Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MScN)

First Supervisor/Advisor

Dr. Khairulnissa Ajani


School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


Background: Interprofessional Collaboration (IPC) is crucial in healthcare, particularly in intensive care units (ICUs). Effective Interprofessional Collaboration between physicians and nurses in patient care can reduce hospital stays, improve the quality of care, and enhance the health outcomes of patients. It has been determined that Interprofessional Collaboration (IPC) is a key policy method foming healthcare personnel and patient safety challenges and improving the healthcare organization.
Purpose: This study aims to explore the perceptions of ICU nurses and physicians regarding IPC in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. It also investigates the factors that facilitate and limit IPC, thereby impacting patient care quality.
Methodology: An exploratory qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured interviews with 10 nurses and 08 physicians from a tertiary care hospital ICU. The study employed purposive sampling, with participants chosen for their direct involvement in patient care. Interviews were conducted in both Urdu and English, lasting 40-50 minutes each. Data analysis followed systematic text condensation, focusing on thematic analysis to identify key patterns and themes.
Results: The analysis revealed three main themes: 1) Perception of healthcare professionals toward IPC, highlighting its importance on improved patient outcomes and opportunities for improved collaboration; 2) Promoting factors for effective IPC, emphasizing the importance of effective communication, mutual respect and trust, and professional experience and knowledge; 3) Limiting factors for effective IPC, identifying challenges like lack of organizational support, power dynamics, increased workload, and system-based factors. Participants acknowledged the substantial benefits of IPC in improving patient outcomes, stressing the need for collaborative, respectful, and well-informed practices among healthcare professionals. It also recommends the need to emphasize its integration in education and research practices.
Conclusion: This study contributes considerable insights into the dynamics of IPC in a developing country's healthcare setting. It emphasizes the essential role of IPC in enhancing patient outcomes and the need for systemic changes to promote a collaborative healthcare culture.

Included in

Nursing Commons