Associations between lipoprotein(a) levels and cardiovascular outcomes in black and white subjects: The atherosclerosis risk in communities (ARIC) study
Background: On the basis of studies with limited statistical power, lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is not considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in blacks. We evaluated associations between Lp(a) and incident CVD events in blacks and whites in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study.
Methods and results: Plasma Lp(a) was measured in blacks (n=3467) and whites (n=9851). Hazards ratios (HRs) for incident CVD events (coronary heart disease and ischemic strokes) were calculated. Lp(a) levels were higher with wider interindividual variation in blacks (median [interquartile range], 12.8 [7.1-21.7] mg/dL) than whites (4.3 [1.7-9.5] mg/dL; P10 to ≤20 mg/dL, >20 to ≤30 mg/dL, and >30 mg/dL.
Conclusions: Lp(a) levels were positively associated with CVD events. Associations were at least as strong, with a larger range of Lp(a) concentrations, in blacks compared with whites.
Virani, S. S.,
Davis, B. C.,
Hoogeveen, R. C.,
Sharrett, A. R.,
Mosley, T. H.,
Morrisett, J. D.,
Catellier, D. J.
(2012). Associations between lipoprotein(a) levels and cardiovascular outcomes in black and white subjects: The atherosclerosis risk in communities (ARIC) study. Circulation, 125(2), 241-249.
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This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.