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Submissions from 2021

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Variations in regulations to control standards for training and licensing of physicians: A multi-country comparison, Wafa Aftab, Mishal Khan, Sonia Rego, Nishant Chavan, Afifah Rahman-Shepherd, Isha Sharma, Shishi Wu, Zahra Zeinali, Rumina Hasan, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Does supportive supervision intervention improve community health worker knowledge and practices for community management of childhood diarrhea and pneumonia? Lessons for scale-up from Nigraan and Nigraan plus trials in Pakistan, Wafa Aftab, Suneel Piryani, and Fauziah Rabbani

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Influence of intrauterine growth status on aortic intima-media thickness and aortic diameter in near-term fetuses: A comparative cross-sectional study, Zohaib Akhter, Rozina Nuruddin, Syed Iqbal Azam, Ayesha Malik, and Nuruddin Badruddin Mohammed

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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training strategies in the times of COVID-19: A systematic literature review comparing different training methodologies, Daniyal Mansoor Ali, Butool Hisam, Natasha Shaukat, Mirza Noor Ali Baig, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Jonathan L. Epstein, Eric Goralnick, Paul D. Kivela, Bryan McNally, and Junaid Razzak

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Longitudinal association between parental-to-child-maltreatment and self-reported generalized anxiety disorder symptoms in Pakistani adolescents, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Ghazal Peerwani, Salman Muhammad Soomar, Apsara Ali, Salima Farooq, Naureen Akber Ali, Asif Khaliq, Muhammad Masood Kadir, and Syed Iqbal Azam

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Perceptions of women, their husbands and healthcare providers about anemia in rural Pakistan: Findings from a qualitative exploratory study, Sumera Aziz Ali, Anam Shahil Feroz, Zahid Abbasi, Savera Aziz Ali, Ahreen Allana, K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F. Krebs, Jamie E. Westcott, Elizabeth M. McClure, Robert L. Goldenberg, and Sarah Saleem

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Intimate partner violence against women: A comprehensive depiction of Pakistani literature, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Rida Farhan, Syeda Hussain, and Fatima Jawad

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Chronic airflow obstruction and ambient particulate air pollution, Andre F S. Amaral, Peter G J. Burney, Jaymini Patel, Cosetta Minelli, Filip Mejza, David M. Mannino, Terence A R. Seemungal, Padukudru Anand Mahesh, Li Cher Lo, and Asaad Ahmed Nafees

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Evaluation of radiology request forms in a tertiary care hospital: An audit with a focus on the impact of technological intervention, Muhammad Danish Barakzai, Zara Za Sheer, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Amna Alvi, Nouman Khan, Waseem M. Nizamani, Madiha Beg, and Saad Siddiqui

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Gestational weight gain in 4 low- and middle-income countries and associations with birth outcomes: A secondary analysis of the women first trial, Melissa S. Bauserman, Carla M. Bann, K Michael Hambidge, Ana L. Garces, Lester Figueroa, Jamie L. Westcott, Jackie K. Patterson, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sumera Ali Aziz, and Sarah Saleem

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Beyond the numbers: Understanding the diversity of covid-19 epidemiology and response in south Asia, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Sameen Siddiqi, Assad Hafeez, Muhammad Islam, Samiran Nundy, Firdausi Qadri, and Faisal Sultan

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Cost estimation alongside a multi-regional, multi-country randomized trial of antenatal ultrasound in five low-and-middle-income countries, B W. Bresnahan, E Vodicka, J B. Babigumira, Ashar Muhammad Malik, F Yego, A Lokangaka, B M. Chitah, Z Bauer, H Chavez, and Sarah Saleem

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Task sharing of injectable contraception services in Pakistan: A randomized controlled trial, Dawn S. Chin-Quee, Farina Abrejo, Mario Chen, Talib Lashari, Patrick Olsen, Zaheer Habib, Xiaoming Gao, Fauzia Assad, Farid Midhet, and Sarah Saleem

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Improving antibiotic use through behaviour change: A systematic review of interventions evaluated in low- and middle-income countries, Carla Cuevas, Neha Batura, Luh Putu Lila Wulandari, Mishal Khan, and Virginia Wiseman

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Building better tuberculosis control systems in a post-COVID world: Learning from Pakistan during the COVID-19 pandemic, Razia Fatima, Nasim Akhtar, Aashifa Yaqoob, Anthony D. Harries, and Mishal S. Khan

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Effect of a multicomponent intervention on antihypertensive medication intensification in rural south Asia: Post hoc analysis of a cluster RCT, Liang Feng, Imtiaz Jehan, Asita de Silva, Aliya Naheed, Aamir Hameed Khan, Anuradhani Kasturiratne, John D. Clemens, Ching Wee Lim, Alun D. Hughes, and Tazeen H. Jafar

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Exploring community perceptions, attitudes and practices regarding the COVID-19 pandemic in Karachi, Pakistan, Anam Shahil Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Ridah Feroz, Noshaba Akber, and Salima Nazim Meghani

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Using mobile phones to improve young people sexual and reproductive health in low and middle-income countries: A systematic review to identify barriers, facilitators, and range of mHealth solutions, Anam Shahil Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Adeel Khoja, Armish Asad, and Sarah Saleem

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Equipping community health workers with digital tools for pandemic response in LMICs, Anam Shahil Feroz, Adeel Khoja, and Sarah Saleem

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Perceptions and experiences of healthcare providers during COVID-19 pandemic in Karachi, Pakistan: An exploratory qualitative study, Anam Shahil Feroz, Nousheen Pradhan, Zarak Hussain Ahmed, Mashal Murad Shah, Nargis Asad, Sarah Saleem, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Exploring digital health interventions to support community health workers in low-and-middle-income countries during the COVID-19 pandemic: A scoping review protocol, Anam Shahil Feroz, Komal Valliani, Hajra Khwaja, and Sehrish Karim

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Budget impact and cost-effectiveness analyses of the COBRA-BPS multicomponent hypertension management programme in rural communities in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, Eric A. Finkelstein, Anirudh Krishnan, Aliya Naheed, Imtiaz Jehan, H Asita de Silva, Mihir Gandhi, Ching Wee Lim, Jehanzeb Khan, Samina Hirani, and Tazeen H. Jafar

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Adolescent health in the sustainable development goal era: Are we aligned for multisectoral action?, Asha George, Tanya Jacobs, Rajani Ved, Troy Jacobs, Kumanan Rasanathan, and Shehla Zaidi

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COVID-19, community trials, and inclusion, Paramjit S. Gill, Shoba Poduval, Jarnail S. Thakur, and Romaina Iqbal

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Preventable stillbirths in India and Pakistan: A prospective, observational study, Robert L. Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Robert M. Silver, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Gowdar Guruprasad, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Haleema Yasmin, Khadija Bano, and Manjunath S. Somannavar

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Development and validation of a psychometric scale to assess attitude towards safe abortions in Pakistan, Xaher Gul, Junaid-Ur-Rehman Siddiqui, Miraal Mavalvala, Waqas Hameed, and Muhammad Ishaque

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Barriers to access of healthcare services for rural women – Applying gender lens on TB in a rural district of Sindh, Pakistan, Shifa Salman Habib, Wafa Zehra Jamal, Syed Muhammad Asad Zaidi, Junaid ur-Rehman Siddiqui, Hira Mustafa Khan, Jacob Creswell, Srichand Batra, and Anna Versfeld

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Impact of upfront Xpert testing on time to treatment initiation for multidrug-resistant TB, Shifa Salman Habib, A A. Malik, U Khan, S Khowaja, H Hussain, S M. Ayub, S Khan, J Creswell, A J. Khan, and S M A. Zaidi

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Exploring willingness to pay for health insurance and preferences for a benefits package from the perspective of women from low-income households of Karachi, Pakistan, Shifa Salman Habib and Shehla Zaidi

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Gender-based differences in community-wide screening for pulmonary tuberculosis in Karachi, Pakistan: An observational study of 311 732 individuals undergoing screening, Shifa Salman Habib, Syed Mohammad Asad Zaidi, Wafa Zehra Jamal, Kiran Sohail Azeemi, Salman Khan, Saira Khowaja, Abdul Khalique Domki, Aamir Khan, and Faiz Ahmad Khan

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Implications of ridesharing on alcohol-associated motor vehicle crashes: Not behind the wheel, Adil H. Haider and Hamna Shahbaz

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Are underprivileged and less empowered women deprived of respectful maternity care: Inequities in childbirth experiences in public health facilities in Pakistan, Waqas Hameed, Mudassir Uddin, and Bilal Iqbal Avan

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Cardiovascular dysfunction in children exposed to preeclampsia during fetal life, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Nuruddin Badruddin Mohammed, Shafquat Rozi, Nadeem Aslam, Shazia Mohsin, Salima Ashiqali, Hina Ali, Saima Sattar, Devyani Chowdhury, and Babar Sultan Hasan

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Prevalence of emotional and physical intimate partner violence among married women in Pakistan, Meesha Iqbal and Zafar Fatmi

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Violence and abuse among working children in urban and suburban areas of lower Sindh, Pakistan, Meesha Iqbal, Zafar Fatmi, Kausar S. Khan, and Asaad Ahmed Nafees

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Diffusion of innovations: A guiding framework for public health, Meesha Iqbal and Aysha Zahidie

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Associations of unprocessed and processed meat intake with mortality and cardiovascular disease in 21 countries [Prospective urban rural epidemiology (PURE) study]: A prospective cohort study, Romaina Iqbal, Mahshid Dehghan, Andrew Mente, Sumathy Rangarajan, Andreas Wielgosz, Alvaro Avezum, Pamela Seron, Khalid F. AlHabib, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, and Sumathi Swaminathan

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Management of maternal depression: Qualitative exploration of perceptions of healthcare professionals from a public tertiary care hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, Makkiya Jawed, Nousheen Pradhan, Rozina Mistry, Amirah Nazir, Sualeha Shekhani, and Tazeen Saeed Ali

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Glycemic index, glycemic load, and cardiovascular disease and mortality, David A. Jenkins, Mahshid Dehghan, Andrew Mente, Shrikant I. Bangdiwala, Sumathy Rangarajan, Kristie Srichaikul, Viswanathan Mohan, Alvaro Avezum, Rafael Díaz, and Romaina Iqbal

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Association of hemoglobin levels in the first trimester and at 26 to 30 weeks with fetal and neonatal outcomes: A secondary analyses of the global network for women's and children's health's ASPIRIN trial, Saleem Jessani, Sarah Saleem, Matthew K. Hoffman, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Janet L. Moore, Ana Garces, Lester Figueroa, Nancy F. Krebs, and Jean Okitawutshu

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Association of haemoglobin levels in the first trimester and at 26-30 weeks with fetal and neonatal outcomes: A secondary analysis of the global network for women's and children's health's ASPIRIN trial, Saleem Jessani, Sarah Saleem, M K. Hoffman, S S. Goudar, R J. Derman, J L. Moore, A Garces, L Figueroa, N F. Krebs, and J Okitawutshu

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FRAX-based intervention thresholds for Pakistan, H Johansson, G Naureen, Romaina Iqbal, Lena Jafri, Aysha Habib Khan, Masood Umer, E Liu, L Vandenput, M Lorentzon, and E V. McCloskey

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Health services utilization and out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditures in public and private facilities in Pakistan: An empirical analysis of the 2013-14 OOP health expenditure survey, F Khalid, W Raza, D R. Hotchkiss, and R H. Soelaeman

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Illicit cigarette trade in the cities of Pakistan: Comparing findings between the consumer and waste recycle store surveys, Amina Khan, Fiona Dobbie, Kamran Siddiqi, Saeed Ansaari, S M. Abdullah, Romaina Iqbal, Zohaib Khan, Salman Sohail, Mona Kanaan, and Rumana Huque

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Rethinking vaccine hesitancy among minority groups, Mishal S. Khan, Sameen A Mohsin Ali, Addy Adelaine, and Abraar Karan

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The COVID-19 pandemic: An opportunity to strengthen health systems in Afghanistan, Umerdad Khudadad, Najibullah Safi, Wafa Aftab, Asrar Ali, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Factors associated with child maltreatment among children aged 11 to 17 years in community settings of Karachi, Pakistan, using belsky ecological framework, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Salima Farooq, Uzma Rahim Khan, Yasmin Parpio, Syed Iqbal Azam, Junaid Razzak, Anjiya Aslam Laljee, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Implementation research on measuring quality in primary care: Balancing national needs with learning from the eastern Mediterranean region, Mondher Letaief, Lisa R. Hirschhorn, Sheila Leatherman, Alaa A. Sayed, Aziz Sheikh, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Associations of fish consumption with risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality among individuals with or without vascular disease from 58 countries, Deepa Mohan, Andrew Mente, Mahshid Dehghan, Sumathy Rangarajan, Martin O'Donnel, Weihong Hu, Gilles Dagenai, Andreas Wielgosz, Scott Lear, and Romaina Iqbal

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Indoor air quality and its relationship with cluster type in urban Pakistani households, Asaad Ahmed Nafees, U Rabbani, S Razzaq, K Minai, Muhammad Arslan Khan, S Naeem, Zafar Fatmi, and P Burney

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Impact of social isolation on mortality and morbidity in 20 high-income, middle-income and low-income countries in five continents, Ryo Naito, Darryl P. Leong, Shrikant Ishve Bangdiwala, Martin McKee, S V. Subramanian, Sumathy Rangarajan, Shofiqul Islam, Alvaro Avezum, Karen E. Yeates, and Syed Iqbal Azam

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Incidence and pathophysiology of diabetes in south Asian adults living in India and Pakistan compared with US blacks and whites, K M Venkat Naraya, Dimple Kondal, Natalie Daya, Unjali P. Gujral, Deepa Mohan, Shivani A. Patel, Roopa Shivashankar, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Lisa R. Staimez, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Incidence of diabetes in south Asian young adults compared to Pima Indians, K M Venkat Narayan, Dimple Kondal, Sayuko Kobes, Lisa R. Staimez, Deepa Mohan, Unjali P. Gujral, Shivani A. Patel, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Roopa Shivashankar, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Association of ultra-processed food intake with risk of inflammatory bowel disease: Prospective cohort study, Neeraj Narula, Emily C L. Wong, Mahshid Dehghan, Andrew Mente, Sumathy Rangarajan, Fernando Lanas, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Priyanka Rohatgi, P V M. Lakshmi, and Romaina Iqbal

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Predicting mortality in SARS-COV-2 (COVID-19) positive patients in the inpatient setting using a novel deep neural network, Maleeha Naseem, Hajra Arshad, Syeda Amrah Hashmi, Furqan Irfan, and Fahad Shabbir Ahmed

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A surrogate FRAX model for Pakistan, G Naureen, H Johansson, Romaina Iqbal, Lena Jafri, Aysha Habib Khan, Masood Umer, E Liu, L Vandenput, M Lorentzon, N C. Harvey, E V. McCloskey, and J A. Kanis

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COVID-19 vaccination in Sindh province, Pakistan: A modelling study of health impact and cost-effectiveness, Carl A B. Pearson, Fiammetta Bozzani, Simon R. Procter, Nicholas G. Davies, Maryam Huda, Henning Tarp Jensen, Marcus Keogh-Brown, Muhammad Khalid, Sedona Sweeney, and Sergio Torres-Rueda

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Quality of inpatient care of small and sick newborns in Pakistan: Perceptions of key stakeholders, Nousheen Pradhan, Ammarah Ali, Sana Roujani, Sumera Aziz Ali, Samia Rizwan, Sarah Saleem, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Health systems approach to ensure quality and safety amid COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan, Nousheen Pradhan, Anam Shahil Feroz, and Syed Mairajuddin Shah

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Implications for schools reopening during the second wave of COVID-19 in Pakistan, Nousheen Pradhan and Kashmira Nanji

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Adolescent undernutrition in south Asia: A scoping review, Sara Estecha Querol, Paramjit Gill, Romaina Iqbal, Maartje Kletter, Neslihan Ozdemir, and Lena Al-Khudairy

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The double burden of malnutrition and associated factors among south Asian adolescents: Findings from the global school-based student health survey, Sara Estecha Querol, Romaina Iqbal, Laura Kudrna, Lena Al-Khudairy, and Paramijit Gill

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Conflicts of interest: An invisible force shaping health systems and policies, Afifah Rahman-Shepherd, Priya Balasubramaniam, Meenakshi Gautham, Eleanor Hutchinson, Freddy E. Kitutu, Robert Marten, and Mishal S. Khan

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Examining the relationships between early childhood experiences and adolescent and young adult health status in a resource-limited population: A cohort study, Zeba A. Rasmussen, Wasiat H. Shah, Chelsea L. Hansen, Syed Iqbal Azam, Ejaz Hussain, Barbara A. Schaefer, Nicole Zhong, Alexandra A. Jamison, Khalil Ahmed, and Benjamin J J. McCormick

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Sociodemographic, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of influenza pneumonia patients admitted in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan: Findings from a cross-sectional study, Fazal Ur Rehman, Muhammad Arslan Ahmed, Kashif Aziz, Mahmooda Jabeen Ashraf, Tazein Amber, and Sumera Aziz Ali

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Fears and barriers: Problems in breast cancer diagnosis and treatment in Pakistan, Sidra Saeed, Muhammad Asim, and Malik Muhammad Sohail

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Frequency and determinants of vitamin D deficiency among premenopausal and postmenopausal women in Karachi Pakistan, Uzma Shamsi, Syed Iqbal Azam, Azra Shamsi, Dua Shamsi, and David Callen

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Safety of daily low-dose aspirin use during pregnancy in low-income and middle-income countries, Vanessa L. Short, Matthew Hoffman, Mrityunjay Metgud, Avinash Kavi, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Jean Okitawutshu, Antoinette Tshefu, Carl L. Bose, Saleem Jessani, and Sarah Saleem

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Smokeless tobacco initiation, use and cessation in south Asia: A qualitative assessment, Faraz Siddiqui, Ray Croucher Ray Croucher, Fayaz Ahmad, Zarak Hussain Ahmed, Roshani Babu, Linda Bauld, Fariza Fieroze, Rumana Huque, Maira Mubashir, and Narjis Rizvi

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Tuberculosis and non-communicable disease multimorbidity: An analysis of the world health survey in 48 low- and middle-income countries, Brendon Stubbs, Kamran Siddiqi, Helen Elsey, Najma Siddiqi, Ruimin Ma, Eugenia Romano, Sameen Siddiqi, and Ai Koyanagi

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Associations of cereal grains intake with cardiovascular disease and mortality across 21 countries in prospective urban and rural epidemiology study: Prospective cohort study, Sumathi Swaminathan, Mahshid Dehghan, John Michael Raj, Tinku Thomas, Sumathy Rangarajan, David Jenkins, Prem Mony, Viswanathan Mohan, Scott A. Lear, and Romaina Iqbal

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Exploring equity in health and poverty impacts of control measures for SARS-CoV-2 in six countries, Sedona Sweeney, Theo Prudencio Juhani Capeding, Rosalind Eggo, Maryam Huda, Mark Jit, Don Mudzengi, Nichola R. Naylor, Simon Procter, Matthew Quaife, and Lela Serebryakova

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Association of bedtime with mortality and major cardiovascular events: An analysis of 112,198 individuals from 21 countries in the PURE study, Chuangshi Wang, Bo Hu, Sumathy Rangarajan, Shrikant I. Bangdiwala, Scott A. Lear, Viswanathan Mohan, Rajeev Gupta, Khalid F. Alhabib, Biju Soman, and Romaina Iqbal

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Prevalence and determinants of inappropriate antibiotic dispensing at private drug retail outlets in urban and rural areas of Indonesia: A mixed methods study, Luh Putu Lila Wulandari, Mishal Khan, Marco Liverani, Astri Ferdiana, Yusuf Ari Mashuri, Ari Probandari, Tri Wibawa, Neha Batura, Gill Schierhout, and John Kaldor

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Improved first trimester maternal iodine status with preconception supplementation: The women first trial, Amy E. Young, Jennifer F. Kemp, Charis Uhlson, Jamie L. Westcott, Sumera Aziz Ali, Sarah Saleem, Ana Garcès, Lester Figueroa, Manjunath S. Somannavar, and Shivaprasad S. Goudar

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Effectiveness of typhoid conjugate vaccine against culture-confirmed salmonella enterica serotype typhi in an extensively drug-resistant outbreak setting of Hyderabad, Pakistan: A cohort study, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Sultan Karim, Sonia Qureshi, Abdul Momin Kazi, Hina Memon, Amber Junejo, Zohra Khawaja, Najeeb Ur Rehman, Muhammad Sajid Ansari, Rafey Ali, Heera Mani Lohana, and Farah Naz Qamar

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Identifying TB hotspots through mobile x-rays in Karachi, Pakistan: Spatial analysis of data from an active case-finding program, Syed Mohammad Asad Zaidi, Wafa Zehra Jamal, Christina Mergenthaler, Kiran Sohail Azeemi, Nick Van Den Berge, Jacob Creswell, Aamir Khan, Saira Khowaja, and Shifa Salman Habib

Submissions from 2020

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Strengthening research capacity through regional partners: The HRP alliance at the world health organization, Richard Adanu, Luis Bahamondes, Vanessa Brizuela, Evelyn Gitau, Seni Kouanda, Pisake Lumbiganon, Thi Thuy Hanh Nguyen, Sarah Saleem, Anna Thorson, and Kwasi Torpey

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Long-term clinical outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention in saphenous vein grafts in a low to middle-income country, Ghurfan Adnan, Intisar Ahmed, Javed Tai, Maria Ali Khan, and Hammad Hasan

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Implementation of health and health-related sustainable development goals: Progress, challenges and opportunities - A systematic literature review, Wafa Aftab, Fahad Javaid Siddiqui, Hana Tasic, Shagufta Perveen, Sameen Siddiqi, and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

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Gender variations in neonatal and early infant mortality in India and Pakistan: A secondary analysis from the global network maternal newborn health registry, Zubair H. Aghai, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Archana Patel, Sarah Saleem, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Avinash Kavi, Parth Lalakia, Farnaz Naqvi, Patricia L. Hibberd, and Elizabeth M. McClure

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Perception-based influence factors of intention to adopt COVID-19 epidemic prevention in China, Munir Ahmad, Khadeeja Iram, and Gul Jabeen

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Impact of the societal response to COVID-19 on access to healthcare for non-COVID-19 health issues in slum communities of Bangladesh, Kenya, Nigeria and Pakistan: Results of pre-COVID and COVID-19 lockdown stakeholder engagements, Syed A K Shifat Ahmed, Motunrayo Ajisola, Kehkashan Azeem, Pauline Bakibinga, Yen-Fu Chen, Narjis Rizvi, Syed Iqbal Azam, Romaina Iqbal, Ahsana Nazish, and Komal Tabani

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Effect of parent-child relationship on physical aggression among adolescents: Global school-based student health survey, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Shafquat Rozi, Ghazal Peerwani, and Apsara Ali

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Prevalence and determinants of anemia among women of reproductive age in Thatta Pakistan: Findings from a cross-sectional study, Sumera Aziz Ali, Zahid Abbasi, Babar Shahid, Ghazal Moin, K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F. Krebs, Jamie E. Westcott, Elizabeth M. McClure, Robert L. Goldenberg, and Sarah Saleem

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Factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care among married women of reproductive age in the Rural Thatta, Pakistan: Findings from a community-based case-control study, Sumera Aziz Ali, Savera Aziz Ali, Anam Feroz, Sarah Saleem, Zafar Fatmi, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Use of smokeless tobacco before conception and its relationship with maternal and fetal outcomes of pregnancy in Thatta, Pakistan: Findings from women first study, Sumera Aziz Ali, Umber S. Khan, Farina Abrejo, Brandi Vollmer, Sarah Saleem, Michael K. Hambidge, Nancy F. Krebs, Jamie E. Westcott, Robert L. Goldenberg, Elizabeth M. McClure, and Omrana Pasha

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Prevalence and determinants of anemia among women of reproductive age in developing countries, Sumera Aziz Ali, Umber S. Khan, and Anam Shahil Feroz

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Hemoglobin concentrations and adverse birth outcomes in south Asian pregnant women: Findings from a prospective maternal and neonatal health registry, Sumera Aziz Ali, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Sarah Saleem, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Sangappa Dhaded, Richard J. Derman, Janet L. Moore, Elizabeth M. McClure, and Robert L. Goldenberg

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Intimate partner violence against women in Pakistan: A review of qualitative research, Tazeen S. Ali, Rida Farhan, and Michelle Ayub

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Temporal changes in diabetes prevalence and achievement of care goals in urban south Asia from 2010 to 2016 - The center for cardio-metabolic risk reduction in south Asia study, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Mohan Deepa, Radhakrishnan Subashini, Shivani A. Patel, Dimple Kondal, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Nikhil Tandon, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, K M. Venkat Narayan, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Viswanathan Mohan, and Mohammed K. Ali

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Contrasting associations between diabetes and cardiovascular mortality rates in low-, middle-, and high-income countries: Cohort study data from 143,567 individuals in 21 countries in the PURE study, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Viswanathan Mohan, Sumathy Rangarajan, Hertzel C. Gerstein, Ulagamadesan Venkatesan, Patrick Sheridan, Gilles R. Dagenais, Scott A. Lear, Koon Teo, and Romaina Iqbal

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Perceptions of stakeholders about the role of health system in suicide prevention in Ghizer, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan, Anila Anjum, Tazeen S. Ali, Nousheen Pradhan, Murad M. Khan Dr., and Rozina Karmaliani Professor

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Long-term exposure to outdoor and household air pollution and blood pressure in the prospective urban and rural epidemiological (PURE) study, Raphael E. Arku, Michael Brauer, Suad H. Ahmed, Khalid F. AlHabib, Álvaro Avezum, Jian Bo, Tarzia Choudhury, Antonio Ml Dans, Rajeev Gupta, and Romaina Iqbal

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Covid -19, misinformation, and antimicrobial resistance, Mehreen Arshad, Syed Faisal Mahmood, Mishal Khan, and Rumina Hasan

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Prelacteal feeding practices in Pakistan: A mixed-methods study, Muhammad Asim, Zarak Husain Ahmed, Mark D. Hayward, and Elizabeth M. Widen

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Why are the Pakistani maternal, fetal and newborn outcomes so poor compared to other low and middle-income countries?, Aleha Aziz, Sarah Saleem, Tracy L. Nolen, Nousheen Akber Pradhan, Elizabeth M. McClure, Saleem Jessani, Ana L. Garces, Patricia L. Hibberd, Janet L. Moore, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Risk factors for postpartum sepsis: A nested case-control study, Samina Bakhtawar, Sana Sheikh, Rahat Qureshi, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Beth Payne, Iqbal Azam Syed, Peter Von Dadelszen, and Laura Magee

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The relationship between birth intervals and adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in six low and lower-middle income countries, Melissa Bauserman, Kayla Nowak, Tracy L. Nolen, Jackie Patterson, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Sarah Saleem, and Saleem Jessani

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Maternal mortality in six low and lower-middle income countries from 2010 to 2018: Risk factors and trends, Melissa Bauserman, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Tracy L. Nolen, Jackie Patterson, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Sarah Saleem, and Saleem Jessani