Document Type



School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


Background: Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common hospital acquired pneumonia inventilated patients. VAP is associated with increasedmorbidity, mortality duration of hospitalization and cost of treatment. Critical care nurses are usually unaware of evidence based preventiveguidelines for VAP, resulting in negative impact on all aspects of patient care. This studyinvestigated the impact of a 5-hour teaching moduleon nurses’ knowledge to practice evidence based guidelines for the prevention of VAP.
Methods: This study was conducted at a private tertiary care teaching hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. Single group pre-test post-test design was used. Fortynurses were included in the study. The knowledge of nurses was assessed before, immediately after and 4 weeks after the intervention. The final sample (n=40) was selected on the basis of the set inclusion criteria. The demographic data sheet was used to collect relevant information about the participants. Knowledge was assessed through a self-developed validated tool, consisting of multiple choice questions. The difference in knowledge was analysed through repeated measures of analysis of variance. The mean scores at 3 time points were compared using the Tukey’s multiple comparison procedure.
Results: Knowledge scores of participants increased significantly after the educational ntervention in the first post-test; however, there was a decline in the score in post-test 2.
Conclusion: The 5-hour teaching module significantly enhanced nurses’ knowledge towardsevidence based guidelines for the prevention of VAP. Further research is needed to assess the impact of training on nursing practice and to explore factors affecting attitudinal change.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of Ayub Medical College