Paediatrics and Child Health; Anaesthesia
Background: Evidence suggests that neonates born at 34-36 weeks should not be considered full-term neonates, given the magnitude of morbidities they experience compared with term infants. Neonates born at 34 to 36 weeks are at increased risk for early illness such as hypoglycemia and hyperbilirubinemia compared to term infants.
Objective: This study's objective was to determine the frequency of immediate neonatal complications (hypoglycemia and neonatal jaundice) in late preterm and term neonates.
Subjects and methods: A serial descriptive case study was conducted at the private tertiary care hospital. Random samplings were taken, and the sample size was calculated on Epi Info software (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA). All the eligible samples were taken into confidence following approval by the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan's institutional review board. A structured questionnaire was used in which demographic information of the patient was collected, and all neonates were closely observed for early targeted morbidities (hypoglycemia, hyperbilirubinemia).
Results: A total of 215 neonates were born during the study period, of whom 108 (50.2%) were term babies and 107 (49.8%) late preterm babies. There were 122 (56.7%) male infants and 93 (43.3%) female infants. Jaundice was observed in 6.5% (n=7) of term neonates and 22.4% (n=24) of late preterm neonates (p<0.0). Similarly, hypoglycemia was observed in only 4.6% (n=5) of term neonates and 15.9% (n=17) of late preterm neonates (p<0.01).
Conclusion: There is a significant association between gestational age and immediate neonatal complications of jaundice and hypoglycemia. Compared with term neonates, late preterm neonates are at a higher risk of neonatal jaundice and hypoglycemia. Gender and mode of delivery did not correlate to complications rate.
Khan, A. A.,
(2021). Frequency of immediate neonatal complications (hypoglycemia and neonatal jaundice) in late preterm and term neonates. Cureus, 13(1), e12512.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_women_childhealth_paediatr/994
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