Established in 1980, the School of Nursing and Midwifery in Pakistan has the honour of being the founding academic entity of the University and a benchmark for nursing education in Pakistan. ​The school is committed to excellence in the fields of education, practice, research and administration. The school caters to students from all over Pakistan as well as from East Africa, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Syria and Egypt.

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Submissions from 2022

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Role of COVID-19 pandemic in the academic life and well-being of private sector university students: An exploratory qualitative study, Naureen Akber Ali, Anam Shahil Feroz, Noshaba Akber, and Adeel Khoja

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Human papillomavirus associated prevention: Knowledge, attitudes, and perceived risks among men who have sex with men and transgender women in Pakistan: A qualitative study, Muslima Ejaz, Anna Mia Ekström, Alyan Ahmed, Aymen Haroon, Dania Ali, Tazeen Saeed Ali, and Mariano Salazar

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Prevention of violence against women and girls: A cost-effectiveness study across 6 low- and middle-income countries, Giulia Ferrari, Sergio Torres-Rueda, Esnat Chirwa, Andrew Gibbs, Stacey Orangi, Edwine Barasa, Theresa Tawiah, Rebecca Kyerewaa Dwommoh Prah, Rozina Karmaliani, and Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja

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Neurodegeneration and convergent factors contributing to the deterioration of the cytoskeleton in Alzheimer's disease, cerebral ischemia and multiple sclerosis, Johanna Andrea Gutiérrez-Vargas, John Fredy Castro-Álvarez, Jose Fernando Zapata-Berruecos, Komal Abdul Rahim, and Anibal Arteaga-Noriega

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Urinary incontinence: Understanding the silent plight of women, Yasmin Nadeem Parpio, Anmol Minaz, and Sonia Ijaz Haider

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Gaps in hygiene promotion at schools in Pakistan: Qualitative descriptive research, Nousheen Akber Pradhan, Fatima Haider, Umerdad Khudadad, Muhammad Asim, Asma Akbar Ladak, Iqbal Shagufta, Areesh Mevawalla, Uswah Siddiqi, Tazeen Saeed Ali, and Rozina Karmaliani

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Documenting response to COVID-individual and systems successes and challenges: A longitudinal qualitative study, Natasha Shaukat, Daniyal Mansoor Ali, Rubina Barolia, Butool Hisam, Sheza Hassan, Badar Afzal Khan, Abdus Salam Khan, Meher Angez, and Junaid Razzak

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Determinants of domestic violence among women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in Quetta, Balochistan-a mixed-method protocol, Salman Muhammad Soomar and Sarmad Muhammad Soomar

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Characteristics and patterns of individuals who have self-harmed: a retrospective descriptive study from Karachi, Pakistan, Ambreen Tharani, Salima Farooq, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Uroosa Talib, and Murad Moosa Khan

Submissions from 2021

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Capacity Building as a Midwifery Researcher: Personal Experience as an International Student of PhD Programme at a University in New Zealand, Qorinah Estiningtyas Sakilah Adnani

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Levels and predictors of self-care among patients with hypertension in Pakistan, Khairulnissa Ajani, Ambreen Gowani, Raisa B. Gul, and Pammla Petrucka

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Factors associated with parenting stress among mothers of children with developmental disabilities: A cross-sectional study, Apsara Ali, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Fauzia Basaria Hasnani, Ghazal Peerwani, Maria Asif Bhura, Syed Iqbal Azam, and Amna Rehana Siddiqui

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Longitudinal association between parental-to-child-maltreatment and self-reported generalized anxiety disorder symptoms in Pakistani adolescents, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Ghazal Peerwani, Salman Muhammad Soomar, Apsara Ali, Salima Farooq, Naureen Akber Ali, Asif Khaliq, Muhammad Masood Kadir, and Syed Iqbal Azam

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Sexual violence: A review and case study utilizing Watson’s caring science, Naheed Feroz Ali, Rubeka Mansha, and Karen Carroll

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When COVID-19 enters in a community setting: An exploratory qualitative study of community perspectives on COVID-19 affecting mental well-being, Naureen Akber Ali, Anam Shahil Feroz, Noshaba Akber, Rida Feroz, Salima Nazim Meghani, and Sarah Saleem

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Digitalisation provisions for controlling depression in developing countries: Short review, Naureen Akber Ali, Hasan Nawaz Tahir, and Rawshan Jabeen

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Factors associated with gestational diabetes among women registered at secondary hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan, Sumaira Feroz Ali, Tazeen S. Ali, Arusa Lakhani, and Zaib Nadeem

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Intimate partner violence against women: A comprehensive depiction of Pakistani literature, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Rida Farhan, Syeda Hussain, and Fatima Jawad

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Gynaecological morbidities among married women and husband's behaviour: Evidence from a community-based study, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Neelofar Sami, Adil Ali Saeed, and Parveen Ali

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Effectiveness of standard precautions in the prevention of COVID-19, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Shah Zeb, Asghar Ali, Zahir Munir, and Sumia Andleeb Abbasi

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Voice of a Baby - Thanks Midwife for your Devotion, Laiba Asif

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Cigarette smokers' perceptions of smoking cessation and associated factors in Karachi, Pakistan, Rubina Barolia, Sajid Iqbal, Salim S. Virani, Faris Khan, and Pammla Petrucka

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Risk factors of breast cancer among patients in a tertiary care hospitals in Afghanistan: A case control study, Zekrullah Baset, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Yasmin Parpio, and Ahmed Maseh Haidary

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Postdischarge 24/7 hotline service for neurology and neurosurgery patients and 1-year impact on readmission rates, unplanned emergency department visits, and patient satisfaction, Shafqat Bibi, Rida Mitha, Kiran Bano, Farida Datoo, Nadia Karim, and Muhammad Shahzad Shamim

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Aastrika Midwifery centre, a model for midwifery-led care in India, Malin Bogren and Kerstin Erlandsson

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Anal human papillomavirus infection among men who have sex with men and transgender women living with and without HIV in Pakistan: Findings from a cross-sectional study, Muslima Ejaz, Soren Andersson, Salma Batool, Tazeen Saeed Ali, and Anna Mia Ekström

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Human papillomavirus-associated anal squamous intraepithelial lesions in men who have sex with men and transgender women living with and without HIV in Karachi Pakistan: Implications for screening and prevention, Muslima Ejaz, Muhammad Mubarak, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Sören Andersson, and Anna Mia Ekström

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The effect of a culturally sensitive mental well-being module on Pakistani nursing students' knowledge and beliefs regarding their own mental health and illness, Salima Farooq, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Yasmin Parpio, Sonia Ijaz Haider, Shirin Rahim, Apsara Ali, and David Arthur

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Exploring community perceptions, attitudes and practices regarding the COVID-19 pandemic in Karachi, Pakistan, Anam Shahil Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Ridah Feroz, Noshaba Akber, and Salima Nazim Meghani

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Using mobile phones to improve young people sexual and reproductive health in low and middle-income countries: A systematic review to identify barriers, facilitators, and range of mHealth solutions, Anam Shahil Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Adeel Khoja, Armish Asad, and Sarah Saleem

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Comparison of surgical site infection after skin closure by prolene or staples in bilateral simultaneous knee arthroplasty patients: A parallel design randomized controlled trial protocol, Obada Hussein Hasan, Ahsun Jiwani, Laraib Mazhar, Dilshad Begum, Riaz Hussain Lakdawala, and Shahryar Noordin

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Gum chewing, added to conventional feeding, reduces risk of post-operative ileus after elective hip and knee arthroplasty procedures in elderly population: A protocol for a parallel design, open-label, randomized controlled trial, Obada Hussein Hasan, Laraib Mazhar, Ahsun Jiwani, Dilshad Begum, Riaz Hussain Lakdawala, and Shahryar Noordin

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Long-term clinical and functional outcomes of distally based sural artery flap: A retrospective case series, Pervaiz Hashmi, Abeer Musaddiq, Muhammad Ali, Alizah Hashmi, Marij Zahid, and Zohaib Nawaz

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Counting stillbirths and COVID 19-There has never been a more urgent time, Caroline S E. Homer, Susannah Hopkins Leisher, Neelam Aggarwa, Joseph Akuze, Delly Babona, Hannah Blencowe, John Bolgna, Richard Chawana, Aliki Christou, and Rafat Jan

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Development of an international standard set of clinical and patient-reported outcomes for children and adults with congenital heart disease: A report from the international consortium for health outcomes measurement congenital heart disease working group, Kevin Hummel, Sarah Whittaker, Nick Sillett, Amy Basken, Malin Berghammer, Tomás Chalela, Julie Chauhan, Luis Antonio Garcia, Babar Hasan, and Laila Ladak

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Smoking cessation interventions in south Asian countries: Protocol for scoping review, Sajid Iqbal, Rubina Barolia, Laila Ladak, and Pammla Petrucka

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Editorial: Midwifery 2021 in a World in Turmoil, Rafat Jan and Edwin van Teijlingen

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December 2021: The end of another eventful year, Rafat Jan, Edwin van Teijlingen, and Kiran Mubeen

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Developing COVID-19 emergency response centres in geographically challenged areas of Pakistan: A case study of the Aga Khan Development Network, Rafat Jan, Miraj Uddin, Ihsan Ullah, Mubarek Bibi, Sardar Nawaz, Mehnaz Rehmani, and Salima Meherali

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Phasing out diploma in nursing: Merits and implications on nursing education in Pakistan, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja

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Telesimulation innovation on the teaching of Spikes model on sharing bad news, Zohra Kurji, Azaina Aijaz, Amina Aijaz Khowaja, Zohra Asif Jetha, and Shanaz Hussein Cassum

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Factors associated with child maltreatment among children aged 11 to 17 years in community settings of Karachi, Pakistan, using belsky ecological framework, Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Salima Farooq, Uzma Rahim Khan, Yasmin Parpio, Syed Iqbal Azam, Junaid Razzak, Anjiya Aslam Laljee, and Muhammad Masood Kadir

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Perceived stress may mediate the relationship between antenatal depressive symptoms and preterm birth: A pilot observational cohort study, Sharifa Bashir Lalani, Aliyah Dosani, Ntonghanwah Forcheh, Shahirose Sadrudin Premji, Sana Siddiqui, Kiran Shaikh, Ayesha Mian, Ilona S Yim Ilona S Yim, and Maternal-infant Global Health Team (MiGHT) Collaborators in Research

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Why can’t I have a choice of companion during labor? Barriers to implementation of companion presence, Anul Shifa Maknojia and Azwa Malik

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Mental health of children and adolescents amidst COVID-19 and past pandemics: A rapid systematic review, Salima Meherali, Neelam Punjani, Samantha Louie-Poon, Komal Abdul Rahim, Jai K. Das, Rehana A. Salam, and Zohra S. Lassi

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Does digital literacy empower adolescent girls in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review, Salima Meherali, Komal Abdul Rahim, Sandra Campbell, and Zohra S. Lassi

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Addressing violence against women within the midwifery curriculum in Bangladesh: A focus group discussion inquiry, Shahanaz Parveen, Noormahal Akter, Mauluda Zahan, Kerstin Erlandsson, and Ulrika Byrskog

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Prevention of falls in hospital: Audit report from a tertiary care hospital of Pakistan, Anum Sadruddin Pidani, Tashfeen Ahmad, Nasreen Panjwani, and Shahryar Noordin

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Nurses' perceptions about the dignity of intubated patients, Nasreen Rafiq, David Arthur, Shirin Rahim, Yasmin Amarsi, and Eunice Ndirangu

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Role of trans-radial band protocols in radial artery occlusion: Randomized trial, Nasir Rahman, Azmina Artani, Farhala Mari Baloch, Moiz Artani, Huma Fatima, Abdus Salam, and Sher Ahmed

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Health in environment: Reduce surgical site infections by applying Florence nightingale's environmental theory, Anna Rana

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The relation of ABO blood group to the severity of coronavirus disease: A cross-sectional study from a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Fazal Ur Rehman, Syed Furrukh Omair, Fatima Memon, Bakhtawar J. Rind, Danish Ahmed Memon, Syed Ahsan Ali, Bilal Ahmed, and Naureen Ali

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Introducing a flipped classroom in a pharmacology course, Sehrish Sajjad and Ambreen Gowani

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Developing the reliability and validity of an Urdu version-self-efficacy scale for breast cancer patients in Pakistan, Sehrish Sajjad, Raisa B. Gul, Sajida Chagani, Asho Ali, and Ambreen Gowani

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Influence of gender roles and responsibilities on family planning decisions in adults, in Karachi, Pakistan: A qualitative analysis of open-ended interviews, Zara Sajwani, Murad M. Khan Dr., Saima Sachwani, Wardah Ahmed, and Tazeen Saeed Ali

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A multidisciplinary approach to triage patients with breast disease during the COVID-19 pandemic: Experience from a tertiary care center in the developing world, Abida K. Sattar, Hania Shahzad, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Azmina Tajdin Valimohammad, Sadaf Khan, Yasmin Vellani, Romana Idrees, Nasir Ali, Imrana Masroor, Humera Saeed, Gulzar S. Lakhani, Nadia Ayoub, Atif Waqar, Muhammad Zia-Ul Islam, Salman Kirmani, Asad Latif, and Ather Enam

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Factors affecting Maternal-care during labour at maternity centres of Karachi, Pakistan: Exploratory study, Nirmal Shahzaib, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Nousheen Pradhan, Farina Abrejo, shahnaz Shahid Ali, and Amir Ali Samnani

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Peer victimization and experiences of violence at school and at home among school age children with disabilities in Pakistan and Afghanistan, Rozina Somani, Julienne Corboz, Rozina Karmaliani, Esnat D. Chirwa, Judith McFarlane, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Nargis Asad, Yasmeen Hassan Somani, Ingrid Van Der Heijden, and Rachel Jewke

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Factors influencing nurses' provision of self-management support for patients with chronic illnesses: A systematic mixed studies review, Ambreen Tharani, Ann Van Hecke, Tazeen Saeed Ali, and Veerle Duprez

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Improving palliative care with Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Komal Valliani

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Human emotions during COVID-19: A lens through Kubler-Ross grief theory, Komal Valliani and Farida Bibi Mughal

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Associations between maternal depression, antidepressant use during pregnancy, and adverse pregnancy outcomes: An Individual participant data meta-analysis, Richelle Vlenterie, Marleen M H J van Gelder, H Ross Anderson, Liselott Andersson, Birit F P. Broekman, Gal Dubnov-Raz, Hanan El Marroun, Ema Ferreira, Emma Fransson, and Kiran Shaikh

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Resilience and its associated factors in brain tumor patients in Karachi, Pakistan: An analytical cross-sectional study, Nida Zahid, Russell S. Martins, Wajeeha Zahid, Wardah Khalid, Syed Iqbal Azam, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Khabir Ahmad, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Rashid Jooma, Gohar Javed, Muhammad Ehsan Bari, Nargis Asad, and Ather Enam

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Translation and validation of the Urdu version of the European organization for research and treatment of cancer core quality of life questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) and brain module (QLQ-BN20) in primary brain tumor patients, Nida Zahid, Russell S. Martins, Wajeeha Zahid, Wardah Khalid, Syed Iqbal Azam, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Nargis Asad, Khabir Ahmad, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Rashid Jooma, Gohar Javed, Muhammad Ehsan Bari, and Ather Enam

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Resilience and its associated factors in head and neck cancer patients in Pakistan: An analytical cross-sectional study, Nida Zahid, Wajeeha Zahid, Wardah Khalid, Syed Iqbal Azam, Mubasher Ikram, Aneesa Hassan, Haissan Iftikhar, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Adnan Jabbar, Shabbir Akhtar, Moghira Siddiqui, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Nargis Asad, and Khabir Ahmad

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Factors associated with the compliance of standard precaution; review article, Shah Zeb and Tazeen Saeed Ali

Submissions from 2020

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Maternal mental health amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, Naureen Akber Ali and Anam Shahil Feroz

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Prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors among cotton textile workers in low- and middle-income countries: A protocol for a systematic review, Naureen Akber Ali and Anam Shahil Feroz

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Leveraging the use of mHealth in patients with depression among low- and middle- income countries, Naureen Akber Ali and Adeel Khoja

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Telehealth: An important player during the COVID-19 pandemic, Naureen Akber Ali and Adeel Khoja

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Community stakeholders' views on reducing violence against women in Pakistan, Tazeen S. Ali, Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Nasim Zahid Shah, Zahid Hyder Wadani, Saher Aijaz, and Asli Kulane

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Community stakeholders' perspectives regarding acceptability of a life skills building intervention to empower women in Pakistan, Tazeen S. Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Nasim Zahid Shah, Shireen Shehzad, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Judith McFarlane, Zahid Hyder Wadani, and Asli Kulane

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Perceptions of stakeholders about the role of health system in suicide prevention in Ghizer, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan, Anila Anjum, Tazeen S. Ali, Nousheen Pradhan, Murad M. Khan Dr., and Rozina Karmaliani Professor

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Oral cancer: Clinicopathological features and associated risk factors in a high risk population presenting to a major tertiary care center in Pakistan, Namrah Anwar, Shahid Pervez, Qurratulain Chundriger, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Tariq Moatter, and Tazeen Saeed Ali

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Understanding perceptions and factors involved in do not resuscitate (DNR) decision making in the emergency department of a low-resource country: A mixed-methods study protocol, Kiran Azizi, Shahan Waheed, Rubina Barolia, Naveed Ahmed, and Madiha Ismail

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Association of depression and resilience with fertility quality of life among patients presenting to the infertility centre for treatment in Karachi, Pakistan, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Nida Zahid, Wajeeha Zahid, Salima Farooq, Saima Sachwani, Marilyn Chapman, and Nargis Asad

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Exploring the experiences of the older adults who are brought to live in shelter homes in Karachi, Pakistan: A qualitative study, Laila Akber Cassum, Keith Cash, Waris Qidwai Dr, and Samina Vertejee

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Challenges in teaching palliative care module virtually during COVID-19 era, Shanaz Hussein Cassum, Khairunnisa Mansoor, Amina Hirji, Amber David, and Amina Aijaz Khowaja

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Maternal Health Challenges during COVID-19 and Way Forward, Muskaan Dosani, Salima Muhammad Farooq, and Shahnaz Shahid Ali

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Health care provider’s perspectives on the content and structure of a culturally tailored antenatal care programme to expectant parents and family members in Nepal, Annika Ekström, Laxmi Tamang, Christina Pedersen, Ulrika Byrskog, Edwin van Teijlingen, and Kerstin Erlandsson

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Insight into COVID-19 responses and initiatives from Pakistan, Salima Farooq, Sonia Ijaz Haider, Saima Sachwani, and Yasmin Parpio

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Mental health challenges and psycho-social interventions amid COVID-19 pandemic: A call to action for Pakistan, Salima Farooq, Saima Sachwani, Sonia Ijaz Haider, Sajid Abrar Iqbal, Yasmin Parpio, and Humera Saeed

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Implementation of simulation: A contemporary strategy to enhance clinical skills of undergraduate students in mental health nursing, Salima Farooq, Ambreen Tharani, Shamshad Begum, and Yasmin Parpio

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Assessing mobile phone access, usage, and willingness among women to receive voice message-based mobile health intervention to improve antenatal care attendance in District Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan, Anam Shahil Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, and Sarah Saleem

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The diagnostic value of current practice of pediatric intravenous urography in Afghanistan in presence of ultrasonography; cross-sectional analytic study in a pediatric tertiary care hospital, Hidayatullah Hamidi, Najibullah Rasouly, and Tazeen Saeed Ali

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Association of smokeless tobacco use with the use of other illicit drugs in the United States, Vardhmaan Jain, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Sahar Naderi, Rubina Barolia, Sajid Iqbal, Mehrunnissa Taj, Xiaoming Jia, Anwar T. Merchant, Wilbert S. Aronow, Pamela B. Morris, and Salim S. Virani

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State-level temporal trends in smokeless tobacco and cigarette use among U.S. adults, Vardhmaan Jain, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Sahar Naderi, Rubina Barolia, Sajid Iqbal, Mehrunnissa Taj, Xiaoming Jia, Anwar T. Merchant, Wilbert S. Aronow, and Salim S. Virani

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Reflections: Bravo Breastfeeding Mother! A COVID Positive Mother and Midwifery Instinct, Rafat Jan

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COVID-19: The New Corona Virus Upsetting Our World, Rafat Jan and Edwin van Teijlingen

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The year 2020: Loss of Women and Midwives’ Voices, Rafat Jan and Edwin van Teijlingen

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Right to play's intervention to reduce peer violence among children in public schools in Pakistan: A cluster-randomized controlled trial, Rozina Karmaliani, Judith McFarlane, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Yasmeen Hassan Somani, Shireen Shehzad, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Nargis Asad, Esnat D. Chirwa, and Rachel Jewkes

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An optimal typhoid conjugate vaccine coverage complemented with WASH is imperative for the control of antimicrobial resistance in Pakistan, M Imran Khan, Saher Aijaz, Farzeen Fatma Syed, and Linda Kaljee

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Developing and Piloting a Midwifery Audit Tool in Bangladesh’s Upazila Health Complexes (UHCs), Achiya Khatun, Mahfuja Aktar Jhumu, Sarah Gregson, and Joy Kemp

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Exploring the influence of socio-cultural factors and environmental resources on the health related quality of life of children and adolescents after congenital heart disease surgery: parental perspectives from a low middle income country, Laila Ladak, Robyn Gallagher, Babar Hasan, Khadija Awais, Ahmed Abdullah, and Janice Gullick

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Health-related quality of life in adult CHD surgical patients in a low middle-income country: A mixed-methods study, Laila Ladak, Robyn Gallagher, Babar Hasan, Khadija Awais, Ahmed Abdullah, and Janice Gullick

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Paediatric respiratory isolation: A challenge for a secondary care hospital! A service innovation project, Nadia Mohammad, Shireen Mohammad, Arjumand Sohaila, Syed Mohammad Yousuf, Adnan Khan, Rahila Meghani, Kashif Sajwani, Khalil Ahmad, Ali Faisal Saleem Dr, and Pawan Vash

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Nursing education amidst COVID-19: Obstacles and way forward, Farida Bibi Mughal, Nasreen Rafiq, and Bibi Hajira Irshad Ali

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Association of the factors with job satisfaction of nurse educators in Pakistan: An Analytical, cross-sectional study, Shahla Pardhan, Sadaf Nooruddin Zindani, and Tazeen Saeed Ali

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A methodological review of quality of life scales used in schizophrenia, Tanya Park and Samia Hirani

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School-based interventions to promote personal and environmental hygiene practices among children in Pakistan: Protocol for a mixed methods study, Nousheen Pradhan, Waliyah Mughis, Tazeen S. Ali, Maleeha Naseem, and Rozina Karmaliani Professor