Measurement of the professional self-concept of nurses: developing a measurement instrument

Document Type



School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


The professional self-concept of nurses isan important component in the professional and academic development of the nursing profession. Few studies have concentrated on the careful development of the construct of professional self-concept in nurses, using a nursing sample, and particularly an Australian sample. This study focuses on a pilot group of nurses from the Hunter Region of New South Wales to develop the multi-dimensional construct professional self concept of nurses. A 56 item instrument using Likert scales was developed to measure the constructs flexibility/creativity, knowledge, skill/competence, caring, communication, leadership and satisfaction. The instrument was administered to 170 third year students enrolled in a Diploma of Applied Science (Nursing) and the results subjected to item analysis, factor analytical studies, and reliability estimates. Three factors emerged which accounted for 40% of the variance in responses constituting the professional self-concept of nurses: ‘professional practice’ (incorporating the dimensions leadership, skill and flexibility), ‘satisfaction'’ and ‘communication’

The study contains suggestions for the further use and research implications for a 27 item instrument for measuring the professional self-concept of nurses which has demonstrated validity and reliability.


This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Nurse Education Today