Outcomes of trauma care at centers treating a higher proportion of older patients: The case for geriatric trauma centers
Background: The burden of injury among older patients continues to grow and accounts for a disproportionate number of trauma deaths. We wished to determine if older trauma patients have better outcomes at centers that manage a higher proportion of older trauma patients.
Methods: The National Trauma Data Bank years 2007 to 2011 was used. All high-volume Level 1 and Level 2 trauma centers were included. Trauma centers were categorized by the proportion of older patients seen. Adult trauma patients were categorized as older (≥65 years) and younger adults (16-64 years). Coarsened exact matching was used to determine differences in mortality and length of stay between older and younger adults. Risk-adjusted mortality ratios by proportion of older trauma patients seen were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression models and observed-expected ratios.
Results: A total of 1.9 million patients from 295 centers were included. Older patients accounted for one fourth of trauma visits. Matched analysis revealed that older trauma patients were 4.2 times (95% confidence interval, 3.99-4.50) more likely to die than younger patients. Older patients were 34% less likely to die if they presented at centers treating a high versus low proportion of older trauma (odds ratio, 0.66; 95% confidence interval, 0.54-0.81). These differences were independent of trauma center performance.
Conclusion: Geriatric trauma patients treated at centers that manage a higher proportion of older patients have improved outcomes. This evidence supports the potential advantage of treating older trauma patients at centers specializing in geriatric trauma.
Level of evidence: Prognostic and epidemiologic study, level III.
The journal of trauma and acute care surgery
Zafar, S. N.,
Schneider, E. B.,
Hashmi, Z. G.,
Scott, V. K.,
Greene, W. R.,
Efron, D. T.,
MacKenzie, E. J.,
Cornwell, E. E.,
Haider, A. H.
(2015). Outcomes of trauma care at centers treating a higher proportion of older patients: The case for geriatric trauma centers. The journal of trauma and acute care surgery, 78(4), 852-859.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_surg_gen/143