Institute for Educational Development, Karachi
During 1950-90, the nonmetro civilian labor force declined except during the 1970’s. In the 1970’s, nonmetro manufacturing increased substantially, and the baby boom generation entered the labor force. By contrast, the retail/wholesale labor force increased in every decade except for the 1980’s. Several factors could have contributed to the decline in the retail/wholesale labor force, including population decline and the effects of large retail establishments.
Rural Development Perspectives
Adamchak, D. J., Bloomquist, L. E., Bausman, K., & Qureshi, R. (1998). Retail/wholesale trade employment directly related to population change in the nonmetro great plains. Rural Development Perspectives, 13(1), 46-51.