Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MScN)

First Supervisor/Advisor

Dr, Salma Rattani

Second Supervisor/Advisor

Dr. Rozmin Jiwani


School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


Background: Nurses are considered the backbone of hospitals who provide care for their patients despite being ill. This phenomenon of working while ill or suffering from a health condition is called presenteeism. Presenteeism is becoming a more prominent problem among healthcare providers, especially nurses. It has a variety of negative effects, including stress and burnout, decline in productivity and performance, and ultimately results in decreased quality of care.
Objective: The objective of this study was to compute the presenteeism score and predict its associated factors among nurses working at a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan.
Methodology: A cross-sectional analytical study design was utilized to assess the presenteeism score and predict its associated factors among nurses. A total of 277 nurses were recruited for the research by using convenience sampling techniques. A socio-demographic questionnaire and a scale for assessing presenteeism were used to investigate presenteeism score and its associated factors among nurses.
Findings: The overall mean presenteeism score obtained from nurses was 18.28 with a standard deviation of 2.70. Socio-demographic characteristics, including experience in years, and supervisor support, were found to have significant association with presenteeism. Moreover, health-related problems including, fatigue, digestive and respiratory issues, fever, headache,musculoskeletal complaints, cardiac issues, and menstrual pain in females, were the predictors of presenteeism among nurses.
Conclusion: This cross-sectional analytical study presented an overview of presenteeism and the associated factors among nurses. The overall presenteeism score obtained in this study was lower than studies conducted in other countries. It is linked to various health problems and has impact on patient safety and nurses’ well-being. Understanding and addressing the underlying causes of presenteeism in the nursing profession is vital for promoting the overall health condition and productivity of healthcare staff and ensuring high-quality patient care.

Included in

Nursing Commons