Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)

First Supervisor/Advisor

Patrick Ojok

Second Supervisor/Advisor

Mweru Mwingi


Institute for Educational Development, East Africa


The government of Kenya has been at the forefront of advocating for a Competence Based Curriculum (CBC) to ensure that the country can produce a workforce that competes with the current market which requires 21st-century skills. This has been seen by implementing CBC in schools and being focused on a learner- centered approach. CBC Assessment has been emphasized in the curriculum since teachers are required to know how learners are progressing at different grades and identify what competencies they must go and apply in real life. Study aimed at exploring how teachers are prepared to conduct CBC assessments in secondary schools in Kenya since they are receiving the first bunch of CBC learners next year (2023). The study was conducted in Taveta -Subcounty in Kenya in a selected school. The researcher used a qualitative approach and was guided by the following research questions: How are secondary school teachers trained to handle CBC assessment?

What challenges do teachers in secondary school anticipate in the CBC assessment? What professional support do teachers need in the preparation for CBC assessment? The questionnaire, interview guide, observation checklist, and document analysis were used as tools for collecting data. From the findings, it was noted that teachers know CBC despite using the traditional way of assessment in classes. Assessment as a component of CBC has not been taken into consideration on its on to train teachers rather trained teachers being integrated into teaching and learning. Teachers are yet to understand the assessment tools and techniques used in CBC assessment in secondary schools despite the system having been implemented in middle and lower grades. In addition, challenges in an assessment like CBC assessment tools which teachers are yet to use in the current system possess a challenge, and workload for teachers. All secondary teachers are yet to be trained on CBC assessment despite training on a handful of CBC. It was also noted that teachers are yet to accept the new system despite having been in there for quite some time claiming that the Teachers Service Commission (TSC) together with the Ministry of Education (MoE) imposing on teachers. Therefore, recommended that for CBC assessment to be successful, teachers need to be adequately trained and awareness created in terms of assessment.