Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Digital Journalism (MADJ)

First Supervisor/Advisor

Joseph Nyanoti

Second Supervisor/Advisor

Rosalind Raddatz


Graduate School of Media and Communications


I want to thank God in the strongest possible terms for providing me with the confidence and fortitude to carry out this research effectively. I would like to convey my heartfelt gratitude and appreciation to everyone who helped me finish this thesis on Analysis of Paywalled News Content: The Case of the Standard Group. The research would not have been possible without the help, direction, and encouragement of many people and organisations, for which I am eternally grateful. First and foremost, I want to express my sincere gratitude to my supervisors, Dr. Rosalind Raddatz and Dr. Joseph Nyanoti, for their essential advice, knowledge, and unwavering support during this research journey. The direction and calibre of my thesis were greatly influenced by their astute comments, helpful criticism, and mentoring. Sincere thanks go out to the study's participants, without whose help, it would have been impossible to come to the research's conclusions. They made a big contribution to the knowledge base in this field by being prepared to share their perspectives and experiences with paywalled news content. I am appreciative of their time and honesty, I am appreciative. I'd also like to thank my classmates, the AKU Faculty and staff Henry Kibira, Paul Kimweli, and Augustine Gitonga; and the researchers at The Aga Khan University Graduate School of Media and Communications for freely sharing their knowledge, support and advice. Their dedication to intellectual investigation and readiness to engage in meaningful discussions have substantially expanded my grasp of the subject. My family Hellen, Shanaya, Danicah, and friends, more specifically Lynet, deserve a special note of appreciation for their unfailing support, understanding, and inspiration throughout this study project. My patience and commitment to this study have been motivated by their faith in my talents and never-ending encouragement. As the author of this thesis, I express gratitude to all those who contributed their knowledge to this thesis on Paywalls in Kenya, apologizing for any omissions, and acknowledging the collaborative effort, advice, support, and encouragement provided during the research trip.