The nature of teacher leadership

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Education (M. Ed.)


Institute for Educational Development, Karachi


The purpose of this study was to explore the nature of teacher leadership in Al-Ikram1 school in Karachi. This study was guided by qualitative research design. Data were collected in a private school in which teacher leadership existed. Face-to-face interviews were conducted, audio-taped, and transcribed. Observation and field notes were recorded and maintained in research notebook. Findings from this study showed that formal and informal teacher leadership existed at Al-Ikram school. Teachers defined the nature of teacher leadership in terms of skillfulness, expertise, confidence, and the ability to influence others. Teachers were empowered to direct their own learning, as they took initiative to form relationships with teacher leaders based on shared experiences, expertise, and availability. These relationships provided support for meaningful interactions to take place. Teacher-teacher leader interactions occured at the classroom level and school level. Classroom-based interactions include shared experiences, availability, curriculum support, instructional support, and collaboration. School-based interactions include shared decision-making. Based on the findings, several ideas are discussed. First, when teachers are encouraged to direct their own learning; they seek out teacher leader peers to improve their instruction. Second, when teachers interact with teacher leaders, they focus on instructional and student improvement. Third, when teachers and teacher leaders collaborate with each other, they experience a sense of collegiality. Fourth, when teachers receive support from their colleagues to take the lead; they feel trusted and valued. Implications for future research and for the principal and the teachers are discussed. Principals should consider creating an environment that cultivates and supports teacher leadership. Teachers can take responsibility for developing themselves as leaders.

This document is available in the relevant AKU library