Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)

First Supervisor/Advisor

Dr. Fortidas Bakuza


Institute for Educational Development, East Africa


The ever-changing demands of English second language learning have impacted many language scholars to find ways that will best address the teaching of English as a second language. The shifting demands require powerful English language teaching approaches that require interactive; learner-centered techniques that transform knowledge into powerful but adaptive forms that can address the lofty demands of the modern classroom. This study, therefore, aimed at finding intervention on English language acquisition in developing learners' comprehensive speaking skills by utilizing literature as a pedagogical resource, it has driven interest among scholars who pioneer its usefulness for possessing a communicative language approach that encourages second language learners to communicate in the target language. The researcher adopted a qualitative approach and a case study design involving two secondary schools in the Kilimanjaro region at Moshi rural district in Tanzania. Data was collected through one-on-one interviews, classroom lesson observations, focus group interviews, and documentary analysis. The study discovered that literature plays an important role in improving all four aspects of language communication: reading, listening, speaking, and writing. Furthermore, it functions as a vehicle that carries other literacy skills such as cultural values from one generation to the next and multiple knowledge based on community daily practices. However, insufficient teaching and learning abilities, the nation's language policy, time limits, and literary text selection proved to be barriers to its efficacy. To properly harness the enormous knowledge that exists in literary genres, teachers opt to employ a multimodal language teaching strategy utilizing technology to efficiently utilize literature genres as a pedagogical resource in teaching the English language as a second language.