Domestic violence against married men in District Dir (lower), Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, Pakistan : prevalence, determinants and health consequences

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MScN)


School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


Domestic violence against married men is gradually becoming one of the significant public health concerns. This issue has been sparingly researched in different countries of the world for the last three decades. The proportion of different forms of domestic violence, i.e., psychological, physical, and sexual, varies due to under reporting of the issue. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of domestic violence against married men, its associated factors, and the health consequences associated with the occurrence of domestic violence, in district Dir (lower), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The current study used an analytical cross-sectional study design to answer the research questions. Data were collected from 258 married men through a truncated questionnaire, based on the World Health Organization Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Life Experiences of Violence against Women ques onna e, and ethical considerations were followed throughout the study. The data was entered in and analyzed through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 19. The findings of the study revealed that almost all of the participants were exposed to one or another form of domestic violence. The most prevalent form was found to be psychological violence (99.6%), followed by sexual (89.14%), and physical violence (39.92%). None of the sociodemographic variables was found to be statistically significant in the current study. The study identified that several health effects were faced by the victims of psychological and physical violence. These effects included sadness and dejection as a result of wife's behavior, suicidal ideation and attempts, initiation of substance abuse, and other psychological conditions like feeling of anger, fear, and shame etc.The current study concluded that, irrespective of the nature of socio-demographic characteristics, all forms of domestic violence were prevalent with considerably high rates among married men living in district Dir (lower). Also, various health effects were identified that occur as a result of domestic violence. The government should coordinate with non-governmental organizations and the media to inform the public about different strategies which could be recommended and implemented for the enhancement of family harmony and reduction of general domestic conflicts.

This document is available in the relevant AKU library