An inquiry into the implementation of the Associate Degree in Education (ADE) in a public sector teacher education institute in Karachi, Pakistan

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Philosophy in Education


Institute for Educational Development, Karachi


This study intended to comprehensively document the experiences and practices of some of the selected stakeholders (faculty, prospective teachers and administrators) of the ADE programme in a public sector teacher education institute in Karachi, Pakistan. A qualitative case study method situating in phenomenology was used in order to get in-depth qualitative data to see the implementation of the ADE programme. A purposive sampling technique was used to select research participants. The population comprised all the faculty members, administrators, continuing students of the ADE programme and sampled ADE graduates. The data were collected through interviews, Focus Group Discussions, document analysis and classroom observations. I used phenomenological approach in theorizing the research phenomenon. The study probed into the programme implementation, explored through lived experiences of the participants of their day to day classroom practices, the success stories, challenges, and the conscious efforts they make towards the quality of education imparted to prospective teachers through the innovative ADE programme. The findings of the study revealed that the new pre-service programme is quite relevant to the needs and demands of schools and teachers as compare to the conventional teacher education models. The new programme is a vibrant and innovative version. The assessment process is partially formative and the practicum has been designed on the basis of constructivist paradigm. The study exposed some drawbacks as well, like frustration among graduates regarding joblessness and un-clear policy about the scope of ADE. The study further revealed that lack of human and material resources, the idealistic nature of the curriculum and no provision of books to the prospective teachers are the key hindrances in implementing the programme. The study has significant implications for the participants by highlighting the fundamental issues and problems they face like joblessness of ADE graduates, scope of ADE, promotion of faculty and provision of required resources.

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