Analysing middle grades` Social Studies textbook of Sindh textbook board with the lens of career education

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Philosophy in Education

First Supervisor/Advisor

Dr Takbir Ali


Institute for Educational Development, Karachi


Career education (CE) involves school-based efforts aligned with curricular and co-curricular expectations to prepare students for career development tasks. The current study explored career-related content integrated into middle grade social studies curriculum document and textbooks, and the nature of career-related content that guides students’ career choices. Under the qualitative research approach, the exploratory research design was followed, and the Australian Blueprint for Career Development (ABCD) framework (MCEETYA, 2010) was adapted for qualitative data collection. The findings of the study revealed that CE exists implicitly and explicitly in curriculum standards, benchmarks, student learning outcomes (SLOs), and textbook content in general. The thematic analysis specifically showed that textbook content adequately familiarizes students with the concept of work, encourages them to interview field workers, and develops skills required to operate effectively and safely in the workplace. Moreover, the textbook content implicitly introduces students to several traditional and non-traditional career options. Based on the findings, this study suggests implications for policymakers, subject specialists, textbook developers, and middle grade teachers. It further argues for the analysis of educational policies through the lens of CE. Likewise, it advocates for mainstreaming CE in curriculum, textbooks, classroom pedagogies, and extracurricular activities. Also, it suggests transforming textbook content to provide career-related awareness explicitly.

This document is available in the relevant AKU library