Document Type



Paediatrics and Child Health


A retrospective study was performed in children (aged one month - 16 years) receiving HFNC to determine the frequency, efficacy and adverse effects of high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), from January to December 2017. Treatment failure was defined as clinical deterioration on HFNC therapy such that mechanical ventilation (MV) was required. Clinical parameters before and after HFNC were assessed using repeated measures analysis of variance. A total of 120 patients received HFNC therapy (21% of total admissions). Primary diagnosis were respiratory disease (50%), central nervous system diseases (14.2%), sepsis (10.8%), and postoperative care (10%). Mean duration of HFNC was 27.5 ±19.7 hours and mean PICU length of stay was 6 ± 6 days. Pneumothorax developed in four patients. MV was required in 28 patients, and subsequently, 15 deaths occurred in that group. HFNC is a frequently used, safe and effective therapy for children requiring respiratory support in PICU. Key Words: Respiratory insufficiency, Non-invasive ventilation, Paediatric intensive care unit.


Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP