Exploratory study on how HIV/AIDS education is taught in two secondary schools in Dar es salaam,Tanzania

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)

First Supervisor/Advisor

Dr. Peter Kajoro

Second Supervisor/Advisor

Dr. Iffat Farah


Institute for Educational Development, East Africa


HIV AIDS continues to be a global concern, especially for young people. The school system. with its access to vast numbers of young people has been and continues to be the most pivotal player in prevention of HIV infections following the introduction of HIV AIDS education in schools. While most literature has concentrated on the impact of HIN AIDS education interventions, very little has been written on the actual teaching process of HIV AIDS education. This study therefore aimed at exploring how the caching of HIV/AIDS education took place in secondary schools. The research was conducted at two secondary schools. Individual and focus group interviews. observations and document analysis were used as methods for data collection. The sample consisted of two principals, nine teachers and 16 students who provided in-depth information on how teaching of HIV/AIDS education took place in their schools. The study showed that HIV/AIDS education had been included as part of the formal and in-formal curriculum. In the formal curriculum, different variables interplayed affecting the teaching of HIV/AIDS education in these schools. Some of these variables were HIV/AIDS content aught by teachers, instructional strategies used in the teaching of HIV/AIDS education, teaching and learning resources to support the program and the learning context in which teaching took place. The study indicated less parent/community involvement in the informal HIVAIDS activities, nevertheless students' interventions like peer educators played a significant role in enriching the formal curriculum. The teaching of HlV/AIDS education faced challenges which were viewed in three dimensions; personal, professional and institutional This study provides stakeholders such as the principals, teachers, curriculum designers. pre-service and n-service program designers with insights into how to better develop, update and improve the teaching of HIV/AIDS in secondary schools.

This document is available in the relevant AKU library