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Submissions from 2022

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Perceived risk and distress related to COVID-19 in healthcare versus non-healthcare workers of Pakistan: a cross-sectional study, Adeel Abid, Hania Shahzad, Hyder Ali Khan, Suneel Piryani, Areeba Raza Khan, and Fauziah Rabbani

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Vitamin D deficiency and its associated factors among female migrants in the United Arab Emirates, Fatme Al Anouti, Luai A. Ahmed, Azmat Riaz, William B. Grant, Nadir Shah, Raghib Ali, Juma Alkaabi, and Syed M. Shah

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What stops us from eating: A qualitative investigation of dietary barriers during pregnancy in Punjab, Pakistan, Muhammad Asim, Zarak Hussain Ahmed, Amy R. Nichols, Rachel Rickman, Elena Neiterman, Anita Mahmood, and Elizabeth M. Widen

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Do empowered women receive better quality antenatal care in Pakistan? An analysis of demographic and health survey data, Muhammad Asim, Waqas Hameed, and Sarah Saleem

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The unspoken grief of multiple stillbirths in rural Pakistan: an interpretative phenomenological study, Muhammad Asim, Sehrish Karim, Hajra Khwaja, Waqas Hameed, and Sarah Saleem

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Inclusive, supportive and dignified maternity care (SDMC)-Development and feasibility assessment of an intervention package for public health systems: A study protocol, Bilal Iqbal Avan, Waqas Hameed, Bushra Khan, Muhammad Asim, Sarah Saleem, and Sameen Siddiqi

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The efficacy of low-dose aspirin in pregnancy among women in malaria-endemic countries, Melissa Bauserman, Sequoia I. Leuba, Jennifer Hemingway-Foday, Tracy L. Nolen, Janet Moore, Elizabeth M. McClure, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tsehfu, Sarah Saleem, and Saleem Jessani

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Global health research funding applications: brain drain under another name?, Abebe Bekele, Lucia D'Ambruoso, Justine I. Davies, Eduardo Ferriolli, Carolyn Greig, Semira Manaseki Holland, Denis Regnier, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Human papillomavirus associated prevention: Knowledge, attitudes, and perceived risks among men who have sex with men and transgender women in Pakistan: A qualitative study, Muslima Ejaz, Anna Mia Ekström, Alyan Ahmed, Aymen Haroon, Dania Ali, Tazeen Saeed Ali, and Mariano Salazar

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Promoting labour migrant health equity through action on the structural determinants: A systematic review, Mireille Evagora-Campbell, Aysha Zahidie, Kent Buse, Fauziah Rabbani, and Sarah Hawkes

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Exploring digital health interventions for pregnant women at high risk for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in low-income and-middle-income countries: a scoping review, Anam Shahil Feroz, Noreen Afzal, and Emily Seto

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Understanding the needs of a mobile phone-based telemonitoring program for pregnant women at high risk for pre-eclampsia: Interpretive qualitative description study, Anam Shahil Feroz, Kristina De Vera, Nadia D. Bragagnolo, Sarah Saleem, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, and Emily Seto

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Association of family history of cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs) and individual health behaviours: Analysis of CARRS study from South Asia, Ankur Garg, Kranti Suresh Vora, Mohammed K. Ali, Dimple Kondal, Mohan Deepa, Lisa R. Staimez, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Viswanathan Mohan, Nikhil Tandon, and Roopa Shivashankar

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Birth asphyxia is under-rated as a cause of preterm neonatal mortality in low- and middle-income countries: A prospective, observational study from PURPOSe, Robert L. Goldenberg, Sangappa Dhaded, Sarah Saleem, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Marissa Trotta, Kay Hwang Jackson, Gowder Guruprasad, Zeesham Uddin, and Sayyeda Reza

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Determinants of vaccine coverage and timeliness in a northern Pakistani village, Alexandra F. Jamison, Benjamin J J McCormic, Ejaz Hussain, Elizabeth D. Thomas, Iqbal Azam Syed, and Chelsea L. Hansen

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Bonded amalgam as a fissure sealant in low-income setting: A randomised controlled trial, Farhan Raza Khan, Samreen Liaquat, Ghazala Rafique, Syed Iqbal Azam, and Arshad Hasan

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SWOT analysis of Community Midwifery Program in Pakistan, Bakhtawar Muhammad Hanif Khowaja, Anam Feroz, Farina Abrejo, and Sarah Saleem

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Cohort profile: The center for cArdiometabolic risk reduction in South Asia (CARRS), Dimple Kondal, Shivani A. Patel, Mohammed K. Ali, Deepa Mohan, Garima Rautela, Unjali P. Gujral, Roopa Shivashankar, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Ruby Gupta, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Medications for blood pressure, blood glucose, lipids, and anti-thrombotic medications: Relationship with cardiovascular disease and death in adults from 21 high-, middle-, and low-income countries with an elevated body mass index, Darryl P. Leong, Sumathy Rangarajan, Annika Rosengren, Aytekin Oguz, Khalid F. Alhabib, Paul Poirier, Rafael Diaz, Antonio L. Dans, Romaina Iqbal, and Afzalhussein M. Yusufali

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The response to COVID-19 among drug retail outlets in Indonesia: A cross-sectional survey of knowledge, attitudes, and practices, Yusuf Ari Mashuri, Luh Putu Lila Wulandari, Mishal Khan, Astri Ferdiana, Ari Probandari, Tri Wibawa, Neha Batura, Marco Liverani, Richard Day, and Stephen Jan

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Contemporary prevalence of byssinosis in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review, Asaad A. Nafees, Sara De Matteis, Peter Burney, and Paul Cullinan

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Knowledge, attitude and practices of pregnant women related to COVID-19 infection: A cross-sectional survey in seven countries from the global network for women's and children's health, Farnaz Naqvi, Seemab Naqvi, Sk Masum Billah, Sarah Saleem, Elizabeth Fogleman, Nalini Peres da-Silva, Lester Figueroa, Manolo Mazariegos, Ana L. Garces, and Sana Yousaf

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Health care in pregnancy during the COVID-19 pandemic and pregnancy outcomes in six low-and-middle-income countries: Evidence from a prospective, observational registry of the global network for women's and children's health, Seemab Naqvi, Farnaz Naqvi, Sarah Saleem, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Lester Figueroa, Manolo Mazariegos, Ana Garces, Archana Patel, Prabir Das, and Sana Yousuf

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Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of pregnant women regarding COVID-19 vaccination in pregnancy in 7 low- and middle-income countries: An observational trial from the Global Network for Women and Children's Health Research, Seemab Naqvi, Sarah Saleem, Farnaz Naqvi, Sk Masum Billah, Eleanor Nielsen, Elizabeth Fogleman, Nalini Peres-da-Silva, Lester Figueroa, Manolo Mazariegos, and Sana Yousuf

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Perceptions, challenges and experiences of frontline healthcare providers in emergency departments regarding workplace violence during the COVID-19 pandemic: A protocol for an exploratory qualitative study from an LMIC, Maleeha Naseem, Anam Feroz, Hajra Arshad, Sarah Ashraf, Muhammad Asim, Seemin Jamali, and Asad Mian

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Gaps in hygiene promotion at schools in Pakistan: Qualitative descriptive research, Nousheen Akber Pradhan, Fatima Haider, Umerdad Khudadad, Muhammad Asim, Asma Akbar Ladak, Iqbal Shagufta, Areesh Mevawalla, Uswah Siddiqi, Tazeen Saeed Ali, and Rozina Karmaliani

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Quality of care assessment for small and sick newborns and young infants in Pakistan: Findings from a cross-sectional study, Nousheen Pradhan, Sumera Aziz Ali, Sana Roujani, Ammarah Ali, Syed Shujaat Hussain, Samia Rizwan, Shabina Ariff, Sarah Saleem, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Gender-specific psychological and social impact of COVID-19 in Pakistan, Fauziah Rabbani, Hyder Ali Khan, Suneel Piryani, Areeba Raza Khan, and Fahad Abid

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Estimating the pre- and post-diagnosis costs of tuberculosis for adults in Pakistan: Household economic impact and costs mitigating strategies, Shama Razzaq, Aysha Zahidie, and Zafar Fatmi

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Factors associated with home delivery in rural Sindh, Pakistan: Results from the global network birth registry, Afreen Sadia, Shafaq Mahmood, Farnaz Naqvi, Seemab Naqvi, Zahid Soomro, and Sarah Saleem

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Variations in risks from smoking between high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries: an analysis of data from 179 000 participants from 63 countries, Thirunavukkarasu Sathish, Koon K. Teo, Philip Britz McKibbin, Biban Gill, Shofiqul Islam, Guillaume Paré, Sumathy Rangarajan, MyLinh Duong, Fernando Lanas, and Romaina Iqbal

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Documenting response to COVID-individual and systems successes and challenges: A longitudinal qualitative study, Natasha Shaukat, Daniyal Mansoor Ali, Rubina Barolia, Butool Hisam, Sheza Hassan, Badar Afzal Khan, Abdus Salam Khan, Meher Angez, and Junaid Razzak

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Multinational prediction of household and personal exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in the PURE cohort study, Matthew Shupler, Perry Hystad, Aaron Birch, Yen Li Chu, Matthew Jeronimo, Daniel Miller-Lionberg, Paul Gustafson, Rehman Khawaja, Romaina Iqbal, and khawar Kazmi

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Effect of a community based social marketing strategy on the uptake of clean delivery kits in peri-urban communities of Karachi, Pakistan, Asra Abeer Usmani, Shazia Sultana, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Shehla Zaidi, Imtiaz Jehan, and Anita K. M. Zaidi

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COVID-19 and nursing education: Challenges and prospects, Farzana Vadsaria and Khadija Vadsaria

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Determinant of repeat revascularization within 5 years of percutaneous coronary lntervention at a tertiary care hospital, Karachi: A matched case-control study, Komal Valliani, Azmina Artani, Iqbal Azam, Javed Tai, and M. Masood Kadir

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Performance of Serum β2-Microglobulin- and β-Trace Protein-Based panel markers and 2021 Creatinine- and Cystatin-Based GFR estimating equations in Pakistan, Yeli Wang, Andrew S. Levey, Lesley A. Inker, Saleem Jessani, Rasool Bux, Zainab Samad, Sonia Yaqub, Amy B. Karger, John C. Allen, and Tazeen Jafar

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Personal and household PM 2.5 and black carbon exposure measures and respiratory symptoms in 8 low- and middle-income countries, Ying Wang, Matthew Shupler, Aaron Birch, Yen Li Chu, Matthew Jeronimo, Sumathy Rangarajan, Maha Mustaha, Rehman Khawaja, Romaina Iqbal, and Khawar Kazmi

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Governing global antimicrobial resistance: 6 key lessons from the Paris climate agreement, Isaac Weldon, Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Gian Luca Burci, Dr Giur, Thana C de Campos, Mark Eccleston-Turner, Helen R. Fryer, Alberto Giubilini, Thomas Hale, and Shehla Zaidi

Submissions from 2021

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Overcoming the challenges of community-engaged emergency referrals in a rural district of Pakistan, Imran Naeem Abbasi and Sameen Siddiqi

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Assessment of macronutrients consumption in the diet of adolescent school children in four seasons: A longitudinal study from an urban city in Pakistan, Syed Hasan Raza Abidi, Aysha Almas, Abdul Ghani, Sania Sabir, and Romaina Iqbal

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Variations in regulations to control standards for training and licensing of physicians: A multi-country comparison, Wafa Aftab, Mishal Khan, Sonia Rego, Nishant Chavan, Afifah Rahman-Shepherd, Isha Sharma, Shishi Wu, Zahra Zeinali, Rumina Hasan, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Does supportive supervision intervention improve community health worker knowledge and practices for community management of childhood diarrhea and pneumonia? Lessons for scale-up from Nigraan and Nigraan plus trials in Pakistan, Wafa Aftab, Suneel Piryani, and Fauziah Rabbani

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Influence of intrauterine growth status on aortic intima-media thickness and aortic diameter in near-term fetuses: A comparative cross-sectional study, Zohaib Akhter, Rozina Nuruddin, Syed Iqbal Azam, Ayesha Malik, and Nuruddin Badruddin Mohammed

Knowledge of teachers regarding social anxiety disorder among school going adolescents (12 to 16 Years) in Karachi, Pakistan, Anisa Amir Ali

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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training strategies in the times of COVID-19: A systematic literature review comparing different training methodologies, Daniyal Mansoor Ali, Butool Hisam, Natasha Shaukat, Mirza Noor Ali Baig, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Jonathan L. Epstein, Eric Goralnick, Paul D. Kivela, Bryan McNally, and Junaid Razzak

Assessment of current gaps and implementation barriers in provincial road traffic laws of Sindh, Fazila Firdous Ali

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Longitudinal association between parental-to-child-maltreatment and self-reported generalized anxiety disorder symptoms in Pakistani adolescents, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Ghazal Peerwani, Salman Muhammad Soomar, Apsara Ali, Salima Farooq, Naureen Akber Ali, Asif Khaliq, Muhammad Masood Kadir, and Syed Iqbal Azam

Perception of male healthcare worker about harassment at a tertiary hospital Karachi, Pakistan: A qualitative study, Muhammad AliMurk

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Perceptions of women, their husbands and healthcare providers about anemia in rural Pakistan: Findings from a qualitative exploratory study, Sumera Aziz Ali, Anam Shahil Feroz, Zahid Abbasi, Savera Aziz Ali, Ahreen Allana, K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F. Krebs, Jamie E. Westcott, Elizabeth M. McClure, Robert L. Goldenberg, and Sarah Saleem

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Intimate partner violence against women: A comprehensive depiction of Pakistani literature, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Rida Farhan, Syeda Hussain, and Fatima Jawad

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Chronic airflow obstruction and ambient particulate air pollution, Andre F S. Amaral, Peter G J. Burney, Jaymini Patel, Cosetta Minelli, Filip Mejza, David M. Mannino, Terence A R. Seemungal, Padukudru Anand Mahesh, Li Cher Lo, and Asaad Ahmed Nafees

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We won't go there: Barriers to accessing maternal and newborn care in district Thatta, Pakistan, Muhammad Asim, Sarah Saleem, Zarak Hussain Ahmed, Imran Naeem Abbasi, Farina Abrejo, Zafar Fatmi, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Evaluation of radiology request forms in a tertiary care hospital: An audit with a focus on the impact of technological intervention, Muhammad Danish Barakzai, Zara Za Sheer, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Amna Alvi, Noman Khan, Waseem M. Nizamani, Madiha Beg, and Saad Siddiqui

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Gestational weight gain in 4 low- and middle-income countries and associations with birth outcomes: A secondary analysis of the women first trial, Melissa S. Bauserman, Carla M. Bann, K Michael Hambidge, Ana L. Garces, Lester Figueroa, Jamie L. Westcott, Jackie K. Patterson, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sumera Ali Aziz, and Sarah Saleem

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Frequency of primiparous mother initiated breastfeeding earlier after birth and factors associated with it in Sindh, Pakistan: A secondary analysis, Asma A. Bham, Sucheta Sharma, Akash Sardool, Umer F. Mujahid, Amrat Ayaz, Komal Valliani, and Nawaal Maredia

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Beyond the numbers: Understanding the diversity of covid-19 epidemiology and response in south Asia, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Sameen Siddiqi, Assad Hafeez, Muhammad Islam, Samiran Nundy, Firdausi Qadri, and Faisal Sultan

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Cost estimation alongside a multi-regional, multi-country randomized trial of antenatal ultrasound in five low-and-middle-income countries, B W. Bresnahan, E Vodicka, J B. Babigumira, Ashar Muhammad Malik, F Yego, A Lokangaka, B M. Chitah, Z Bauer, H Chavez, and Sarah Saleem

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Task sharing of injectable contraception services in Pakistan: A randomized controlled trial, Dawn S. Chin-Quee, Farina Abrejo, Mario Chen, Talib Lashari, Patrick Olsen, Zaheer Habib, Xiaoming Gao, Fauzia Assad, Farid Midhet, and Sarah Saleem

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Improving antibiotic use through behaviour change: A systematic review of interventions evaluated in low- and middle-income countries, Carla Cuevas, Neha Batura, Luh Putu Lila Wulandari, Mishal Khan, and Virginia Wiseman

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Anal human papillomavirus infection among men who have sex with men and transgender women living with and without HIV in Pakistan: Findings from a cross-sectional study, Muslima Ejaz, Soren Andersson, Salma Batool, Tazeen Saeed Ali, and Anna Mia Ekström

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Human papillomavirus-associated anal squamous intraepithelial lesions in men who have sex with men and transgender women living with and without HIV in Karachi Pakistan: Implications for screening and prevention, Muslima Ejaz, Muhammad Mubarak, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Sören Andersson, and Anna Mia Ekström

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Building better tuberculosis control systems in a post-COVID world: Learning from Pakistan during the COVID-19 pandemic, Razia Fatima, Nasim Akhtar, Aashifa Yaqoob, Anthony D. Harries, and Mishal S. Khan

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Effect of a multicomponent intervention on antihypertensive medication intensification in rural south Asia: Post hoc analysis of a cluster RCT, Liang Feng, Imtiaz Jehan, Asita de Silva, Aliya Naheed, Aamir Hameed Khan, Anuradhani Kasturiratne, John D. Clemens, Ching Wee Lim, Alun D. Hughes, and Tazeen H. Jafar

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Community pharmacies, drug stores, and antibiotic dispensing in Indonesia: A qualitative study, Astri Ferdiana, Marco Liverani, Mishal Khan, Luh Putu Lila Wulandari, Yusuf Ari Mashuri, Neha Batura, Tri Wibawa, Shunmay Yeung, Richard Day, Stephen Jan, Virginia Wiseman, and Ari Probandari

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Exploring community perceptions, attitudes and practices regarding the COVID-19 pandemic in Karachi, Pakistan, Anam Shahil Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Ridah Feroz, Noshaba Akber, and Salima Nazim Meghani

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Using mobile phones to improve young people sexual and reproductive health in low and middle-income countries: A systematic review to identify barriers, facilitators, and range of mHealth solutions, Anam Shahil Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Adeel Khoja, Armish Asad, and Sarah Saleem

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Equipping community health workers with digital tools for pandemic response in LMICs, Anam Shahil Feroz, Adeel Khoja, and Sarah Saleem

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Perceptions and experiences of healthcare providers during COVID-19 pandemic in Karachi, Pakistan: An exploratory qualitative study, Anam Shahil Feroz, Nousheen Pradhan, Zarak Hussain Ahmed, Mashal Murad Shah, Nargis Asad, Sarah Saleem, and Sameen Siddiqi

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Exploring digital health interventions to support community health workers in low-and-middle-income countries during the COVID-19 pandemic: A scoping review protocol, Anam Shahil Feroz, Komal Valliani, Hajra Khwaja, and Sehrish Karim

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Budget impact and cost-effectiveness analyses of the COBRA-BPS multicomponent hypertension management programme in rural communities in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, Eric A. Finkelstein, Anirudh Krishnan, Aliya Naheed, Imtiaz Jehan, H Asita de Silva, Mihir Gandhi, Ching Wee Lim, Jehanzeb Khan, Samina Hirani, and Tazeen H. Jafar

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Adolescent health in the sustainable development goal era: Are we aligned for multisectoral action?, Asha George, Tanya Jacobs, Rajani Ved, Troy Jacobs, Kumanan Rasanathan, and Shehla Zaidi

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COVID-19, community trials, and inclusion, Paramjit S. Gill, Shoba Poduval, Jarnail S. Thakur, and Romaina Iqbal

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Preventability of stillbirths: Context matters, Robert L. Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Gowdar Guruprasad, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, and Elizabeth M. McClure

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Preventable stillbirths in India and Pakistan: A prospective, observational study, Robert L. Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Robert M. Silver, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Gowdar Guruprasad, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Haleema Yasmin, Khadija Bano, and Manjunath S. Somannavar

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Development and validation of a psychometric scale to assess attitude towards safe abortions in Pakistan, Xaher Gul, Junaid-Ur-Rehman Siddiqui, Miraal Mavalvala, Waqas Hameed, and Muhammad Ishaque

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Barriers to access of healthcare services for rural women – Applying gender lens on TB in a rural district of Sindh, Pakistan, Shifa Salman Habib, Wafa Zehra Jamal, Syed Muhammad Asad Zaidi, Junaid ur-Rehman Siddiqui, Hira Mustafa Khan, Jacob Creswell, Srichand Batra, and Anna Versfeld

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Impact of upfront Xpert testing on time to treatment initiation for multidrug-resistant TB, Shifa Salman Habib, A A. Malik, U Khan, S Khowaja, H Hussain, S M. Ayub, S Khan, J Creswell, A J. Khan, and S M A. Zaidi

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Exploring willingness to pay for health insurance and preferences for a benefits package from the perspective of women from low-income households of Karachi, Pakistan, Shifa Salman Habib and Shehla Zaidi

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Gender-based differences in community-wide screening for pulmonary tuberculosis in Karachi, Pakistan: An observational study of 311 732 individuals undergoing screening, Shifa Salman Habib, Syed Mohammad Asad Zaidi, Wafa Zehra Jamal, Kiran Sohail Azeemi, Salman Khan, Saira Khowaja, Abdul Khalique Domki, Aamir Khan, and Faiz Ahmad Khan

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Implications of ridesharing on alcohol-associated motor vehicle crashes: Not behind the wheel, Adil H. Haider and Hamna Shahbaz

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Are underprivileged and less empowered women deprived of respectful maternity care: Inequities in childbirth experiences in public health facilities in Pakistan, Waqas Hameed, Mudassir Uddin, and Bilal Iqbal Avan

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Cardiovascular dysfunction in children exposed to preeclampsia during fetal life, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Nuruddin Badruddin Mohammed, Shafquat Rozi, Nadeem Aslam, Shazia Mohsin, Salima Ashiqali, Hina Ali, Saima Sattar, Devyani Chowdhury, and Babar Sultan Hasan

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Prevalence of emotional and physical intimate partner violence among married women in Pakistan, Meesha Iqbal and Zafar Fatmi

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Violence and abuse among working children in urban and suburban areas of lower Sindh, Pakistan, Meesha Iqbal, Zafar Fatmi, Kausar S. Khan, and Asaad Ahmed Nafees

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Diffusion of innovations: A guiding framework for public health, Meesha Iqbal and Aysha Zahidie

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Associations of unprocessed and processed meat intake with mortality and cardiovascular disease in 21 countries [Prospective urban rural epidemiology (PURE) study]: A prospective cohort study, Romaina Iqbal, Mahshid Dehghan, Andrew Mente, Sumathy Rangarajan, Andreas Wielgosz, Alvaro Avezum, Pamela Seron, Khalid F. AlHabib, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, and Sumathi Swaminathan

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Financing mechanisms applied for successful universal health coverage in Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore - Lessons for Pakistan, Rawshan Jabeen, Unaib Rabbani, and Nazish Abbas

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Management of maternal depression: Qualitative exploration of perceptions of healthcare professionals from a public tertiary care hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, Makkiya Jawed, Nousheen Pradhan, Rozina Mistry, Amirah Nazir, Sualeha Shekhani, and Tazeen Saeed Ali

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Glycemic index, glycemic load, and cardiovascular disease and mortality, David A. Jenkins, Mahshid Dehghan, Andrew Mente, Shrikant I. Bangdiwala, Sumathy Rangarajan, Kristie Srichaikul, Viswanathan Mohan, Alvaro Avezum, Rafael Díaz, and Romaina Iqbal

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Association of hemoglobin levels in the first trimester and at 26 to 30 weeks with fetal and neonatal outcomes: A secondary analyses of the global network for women's and children's health's ASPIRIN trial, Saleem Jessani, Sarah Saleem, Matthew K. Hoffman, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Richard J. Derman, Janet L. Moore, Ana Garces, Lester Figueroa, Nancy F. Krebs, and Jean Okitawutshu

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Association of haemoglobin levels in the first trimester and at 26-30 weeks with fetal and neonatal outcomes: A secondary analysis of the global network for women's and children's health's ASPIRIN trial, Saleem Jessani, Sarah Saleem, M K. Hoffman, S S. Goudar, R J. Derman, J L. Moore, A Garces, L Figueroa, N F. Krebs, and J Okitawutshu

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FRAX-based intervention thresholds for Pakistan, H Johansson, G Naureen, Romaina Iqbal, Lena Jafri, Aysha Habib Khan, Masood Umer, E Liu, L Vandenput, M Lorentzon, and E V. McCloskey

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Practices and attitude of general physicians in Pakistan regarding post-traumatic stress disorder: A cross-sectional study, Fatima Kanwal, Javeria Nafis, and Marie Andrades

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Health services utilization and out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditures in public and private facilities in Pakistan: An empirical analysis of the 2013-14 OOP health expenditure survey, F Khalid, W Raza, D R. Hotchkiss, and R H. Soelaeman

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Illicit cigarette trade in the cities of Pakistan: Comparing findings between the consumer and waste recycle store surveys, Amina Khan, Fiona Dobbie, Kamran Siddiqi, Saeed Ansaari, S M. Abdullah, Romaina Iqbal, Zohaib Khan, Salman Sohail, Mona Kanaan, and Rumana Huque

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Rethinking vaccine hesitancy among minority groups, Mishal S. Khan, Sameen A Mohsin Ali, Addy Adelaine, and Abraar Karan

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Variations in the association of height with mortality, cardiovascular disease and cancer in low-, middle- and high-income countries, Aditya K. Khetan, Darryl P. Leong, Rajeev Gupta, Yibing Zhu, Sidong Li, Weida Liu, Iolanthé M. Kruger, Koon K. Teo, Andreas Wielgosz, and Romaina Iqbal

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The factors influencing cesarean-section rates-A narrative review from Pakistan, Bakhtawar M H. Khowaja, Farida Bibi Mughal, and Komal Valliani

Initial exploration of status and reason for tobacco use among out of school children in Karachi, Pakistan, Hajra Khwaja