Seventeen patients underwent treatment for retained common bile duct stones. In 7 patients the stones were removed via a T-tube tract using steerable catheters while 5 patients underwent ERCP and sphincterotomy and 5 underwent surgical re-exploration. Considering morbidity, mortality, success rate and patients' stay in the hospital, non-operative modalities should be the treatment of choice for retained common bile duct stones.
Journal of Pakistan Medical Association
(1993). Retained stones in the common bile duct: results of management. Journal of Pakistan Medical Association, 43(5), 90-92.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_surg_surg/735