Title

Peripheral arterial injuries in children: An audit at a university hospital in developing country

Document Type

Article

Department

General Surgery; Paediatric Surgery

Abstract

Objectives: To review the prevalence, pattern, management, outcome, and predictive factors for limb loss of pediatric peripheral arterial injuries (PAIs) at a university hospital in Pakistan.
Methods: Medical records of children (age <18 years) managed for PAIs at the university hospital between Jan 2008 and Dec 2018 were reviewed for demographic data; mechanism, type, and severity of injury; management; and outcome.
Results: During the study period, of the 1718 children managed for trauma, 75 (67 males and 8 females) had PAI secondary to glass cut (33.3%), gunshot (28.0%), and road traffic accidents (24.0%). Forty-nine patients (65.3%) presented to the emergency room within 6 h of injury. Brachial (28.0%), superficial femoral (20.0%), and radial (20.0%) arteries were the frequently injured vessels. At presentation, the mean revised trauma score and Mangled Extremity Severity Score (MESS) were 3.86±0.55 and 3.4±1.92, respectively. Sixty-eight patients (90.66%) underwent vascular procedures: interposition saphenous vein bypass graft or PTFE graft in 38.7% and primary repair in 29.3%. Limb salvage was achieved in 92.65% of the patients. Late presentation (>6 h) was a risk factor for limb loss (p=0.014).
Conclusion: Of the 23 children who presented with trauma, 1 had major PAI. Early presentation (<6 h) and appropriate vascular interventions can salvage limbs in most of the patients.

Publication

Annals of Vascular Diseases

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