Exploring the perceptions of teachers regarding school leadership practices in the public schools of Sindh, Pakistan

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Philosophy in Education

First Supervisor/Advisor

Dr Nusrat Fatima Rizvi


Institute for Educational Development, Karachi


Since its establishment, Pakistan has made numerous attempts to strengthen its education system and enhance the teaching and learning process in schools. However, the results have been unsatisfactory. It is believed that the issue lies in the leadership that needs to be improved to improve students’ academic performance and promote continuous professional growth. To explore the perceptions of teachers about the leadership practices of SIBAU HMs and Non-SIBAU HMs, I conducted a quantitative cross-sectional survey with 28 government schools in Sukkur and Jacobabad districts. The data was analyzed via descriptive statistics in order to answer my research questions and validate the questionnaire.
The findings revealed that teachers in schools and colleges with IBA-appointed principals were adequately trained in information technology, kept up with the latest teaching methods and technologies, and were prepared to face 21st century challenges. Additionally, IBA headmasters had a system of recognition in place, which contributed to the satisfaction of hardworking teachers in these schools. Furthermore, the study suggested that the school leader should provide knowledge, experience, and educational resources such as books, articles and websites on best practices to effectively lead the school.
In conclusion, this study demonstrated that improving the leadership practices of headmasters is essential for providing quality education in the country. It is necessary to provide training and development opportunities to headmasters so they can lead the school/college effectively. Moreover, it is important to ensure that teachers in schools and colleges have access to the latest teaching methodologies/technologies and have a system of recognition for their efforts. In addition, headmasters should also serve as role models for teachers and students to inspire them to reach their academic goals. Key words: Leadership, Academic achievement, Professional development, Pedagogical leadership.

This document is available in the relevant AKU library