Availability of operative surgical experience and supervision for competency-based education: A review of A general surgery program at A tertiary care teaching hospital in Pakistan

Document Type





Background: In view of importance for competency-based education (CBE), we undertook a self-study to elicit the available operative surgical workload and supervision for residents in the general surgical residency program at the teaching hospital in Karachi.
Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study spanning a 5-year period between January 2015 and December 2019. The numbers of surgical residents during this period were identified. Five procedures were selected as core general surgical procedures: incision and drainage of superficial abscess, laparoscopic appendectomy, laparoscopic cholecystectomy, open inguinal hernia repair, and perianal procedures. Trends of the number of residents per year and the numbers of procedures per year were determined. The mean number of core procedures per eligible resident during their entire training was calculated to represent potential operative surgical experience and were benchmarked. The ratio of the average number of residents rotating in general surgery per year to the number of attending surgeons was determined as a measure of available supervision.
Result: The mean total number of general surgical residents per year was 31.2 (range 28-35). The numbers of core general surgical procedures were consistent over the years of study. Potential exposure of eligible residents to each core procedure during their entire training was: 19.5 cases for incision and drainage of superficial abscess; 89 cases for laparoscopic appendectomy; 113.6 for inguinal hernia repair, 267.5 for laparoscopic cholecystectomy and 64.5 for perianal procedures. The average yearly residents to full-time attending surgeons' ratio was 2.5. The workload of core general surgical procedures at AKUH was higher than the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) recommended volumes for operative surgical experience for residents in the US.
Conclusion: This method of assessing the potential of a surgical program for transitioning to CBE appears practical and can be generalized


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Publication (Name of Journal)

World journal of surgery