Exploring how a-level biology teachers integrate ICT in teaching and learning: A case of a private school in Dar es salaam, Tanzania

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)

First Supervisor/Advisor

Dr. Fulgence Saronga

Second Supervisor/Advisor

Dr. Fredrick Japhet Mtenzi


Institute for Educational Development, East Africa


The integration of technology in teaching and learning is now recognized by academic stake holders in Tanzania as the main driving force for the achievement of the national vision of 2025 (Swartz & Mwiyeria, 2010).

The purpose of this research project was to explore how teachers integrate ICT in teaching and learning of Advanced level (A-level) biology. A qualitative research paradigm with the case study design was used in the study. Research participants included a coordinator of the secondary school level, A-level biology students and the subject teacher. One-on-one interviews, focus discussion group, document analysis and classroom observation tools were used for data collection. In data analysis, transcription, coding and theming processes were done.

The study found that the use of digital technologies has a very positive impact on students’ learning of A-level biology. Teachers’ attitude, lack of skills and knowledge on the use of computer programs, and poor internet connections in schools were found to be the main obstacles to the use of technology in teaching and learning. As a consequence, there should be good infrastructure to support the use of ICT, and instructors need ICT training programs to successfully integrate digital technologies in pedagogical practices.

This document is available in the relevant AKU library