Prevelence, frequency, and associated factors of intimate partner violence among married women in Multan, Southern Punjab, Pakistan

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MScN)


School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


Intimate Partner Violence against women is one of the important global human rights and public health concerns. The prevalence and frequency of physical, sexual, and psychological partner violence is high in South African countries as well as in Asian countries, including, Pakistan. The socio-demographic factor is one of the most significant factors which trigger partner violence against women. The study aimed to identify the prevalence, frequency, and associated factors of IPV among married women living in the district Multan, a city of Southern Punjab, Pakistan. Moreover, this study also aimed to explore how women suffering from IPV perceived their health. A cross sectional study design was used to recruit 375 married women. The data was collected through a questionnaire, based on World Health Organization Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Life Experiences of Violence against Women, and was analyzed through descriptive, univariate, and multivariate analyses. The study found that out of all the forms of violence among the 375 women, the most reported form of violence was physical (62.93%), followed by psychological (44%), and sexual (19.46%) violence. Out of all the forms of physical violence, the majority of the women (56.8%) reported being slapped, followed by being pushed, hit, having had their hair pulled, having had objects thrown at them in order to cause them harm, and being punched. In cases of psychological violence, the most frequent form of violence was that women (63.4%) were insulted by their husbands. With respect to sexual violence, the majority of the women (41.3%) reported that they were forced to have sexual relations with their husbands, followed by more than 65 % (18.1%) women who reported that they had sexual relations with their husbands on being subjected to threats. This study concludes that married women living in southern Multan are exposed to all forms of IPV which is associated with socio-demographic factors.

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