Document Type



Paediatrics and Child Health; Orthopaedic Surgery


Introduction: Induction of new residents and surgical trainees in most institutes occurs once a year. Fresh residents with no experience, may pose a threat to the surgical procedure outcome and there can be a potential increase in patients' morbidity and mortality as a result of this turnover. Literature is inconclusive about this effect. Our aim was to study the "new residents' induction effect" on postoperative complications after hip fracture surgeries.
Methodology: This is non funded non commercialized study from a university hospital. Investigators studied a retrospective cohort of 1045 adult hip fracture patients who were operated at our tertiary care and level 1 trauma centre of a metropolitan city between 2008 and 2018. We defined primary exposure as the time period of new resident's induction (January-March) with the primary outcome in-hospital and 30days postoperative complications. Cox proportional hazard algorithm analysis was done at univariate and multivariable levels reporting Crude Relative Risk (RR) and Adjusted Relative Risk (aRR), respectively. Results were reported in line with STROBE criteria.
Results: There were 274 (26%) patients in exposed group out of whom 109 (40%) developed postoperative complications. Interestingly, patients who had their surgeries during the induction period of new residents had 8% less risk of developing postoperative complications. However, result was statistically insignificant at both univariate and multivariable levels with RR; 95% C.I of 0.9 (0.78-1.22) and aRR; 95% C.I of 0.9 (0.78-1.22) after adjusting for the all other independent variables.
Conclusion: The association of new residents' induction on postoperative hip fracture surgery complications, although protective, was insignificant after controlling for the potential confounding effect of patients' background and demographic characteristics. We recommend further multi-centre high powered studies to analyze this.


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Publication (Name of Journal)

Annals of Medicine and Surgery

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.