Knowledge and practices of antenatal care and its associated factors among men in district Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MScN)


School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


This study aimed to assess the knowledge and practices of ANC and its associated factors among men in district Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Methodology This study used an analytical cross-sectional design. The purposive sampling technique was employed. The data was collected from 200 married men, through a structured questionnaire, which comprised three parts: socio-demographic characteristics, men's knowledge, and men's practices regarding ANC, respectively. The data was entered and analyzed using the STATA version 11. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis purpose. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the associated factors for men's knowledge and practices regarding ANC. Results The findings of the study revealed that almost half of the participants (52%) had a good level of knowledge regarding ANC, whereas the majority of the participants (84%) had good practices regarding ANC. The socio-demographic variables, men's level of education, occupation, number of family members, and history of premature delivery were found to be significantly associated with men's knowledge regarding ANC. Moreover, the result from an independent sample t-test showed that there was a significant difference between men's knowledge and practices regarding ANC (p-value <0.01). Conclusion The current study concluded that, overall, men's practices regarding ANC were good as compared to their knowledge. This study has provided a basis for further research on men's involvement in ANC in Pakistan. The government should work in collaboration with non-governmental organizations to launch counseling centers for men to raise awareness regarding ANC, which, ultimately, will result in reducing the high MMR in Pakistan

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