Established in 1980, the School of Nursing and Midwifery in Pakistan has the honour of being the founding academic entity of the University and a benchmark for nursing education in Pakistan. ​The school is committed to excellence in the fields of education, practice, research and administration. The school caters to students from all over Pakistan as well as from East Africa, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Syria and Egypt.

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Submissions from 2020

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Association of smokeless tobacco use with the use of other illicit drugs in the United States, Vardhmaan Jain, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Sahar Naderi, Rubina Barolia, Sajid Iqbal, Mehrunnissa Taj, Xiaoming Jia, Anwar T. Merchant, Wilbert S. Aronow, Pamela B. Morris, and Salim S. Virani

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State-level temporal trends in smokeless tobacco and cigarette use among U.S. adults, Vardhmaan Jain, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Sahar Naderi, Rubina Barolia, Sajid Iqbal, Mehrunnissa Taj, Xiaoming Jia, Anwar T. Merchant, Wilbert S. Aronow, and Salim S. Virani

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Reflections: Bravo Breastfeeding Mother! A COVID Positive Mother and Midwifery Instinct, Rafat Jan

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COVID-19: The New Corona Virus Upsetting Our World, Rafat Jan and Edwin van Teijlingen

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The year 2020: Loss of Women and Midwives’ Voices, Rafat Jan and Edwin van Teijlingen

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Right to play's intervention to reduce peer violence among children in public schools in Pakistan: A cluster-randomized controlled trial, Rozina Karmaliani, Judith McFarlane, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Yasmeen Hassan Somani, Shireen Shehzad, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Nargis Asad, Esnat D. Chirwa, and Rachel Jewkes

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An optimal typhoid conjugate vaccine coverage complemented with WASH is imperative for the control of antimicrobial resistance in Pakistan, M Imran Khan, Saher Aijaz, Farzeen Fatma Syed, and Linda Kaljee

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Developing and Piloting a Midwifery Audit Tool in Bangladesh’s Upazila Health Complexes (UHCs), Achiya Khatun, Mahfuja Aktar Jhumu, Sarah Gregson, and Joy Kemp

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Exploring the influence of socio-cultural factors and environmental resources on the health related quality of life of children and adolescents after congenital heart disease surgery: parental perspectives from a low middle income country, Laila Ladak, Robyn Gallagher, Babar Hasan, Khadija Awais, Ahmed Abdullah, and Janice Gullick

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Health-related quality of life in adult CHD surgical patients in a low middle-income country: A mixed-methods study, Laila Ladak, Robyn Gallagher, Babar Hasan, Khadija Awais, Ahmed Abdullah, and Janice Gullick

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Paediatric respiratory isolation: A challenge for a secondary care hospital! A service innovation project, Nadia Mohammad, Shireen Mohammad, Arjumand Sohaila, Syed Mohammad Yousuf, Adnan Khan, Rahila Meghani, Kashif Sajwani, Khalil Ahmad, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, and Pawan Vash

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Nursing education amidst COVID-19: Obstacles and way forward, Farida Bibi Mughal, Nasreen Rafiq, and Bibi Hajira Irshad Ali

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Association of the factors with job satisfaction of nurse educators in Pakistan: An Analytical, cross-sectional study, Shahla Pardhan, Sadaf Nooruddin Zindani, and Tazeen Saeed Ali

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A methodological review of quality of life scales used in schizophrenia, Tanya Park and Samia Hirani

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School-based interventions to promote personal and environmental hygiene practices among children in Pakistan: Protocol for a mixed methods study, Nousheen Pradhan, Waliyah Mughis, Tazeen S. Ali, Maleeha Naseem, and Rozina Karmaliani Professor

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Comorbid anxiety and depression among pregnant Pakistani women: Higher rates, different vulnerability characteristics, and the role of perceived stress, Shahirose Sadrudin Premji, Sharifa Bashir Lalani, Kiran Shaikh, Ayesha Mian, Ntonghanwah Forcheh, Aliyah Dosani, Nicole Letourneau, Ilona S. Yim, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, and MiGHT Maternal-Infant Global Health Team-Collaborators In Research

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Evolving nurse leadership role in 2020, Nasreen Rafiq and Farida Bibi Mughal

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International women’s day through the perspective of sustainable development goals, Salma Rattani

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Case study describing access to palliative care in Pakistan, Salma Amin Rattani

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Early detection of breast cancer a need in LMICs, Salma Amin Rattani

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The role of aga khan university in the development of nursing in Pakistan, Salma Amin Rattani

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Effectiveness of high-fidelity simulation in nursing education for end-of-life care: A quasi-experimental design, Salma Rattani, Zohra Kurji, Amina Aijaz khowaja AP, Jacqueline Maria Dias, and Anila Naz AliSher

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Socio-demographic risk factors of esophageal carcinoma: A case control study in a tertiary care hospital, Kabul Afghanistan, Ramin Saadaat, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Nooria Atta, and Tazeen Saeed Ali

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Evaluation of an online course on e-Health in developing countries: A mixed-methods study, Afroz Sajwani, Sehrish Sajjad, Anam Shahil Feroz, Adeel Khoja, Naureen Akber Ali, and Saleem Sayani

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Struggling with long-time low uptake of modern contraceptives in Pakistan, Nasim Zahid Shah, Tazeen S. Ali, Imtiaz Jehan, and Xaher Gul

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Perceptions, knowledge and attitudes towards the concept and approach of palliative care amongst caregivers: A cross-sectional survey in Karachi, Pakistan, Sameera Shah, Faizan Qaisar, Iqbal Azam Syed, and Khairunnisa Mansoor

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Adolescent food insecurity in rural Sindh, Pakistan: A cross-sectional survey, Sana Sheikh, Romaina Iqbal, Rahat Qureshi, Iqbal Azam Syed, and Rubina Barolia

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What will it cost to prevent violence against women and girls in low- and middle-income countries? Evidence from Ghana, Kenya, Pakistan, Rwanda, South Africa and Zambia, Sergio Torres-Rueda, Giulia Ferrari, Stacey Orangi, Regis Hitimana, Emmanuelle Daviaud, Theresa Tawiah, Rebecca Kyerewaa Dwommoh Prah, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Eleonah Kapapa, Edwine Barasa, Rachel Jewkes, and Anna Vassall

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Unit costs and other musings: A response, Sergio Torres-Rueda, Giulia Ferrari, Stacey Orangi, Regis Hitimana, Emmanuelle Daviaud, Theresa Tawiah, Rebecca Kyerewaa Dwommoh Prah, Rozina Karmaliani, Eleonah Kapapa, Edwine Barasa, Rachel Jewkes, and Anna Vassall

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Male partners' knowledge and practices of antenatal care in district Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study, Muhammad Younas, Yasmin Parpio, Tazeen Saeed Ali, and Safia Awan

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The effect of individualized education with support on breast cancer patients' anxiety and depression during radiation therapy: A pilot study, Shazia Zaheer, Raisa B. Gul, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, and Muhammad A. Memon

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Prevalence of needlestick injury and nursing practices regarding safe injection and sharp disposal while working in critical care settings of two tertiary care hospitals, Shah Zeb and Tazeen Saeed Ali

Submissions from 2019

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Quality of life of road traffic injury survivors aged 15-44 years suffered from moderate and severe head injuries in Karachi, Pakistan, S A. Abbasi, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Shafquat Rozi, Uzma Rahim Khan, and Rashid Jooma

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Physical maltreatment and its associated factors among adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Naureen Akber Ali, Fauzia Basaria Hasnani, Salima Farooq, Yasmin Parpio, Uzma R. Khan, Iqbal Azam Syed, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Growing evidence for the impact of air pollution on depression, Naureen Akber Ali and Adeel Khoja

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Gender based violence and health effects, Tazeen Saeed Ali

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Validation of the recent life changes questionnaire (RLCQ) for stress measurement among adults residing in urban communities in Pakistan, Azmina Artani, Ayeesha Kamran Kamal, Iqbal Azam Syed, Moiz Artani, Shireen Shehzad, Mehreen Saif, Fariha Afzal Khan, and Nazir Alam

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Developing a rubric to assess critical thinking in a multidisciplinary context in higher education, Sadia Muzaffar Bhutta, Sahreen Chauhan, Syeda Kauser Ali, Raisa B. Gul, Shanaz Hussein Cassum, and Tashmin Khamis

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Health-related quality of life and exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in contemporary acute coronary syndrome patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Dion Candelaria, Sue Randall, Laila Ladak, and Robyn Gallagher

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Change management in health care and mental health nursing, Michelle Cleary, Sancia West, David Arthur, and Rachel Kornhaber

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Women in health academia: Power dynamics in nursing, higher education and research, Michelle Cleary, Sancia West, David Arthur, Rachel Kornhaber, and Catherine Hungerford

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Silence in violence: A curse or a goodwill, Afsheen Hirani, Nasreen Rafiq, Shyrose Sultan, Zainish Hajani, and Samreen Siraj

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Family ethnographic approach to explore the causes of suicide among married women of 20-40 years in Chitral, Khberpakhtunkhawa, Pakistan, Jafaryad Hussain, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Rozina Somani, Kausar S. Khan Ms, and Murad M. Khan Dr.

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Exploring lived experiences of married Pakistani women post-mastectomy, Laila Hussain, Zeenatkhanu Kanji, Sharifa Bashir Lalani, Shabnam Moledina, and Abida K. Sattar

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Needs assessment regarding occupational health and safety interventions among textile workers: A qualitative case study in Karachi, Pakistan, Numan Hussain, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Asaad Ahmed Nafees, Rozina Karmaliani, and Tanzil Jamali

Satisfaction and self-confidence of undergraduate nursing students having simulation-based learning experiences in a private university Karachi, Pakistan, Mamoona Iram

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Introducing ICM’s President – Author of Editorial December, 2019, Rafat Jan and Franka Cadee

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Higher Education in Midwifery in Pakistan: A Proposed Framework, Rafat Jan, Arusa Lakhani, and Karyn Kaufman

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Can CMWs sustain quality services and high coverage as private providers in Chitral? A three-year prospective qualitative study, Rafat Jan, Arusa Lakhani, Salma Rattani, Laila Lalji, Kiran Mubeen, and Mehtab Q. Jaffer

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Asian Midwifery in 2019, Rafat Jan and Edwin van Teijlingen

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Knowledge and practices of family planning (FP) methods among women living in semi-urban areas of Karachi, Pakistan, Fatima Ali Jawad, Sanam Soomro, Saher Aijaz, and Tazeen Saeed Ali

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Nurses duty to care and nurses phobia to care tuberculosis (TB) patients, Rozina Karmaliani, Robyna Irshad Khan, and Asma Naveed

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Involvement of preoperative nurse: A strategy for optimization of risk factors before hospitalization for elective orthopedic surgeries at a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan, Rahila Khamiso, Sunita Momin, and Nasreen Panjwani

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Barriers to conducting clinical trials in developing countries, Adeel Khoja, Fizzah Kazim, and Naureen Akber Ali

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Students’ perspectives regarding clinical preceptors (CPs) in the baccalaureate undergraduate nursing programme in Karachi, Pakistan, Amina Aijaz khowaja AP and Jacqueline Maria Dias

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Improving nursing documentation via reducing the written work load, Anaiz Ahmed Khowaja and Nasreen Rafiq

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Turnover propensity among nurses in Pakistan: Overview and management, Anaiz Ahmed Khowaja, Nasreen Rafiq, Fazal Rabi, Nazia Merchant, Neelam Rafiq, and Sanam Zulfiqar

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Male Involvement in Family Planning among Squatter Settlement Residents of Karachi, Fahmida Khowaja, Mehak Pervaiz, and Naushaba Khatoon

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Describing perceptions and experiences of undergraduate nursing students regarding death and dying in palliative care setting, Zohra Kurji, Jacqueline Dias, Salma Amin Rattani, Amina Aijaz Khowaja, and Anila Naz AliSher

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Health-related quality of life in congenital heart disease surgery in children and young adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Laila Ladak, Babar Hasan, Janice Gullick, and Robyn Gallagher

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Knowledge, attitude, and practice of healthcare professionals regarding family presence during resuscitation: An interventional study in a tertiary care setting, Karachi, Pakistan, Shaista Meghani, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Shireen Shehzad, Nadeem Ullah Khan, and Nasreen Lalani

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Violence in youth, Rahim Kamruddin Merchant, Inara Rafiq, Nasreen Rafiq, Neelam Rafiq, and Anaiz Ahmed Khowaja

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Factors associated with postoperative pain among patients after cardiac surgery in the tertiary care teaching hospital of Karachi, Pakistan, Sineer Micah, Rubina Barolia, Yasmin Parpio, Santosh Kumar, and Hasanat Sharif

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Antigay "Honor" abuse: A multinational attitudinal study of collectivist- versus individualist-orientated populations in Asia and England, Michelle Lowe Michelle Lowe, Roxanne Khan Roxanne Khan, Vanlal Thanzami Vanlal Thanzami, Mahsa Barzy Mahsa Barzy, and Rozina Karmaliani Professor

Determinants and outcome of esophageal caustic stricture interventions, Dunya Moghul‬, Mohammad Tareq Rahimi, and Tazeen Saeed Ali

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Maternal and newborn outcomes of care from community midwives in Pakistan: A retrospective analysis of routine maternity data, Kiran Mubeen, Rafat Jan, Sana Sheikh, Arusa Lakhani, and Sahib Jan Badar

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Enhancing patient well-being: Apply positive psychology in nursing practice, Farida Bibi Mughal

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Psychosocial factors of deliberate self-harm in Afghanistan: A hospital based, matched case-control study, Akbar Paiman, Murad M. Khan Dr., Tazeen S. Ali, Nargis Asad, and Iqbal Azam Syed

Psychosocial factors of deliberate self-harm in Afghanistan: A hospital based, matched case-control study, Akbar Paiman, Murad M. Khan Dr., Tazeen S. Ali, Nargis Asad, and Iqbal Azam Syed

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Caesarean Section rates in South Asian cities: Can midwifery help stem the rise?, Sulochana Dhakal Rai, Amudha Poobalan, Rafat Jan, Malin Bogren, Juliet Wood, Ganesh Dangal, Pramod Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Keshar Bahadur Dhakal, Sahib Jan Badar, and Farhana Shahid

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A race inside the body: Decision of the fate of newborn, Shyrose Sultan, Samreen Siraj, Zainish Zafarullah Hajani, Afsheen Hirani, and Nasreen Rafiq

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Development of quality indicators for cardiac rehabilitation in Australia: A modified delphi method and pilot test, Robert Zecchin, Dion Candelaria, Cate Ferry, Laila Ladak, Dawn McIvor, Kerry Wilcox, Alexandra Bennett, Sheryl Bowen, Bridie Carr, and Sue Randall

Submissions from 2018

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Dose-response of cotton dust exposure with lung function among textile workers: MultiTex study in Karachi, Pakistan, Naureen Akber Ali, Asaad Ahmed Nafees, Zafar Fatmi, and Iqbal Azam Syed

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Sex differences in symptoms experienced, knowledge about symptoms, symptom attribution, and perceived urgency for treatment seeking among acute coronary syndrome patients in Karachi Pakistan, Saleema Allana, Debra K. Moser, Tazeen S. Ali, and Aamir Hameed

Millennial nursing students' perceptions regarding pedagogies implemented in a private school of nursing Karachi, Pakistan, Nazia Asad

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Determinants of Inadequate Provision and Utilization of Post Abortion Care Services in Pakistan, Marina Baig and Kiran Mubeen

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Academic incivility in modern generation of nursing students, Laila Akber Cassum

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Impact of divorce on students’ life, Laila Akber Cassum

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Perceptions of nursing students of educational environment at a private undergraduate School of Nursing in Karachi, Salima Farooq, Rehana Rehman, Jacqueline Maria Dias, and Mehwish Hussain

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Comparison of undergraduate educational environment in medical and nursing program using the DREEM tool, Salima Farooq, Rehana Rehman, Mehwish Hussain, and Jacqueline Maria Dias

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Feed-forward: Paving ways for students' subsequent learning, Lubna Ghazal, Amina Aijaz khowaja AP, Yasmin Parpio, Ambreen Tharani, and Raisa B. Gul

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Experiences of the breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy at a public hospital Peshawar Pakistan, Gulzar Habibullah, Raisa Raisa, Shanaz Hussein Cassum, and Rehana Elahi

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Social support intervention to promote resilience and quality of life in women living in Karachi, Pakistan: a randomized controlled trial, Saima Hirani, Colleen M. Norris, K. Jessica Van Vliet, Sander Veldhuyzen Van Zanten, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, and Gerri Lasiuk

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Faculty perception about active learning strategies: A cross sectional survey, Shams UL Huda, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Shanaz Hussein Cassum, Kashmira Nanji, and Jehanzaib Khan Yousafzai

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Integration of mental health into primary healthcare: Perceptions of stakeholders in Pakistan, Syed S. Hussain, Murad M. Khan Dr., Raisa B. Gul, and Nargis Asad

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Asian Midwifery in 2018, Rafat Jan and Edwin van Teijlingen

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The intersection of school corporal punishment and associated factors: Baseline results from a randomized controlled trial in Pakistan, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Judith McFarlane, Rozina Somani, Saleema Gulzar, Tazeen S. Ali, Zahra Shaheen Premani, Esnat D. Chirwa, and Rachel Jewkes

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Experiences of the graduates of the first baccalaureate midwifery programme in Pakistan: A descriptive exploratory study., Arusa Lakhani, Rafat Jan, Marina Baig, Kiran Mubeen, Sadia Abbas Ali, Shahnaz Shahid Ali, and Karyn Kaufman

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Depression in medical students: A worldwide psychiatric issue or much ado about nothing?, Farida Bibi Mughal

Feasibility of offering a positive learning environment through positive disciplining module for public school teachers: a cluster randomized trial in Hyderabad, Pakistan, Farida Bibi Mughal

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Epidemiology of rabies in Pakistan: A review of literature, Farida Bibi Mughal and Bibi Hajira Irshad Ali

Oral care practices and oral mucositis in the pediatric oncology patients receiving chemotherapy at a tertiary care hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, Seren Amin Muhammad

Experienced nurse managers' perceptions about their role in quality improvement and patient safety, Asma Naveed

The frequency of hypothermia in preterm neonatal (d 34 weeks gestation) during transportation from the labour room to the neonatal intensive care unit, Afsana Mansoor Padaniya

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Motivation: An integral part towards job satisfaction among nurses, Nasreen Panjwani

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Physicians’ and nurses’ perspectives on the importance of advance directives in tertiary care hospitals, Nasreen Panjwani, Raisa B. Gul, Fauziya Ali, and Robyna Irshad Khan

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Measuring socio-economic status of an urban squatter settlement in Pakistan using WAMI index, Nousheen Pradhan, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Fauzia Basaria Hasnani, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, and Rozina Karmaliani

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Out-of-school children: Examining the reasons in semi- urban setting in Pakistan, Nousheen Pradhan, Tanzil Jamali, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Tazeen Saeed Ali, and Rozina Karmaliani

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Challenges on-the-way of nursing administration at public hospitals in Kabul, Afghanistan, Wais M. Qarani, Rafat Jan, Khwaja M. I. Saeed, and Laila Khymani

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We need higher education: Voice of nursing administration from Kabul, Afghanistan, Wais M. Qarani, Rafat Jan, Khwaja M. I. Saeed, and Laila Khymani