Document Type






The aim of the study was to describe indications and complications of external ventricular drain (EVD) placement in children aged between 1 month and 16 years. This retrospective chart review was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised all children who underwent EVD placement from January 2007 to December 2014. Of the 177 patients identified, 117(66%) were males 60(34%) were girls. The overall mean age was 5.4±5.2 years. The median Glasgow Coma Scale score on presentation and discharge was 13 (interquartile range [IQR]: 7) and 15 (IQR: 4), respectively. Major diagnosis included intracranial tumour 60(34%), bacterial meningitis 34(19%), tuberculous meningitis 33(18.6%), and haemorrhage 23(13%). Clinical indications for EVD insertion were acute hydrocephalus secondary to infection 64(36.2%), tumour 54(30.5%), and haemorrhage 23(13%) ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunction or infection 25(14.1%) and traumatic brain injury 11(6.2%). Complications were observed in 47(26%) patients including infections 25(14.1%), malfunction 11(6.2%), haemorrhage 6(3.4%), misplacement 3(1.7%) and obstruction 2(1.1%). Staphylococcus was the main organism isolated. Moreover, 25(14%) patients expired. Acute hydrocephalus was the major indication and EVD infection was the major complication.

Publication (Name of Journal)

JPMA: Journal of Pakistan Medical Association

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Surgery Commons