Improving teaching of geometry in a multigrade classroom in a primary school of Tando Allah Yar, Sindh

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Education (M. Ed.)


Professional Development Centre, Karachi


Multi-grade teaching is very common practice in Pakistan. This is so due to many reasons such as, lack of teachers, low student enrolment, inadequate resources, and countless other reasons. The province of Sindh, especially in its rural areas, most schools have one or two teachers for five and more classes. These teachers are either completely untrained or trained for only mono-grade teaching, therefore teachers face various challenges and difficulties while teaching in multi-grade classrooms. The aim of this study has been to improve the skill-set of teachers in the geometry subject-area, in a multi-grade setting of a government operated primary school in rural Sindh. The study was conducted through a qualitative, action research approach. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews, class room observations, reflective journals, students’ work and field notes. The methodology and findings of this study would help multi-grade mathematics teachers to revisit their current teaching practices in-order to improve their skills. Through the findings it has also been recommended that along with professional development programmes, efforts should be made on designing a curriculum for multi-grade classes along with teacher guide-books.

This document is available in the relevant AKU library