The Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology plays a key role in the overall mission of the Aga Khan University and the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya. We are a diverse community of women’s health care professionals who partner with our patients to deliver world-class, evidence-based comprehensive care to women across their lifespan.

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Submissions from 2020

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The PRECISE (PREgnancy Care Integrating translational Science, Everywhere) Network’s first protocol: deep phenotyping in three sub-Saharan African countries, Peter von Dadelszen, Meriel Flint-O’Kane, Lucilla Poston, Rachel Craik, Donna Russell, Rachel M. Tribe, Umberto d’Alessandro, Marleen Temmerman, Angela Koech, and Anna Roca

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The contribution of qualitative research within the PRECISE study in sub-Saharan Africa, Marina A. S. Daniele, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Angela Koech, Marianne Vidler, Tatiana Salisbury, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Peris Musitia, Meriel Flint-O’Kane, Tanya Wells Brown, Brahima Amara Diallo, Marleen Temmerman, Geoffrey Omuse, Sikolia Wanyonyi, and Patricia Okiro

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Interactions between the Physical and Social Environments with Adverse Pregnancy Events Related to Placental Disorders—A Scoping Review, Yolisa Prudence Dube, Newton Nyapwere, Laura A. Magee, Marianne Vidler, Sophie E. Moore, Benjamin Barratt, Rachel Craik, Peter von Dadelszen, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Marleen Temmerman, Angela Koech, Patricia Okiro, Geoffrey Omuse, and Sikolia Wanyonyi

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Distribution of heart rate and responses to resuscitation among 1237 apnoeic newborns at birth, Joar Eilevstjønn, Jørgen E. Linde, Ladislaus Blacy, Hussein Kidanto, and Hege L. Ersdal

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Sexual and reproductive health and rights of refugee and migrant women: gynecologists' and obstetricians' responsibilities, Margit Endler; Taghreed A.l. Haidari; Sameena Chowdhury; Jan Christilaw; Faysal E.l. Kak; Diana Galimberti; Miguel Gutierrez; Atziri Ramirez‐Negrin; Hemantha Senanayake; Rubina Sohail; Marleen Temmerman; Kristina Gemzell Danielsson; and The FIGO Committee for Human Rights, Refugees, Violence Against Women

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INTERGROWTH-21st Project international INTER-NDA standards for child development at 2 years of age: an international prospective population-based study, Michelle Fernandes, José Villar, Alan Stein, Eleonora Staines Urias, Cutberto Garza, Cesar G. Victora, Fernando C. Barros, Enrico Bertino, Maria Carvalho, Amina Abubakar, and Roseline Ochieng

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Harnessing the PRECISE network as a platform to strengthen global capacity for maternal and child health research in sub-Saharan Africa, Meriel Flint-O’Kane, Peter von Dadelszen, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Esperança Sevene, Anna Roca, Peter Dukes, Saba Hinrichs-Krapels, Rachel Craik, Laura A. Magee, Marleen Temmerman, Angela Koech, and The PRECISE Network

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Delivery of positive end-expiratory pressure using self-inflating bags during newborn resuscitation is possible despite mask leak, Eilevstjønn Ø. H. Gomo, Kari Holte, Hussein Kidanto, Hege Ersdal, Joar Eilevstjønn, and Anita Yeconia

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Video Analysis of Newborn Resuscitations After Simulation-Based Helping Babies Breathe Training, Ingunn Anda Haug, Kari Holte, Catherine L. Chang, Carolyn Purington, Joar Eilevstjønn, Anita Yeconia, Hussein Kidanto, and Hege L. Ersdal

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Positive End-Expiratory Pressure in Newborn Resuscitation Around Term: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Kari Holte, Hege Ersdal, Joar Eilevstjønn, Øystein Gomo, Claus Klingenberg, Jørgen Linde, Monica Thallinger, Hein Stigum, Anita Yeconia, Hussein Kidanto, and Ketil Størdal

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Systems biology approaches for therapeutics development against COVID-19, Shweta Jaiswal, Mohit Kumar, Mandeep Dixit, Sunita Sunita, Yogendra Singh, and Pratyoosh Shukla

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Integrated approaches in microbial degradation of plastics, Shweta Jaiswal, Babita Sharma, and Pratyoosh Shukla

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Alternative strategies for microbial remediation of pollutants via synthetic biology, Shweta Jaiswal and Pratyoosh Shukla

Long term health related quality of life following Uterine Fibroid Embolization at Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Michael Muthoka Kioko

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Qualitative assessment of the feasibility and acceptability of a low-cost device for gestational age assessment in a low-resource setting, Angela Koech, P. Musitia, Grace Mwashigadi, M. Kinshella, M. Vidler, Marleen Temmerman, R. Craik, P. Von Dadelszen, J. A. Noble, and A. T. Papageorghiou

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Maternal inflammatory markers for chorioamnionitis in preterm prelabour rupture of membranes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic test accuracy studies, Angela Koech, Geoffrey Omuse, Abraham Mukaindo, and Marleen Temmerman

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Gender difference in mortality among pulmonary tuberculosis HIV co-infected adults aged 15-49 years in Kenya, Rose J. Kosgei, Steven Callens, Peter Gichangi, Marleen Temmerman, Anne-Beatrice Kihara, Gathara David, Eunice Nyaboe Omesa, Enos Masini, and E. Jane Carter

Assessment of activity levels and perceived barriers or facilitators to physical activity in pregnancy at Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya, Zoya Virji Lalani

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Nutritional Influences on the Health of Women and Children in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique: A Qualitative Study, Adelaide Lusambili, Violet Naanyu, Gibson Manda, Lindsay Mossman, Stefania Wisofschi, Rachel Pell, Sofia Jadavji, Jerim Obure, and Marleen Temmerman

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Deliver on Your Own: Disrespectful Maternity Care in rural Kenya, Adelaide Lusambili, Violet Naanyu, Terrance J. Wade, Lindsay Mossman, Michaela Mantel, Rachel Pell, Angela Ng'etich, Kennedy Mulama, Lucy Nyaga, Jerim Obure, and Marleen Temmerman

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Health Care Workers’ Perspectives of the Influences of Disrespectful Maternity Care in Rural Kenya, Adelaide Lusambili, Stefania Wisofschi, Constance Shumba, Jerim Obure, Kennedy Mulama, Lucy Nyaga, Terrance J. Wade, and Marleen Temmerman

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The PRECISE (PREgnancy Care Integrating translational Science, Everywhere) database: open-access data collection in maternal and newborn health, Laura A. Magee, Amber Strang, Larry Li, Domena Tu, Warancha Tumtaweetikul, Rachel Craik, Marina Daniele, Angela Koech, Umberto D’Alessandro, and Marleen Temmerman

Low use of vacuum extraction: Health care Professionals’ Perspective in a University Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Henrik Makokha-Sandell, Andrew Mgaya, Johanna Belachew, Helena Litorp, Hussein Kidanto, and Birgitta Essén

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HIV infections among female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya: current prevalence and trends over 25 years, Griffins O. Manguro, Carol Gichuki, Frances H. Ampt, Paul A. Agius, Megan S. C. Lim, Walter G. Jaoko, Margaret Hellard, Kelly L’Engle, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

The burden of urinary incontinence among African diabetic and non-diabetic women seeking care at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Martin Kimemia Mbuthia

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Midwives’ and Women’s Perception on Moyo Fetal Heart Rate Monitor for Intrapartum Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring; A Cross-Sectional Study, Paschal Mdoe, Anita Yeconia, Fanuel Buu, Simeon Kusulla, Ladislaus Blacy, Estomih Mduma, Godfrey Guga, and Hussein Kidanto

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Activity Recognition from Newborn Resuscitation Videos, Øyvind Meinich-Bache, Simon Lennart Austnes, Kjersti Engan, Ivar Austvoll, Trygve Eftestøl, Helge Myklebust, Simeon Kusulla, Hussein Kidanto, and Hege Ersdal

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Religious, socio-cultural norms and gender stereotypes influence uptake and utilization of maternal health services among the Digo community in Kwale, Kenya: a qualitative study, Vernon Mochache, George Wanje, Lucy Nyaga, Amyn Lakhani, Hajara El-Busaidy, Marleen Temmerman, and Peter Gichangi

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Applying the Robson classification to routine facility data to understand the Caesarean section practice in conflict settings of South Kivu, eastern DR Congo, Guy Mulinganya, Espoir Bwenge Malembaka, Melissa Lukula Akonkwa, Dieudonne´ Mpunga Mukendi, Etienne Kajibwami Birindwa, Ghislain Maheshe Balemba, Marleen Temmerman, Albert Mwembo Tambwe, Bart Criel, and Ghislain Bisimwa Balaluka

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Association of differential symptoms of stress to hair cortisol and cortisone concentrations among pregnant women in Kenya, Joseph Musana, Craig Cohen, Miriam Kuppermann, Roy Gerona, Anthony Wanyoro, David Aguilar, Nicole Santos, Marleen Temmerman, and Sandra Weiss

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International Standards for Fetal Brain Structures Based on Serial Ultrasound Measurements From the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study of the INTERGROWTH-21 st Project, Raffaele Napolitano, Malid Molloholli, Vera Donadono, Eric O. Ohuma, Sikolia Wanyonyi, Bryn Kemp, Mohammad K. Yaqub, Stephen Ash, Fernando C. Barros, and Maria Carvalho

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Authors' reply re: Delivery mode for prolonged obstructed labour resulting in obstetric fistula: a retrospective review of 4396 women in Central and East Africa, Carrie J. Ngongo, Thomas JIP Raassen, Ladeisha Lombard, Jos van Roosmalen, Steven Weyers, and Marleen Temmerman

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Delivery mode for prolonged, obstructed labour resulting in obstetric fistula: a retrospective review of 4396 women in East and Central Africa, C. J. Ngongo, T. J. Raassen, L. Lombard, J van Roosmalen, S. Weyers, and Marleen Temmerman

Burnout among medical residents; their impressions of its impact on patient care and coping mechanisms, Elizabeth Ochola

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Preconception Care among Pregnant Women in an Urban and a Rural Health Facility in Kenya: A Quantitative Study, Joan Okemo, Marleen Temmerman, Mukaindo Mwaniki, and Dorothy Kamya

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Novel concepts in cervical cancer screening: a comparison of VIA, HPV DNA test and p16INK4a/Ki-67 dual stain cytology in Western Kenya, Elkanah Orang'o, Edwin Were, Oliver Rode, Kapten Muthoka, Michael Byczkowski, Heike Sartor, Davy Vanden Broeck, Dietmar Schmidt, Miriam Reuschenbach, and Magnus von Knebel Doeberitz

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Birth preparedness and complication readiness among women of reproductive age in Kenya and Tanzania: a community-based cross-sectional survey, James Orwa, Samwel Gatimu, Michaela Mantel, Stanley Luchters, Micheal Mugerwa, Sharon Brownie, Leonard Subi, Secilia Mrema, Lucy Nyaga, Grace Edwards, Loveluck Mwasha, Kahabi Isangula, Edna Selestine, Sofia Jadavji, Rachel Pell, Columba Mbekenga, and Marleen Temmerman

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State transition modeling of complex monitored health data, Jörn Schulz, Jan Terje Kvaløy, Kjersti Engan, Trygve Eftestol, Samwel Jatosh, Hussein Kidanto, and Hege Ersdal

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Automatic identification of stimulation activities during newborn resuscitation using ECG and accelerometer signals, Jarle Urdal, Kjersti Engan, Trygve Eftestøl, Valery Naranjo, Ingunn Anda Haug, Anita Yeconia, Hussein Kidanto, and Hege Ersda

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Contraceptive and reproductive health practices of unmarried women globally, 1999 to 2018: Systematic review and meta-analysis, Meng-Yao Wang, Marleen Temmerman, Wei-Hong Zhang, Yu Fan, Yi Mu, Si-Ping Mo, Ai Zheng, and Jin-ke Li

Submissions from 2019

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“I now know I’m the boss”: Development of mobile phone-based sexual and reproductive health intervention for female sex workers in Kenya, Frances H. Ampt, Kelly L’Engle, Megan S.C. Lim, Kate F. Plourde, Emily Mangone, Collins Mudogo Mukanya, Peter Gichangi, Griffins Manguro, Margaret Hellard, Mark Stoové, Matthew F. Chersich, Walter Jaoko, Paul A. Agius, Marleen Temmerman, Winnie Wangari, and Stanley Luchters

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Use of long‐acting reversible contraception in a cluster‐random sample of female sex workers in Kenya, Frances H. Ampt, Megan . S.C Lim, Paul A. Agius, Matthew F. Chersich, Griffins Manguro, Caroline M. Gichuki, Mark Stoové, Marleen Temmerman, Walter Jaoko, Margaret Hellard, Peter Gichangi, and Stanley Luchters

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Progress in adolescent health and wellbeing: tracking 12 headline indicators for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016, Peter S. Azzopardi, Stephen J. C. Hearps, Kate L. Francis, Elissa C. Kennedy, Ali H. Mokdad, Nicholas J. Kassebaum, Stephen Lim, Caleb M. S. Irvine, Theo Vos, Alex D. Brown, Surabhi Dogra, Stuart A. Kinner, Natasha S. Kaoma, Mariam Naguib, Nicola J. Reavley, Jennifer Requejo, John S. Santelli, Susan M. Sawyer, Vegard Skirbekk, Marleen Temmerman, Jordan Tewhaiti-Smith, Joseph L. Ward, Russell M. Viner, and George C. Patton

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Assessing changes in costs of maternal postpartum services between 2013 and 2014 in Burkina Faso, Danielle Yugbaré Belemsaga, Anne Goujon, Olivier Degomme, Tchichihouenichidah Nassa, Els Duysburgh, Seni Kouanda, and Marleen Temmerman

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Keeping promises to women, children, and adolescents, Flavia Bustreo and Marleen Temmerman

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Prevalence of and factors associated with female sexual dysfunction among women using hormonal and non-hormonal contraception at the AGA Khan University Hospital Nairobi, Momin Butt, Valentino Lema, Abraham Mukaindo, Gulnaz Mohamoud, and Jacob Shabani

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A cross-sectional analysis of factors associated with detection of oncogenic human papillomavirus in human immunodeficiency virus-infected and uninfected Kenyan women, A. Ermel, P. Tonui, M. Titus, Y. Tong, N. Wong, J. Ong’echa, K. Muthoka, S. Kiptoo, A. Moormann, and Elkanah Orang'o

Comparison of vaginal microbiota in women with spontaneous preterm labour versus those with term labour, Edgar Gulavi

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The Impact of Gynaecological Tumour Board Rounds on Patient Care, Darron A. Halliday, Khadija Warfa, Máire A. Duggan, Jill Nation, Pamela Chu, Gregg Nelson, Sarah Glaze, Jennifer Mateshaytis, and Prafull Ghatage

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National policies and care provision in pregnancy and childbirth for twins in Eastern and Southern Africa: A mixed-methods multi-country study, Claudia Hanson, Stephen Munjanja, Agnes Binagwaho, Bellington Vwalika, Andrea B. Pembe, Elsa Jacinto, George K. Chilinda, Kateri B. Donahoe, Sikolia Wanyonyi, Peter Waiswa, Muchabayiwa F. Gidiri, and Lenka Benova

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Health professionals' experiences and views on obstetric ultrasound in Vietnam: a regional, cross-sectional study, Sophia Holmlund, Pham Thi Lan, Kristina Edvardsson, Ho Dang Phuc, Joseph Ntaganira, Rhonda Small, Hussein Kidanto, Matilda Ngarina, and Ingrid Mogren

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Predictors for expired CO2 in neonatal bag-mask ventilation at birth: observational study, Kari Holte, Hege Langli Ersdal, Joar Eilevstjønn, Monica Thallinger, Jørgen Linde, Claus Klingenberg, Rene Holst, Samwel Jatosh, Hussein Kidanto, and Ketil Stordal

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‘I’m here to save my life’: a qualitative study of experiences navigating a cryotherapy referral system for human papillomavirus-positive women in western Kenya, Megan Huchko, Konyin Adewumi, Sandra Oketch, Ibrahim Saduma, and Elizabeth Bukusi

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How Providing Cervical Cancer Screening Results via Cell Phone Affects Patient Follow-Up Rates in Western Kenya, Megan J. Huchko, Ibrahim Saduma, Cinthia Blat, Sandra Oketch, and Elizabeth Bukusi

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Gene Editing and Systems Biology Tools for Pesticide Bioremediation: A Review, Shweta Jaiswal, Dileep Kumar Singh, and Pratyoosh Shukla

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Effectiveness of a Novel Continuous Doppler (Moyo) Versus Intermittent Doppler in Intrapartum Detection of Abnormal Foetal Heart Rate: A Randomised Controlled Study in Tanzania, Benjamin Kamala, Hussein Kidanto, Ingvild Dalen, Matilda Ngarina, Muzdalifat Abeid, Jeffrey Perlman, and Hege Ersdal

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Antibiotics bioremediation: Perspectives on its ecotoxicity and resistance, Mohit Kumar, Shweta Jaiswal, Kushneet Kaur Sodhi, Pallee Shree, Dileep Kumar Singh, Pawan Kumar Agrawal, and Pratyoosh Shukla

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Effects of implementing free maternity service policy in Kenya: an interrupted time series analysis, Evaline Lang’at, Lillian Mwanri, and Marleen Temmerman

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Effects of free maternity service policy in Kenya: an interrupted time series analysis, Evaline Lang'at, L. Mwanri, and Marleen Temmerman

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Is Repeat Abortion a Public Health Problem among Chinese Adolescents? A Cross-Sectional Survey in 30 Provinces, Jinlin Liu, Shangchun Wu, Jialin Xu, Marleen Temmerman, Wei-Hong Zhang, and The INPAC Group

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Frequent refresher training on newborn resuscitation and potential impact on perinatal outcome over time in a rural Tanzanian hospital: an observational study, Estomih Mduma, Jan Terje Kvaløy, Eldar Soreide, Erling Svensen, Paschal Mdoe, Jeffrey Perlman, Caroline Johnson, Hussein Kidanto, and Hege Langli Ersdal

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Use of a criteria-based audit to optimize uptake of cesarean delivery in a low-resource setting, Andrew H. Mgaya, Hussein Kidanto, Lennarth Nyström, and Birgitta Essén

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Empowering HIV-infected women in lowresource settings: A pilot study evaluating a patient-centered HIV prevention strategy for reproduction in Kisumu, Kenya, Okeoma Mmeje, Betty Njoroge, Pauline Wekesa, Alfred Murage, Raphael O. Ondondo, Sheryl van der Poel, Mary A. Guze, Starley B. Shade, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Deborah Cohan, and Craig R. Cohen

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Image scoring system for umbilical and uterine artery pulsed wave Doppler ultrasound measurement., M. Molloholli, R. Napolitano, E. O. Ohuma, S. Ash, Sikolia Wanyonyi, A. Cavallaro, A. Giudicepietro, F. Barros, Maria Carvalho, S. Norris, M. A. M. Min, and G. Zainab

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Potential causes of early death among admitted newborns in a rural Tanzanian hospital, Robert Moshiro, Jeffrey M. Perlman, Paschal Mdoe, Hussein Kidanto, Jan Terje Kvaløy, and Hege L. Ersdal

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Factors associated with a positive depression screen after a miscarriage, Steve Mutiso, Alfred Murage, and Abraham Mukaindo

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Association of Female Sexual Dysfunction and Fertility: a cross sectional study, Felix Oindi, Alfred Murage, Valentino Manase Lema, and Abraham Mukaindo

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Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in pregnancy: a case report and literature review, Felix Oindi, Evan Sequeira, Herman Ryan Sequeira, and Steve Mutiso

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Maternal healthcare services use in Mwanza Region, Tanzania: a cross-sectional baseline survey, James Orwa; Michaela Mantel; Micheal Mugerwa,; Sharon Brownie; Eunice Pallangyo; Loveluck Mwasha; Kahabi Isangula; Leonard Subi; Secilia Mrema; Grace Edwards; David Siso; Edna Selestine; Tumbwene Mwansisya; Columba Mbekenga; and Marleen Temmerman

Relationship between gestational diabetes and a positive depression screen, Onegarach Herbert Ozelle

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Systematic review of Doppler for detecting intrapartum fetal heart abnormalities and measuring perinatal mortality in low‐ and middle‐income countries, Marya Plotkin, Benjamin Kamala, Jim Ricca, Linda Fogarty, Sheena Currie, Hussein Kidanto, and Stephanie B. Wheeler

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Marriage and Migration: Moroccan Women’s Views on Partner Choice, Arranged and Forced Marriage in Belgium, Alexia Sabbe, Karima E.l. Boujaddayni, Marleen Temmerman, and Els Leye

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Marriage and migration: Moroccan women’s views on partner choice, arranged and forced marriage in Belgium, Alexia Sabbe, Karima El Boujaddayni, Marleen Temmerman, and Els Leye

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Does a history of sexual and physical childhood abuse contribute to HIV infection risk in adulthood? A study among post-natal women in Harare, Zimbabwe, Simukai Shamu, Patience Shamu, Christina Zarowsky, Marleen Temmerman, Tamara Shefer, and Naeemah Abrahams

Quality of life and its determinants in subfertile patients seeking fertility care at two urban fertility Centres in Nairobi, Lawrence Makoha Sikuku

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A new woman-controlled contraceptive vaginal ring: a global step forward, Marleen Temmerman

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Missed opportunities in women's health: post-abortion care, Marleen Temmerman

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The gender-based violence and recovery centre at Coast Provincial General Hospital, Mombasa, Kenya: An integrated care model for survivors of sexual violence, Marleen Temmerman, Emilomo Ogbe, Griffins Manguro, Iqbal Khandwalla, Mary Thiongo, Kishor N. Mandaliya, Lou Dierick, Markus MacGill, and Peter Gichangi

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Neurodevelopmental milestones and associated behaviours are similar among healthy children across diverse geographical locations, José Villar, Michelle Fernandes, Manorama Purwar, Eleonora Staines-Urias, Paola Di Nicola, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Roseline Ochieng, Fernando Barros, Maria Carvalho, and Elaine Albernaz

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Type-Specific Human Papillomavirus Prevalence, Incident Cases, Persistence, and Associated Pregnancy Outcomes Among HIV-Infected Women in Kenya, Joseph Vyankandondera, Sammy Wambua, Eunice Irungu, Kishor Mandaliya, Marleen Temmerman, Claire Ryan, Yasmin Mohamed, Davy Vanden Broeck, Rita Verhelst, Matthew Chersich, and Stanley Luchters

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Contraceptive practices among unmarried women in China, 1982–2017: systematic review and meta-analysis, Meng-yao Wang, Wei-hong Zhang, Yi Mu, Marleen Temmerman, Jin-ke Li, and Ai Zheng

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Routine late trimester ultrasound for the detection ofsmall-for-gestational-age and growth-restricted fetus inlow-risk pregnancy: a randomised controlled trial, Sikolia Wanyonyi, Doreen Osoro, and Marleen Temmerman

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A randomised controlled trial of the effect of laryngeal mask airway manometry on postoperative sore throat in spontaneously breathing adult patients presenting for surgery at a university teaching hospital, David Waruingi, Vitalis Mung’ayi, Ednah Gisore, and Sikolia Wanyonyi

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Detection and concentration of plasma aflatoxin is associated with detection of oncogenic human papillomavirus in Kenyan women, Jianjun Zhang, Elkanah Orang'o, Philip Tonui, Yan Tong, Stephen Kiptoo, Katpen Muthoka, John Groopman, Joshua Smith, Erin Madeen, and Aaron Ermel

Submissions from 2018

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‘Without ultrasound you can’t reach the best decision’ – Midwives’ experiences and views of the role of ultrasound in maternity care in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, Annika Åhman, Kristina Edvardsson, Hussein Kidanto, Matilda Ngarina, Rhonda Small, and Ingrid Mogrena

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Opportunities for linking research to policy: lessons learned from implementation research in sexual and reproductive health within the ANSER network, ANSER, Emilomo Ogbe, Dirk Van Braeckel, Marleen Temmerman, Elin C. Larsson, Ines Keygnaert, Wilson De los Reyes Aragón, Feng Cheng, and Gunta Lazdane

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Two-Dimensional Echocardiography Estimates of Fetal Ventricular Mass throughout Gestation., C. Y.L Aye, A. J. Lewandowski, E. O. Ohuma, R. Upton, A. Packham, Y. Kenworthy, F. Roseman, T. Norris, M. Molloholli, Sikolia Wanyonyi, A. T. Papageorghiou, and P. Leeson

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Estimation of Missing Data in Fetal Heart Rate Signals Using Shift-Invariant Dictionary, Faraz Barzideh, Jarle Urdal, Hussein Kidanto, Kjersti Engan, Paschal Mdoe, Benjamin Kamala, and Sara Brunner

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Integration of maternal postpartum services in maternal and child health services in Kaya health district (Burkina Faso): an intervention time trend analysis, Danielle Yugbaré Belemsaga, Anne Goujon, Halima Tougri, Abou Coulibaly, Olivier Degomme, Els Duysburgh, Marleen Temmerman, and Seni Kouanda

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Integration of maternal postpartum services in maternal and child health services in Kaya health district (Burkina Faso): an intervention time trend analysis, Danielle Yugbaré Belemsaga, Anne Goujon, Halima Tougri, Abou Coulibaly, Olivier Degomme, Els Duysburgh, Marleen Temmerman, and Seni Kouanda

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Early neonatal mortality in twin pregnancy: Findings from 60 low- and middle-income countries, Saverio Bellizzi, Howard Sobel, Ana Pilar Betran, and Marleen Temmerman

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Provision of medical supply kits to improve quality of antenatal care in Mozambique: a stepped-wedge cluster randomised trial, Ana Pilar Betrán, Eduardo Bergel, Sally Griffin, Armando Melo, My Huong Nguyen, Alicia Carbonell, Santos Mondlane, Mario Merialdi, Marleen Temmerman, and A Metin Gülmezoglu

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Violence motivated by perception of sexual orientation and gender identity: a systematic review, Karel Blondeel, Sofia de Vasconcelos, Claudia García-Moreno, Rob Stephenson, Marleen Temmerman, and Igor Toskin

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Global epidemiology of use of and disparities in caesarean sections, Ties Boerma, Carine Ronsmans, Dessalegn Y. Melesse, Aluisio JD Barros, Fernando C. Barros, Liang Juan, Ann-Beth Moller, Lale Say, Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, and Marleen Temmerman

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Challenges in day-to-day midwifery practice; a qualitative study from a regional referral hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Hanna Strømholt Bremnes, Åsil Kjøl Wiig, Muzdalfat Abeid, and Elisabeth Darj

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Quality control of ultrasound for fetal biometry: results from the INTERGROWTH-21st Project., A. Cavallaro, S. T. Ash, R. Napolitano, Sikolia Wanyonyi, E. O. Ohuma, M. Molloholli, J. Sande, I. Sarris, C. Ioannou, T. Norris, V. Donadono, Maria Carvalho, M. Purwar, F. C. Barros, Y. A. Jaffer, E. Bertino, R. Pang, M. G. Gravett, L. J. Salomon, J. A. Noble, D. G. Altman, and A. T. Papageorghiou

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Maternal death and delays in accessing emergency obstetric care in Mozambique, Leonardo Antonio Chavane, Patricia Bailey, Osvaldo Loquiha, Martinho Dgedge, Marc Aerts, and Marleen Temmerman

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Addressing Early Retention in Antenatal Care Among HIV-Positive Women Through a Simple Intervention in Kinshasa, DRC: The Elombe "Champion" Standard Operating Procedure, Michelle M. Gill, John Ditekemena, Aimé Loando, Nana Mbonze, Jo Bakualufu, Rhoderick Machekano, Cady Nyombe, Marleen Temmerman, and Franck Fwamba

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Universal health coverage and intersectoral action for health: key messages from Disease Control Priorities, 3rd edition, Dean T. Jamison, Ala Alwan, Charles N. Mock, Rachel Nugent, David Watkins, Olusoji Adeyi, Shuchi Anand, Rifat Atun, Stefano Bertozzi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Agnes Binagwaho, Robert Black, Mark Blecher, Barry R. Bloom, Elizabeth Brouwer, Donald A.P. Bundy, Dan Chisholm, Alarcos Cieza, Kristen Danforth, Nilanthi de Silva, Haile T. Debas, Peter Donkor, Tarun Dua, Kenneth A. Fleming, Mark Gallivan, Patricia J. Garcia, Atul Gawande, Thomas Gaziano, Hellen Gelband, Roger Glass, Amanda Glassman, Glenda Gray, Demissie Habte, King K. Holmes, Susan Horton, Guy Hutton, Prabhat Jha, Felicia M. Knaul, Olive Kobusingye, Eric L. Krakauer, Margaret E. Kruk, Peter Lachmann, Ramanan Laxminarayan, Carol Levin, Lai Meng Looi, Nita Madhav, Adel Mahmoud, Jean Claude Mbanya, Anthony Measham, María Elena Medina-Mora, Carol Medlin, Anne Mills, Jody-Anne Mills, Jaime Montoya, Ole Norheim, Zachary Olson, Folashade Omokhodion, Ben Oppenheim, Toby Ord, Vikram Patel, George C. Patton, John Peabody, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Jinyuan Qi MS, Teri Reynolds, Sevket Ruacan, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan, Jaime Sepúlveda, Richard Skolnik, Kirk R. Smith, Marleen Temmerman, Stephen Tollman, Stéphane Verguet, Damian G. Walker, Neff Walker, Yangfeng Wu, and Kun Zhao

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Predictors of low birth weight and 24-hour perinatal outcomes at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: a five-year retrospective analysis of obstetric records, Benjamin Anathory Kamala, Andrew Hans Mgaya, Matilda Michael Ngarina, and Hussein Kidanto