The Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology plays a key role in the overall mission of the Aga Khan University and the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya. We are a diverse community of women’s health care professionals who partner with our patients to deliver world-class, evidence-based comprehensive care to women across their lifespan.

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Submissions from 2022

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Redefining success, Elizabeth Anne Bukusi

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Nevirapine hair and plasma concentrations and HIV-1 viral suppression among HIV infected ante-partum and post-partum women attended in a mother and child prevention program in Maputo city, Mozambique, Rosa Marlene Cuco, Osvaldo Loquiha, Adelino Juga, Aleny Couto, Bindiya Meggi, Adolfo Vubil, Esperança Sevene, Nafissa Osman, Marleen Temmerman, and Olivier Degomme

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Busting contraception myths and misconceptions among youth in Kwale County, Kenya: results of a digital health randomised control trial, Peter Gichangi, Lianne Gonsalves, Jefferson Mwaisaka, Mary Thiongo, Ndema Habib, Michael Waithaka, Tigest Tamrat, Alfred Agwanda, Hellen Sidha, and Marleen Temmerman

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Heterotopic gestation in polycystic ovary disease: Termination of tubal pregnancy and intrauterine pregnancy progressing to term, Munawar Kaguta, Ahmed Jusabani, Ntiyakuze Gregory, Shweta Jaiswal, Zainab Fidaali, Pilly Ally, Davis Rubagumya, Miriam Mgonja, and Farhat Seif

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Shortness of breath in a young lady, rare case report of thoracic endometriosis, Willbroad Kyejo, Ally Zain Ismail, Davis Rubagumya, Rahma Bakari, Munawar Kaguta, and Nancy Matillya

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Delivery Room ST Segment Analysis to Predict Short Term Outcomes in Near-Term and Term Newborns, Jørgen Linde, Anne Lee Solevåg, Joar Eilevstjønn, Ladislaus Blacy, Hussein Kidanto, Hege Ersdal, and Claus Klingenberg

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Delivery Room ST Segment Analysis to Predict Short Term Outcomes in Near-Term and Term Newborns, Jørgen Linde, Anne Lee Solevåg, Joar Eilevstjønn, Ladislaus Blacy, Hussein Kidanto, Hege Ersdal, and Claus Klingenberg

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Scaling up context-tailored clinical guidelines and training to improve childbirth care in urban, low-resource maternity units in Tanzania: A protocol for a stepped-wedged cluster randomized trial with embedded qualitative and economic analyses (The PartoMa Scale-Up Study), Nanna Maaløe, Natasha Housseine, Jane Brandt Sørensen, Josephine Obel, Brenda Sequeira DMello, Monica Lauridsen Kujabi, Haika Osaki, Thomas Wiswa John, Rashid Saleh Khamis, Zainab Suleiman Said Muniro, Daniel Joseph Nkungu, Britt Pinkowski Tersbøl, Flemming Konradsen, Sangeeta Mookherji, Columba Mbekenga, Tarek Meguid, Jos van Roosmalen, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, Thomas van den Akker, Andreas Kryger Jensen, Morten Skovdal, Hussein Kidanto, and Dan Wolf Meyrowitsch

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WHO next-generation partograph: revolutionary steps towards individualised labour care?, Nanna Maaløe, Jos van Roosmalen, Brenda Sequeira Dmello, Barbara Kwast, Thomas van den Akker, Natasha Housseine, Monica Lauridsen Kujabi, Tarek Meguid, and Hussein Kidanto

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The impact of training on self-reported performance in reproductive, maternal, and newborn health service delivery among healthcare workers in Tanzania: a baseline- and endline-survey, Tumbwene Mwansisya, Columba Mbekenga, Kahabi Isangula, Loveluck Mwasha, Stewart Mbelwa, Mary Lyimo, Lucy Kisaka, Victor Mathias, Eunice Pallangyo, Grace Edwards, Michaela Mantel, Sisawo Konteh, Thomas Rutachunzibwa, and Marleen Temmerman

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Germs, Guns, and Fear in Disaster Response: A Rapid Qualitative Assessment to Understand Fear-Based Responses in the Population at Large: Lessons From Sierra Leone 2014-2015, Cora P. Nally, Patrick Van de Voorde, Marleen Temmerman, and Mary Adam

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Early neonatal mortality is modulated by gestational age, birthweight and fetal heart rate abnormalities in the low resource setting in Tanzania – a five year review 2015–2019, Aisa Shayo, Pendo Mlay, Emily Ahn, Hussein Kidanto, Michael Espiritu, and Jeffrey Perlman

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Scaling up Locally Adapted Clinical Practice Guidelines for Improving Childbirth Care in Tanzania: A Protocol for Programme Theory and Qualitative Methods of the PartoMa Scale-up Study, Jane Brandt Sørensen, Natasha Housseine, Nanna Maaløe, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, Britt Pinkowski Tersbøl, Flemming Konradsen, Brenda Sequeira Dmello, Thomas van Den Akker, Columba Mbekenga, and Hussein Kidanto

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Missed opportunities for family planning counselling among postpartum women in eleven counties in Kenya, Mary N. Thiongo, Peter B. Gichangi, Michael Waithaka, Amy Tsui, Linnea A. Zimmerman, Scott Radloff, Marleen Temmerman, and Saifuddin Ahmed

Submissions from 2021

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Muslim men’s perceptions and attitudes on family planning: a qualitative study in Wajir and Lamu counties in Kenya, Batula Abdi, Jerry Okal, Gamal Serour, and Marleen Temmerman

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Psychological and physiological stress and burnout among maternity providers in a rural county in Kenya: individual and situational predictors, Patience A. Afulani, Linnet Ongeri, Joyceline Kinyua, Marleen Temmerman, Wendy Berry Mendes, and Sandra J. Weiss

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Action leveraging evidence to reduce perinatal mortality and morbidity (ALERT): study protocol for a stepped-wedge cluster-randomised trial in Benin, Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda, Joseph Akuze, Kristi Sidney Annerstedt, Lenka Benova, Effie Chipeta, Jean-Paul Dossou, Mechthild M. Gross, Hussein Kidanto, Bruno Marchal, Helle Mölsted Alvesson, and Andrea B. Pembe

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Research priorities in maternal and neonatal health in Africa: results using the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative method involving over 900 experts across the continent, Moses Alobo, Charles Mgone, Joy Lawn, Colette Adhiambo, Kerri Wazny, Chinyere Ezeaka, Elizabeth Molyneux, Marleen Temmerman, Pius Okong, and Address Malata

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Maternal Sociodemographic Factors and Antenatal Stress, Maheshwari Andhavarapu, James Orwa, Marleen Temmerman, and Wangira Musana

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Prevalence of HIV, viral hepatitis B/C and tuberculosis and treatment outcomes among people who use drugs: Results from the implementation of the first drop-in-center in Mozambique, CynthiaSemá Baltazar, Timothy A. Kellogg, Makini Boothe, Anne Loarec, Ernesto de Abreu, Manuel Condula, Erika Fazito, Henry F. Raymond, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

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Sexual behaviour patterns and STI risk: results of a cluster analysis among men who have sex with men in Portugal, Karel Blondeel, Sonia Dias, Martina Furegato, Armando Seuc, Ana Gama, Ricardo Fuertes, Luís Mendão, Marleen Temmerman, and Igor Toskin

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Young key populations left behind: The necessity for a targeted response in Mozambique, Makini A. S. Boothe, Cynthia Semá Baltazar, Isabel Sathane, Henry F. Raymond, Erika Fazito, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

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Digital News Media Coverage on Sexual and Gender-Based Violence in Kenya: Scoping the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic, Clara Broekaert, Ceri-Lune Renneboog, Ferdinand Okwaro, Abdu Mohiddin, and Marleen Temmerman

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Human Papillomavirus Persistence and Association With Recurrent Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia After Cryotherapy vs Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure Among HIV-Positive Women: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial, Michael H. Chung, Hugo De Vuyst, Sharon A. Greene, Nelly R. Mugo, Troy D. Querec, Evans Nyongesa-Malava, Anthony Cagle, Samah R. Sakr, Stanley Luchters, and Marleen Temmerman

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Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) plus top hat for HIV‐infected women with endocervical intraepithelial neoplasia in Kenya, Michael H. Chung, Hugo De Vuyst, Sharon A. Greene, Hillary M. Topazian, Shahin Sayed, Zahir Moloo, Anthony Cagle, Evans Nyongesa Malava, Stanley Luchters, and Marleen Temmerman

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Learning from changes concurrent with implementing a complex and dynamic intervention to improve urban maternal and perinatal health in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2011-2019, Brenda Sequeira Dmello, Ziada Sellah, Grace Magembe, Natasha Housseine, Nanna Maaløe, Thomas van den Akker, Dan W. Meyrowitsch, Timothy Mushi, Mangalu Masweko, Dorcas Jidayi, Jos van Roosmalen, and Hussein Kidanto

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Demand satisfied by modern contraceptive among married women of reproductive age in Kenya, Peter Gichangi, Michael Waithaka, Mary Thiongo, Alfred Agwanda, Scott Radloff, Amy Tsui, Linea Zimmerman, and Marleen Temmerman

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Expired carbon dioxide during newborn resuscitation as predictor of outcome, Kari Holte, Hege Ersdal, Claus Klingenberg, Joar Eilevstjønn, Hein Stigum, Samwel Jatosh, Hussein Kidanto, and Ketil Størdal

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Repeat induced abortion in 30 Chinese provinces: A cross‐sectional study, Hao Luo, Shangchun Wu, Kun Wang, Jialin Xu, Longmei Tang, Marleen Temmerman, Wei‐Hong Zhang, and The INPAC consortium

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Community health volunteers challenges and preferred income generating activities for sustainability: a qualitative case study of rural Kilifi, Kenya, Adelaide Lusambili, Njeri Nyanja, Sophie Vusha Chabeda, Marleen Temmerman, Lucy Nyaga, Jerim Obure, and Anthony Ngugi

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A Qualitative Endline Evaluation Study of Male Engagement in Promoting Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health Services in Rural Kenya, Adelaide Lusambili, Stefania Wisofschi, Constance Shumba, Peter Muriuki, Jerim Obure, Michaela Mantel, Lindsay Mossman, Rachel Pell, Lucy Nyaga, Anthony Ngugi, James Orwa, Stanley Luchters, Kennedy Mulama, Terrance J. Wade, and Marleen Temmerman

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The injustice of unfit clinical practice guidelines in low-resource realities, Nanna Maaløe, Anna Marie Rønne Ørtved, Jane Brandt Sørensen, Brenda Sequeira Dmello, Thomas van den Akker, Monica Lauridsen Kujabi, Hussein Kidanto, Tarek Mequid, Christian Bygbjerg, Jos van Roosmalen, Dan Wolf Meyrowitsch, and Natasha Housseine

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Levonorgestrel intrauterine system embedded within tubal ectopic pregnancy: a case report, Dorothy Makena, Ingrid Gichere, and Khadija Warfa

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Failing the rights: sexual vulnerability, access to services and barriers to contraceptives among adolescents in Narok County, Kenya, Griffins Manguro, Jefferson Mwaisaka, Dan Okoro, Kigen Korir, Patricia Owira, Gerald Githinji, Ademola Olajide, and Marleen Temmerman

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Interpersonal psychotherapy delivered by nonspecialists for depression and posttraumatic stress disorder among Kenyan HIV–positive women affected by genderbased violence: Randomized controlled trial, Susan M. Meffert, Thomas C. Neylan, Charles E. McCulloch, Kelly Blum, Craig R. Cohen, Elizabeth Bukusi, Helen Verdel, John C. Markowitz, James G. Kahn, and David Bukusi

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Inequalities in early marriage, childbearing and sexual debut among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, Dessalegn Y. Melesse, Réka M. Cane, Aveneni Mangombe, Macellina Y. Ijadunola, Adom Manu, Eniola Bamgboye, Abdu Mohiddin, Rornald M. Kananura, Elsie Akwara, and Elsabé du Plessis

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Maternal health care professionals’ experiences and views on the use of obstetric ultrasound in Rwanda: A cross-sectional study, Ingrid Mogren, Joseph Ntaganira, Jean Paul Semasaka Sengoma, Sophia Holmlund, Rhonda Small, Lan Pham Thi, Hussein Lesio Kidanto, Matilda Ngarina, Cecilia Bergström, and Kristina Edvardsson

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Early detection of cervical cancer in western Kenya: determinants of healthcare providers performing a gynaecological examination for abnormal vaginal discharge or bleeding, Emily Mwaliko, Guido Van Hal, Stefan Van Dongen, Peter Gichangi, Barasa Otsyula, Violet Naanyu, and Marleen Temmerman

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Determinants of preconception care among pregnant women in an urban and a rural health facility in Kenya: a qualitative study, Joan Okemo, Dorothy Kamya, Mukaindo Mwaniki, and Marleen Temmerman

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Spontaneous fetal reduction in triplets and prolongation of twin pregnancy for 111 days as an outpatient: a case report, Davis Rubagumya,; Munawar Kaguta; Ernie Mdachi; Muzdalfat Abeid; and Hussein Kidanto

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Repeat Induced Abortion among Chinese Women Seeking Abortion: Two Cross Sectional Studies, Longmei Tang, Shangchun Wu, Dianwu Liu, Marleen Temmerman, and Wei-Hong Zhang

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Cesarean section: More than a maternal health issue, Marleen Temmerman and Abdu Mohiddin

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Fetal heart rate development during labour, Jarle Urdal, Kjersti Engan, Trygve Eftestøl, Solveig H. Haaland, Benjamin Kamala, Paschal Mdoe, Hussein Kidanto, and Hege Ersdal

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A Curriculum Model for Multidisciplinary Training of Midwife Sonographers in a Low Resource Setting, Sudhir Vinayak, Marleen Temmerman, Geert Villeirs, and Sharon M. Brownie

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The impact of introducing ambulance and delivery fees in a rural hospital in Tanzania, Corinna Vossius, Estomih Mduma, Robert Moshiro, Paschal Mdoe, Jan Terje Kvaløy, Hussein Kidanto, Sara Lyanga, and Hege Ersdal

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Intimate partner violence against adolescents and young women in sub-Saharan Africa: who is most vulnerable?, Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Martin K. Mutua, Abdu Mohiddin, Macellina Y. Ijadunola, Cheikh Faye, Carolina V. N. Coll, Aluisio J. D. Barros, and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Routine third-trimester ultrasound for the detection of small-for-gestational age in low-risk pregnancies (ROTTUS study): randomized controlled trial, Sikolia Wanyonyi, James Orwa, H. Ozelle, J. Martinez, Eunice Atsali, Sudhir Vinayak, Marleen Temmerman, and F. Figueras

Submissions from 2020

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“Children are a blessing from God” – a qualitative study exploring the socio-cultural factors influencing contraceptive use in two Muslim communities in Kenya, Batula Abdi, Jerry Okal, Gamal Serour, and Marleen Temmerman

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A Mobile Phone–Based Sexual and Reproductive Health Intervention for Female Sex Workers in Kenya: Development and Qualitative Study, Frances H. Ampt, Kelly L'Engle, Megan S. C. Lim, Kate F. Plourde, Emily Mangone, Collins Mudogo Mukanya, Peter Gichangi, Griffins Manguro, Margaret Hellard, Walter Jaoko, Paul A. Agius, Marleen Temmerman, Winnie Wangari, and Stanley Luchters

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Effect of a mobile phone intervention for female sex workers on unintended pregnancy in Kenya (WHISPER or SHOUT): a cluster-randomised controlled trial, Frances H. Ampt, Megan S. C. Lim, Paul A. Agius, Kelly L'Engle, Griffins Manguro, Caroline Gichuki, Peter Gichangi, Walter Jaoko, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

The association of maternal sociodemographic factors with stress in pregnancy, Maheshwari Andhavarapu

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Prevalence and risk factors associated with HIV/hepatitis B and HIV/hepatitis C co-infections among people who inject drugs in Mozambique, Cynthia Semá Baltazar, Makini Boothe, Timothy Kellogg, Paulino Ricardo, Isabel Sathane, Erika Fazito, Henry F. Raymond, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

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Pregnancy cohorts and biobanking in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review, Jeffrey N. Bone, Kelly Pickerill, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Marianne Vidler, Rachel Craik, Lucilla Poston, William Stones, Esperanca Sevene, Marleen Temmerman, and Angela Koech

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High burden of self-reported sexually transmitted infections among key populations in Mozambique: the urgent need for an integrated surveillance system, Makini A. S. Boothe, Charlotte Comé, Cynthia Semá Baltazar, Noela Chicuecue, Jessica Seleme, Denise Chitsondzo Langa, Isabel Sathane, Henry F. Raymond, Erika Fazito, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

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PRECISE pregnancy cohort: challenges and strategies in setting up a biorepository in sub-Saharan Africa, Rachel Craik, Donna Russell, Rachel M. Tribe, Marleen Temmerman, Angela Koech, Patricia Okiro, Geoffrey Omuse, and Sikolia Wanyonyi

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The PRECISE (PREgnancy Care Integrating translational Science, Everywhere) Network’s first protocol: deep phenotyping in three sub-Saharan African countries, Peter von Dadelszen, Meriel Flint-O’Kane, Lucilla Poston, Rachel Craik, Donna Russell, Rachel M. Tribe, Umberto d’Alessandro, Marleen Temmerman, Angela Koech, and Anna Roca

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The contribution of qualitative research within the PRECISE study in sub-Saharan Africa, Marina A. S. Daniele, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Angela Koech, Marianne Vidler, Tatiana Salisbury, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Peris Musitia, Meriel Flint-O’Kane, Tanya Wells Brown, Brahima Amara Diallo, Marleen Temmerman, Geoffrey Omuse, Sikolia Wanyonyi, and Patricia Okiro

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Interactions between the Physical and Social Environments with Adverse Pregnancy Events Related to Placental Disorders—A Scoping Review, Yolisa Prudence Dube, Newton Nyapwere, Laura A. Magee, Marianne Vidler, Sophie E. Moore, Benjamin Barratt, Rachel Craik, Peter von Dadelszen, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Marleen Temmerman, Angela Koech, Patricia Okiro, Geoffrey Omuse, and Sikolia Wanyonyi

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Distribution of heart rate and responses to resuscitation among 1237 apnoeic newborns at birth, Joar Eilevstjønn, Jørgen E. Linde, Ladislaus Blacy, Hussein Kidanto, and Hege L. Ersdal

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Sexual and reproductive health and rights of refugee and migrant women: gynecologists' and obstetricians' responsibilities, Margit Endler; Taghreed A.l. Haidari; Sameena Chowdhury; Jan Christilaw; Faysal E.l. Kak; Diana Galimberti; Miguel Gutierrez; Atziri Ramirez‐Negrin; Hemantha Senanayake; Rubina Sohail; Marleen Temmerman; Kristina Gemzell Danielsson; and The FIGO Committee for Human Rights, Refugees, Violence Against Women

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INTERGROWTH-21st Project international INTER-NDA standards for child development at 2 years of age: an international prospective population-based study, Michelle Fernandes, José Villar, Alan Stein, Eleonora Staines Urias, Cutberto Garza, Cesar G. Victora, Fernando C. Barros, Enrico Bertino, Maria Carvalho, Amina Abubakar, and Roseline Ochieng

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Harnessing the PRECISE network as a platform to strengthen global capacity for maternal and child health research in sub-Saharan Africa, Meriel Flint-O’Kane, Peter von Dadelszen, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Esperança Sevene, Anna Roca, Peter Dukes, Saba Hinrichs-Krapels, Rachel Craik, Laura A. Magee, Marleen Temmerman, Angela Koech, and The PRECISE Network

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Delivery of positive end-expiratory pressure using self-inflating bags during newborn resuscitation is possible despite mask leak, Eilevstjønn Ø. H. Gomo, Kari Holte, Hussein Kidanto, Hege Ersdal, Joar Eilevstjønn, and Anita Yeconia

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Video Analysis of Newborn Resuscitations After Simulation-Based Helping Babies Breathe Training, Ingunn Anda Haug, Kari Holte, Catherine L. Chang, Carolyn Purington, Joar Eilevstjønn, Anita Yeconia, Hussein Kidanto, and Hege L. Ersdal

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Positive End-Expiratory Pressure in Newborn Resuscitation Around Term: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Kari Holte, Hege Ersdal, Joar Eilevstjønn, Øystein Gomo, Claus Klingenberg, Jørgen Linde, Monica Thallinger, Hein Stigum, Anita Yeconia, Hussein Kidanto, and Ketil Størdal

Long term health related quality of life following Uterine Fibroid Embolization at Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Michael Muthoka Kioko

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Maternal inflammatory markers for chorioamnionitis in preterm prelabour rupture of membranes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic test accuracy studies, Angela Koech, Geoffrey Omuse, Abraham Mukaindo, and Marleen Temmerman

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Gender difference in mortality among pulmonary tuberculosis HIV co-infected adults aged 15-49 years in Kenya, Rose J. Kosgei, Steven Callens, Peter Gichangi, Marleen Temmerman, Anne-Beatrice Kihara, Gathara David, Eunice Nyaboe Omesa, Enos Masini, and E. Jane Carter

Assessment of activity levels and perceived barriers or facilitators to physical activity in pregnancy at Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya, Zoya Virji Lalani

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Nutritional Influences on the Health of Women and Children in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique: A Qualitative Study, Adelaide Lusambili, Violet Naanyu, Gibson Manda, Lindsay Mossman, Stefania Wisofschi, Rachel Pell, Sofia Jadavji, Jerim Obure, and Marleen Temmerman

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Deliver on Your Own: Disrespectful Maternity Care in rural Kenya, Adelaide Lusambili, Violet Naanyu, Terrance J. Wade, Lindsay Mossman, Michaela Mantel, Rachel Pell, Angela Ng'etich, Kennedy Mulama, Lucy Nyaga, Jerim Obure, and Marleen Temmerman

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Health Care Workers’ Perspectives of the Influences of Disrespectful Maternity Care in Rural Kenya, Adelaide Lusambili, Stefania Wisofschi, Constance Shumba, Jerim Obure, Kennedy Mulama, Lucy Nyaga, Terrance J. Wade, and Marleen Temmerman

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The PRECISE (PREgnancy Care Integrating translational Science, Everywhere) database: open-access data collection in maternal and newborn health, Laura A. Magee, Amber Strang, Larry Li, Domena Tu, Warancha Tumtaweetikul, Rachel Craik, Marina Daniele, Angela Koech, Umberto D’Alessandro, and Marleen Temmerman

Low use of vacuum extraction: Health care Professionals’ Perspective in a University Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Henrik Makokha-Sandell, Andrew Mgaya, Johanna Belachew, Helena Litorp, Hussein Kidanto, and Birgitta Essén

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HIV infections among female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya: current prevalence and trends over 25 years, Griffins O. Manguro, Carol Gichuki, Frances H. Ampt, Paul A. Agius, Megan S. C. Lim, Walter G. Jaoko, Margaret Hellard, Kelly L’Engle, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

The burden of urinary incontinence among African diabetic and non-diabetic women seeking care at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Martin Kimemia Mbuthia

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Midwives’ and Women’s Perception on Moyo Fetal Heart Rate Monitor for Intrapartum Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring; A Cross-Sectional Study, Paschal Mdoe, Anita Yeconia, Fanuel Buu, Simeon Kusulla, Ladislaus Blacy, Estomih Mduma, Godfrey Guga, and Hussein Kidanto

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Activity Recognition from Newborn Resuscitation Videos, Øyvind Meinich-Bache, Simon Lennart Austnes, Kjersti Engan, Ivar Austvoll, Trygve Eftestøl, Helge Myklebust, Simeon Kusulla, Hussein Kidanto, and Hege Ersdal

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Religious, socio-cultural norms and gender stereotypes influence uptake and utilization of maternal health services among the Digo community in Kwale, Kenya: a qualitative study, Vernon Mochache, George Wanje, Lucy Nyaga, Amyn Lakhani, Hajara El-Busaidy, Marleen Temmerman, and Peter Gichangi

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Applying the Robson classification to routine facility data to understand the Caesarean section practice in conflict settings of South Kivu, eastern DR Congo, Guy Mulinganya, Espoir Bwenge Malembaka, Melissa Lukula Akonkwa, Dieudonne´ Mpunga Mukendi, Etienne Kajibwami Birindwa, Ghislain Maheshe Balemba, Marleen Temmerman, Albert Mwembo Tambwe, Bart Criel, and Ghislain Bisimwa Balaluka

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A qualitative exploration of barriers to health‐facility‐based delivery in Bomachoge‐Borabu and Kaloleni, Kenya, Violet Naanyu, Terrance J. Wade, Angela Ngetich, Kennedy Mulama, Lucy Nyaga, Rachel Pell, Lindsay Mossman, Jerim Obure, and Marleen Temmerman

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International Standards for Fetal Brain Structures Based on Serial Ultrasound Measurements From the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study of the INTERGROWTH-21 st Project, Raffaele Napolitano, Malid Molloholli, Vera Donadono, Eric O. Ohuma, Sikolia Wanyonyi, Bryn Kemp, Mohammad K. Yaqub, Stephen Ash, Fernando C. Barros, and Maria Carvalho

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Authors' reply re: Delivery mode for prolonged obstructed labour resulting in obstetric fistula: a retrospective review of 4396 women in Central and East Africa, Carrie J. Ngongo, Thomas JIP Raassen, Ladeisha Lombard, Jos van Roosmalen, Steven Weyers, and Marleen Temmerman

Burnout among medical residents; their impressions of its impact on patient care and coping mechanisms, Elizabeth Ochola

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Preconception Care among Pregnant Women in an Urban and a Rural Health Facility in Kenya: A Quantitative Study, Joan Okemo, Marleen Temmerman, Mukaindo Mwaniki, and Dorothy Kamya

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Birth preparedness and complication readiness among women of reproductive age in Kenya and Tanzania: a community-based cross-sectional survey, James Orwa, Samwel Gatimu, Michaela Mantel, Stanley Luchters, Micheal Mugerwa, Sharon Brownie, Leonard Subi, Secilia Mrema, Lucy Nyaga, Grace Edwards, Loveluck Mwasha, Kahabi Isangula, Edna Selestine, Sofia Jadavji, Rachel Pell, Columba Mbekenga, and Marleen Temmerman

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State transition modeling of complex monitored health data, Jörn Schulz, Jan Terje Kvaløy, Kjersti Engan, Trygve Eftestol, Samwel Jatosh, Hussein Kidanto, and Hege Ersdal

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Automatic identification of stimulation activities during newborn resuscitation using ECG and accelerometer signals, Jarle Urdal, Kjersti Engan, Trygve Eftestøl, Valery Naranjo, Ingunn Anda Haug, Anita Yeconia, Hussein Kidanto, and Hege Ersda

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Contraceptive and reproductive health practices of unmarried women globally, 1999 to 2018: Systematic review and meta-analysis, Meng-Yao Wang, Marleen Temmerman, Wei-Hong Zhang, Yu Fan, Yi Mu, Si-Ping Mo, Ai Zheng, and Jin-ke Li

Submissions from 2019

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“I now know I’m the boss”: Development of mobile phone-based sexual and reproductive health intervention for female sex workers in Kenya, Frances H. Ampt, Kelly L’Engle, Megan S.C. Lim, Kate F. Plourde, Emily Mangone, Collins Mudogo Mukanya, Peter Gichangi, Griffins Manguro, Margaret Hellard, Mark Stoové, Matthew F. Chersich, Walter Jaoko, Paul A. Agius, Marleen Temmerman, Winnie Wangari, and Stanley Luchters

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Use of long‐acting reversible contraception in a cluster‐random sample of female sex workers in Kenya, Frances H. Ampt, Megan . S.C Lim, Paul A. Agius, Matthew F. Chersich, Griffins Manguro, Caroline M. Gichuki, Mark Stoové, Marleen Temmerman, Walter Jaoko, Margaret Hellard, Peter Gichangi, and Stanley Luchters

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Progress in adolescent health and wellbeing: tracking 12 headline indicators for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016, Peter S. Azzopardi, Stephen J. C. Hearps, Kate L. Francis, Elissa C. Kennedy, Ali H. Mokdad, Nicholas J. Kassebaum, Stephen Lim, Caleb M. S. Irvine, Theo Vos, Alex D. Brown, Surabhi Dogra, Stuart A. Kinner, Natasha S. Kaoma, Mariam Naguib, Nicola J. Reavley, Jennifer Requejo, John S. Santelli, Susan M. Sawyer, Vegard Skirbekk, Marleen Temmerman, Jordan Tewhaiti-Smith, Joseph L. Ward, Russell M. Viner, and George C. Patton

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Assessing changes in costs of maternal postpartum services between 2013 and 2014 in Burkina Faso, Danielle Yugbaré Belemsaga, Anne Goujon, Olivier Degomme, Tchichihouenichidah Nassa, Els Duysburgh, Seni Kouanda, and Marleen Temmerman

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Keeping promises to women, children, and adolescents, Flavia Bustreo and Marleen Temmerman

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Prevalence of and factors associated with female sexual dysfunction among women using hormonal and non-hormonal contraception at the AGA Khan University Hospital Nairobi, Momin Butt, Valentino Lema, Abraham Mukaindo, Gulnaz Mohamoud, and Jacob Shabani

Comparison of vaginal microbiota in women with spontaneous preterm labour versus those with term labour, Edgar Gulavi

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The Impact of Gynaecological Tumour Board Rounds on Patient Care, Darron A. Halliday, Khadija Warfa, Máire A. Duggan, Jill Nation, Pamela Chu, Gregg Nelson, Sarah Glaze, Jennifer Mateshaytis, and Prafull Ghatage

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National policies and care provision in pregnancy and childbirth for twins in Eastern and Southern Africa: A mixed-methods multi-country study, Claudia Hanson, Stephen Munjanja, Agnes Binagwaho, Bellington Vwalika, Andrea B. Pembe, Elsa Jacinto, George K. Chilinda, Kateri B. Donahoe, Sikolia Wanyonyi, Peter Waiswa, Muchabayiwa F. Gidiri, and Lenka Benova

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Health professionals' experiences and views on obstetric ultrasound in Vietnam: a regional, cross-sectional study, Sophia Holmlund, Pham Thi Lan, Kristina Edvardsson, Ho Dang Phuc, Joseph Ntaganira, Rhonda Small, Hussein Kidanto, Matilda Ngarina, and Ingrid Mogren

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Predictors for expired CO2 in neonatal bag-mask ventilation at birth: observational study, Kari Holte, Hege Langli Ersdal, Joar Eilevstjønn, Monica Thallinger, Jørgen Linde, Claus Klingenberg, Rene Holst, Samwel Jatosh, Hussein Kidanto, and Ketil Stordal