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Submissions from 2024

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Prevalence of chronic cough, its risk factors and population attributable risk in the burden of obstructive lung disease (BOLD) study: A multinational cross-sectional study, Hazim Abozid, Sylvia Hartl, Jaymini Patel, Peter Burney, Robab Breyer Kohansal, Kevin Mortimer, Asaad A. Nafees, Mohammed AI Ghobain, Tobias Welte, and Imed Harrabi

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Obesity and risk of hypertension in preadolescent urban school children: Insights from a developing country, Samina Akhtar, Shahid Khan, Namrah Aziz, Muhammad Imran Magsi, Zainab Samad, Romaina Iqbal, and Aysha Almas

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True brachial artery aneurysm: A systematic review, Syed Muhammad Hammad Alam, Rabia Gilani, Nida Jawad, Saima Moin, Kiran Abbas, and Aayat Ellahi

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Association between maternal experiences of intimate partner violence and child stunting: A secondary analysis of the demographic health surveys of four south Asian countries, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir; Sobia Ambreen; , Sonia Sameen; Muhammad Asim; Saila Batool; Iqbal Azam Syed; Bilal Ahmed Usmani; and Romaina Iqbal

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COVID-19 pandemic impacted internet use and anxiety among general public during COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Fauzia Basaria Hasnani, Iqbal Azam Syed, Malik Muhammad Hamza Khan, Ghazal Peerwani, Muhammad Talha Nawaz, Ayesha Nasir Hameed, Meher Angez, and Apsara Ali Nathwani

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Oral mucositis & oral health related quality of life in women undergoing chemotherapy for breast cancer in Karachi, Pakistan: A multicenter hospital based cross-sectional study, Asad Allana, Uzma Shamsi, Shafquat Rozi, Yasmin Abdul Rashid, and Farhan Raza Khan

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Association of maternal nutritional status and small for gestational age neonates in peri-urban communities of Karachi, Pakistan: Findings from the PRISMA study, Sobia Ambreen, Nida Yazdani, Abdul Salam Alvi, Muhammad Farrukh Qazi, and Zahra Hoodbhoy

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Survival analysis and correlates with molecular epidemiology: 10-Year retrospective Series of high-grade glioma in Pakistan, Mohammad Hamza Bajwa, Mashal Murad Shah, Saad Bin Anis, and Irfan Yusuf

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Practical strategies to achieve resilient health systems: Results from a scoping review, David Bishai, Basma M. Saleh, Maryam Huda, Eman Mohammed Aly, Marwa Hafiz, Ali Ardalan, and Awad Mataria

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Reforming the WHO regional director elections: An opportunity to restore trust, Kent Buse, Vivian Kwang Wen Lin, Sameen Siddiqi, and Helen Clark

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Junk food use and neurodevelopmental and growth outcomes in infants in low-resource settings, Melody K. Chiwila, Nancy F. Krebs, Albert Manasyan, Manolo Mazariegos, Elwyn Chomba, Neelofar Sami, Omrana Pasha, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangaka, and Robert L. Goldenberg

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International progress on stillbirth reduction: Changes in stillbirth rates in selected low and middle-income countries from 2000 to 2021, Robert L. Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Aleha Aziz, and Elizabeth M. McClure

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Assessment of patient safety in a low-resource health care system: Proposal for a multimethod study, Ghazal Haque, Fozia Asif, Fasih Ali Ahmed, Farwa Ayub, Syed Sabih Ul Hassan, Nousheen Pradhan, Malika Hameed, Sameen Siddiqi, Asad Latif, Shafaq Mahmood Mahmood, Tahani Zaidi Zaidi, and Muhammad Muneeb Ullah Siddiqui

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Third stage of labor: Evidence-based practice for prevention of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes, Alyssa R. Hersh, Guillermo Carroli, G Justus Hofmeyr, Bharti Garg, Metin Gülmezoglu, Pisake Lumbiganon, Bremen De Mucio, Sarah Saleem, Mario Philip R. Festin, and Suneeta Mittal

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Neurodevelopment of children whose mothers were randomized to low-dose aspirin during pregnancy, Matthew K. Hoffman, Shivaprasad Goudar, Sangappa Dhaded, Lester Figueroa, Manolo Mazariegos, Nancy F Krebs F. Krebs, Jamie Westcot, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Fatima Karim, and Sarah Saleem

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Predictors of uptake of rotavirus vaccination amongst disadvantaged communities in Pakistan, Maryam Huda, Tazeen S. Ali, Fauzia Basaria Hasnani, Saleem Sayani, and Shehla Zaidi

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Fibrin glue in managing intractable gingival bleeding in patients with inherited bleeding disorders-a quasi-experimental pilot study, Shabneez Hussain, Syed Aijaz Ali Zaidi, Sobiya Sawani, and Bushra Moiz

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An assessment of public experiences and expectations with physicians: A cross sectional study from Karachi, Pakistan, Hammad Atif Irshad, Muhammad Uma Mahar, Arshia Jahangir, Syed Roohan Aamir, Muhammad Abdullah Jamil, Khizer Ahsan, Maliha Taufiq, Abdullah Ahmed, Shilpa Golani, and Asaad A. Nafees

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Association of periodontal disease with gestational diabetes mellitus among postpartum women at a private tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study, Wafa Zehra Jamal, Farhan Raza Khan, Nadeem Zuberi, Syed Murtaza Raza Kazmi, and Shafquat Rozi

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Zinc supplementation initiated Prior to or during Pregnancy modestly impacted maternal status and high prevalence of hypozincemia in pregnancy and lactation: The women first preconception maternal nutrition trial, Jennifer F. Kemp, Michael Hambidge, Jamie L. Westcott, Sumera Aziz Ali, Sarah Saleem, Ana Garces, Lester Figueroa, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Shivaprasad S. Gouda, and Julie M. Long

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Associations of the glycaemic index and the glycaemic load with risk of type 2 diabetes in 127 594 people from 20 countries (PURE): A prospective cohort study, Victoria Miller, David A. Jenkins, Mahshid Dehghan, Kristie Srichaikul, Sumathy Rangarajan, Andrew Mente, Viswanathan Mohan, Sumathi Swaminathan, Rosnah Ismail, and Romaina Iqbal

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Barriers and facilitators to accessing adolescents' mental health services in Karachi: Users and providers perspectives, Zainab Mubeen, Zafar Fatmi, Waqas Hameed, and Muhammad Asim

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Association between lung function and dyspnoea and its variation in the multinational burden of obstructive lung disease (BOLD) study, A Muller, E F Wouters, Koul Koul, Parvaiz A. Koul, T Welte Welte, Imed Harrabi, A Rashid Rashid, Mohammed Al Ghobain AI Ghobain, Asma Elsony, and Asaad A. Nafees

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A cluster randomised controlled trial to reduce respiratory effects of cotton dust exposure among textile workers: The MultiTex RCT study, Asaad A. Nafees, James Potts, Cosetta Minelli, Peter Burney, Paul Cullinan, Asad Allana, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Sean Semple, and Sara De Matteis

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Assessing the feasibility of a multifaceted intervention package for improving respiratory health of textile workers: Findings from the Multistep pilot study in Karachi, Pakistan, Asaad A. Nafees, Afreen Sadia, Zafar Fatmi, Iqbal Azam Syed, Muhammad Irfan, Natasha Shaukat, Yousaf Ali, Peter Burney, and Paul Cullinan

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Knowledge and attitudes toward anaphylaxis to local anesthetics in dental practice, Ivan Cherrez Ojeda, Juan C Gallardo Bastidas, Gabriela Rouillon Borrero, Hans Mautong, Leonardo Cano, Paola Andrea Mena Silva, Karla Robles Velasco, Zouina Sarfraz, and Azza Sarfraz

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Insight into private general physicians' practices: An exploratory qualitative study in a rural district of Pakistan, Nousheen Pradhan, Tahani Waqar Zaidi, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Oral health related quality of life in head and neck cancer survivors within the first year following treatment: A cross-sectional study in Karachi, Pakistan, Sana Qamar, Shafquat Rozi, Sobia Sawani, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Shabbir Akhtar, Moghira Siddiqui, Syed Akbar Abbas, Shazia Taimoor, and Farhan Raza Khan

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Journey of medication reconciliation compliance in a lower middle-income country: A retrospective chart review, Fatima Samar, Amara Zafar, Ainan Arshad, Sana Farrukh, Anum Rahim, Saharish Nazar, and Hasnain Zafar

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Racial and socioeconomic disparities in triple-negative breast cancer treatment, Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Onaiza Mehak, Ramsha Akhund, Shehar Bano, and Hinna Aftab

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Human papillomavirus vaccine awareness and acceptability for primary prevention of cervical cancer in Pakistan: A Cross-Sectional Study, Uzma Shamsi, Fareeha Shaikh, Fahad Zahid, Ali Bin Abdul Jabbar, Muhammad Daniyal Musharraf, Fatima Gauhar, Inaara Akbar, Maryam Sherwani, Subhan Sadiq, Ayesha Niaz Shaikh, and Waiz Kamran Bhatti

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Exploring the long-term disability outcomes in trauma patients: Study protocol, Natasha Shaukat, Asma Altaf Hussain Merchant, Fazila Sahibjan, Ayesha Abbasi, Zeerak Jarrar, Huba Atiq, Uzma Rahim Khan, Nadeem Ullah Khan, Junaid Razzak, and Adil H. Haider

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Diagnostic accuracy of foot length measurement for identification of preterm newborn in rural Sindh, Pakistan, Shiyam Sundar Tikmani, Sarah Saleem, Alijaan Inayat, Andreas Mårtensson, Nick Brown, and Thomas Mårtensson

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Exploring gestational age, and birth weight assessment in Thatta district, Sindh, Pakistan: Healthcare providers' knowledge, practices, perceived barriers, and the potential of a mobile app for identifying preterm and low birth weight, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Thomas Mårtensson, Sana Roujani Sana Roujani, Anam Feroz, Ayshe Seyfulayeva, Andreas Mårtensson, Nick Brown, and Sarah Saleem

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Predictors of preterm neonatal mortality in India and Pakistan: A secondary analysis of data from purpose Study, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Sarah Saleem, Afreen Sadia, Carla M. Bann, Muhammad Hayat Bozdar, Jamal Raza, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Shivaprasad S S. Gouda, Guruparasad Gowdar, and Haleema Yasmin

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Tobacco use and risk of acute stroke in 32 countries in the INTERSTROKE study: A case–control study, Xingyu Wang, Xin Liu, Martin J. O'Donnell, Matthew McQueen, Allan Sniderman, Guillaume Pare, Graeme J. Hankey, Sumathy Rangarajan, Siu Lim Chin, and Romaina Iqbal

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Late-preterm corticosteroids in low-resource settings, Blair J. Wylie and Syed Asad Ali

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Ambulatory blood pressure levels in individuals with uncontrolled clinic hypertension across Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, Anqi Zhu, Truls Ostbye, Aliya Naheed, H Asita de Silva, Imtiaz Jehan, Mihir Gandhi, Nantu Chakma, Anuradhani Kasturiratne, Zainab Samad, and Tazeen Jafar

Submissions from 2023

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Between life and death: How do Muslim terminal patients in Pakistan cope with hepatitis c utilizing their beliefs and social support?, Akhlaq Ahmad, Muhammad Asim, Nazia Malik, Muhammad Rizwan Safdar, Falak Sher, and Malik Muhammad Sohail

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Public sector rehabilitation services for physical disabilities in tertiary care hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan: A qualitative study, Naveed Ahmed, Saeed Ahmed Shaikh, Atif Riaz, Farid Midhet, and Nukhba Zia

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Early recognition and management of maternal sepsis in Pakistan: A feasibility study of the implementation of FAST-M intervention, Sheikh Irfan Ahmed, Ghulam Kubra Rind, Raheel Sikandar, Amir Raza, Bakhtawar M Hanif Khowaja, Arshia Jahangir, Sadia Shakoor, Rubina Barolia, Lumaan Sheikh, and Sarah Saleem

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COVID-19 pandemic impacted internet use and anxiety among general public during COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Malik Muhammad Hamza Khan, Fauzia Basaria Hasnani, Ghazal Peerwani, Muhammad Talha Nawaz, Ayesha Nasir Hameed, Meher Angez, Aspara Ali Nathwani, and Syed Iqbal Azam

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Widowhood, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Anum S. Hussaini, Parveen Ali, and Michaela M. Rogers

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Can marburg virus be the next global pandemic, Raheel Allana and Asad Allana

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Country readiness and prerequisites for successful design and transition to implementation of essential packages of health services: Experience from six countries, Ala Alwan, Reza Majdzadeh, Gavin Yamey, Karl Blanchet, Alemayehu Hailu, Mohamed Jama, Kjell Arne Johansson, Mohammed Yusuf Ahmed Musa, Omar Mwalim, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Support, networks, and relationships: Findings from a mixed-methods evaluation of a mentorship programme for early career women researchers in sexual and reproductive health and rights, Muhammad Asim, Peter Muriuki Gatheru, Joy J. Chebet, Mehr G. Shah, Anna Thorson, and Vanessa Brizuela

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Promoting supportive and respectful maternity care in public health facilities in sindh, Pakistan: A theory-informed health system intervention, Bilal Iqbal Avan, Waqas Hameed, Bushra Khan, Muhammad Asim, Sarah Saleem, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Understanding the mechanisms of change in the supportive and respectful maternity care intervention in Sindh, Pakistan: Provider perspectives, Bilal Iqbal Avan, Waqas Hameed, Bushra Khan, Muhammad Asim, Sarah Saleem, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Understanding the Mechanisms of Change in the Supportive and Respectful Maternity Care Intervention in Sindh, Pakistan: Provider Perspectives, Bilal l Iqbal Avan, Waqas Hameed, Muhammad Asim, Sarah Saleem, Sameen Siddiqi, and Bushra Khan

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Supratotal resection: An emerging concept of gliomablastoma multiforme surgery—systematic review and meta-analysis, Peer Asad Aziz, Salma Farrukh Memon, Mubarak Hussain, A Rauf Memon, Kiran Abbas, Shurjeel Uddin Qazi, and Riaz A R Memon

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Decision-making processes for essential packages of health services: Experience from six countries, Rob Baltussen, Omar Mwalim, Karl Blanchet, Manuel Carballo, Getachew Teshome Eregata, Alemayehu Hailu, Maryam Huda, Mohamed Jama, Kjell Arne Johansson, and Teri Reynolds

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Novel putative biomarkers for infective endocarditis by serum proteomic analysis: A comprehensive review of literature, Afreen Begum

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Factors associated with continuation of hormonal contraceptives among married women of reproductive age in Gilgit, Pakistan: A community-based case-control study, Fazila Bibi, Sarah Saleem, Shafquat Rozi, and Shiyam Sunder Tikmani

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Assessing the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a solution-focused resource-orientated approach (DIALOG+) to improving the quality of life for people with psychosis in India and Pakistan-a cluster RCT, Victoria Jane Bird, Sana Zehra Sajun, Renata Peppl, Sara Evans-Lacko, Stefan Priebe, Swaran Singh, Lakshmi Venkatraman, Padmavati Ramachandran, Aneeta Pasha, Ashar malik, and Onaiza Qureshi

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Urbanization and physical activity in the global prospective urban and rural epidemiology study, Kwadwo Boakye, Marit Bovbjerg, John Schuna Jr, Adam Branscum, Ravi Prasad Varma, Rosnah Ismail, Olga Barbarash, Juan Dominguez, Yuksel Altuntas, and Romaina Iqbal

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Isolated small airways obstruction predicts future chronic airflow obstruction: A multinational longitudinal study, Ben Knox Brown, James Potts, Valentina Quintero Santofimio, Cosetta Minelli, Jaymini Patel, Peter Gj Burney, Andre FS Amaral, Najlaa Mohammed Abass, Dhiraj Agarwal, and Asaad A. Nafees

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Epidemiology of hip & knee replacement across Pakistan according to Pakistan National Joint Registry: Multicenter cross-sectional study, Syed Imran Bukhari, Asad Allana, Kazim Rahim Najjad, Syed Shahid Noor, and Amin Chinoy

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Appeal to the WHO Executive Board on election of regional directors, Kent Buse, Vivian Kwang Wen Lin, Sameen Siddiqi, and Helen Clark

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Clinically relevant antibiotic resistance genes are linked to a limited set of taxa within gut microbiome worldwide, Peter J. Diebold, Matthew W. Rhee, Qiaojuan Sh, Nguyen Vinh Trung, Ngo Thi Hoa, Fayyaz Umrani, Sheraz Ahmed, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Syed Asad Ali, and Ilana L. Brito

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Integration of human papillomavirus associated anal cancer screening into HIV care and treatment program in Pakistan: Perceptions of policymakers, managers, and care providers, Muslima Ejaz, Anna Mia Ekström, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Mariano Salazar, Alyan Ahmed, Dania Ali, Ayman Haroon, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Perception, attitude, and preference of trainees towards workplace-based assessment in dental education at a tertiary care institute in Multan, Pakistan, Saman Fatima, Malik Zain Ul Abideen, Ammar A. Siddiqui, Faris Farooq Saeed Khan, Syed Gillani, Muhammad Waqar Hussain, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, and Hassaan Anwer Rathore

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Neurodevelopment, vision and auditory outcomes at age 2 years in offspring of participants in the 'Women First' maternal preconception nutrition randomised controlled trial, Michelle Fernandes, Nancy F. Krebs, Jamie Westcott, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangaka, Melissa Bauserman, Ana L. Garcés, Lester Figueroa, Sarah Saleem, and Sumera Aziz Ali

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Maternal and perinatal outcomes of women with vaginal birth after cesarean section compared to repeat cesarean birth in select South Asian and Latin American settings of the Global Network for Women's and Children's Health Research, Lester Figueroa, Margo Harrison, Manolo Mazariegos, Shivaprasad Gouda, Avinash Kavi, Richard Derman, Archana Patel, Prabir Das, Sarah Saleem, and Farnaz Naqvi

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Data usefulness in determining cause of stillbirth in South Asia, Robert Goldenberg Goldenberg, Kay Hwang, Sarah Saleem, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, S Yogeshkumar, Vardendra Kulkani, Najia Ghanchi, Sheetal Harakuni, Imran Ahmed, and Zeeshan Uddin

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Improving maternal, neonatal and child health outcomes in low-resource settings: Translating research evidence to practice - report from the third international conference on maternal, newborn and child health, Robert L. Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Nancy F. Krebs, Richard Derman, Sarah Saleem, and Elizabeth M. McClure

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COVID-19 antibody positivity over time and pregnancy outcomes in seven low-and-middle-income countries: A prospective, observational study of the global network for women's and children's health research, Robert L. Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Sk Masum Billah, Janet L. Moore, Najia Karim Ghanchi, Rashidul Haque, Lester Figueroa, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, and Shivaprasad S. Goudar

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The PURPOSe cause of death study in stillbirths and neonatal deaths in India and Pakistan: A review, Robert L. Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Janet Moore, Gowdar Guruprasad, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Sidrah Nausheen, Shazia Masheer, Najia Bano Ghanchi, and Imran Ahmed

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Pregnancy outcomes in preterm multiple gestations: Results from a prospective study in India and Pakistan (PURPOSe), Gowdar Guruprasad, Chaitali R. Raghoji, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Sarah Saleem, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Kay Hwang, S Yogeshkumar, Manjunath S. Somannavar, and Sayyeda Reza

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A model for integrating social protection measures with TB control in Pakistan, Shifa Salman Habib, Muhammad Uzair, Anny Dhanwani, and Khudaija Sohail

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Social determinants of low uptake of childhood vaccination in high-risk squatter settlements in Karachi, Pakistan - A step towards addressing vaccine inequity in urban slums, Shifa Salman Habib, Shehla Zaidi, Atif Riaz, Hasan Nawaz Tahir, Lala Aftab Mazhar, and Zahid Memon

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Inequalities in utilisation of essential antenatal services for women with disabilities in Pakistan: Analysis of a cross-sectional demographic and health survey of Pakistan 2017-2018, Waqas Hameed, Muhammad Asim, Sarah Saleem, and Bilal Iqbal Avan

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How can tuberculosis services better support patients with a diabetes co-morbidity? A mixed methods study in the Philippines, Lauren Oliveira Hashiguchi, Sharon E. Cox, Tansy Edwards, Mary C. Castro, Mishal Khan, and Marco Liverani

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Estimating the frequency of inpatient adverse events using a two-step retrospective chart review: A study protocol, Syed Sabih Ul Hassan, Fozia Asif, Ghazal Haque, Farwa Ayub, Tahir Munir, F. Khan, Sameen Siddiqi, and Asad Latif

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Protecting and promoting the rights of the 'reserve army of labour': A policy analysis of structural determinants of migrant worker health in Pakistan and Qatar, Sarah Hawkes, Mireille Evagora-Campbell, Aysha Zahidie, Fauziah Rabbani, and Kent Buse

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Prevention of maternal and neonatal death/infections with a single oral dose of azithromycin in women in labour in low-income and middle-income countries (A-PLUS): A study protocol for a multinational, randomised placebo-controlled clinical trial, Jennifer Hemingway-Foday, Alan Tita, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya, Trecious Mweemba, Tracy Nolen, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu Kitoto, Sarah Saleem, and Shiyam Sunder Tikmani

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Listening to caregivers: narratives of health seeking for children under five with pneumonia and diarrhea: Insights from the NIGRAAN trial in Pakistan, Maryam Huda, Fauziah Rabbani, Wafa Aftab, Kausar S. Khan, Leah Shipton, and Maria Giulia Marini

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Children learning about secondhand smoke (CLASS III): A protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial of a school-based smoke-free intervention in Bangladesh and Pakistan, Rumana Huque, Kamran Siddiqi, Mariam Khokhar, Cath Jackson, Mona Kanaan, Catherine Hewitt, Ian Kellar, Charlie Welch, Steve Parrott, and Romaina Iqbal

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The quality of life of HIV positive transgender and homosexual population in Karachi, Pakistan, Aneela Hussain, Anum Rahim, and Fozia Rajput

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Post-intervention acceptability of multicomponent intervention for management of hypertension in rural Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka- a qualitative study, Tazeen H. Jafar, Saeideh Tavajoh, H Asita de Silva, Aliya Naheed, Imtiaz Jehan, Chamini Kanatiwela de Silva, Nantu Chakma, Maryam Huda, and Helena Legido-Quigley

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Trends and immediate outcomes of syncope during pregnancy: A narrative review, Rafael Cortorreal Javier, Parth Vikram Singh, Jeena Shrestha, Rasha Abdalla, Punay Narang, Humayun Shahzad, and Kiran Abbas

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Trends over time in the knowledge, attitude and practices of pregnant women related to COVID-19: A cross-sectional survey from seven low- and middle-income countries, Saleem Jessani, Sarah Saleem, Elizabeth Fogleman, Sk Masum Billah, Rashidul Haque, Lester Figueroa, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, and Avinash Kavi

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The role of self-efficacy and risk perception in willingness to respond to weather disasters among emergency medicine healthcare workers in Pakistan, Bee-Ah Kang, Daniel J. Barnett, Ume-E-Aiman Chhipa, Amber Mehmood, Badar Afzal Khan, Junaid Razzak, and Nargis Asad

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COVID-19 symptoms and antibody positivity among unvaccinated pregnant women: An observational study in seven countries from the global network, Avinash Kavi, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Janet L. Moore, Richard J. Derman, Sarah Saleem, Seemab Naqvi, Sk Masum Billah, Rashidul Haque, and Lester Figueroa

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Aspirin delays the onset of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy among nulliparous pregnant women: A secondary analysis of the ASPIRIN trial, Avinash Kavi, Matthew K. Hoffman, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Mrityunjay C. Metgud, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Janet Moore, Eleanor Nielsen, Norman Goco, Saleem Jessani, and Sarah Saleem

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Risk factors for stroke in the young (18-45 Years): A case-control analysis of INTERSTROKE data from 32 countries, Maria Khan, Mohammad Wasay, Martin James O'Donnell, Romaina Iqbal, Peter Langhorne, Annika Rosengren, Albertino Damasceno, Aytekin Oguz, Fernando Lanas, and Nana Pogosova

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Exploring the relationship between intimate partner violence during pregnancy and stillbirths, Khaula Khatlani, Iqbal Azam Syed, Muhammad Baqir, Amber Mehmood, and Omrana Pasha-Razzak

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Factors associated with Diabetes Empowerment among patients with type 2 diabetes, at OPD setting, Karachi, Pakistan, Mohiba Ali Khowaja, Shafquat Rozi, Sobia Sawani, and Asma Ahmed

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The association of spirometric small airways obstruction with respiratory symptoms, cardiometabolic diseases, and quality of life: Results from the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study, Ben Knox-Brown, Jaymini Patel, James Potts, Rana Ahmed, Althea Aquart-Stewart, Cristina Barbara, A. Sonia Buist, Hamid Hacene Cherkaski, Meriam Denguezli, and Asaad A. Nafees

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Small airways obstruction and its risk factors in the burden of obstructive lung disease (BOLD) study: A multinational cross-sectional study, Ben Knox-Brown, Jaymini Patel, James Potts, Rana Ahmed, Althea Aquart-Stewart, Hamid Hacene Cherkaski, Meriam Denguezli, Mohammed Elbiaze, Asma Elsony, Asma Elsony, and Asaad Ahmed Nafees

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Lipoprotein(a) in clinical practice: A guide for the clinician, Chayakrit Krittanawong, Neil Sagar Maitra, Adham H. El-Sherbini, Nishant Shah, Carl J. Lavie, Michael D. Shapiro, and Salim S. Virani

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Comparing the effectiveness of mother-focused interventions to that of mother-child focused interventions in improving maternal postpartum depression outcomes: A systematic review, Divya Kumar, Waqas Hameed, and Bilal Iqbal Avan

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The state of integrated disease surveillance in seven countries: A synthesis report, A C K Lee, B G Iversen, S Lynes, A Rahman-Shepherd, N A Erondu, Mishal S. Khan, A Tegnell, M Yelewa, T M Arnesen, and E S Gudo

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Diagnostic accuracy of ASQ for screening of neurodevelopmental delays in low resource countries, Albert Manasyan, Ariel A. Salas, Tracy Nolen, Elwyn Chomba, Manolo Mazariegos, Antoinette Tshefu Kitoto, Sarah Saleem, Farnaz Naqvi, K Michael Hambidge, and Norman Goco

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Enhancing willingness-to-respond to disasters and public health emergencies among Health care workers using mHealth intervention: A multidisciplinary approach, Amber Mehmood, Daniel J. Barnett, Bee-Ah Kang, Ume-E-Aiman Chhipa, Nargis Asad, Badar Afzal Khan, and Junaid Razzak

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Diet, cardiovascular disease, and mortality in 80 countries, Andrew Mente, Mahshid Dehghan, Sumathy Rangarajan, Martin O'Donnell, Weihong Hu, Gilles Dagenais, Andreas Wielgosz, Scott A. Lear, Li Wei, and Romaina Iqbal

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Fine particulate matter and its chemical constituents' levels: A troubling environmental and human health situation in Karachi, Pakistan, Omosehin D. Moyebi, Zafar Fatmi, David O. Carpenter, Muhayatun Santoso, Azhar Siddique, Kamran Khan, Jahan Zeb, Mirza M. Hussain, and Haider A. Khwaja

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State of gaseous air pollutants and resulting health effects in Karachi, Pakistan, Omosehin D. Moyebi, Fatim Sannoh, Zafar Fatmi, Azhar Siddique, Kamran Khan, Jahan Zeb, Mirza M. Hussain, David O. Carpenter, and Haider A. Khwaja

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A global analysis of one health networks and the proliferation of one health collaborations, Athman Mwatondo, Afifah Rahman-Shepherd, Lara Hollmann, Scott Chiossi, Josphat Maina, Karishma Krishna Kurup, Osama Ahmed Hassan, Beatrice Coates, Mishal Khan, and Julia Spencer

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Byssinosis and lung health among cotton textile workers: Baseline findings of the multiTex trial in Karachi, Pakistan, Asaad A. Nafees, Muhammad Zia Muneer, Muhammad Irfan, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Sean Semple, Sara De Matteis, Peter Burney, and Paul Cullinan

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The Global network COVID-19 studies: A review, Seemab Naqvi, Sarah Saleem, Sk Masum Billah, Janet Moore, Musaku Mwenechanya, Waldemar A. Carlo, Fabian Esamai, Sherri Bucher, Richard J. Derman, and Shivaprasad S. Goudar