To determine the outcomes of surgical management of inflammatory bowel disease.
The retrospective case series was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised medical record of adult patients operated between January 1986 and December 2010 for inflammatory bowel disease. Outcomes consisted of complications till last follow-up and 30-day mortality (disease or procedure related). Functional status of patients with ileal pouch was determined via telephone. SPSS 16 was used to analyse data.
Of the 36 patients whose records were reviewed, 21(58%) were males, and body mass index was less than 23 in 34(91%). A total of 27(75%) patients underwent elective surgery for their condition. Ileal pouch was formed in 9(25%). Overall mortality was 14(38.8%). Overall incidence of complications was 26(72%), with wound infection being the most common early morbidity in 11(30.5%). Late morbidity included pouchitisin 4/9 (44.9%) and strictures 2/36 (5.5%).On telephonic follow-up, 6 of the remaining 7patients (85%) with ileal pouch were satisfied with the functional results of the procedure.
The retrospective case series represents results from a developing country with low prevalence of inflammatory boweldisease and hence limited experience.
JPMA: Journal of Pakistan Medical Association
(2016). Surgical management of inflammatory bowel disease: A low prevalence, developing country perspective. JPMA: Journal of Pakistan Medical Association, 66(3), 247-250.
Available at: http://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_surg_surg/137