem, and Marleen Temmerman

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Limiting the caesarean section rate in low risk pregnancies is key to lowering the trend of increased abdominal deliveries: an observational study, Ilse Delbaere, Hendrik Cammu, Evelyne Martens, Inge Tency, Guy Martens, and Marleen Temmerman

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Changes in sexual behaviour among HIV-infected women in west and east Africa in the first 24 months after delivery, Irungu Eunice, Matthew F. Chersich, Clarisse Sanon, Rosemary Chege, Philippe Gaillard, Marleen Temmerman, Jennifer S. Read, Stanley Luchters, and Kesho Bora Study Group

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The impact of peer outreach on HIV knowledge and prevention behaviours of male sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya, Scott Geibel, Nzioki King'ola, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

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Terminations of pregnancy in the European Union, M. Gissler, I. Fronteira, A. Jahn, H. Karro, C. Moreau, M . Oliveira da Silva, J. Olsen, C. Savona-Ventura, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

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Hidden violence is silent rape: sexual and gender-based violence in refugees, asylum seekers and undocumented migrants in Belgium and the Netherlands, Ines Keygnaert, Nicole Vettenbu, and Marleen Temmerman

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Uterine rupture: a retrospective analysis of causes, complications and management outcomes at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Hussein Kidanto, Ipyana Mwampagatwa, and Jos Van Roosemalen

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Improved quality of management of eclampsia patients through criteria based audit at Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Bridging the quality gap, Hussein Kidanto, Peter Wangwe, Charles D. Kilewo, Lennarth Nystrom, and Gunnila Lindmark

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Conscientious objection and reproductive health service delivery in sub-Saharan Africa, V. M. Lema

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Comparison of Conventional Cervical Cytology Versus Visual Inspection With Acetic Acid Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus–Infected Women in Western Kenya, Hillary Mabeya, Kareem Khozaim, Tao Liu, Elkanah Orang'o, David Chumba, Latha Pisharodi, Jane Carter, and Susan Cu-Uvin

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Comparison of conventional cervical cytology versus visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) among HIV-infected women in western Kenya, Hillary Mabeya, Kareem Khozaim, Tao Liu, Elkanah Orang'o, David Chumba, Latha Pisharodi, Jane Carter, and Susan Cu-Uvin

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Effectiveness of a peer-led HIV prevention intervention in secondary schools in Rwanda: results from a non-randomized controlled trial, Kristien Michielsen, Roxanne Beauclair, Wim Delva, Kristien Roelens, Ronan Van Rossem, and Marleen Temmerman

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Nothing as Practical as a Good Theory? The Theoretical Basis of HIV Prevention Interventions for Young People in sub-Saharan Africa: a Systematic Review, Kristien Michielsen, Matthew Chersich, Marleen Temmerman, Tessa Dooms, and Ronan Van Rossem

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External cephalic version in East, Central, and Southern Africa, Abraham Mukaindo, Sikolia Wanyonyi, and William R. Stones

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Raising the bar in publishing: the future of JOGECA, Alfred Murage

Universal versus selective risk factor-based screening strategy for gestational diabetes mellitus, Francis G. Muriithi

A prospective characterization of postpartum changes in uterine fibroid volume among black African women, Christine W. Murungi

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Reminder Systems for Self uterine massage in the prevention of postpartum blood loss, S. K. Ngichabe, B. W. Gatinu, M. A. Nyangore, R. Karuga, Sikolia Wanyonyi, and JN Kiarie

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Novel biomarkers with promising benefits for diagnosis of cervical neoplasia: a systematic review, Calleb George Onyango, Lilian Ogonda, Clement Shiluli, Gregory Ganda, Omenge Elkanah Orang’o, Elkanah Orang'o, and Kirtika Patel

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Female sex work and international sport events - no major changes in demand or supply of paid sex during the 2010 Soccer World Cup: a cross-sectional study, Marlise Richter, Stanley Luchters, Dudu Ndlovu, Marleen Temmerman, and Matthew Francis Chersich

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Sexual behavior of HIV-positive adults not accessing HIV treatment in Mombasa, Kenya: Defining their prevention needs, Avina Sarna, Stanley Luchters, Melissa Pickett, Matthew Chersich, Jerry Okal, Scott Geibel, Nzioki Kingola, and Marleen Temmerman

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“That pregnancy can bring noise into the family”: exploring intimate partner sexual violence during pregnancy in the context of HIV in Zimbabwe, Simukai Shamu, Naeemah Abrahams, Marleen Temmerman, Tamara Shefer, and Christina Zarowsky

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Maternal tetanus toxoid vaccination and neonatal mortality in rural North India, A. Singh, S. Pallikadavath, R. Ogollah, and W. Stones

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The study of HIV and antenatal care integration in pregnancy in Kenya: design, methods, and baseline results of a cluster-randomized controlled trial, Janet M. Turan, Rachel L. Steinfeld, Maricianah Onono, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Meghan Woods, Starley B. Shade, Sierra Washington, Reson Marima, Jeremy Penner, Marta L. Ackers, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha, and Craig R. Cohen

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Antiseptics and disinfectants for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis: a systematic review, Hans Verstraelen Verstraelen, Rita Verhelst, Kristien Roelens, and Marleen Temmerman

Submissions from 2011

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Prior knowledge of HPV status improves detection of CIN2+ by cytology screening, Ina H. Benoy, Davy Vanden Broeck, Maya J. Ruymbeke, Shaira Sahebali, Marc Arbyn, Johannes J. Bogers, Marleen Temmerman, and Christophe E. Depuydt

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Determinants of unmet need for contraception among Chinese migrants: A worksite-based survey, Peter Decat, Wei-Hong Zhang, Eileen Moyer, Yimin Cheng, Zhi-jin Wang, Ci-yong Lu, Ruta Jolanta Nadisauskiene, Stanley Luchters, Myriam Deveugele, and Marleen Temmerman

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The risk factor profile of women with secondary infertility: an unmatched case-control study in Kigali, Rwanda, Nathalie Dhont, Stanley Luchters, Claude Muvunyi, Joseph Vyankandondera, Ludwig De Naeyer, Marleen Temmerman, and Janneke van de Wijgert

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HIV infection and sexual behaviour in primary and secondary infertile relationships: a case–control study in Kigali, Rwanda, Nathalie Dhont, Claude Muvunyi, Stanley Luchters, Joseph Vyankandondera, Ludwig De Naeyer, Marleen Temmerman, and Janneke van de Wijgert

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Bacterial vaginosis is associated with uterine cervical human papillomavirus infection: a meta-analysis, Evy Gillet, Joris FA Meys, Hans Verstraelen, Carolyne Bosire, Philippe De Sutter, Marleen Temmerman, and Davy Vanden Broeck

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Multiple bowel perforations requiring extensive bowel resection and hysterectomy after microwave endometrial ablation, Stamatina Iliodromiti and Alfred Murage

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Implementation of a novel continuous fetal Doppler (Moyo) improves quality of intrapartum fetal heart rate monitoring in a resource-limited tertiary hospital in Tanzania: An observational study, Benjamin A. Kamala, Hege L. Ersdal, Ingvild Dalen, Muzdalfat Abeid, Matilda M. Ngarina, Jeffrey M. Perlman, and Hussein Kidanto

Prevalence of postpartum depression using the edinburgh postpartum depression scale at The Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Warfa Khadija

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Management of congenital absence of the cervix: A case report, Hussein Kidanto

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Assisted reproduction services provision in a developing country: time to act?, Alfred Murage, Murwa C. Muteshi, and Francis Githae

The use of MCV and MCH to screen for iron deficiency in pregnancy among women with normal haemoglobin values, Charles M. Muteshi

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Participating in a community of learners enhances resident perceptions of learning in an e-mentoring program: proof of concept, Timona Obura, William. E. Brant, Fiona Miller, and I. J. Parboosingh

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Sexual and physical violence against female sex workers in Kenya: a qualitative enquiry, Jerry Okal, Matthew F. Chersich, Sharon Tsui, Elizabeth Sutherland, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

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Severe propylthiouracil-induced hepatotoxicity in pregnancy managed successfully by liver transplantation: A case report, Evan Sequeira, Sikolia Wanyonyi, and Raj Dodia

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HIV among out-of-school youth in Eastern and Southern Africa: a review, Koen Stroeken, Pieter Remes, Petra De Koker, Kristien Michielsen, Anke Van Vossole, and Marleen Temmerman

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Parental control and monitoring of young people's sexual behaviour in rural north-western Tanzania: implications for sexual and reproductive health interventions, Joyce Wamoyi, Angela Fenwick, Mark Urassa, Basia Zaba, and William Stones

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Socio-economic change and parent-child relationships: implications for parental control and HIV prevention among young people in rural north western Tanzania, Joyce Wamoyi, Angela Fenwick, Mark Urassa, Basia Zaba, and William Stones

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"Women's bodies are shops": beliefs about transactional sex and implications for understanding gender power and HIV prevention in Tanzania, Joyce Wamoyi, Angela Fenwick, Mark Urassa, Basia Zaba, and William Stones

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Factors contributing to failure of vacuum delivery and associated maternal/neonatal morbidity, Sikolia Wanyonyi, Bob Achila, and Naomi Gudu

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Correlation between laparoscopic and histopathologic diagnosis of endometriosis, Sikolia Wanyonyi, Evan Sequeira, and Samuel Mukono