Management of change through strategic planning in teacher training colleges in Kenya

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)

First Supervisor/Advisor

Dr. Brown Onguko

Second Supervisor/Advisor

Dr. Nicholas Wachira


Institute for Educational Development, East Africa


This study was conducted through a qualitative study approach to find out how three Teacher Training Colleges (TTCs) in Kenya applied strategic planning to identify and implement changes. Data was collected through one-on-one interviews with the principals and deans, focus group discussions with tutors, and with students in each college, and a critical analysis of relevant documents. Findings reveal that strategic planning was a new innovation, primarily applied to comply with government requirements. The common key areas identified in the college strategic plans included, income generating activities, embracing ICT, tackling of a changing curriculum, improvement of the physical environment, and dealing with emerging issues in teacher education. A participatory approach through committees had been adopted in the planning process. The process of strategic planning was however constrained by low participation of all members of the planning committees, unsystematic implementation of plans, inadequate use of planning tools, lack of a shared vision, and lack of monitoring and evaluation. The constraints were largely as a result of unfamiliarity with strategic planning, lack of strategic leadership, inadequacy of financial resources, and limited professional development for tutors. For better implementation of strategic changes in TTCs I recommend professional development for college administrators to upscale their knowledge and skills in strategic management. For tutors, I recommend professional development to prepare them for effective participation in implementation of plans particularly in tackling a changing curriculum and integration of ICT in training of teachers.

This document is available in the relevant AKU library