Document Type



Paediatrics and Child Health


Objective: To identify maternal factors associated with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR).
Study Design: A case-control study.
Place and Duration of Study: Neonatal Unit of The Aga Khan Hospital for Women (AKHW), Karimabad, from January 2014 to December 2015.
Methodology: Cases were IUGR live born babies (n=90), while control were appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) babies (n=180). Information recorded in pre-designed proforma included gestational age and birth weight of baby, demographics of mothers, pregnancy related medical and obstetric complications. Data were analysed through SPSS-19. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine the maternal factors associated with the intrauterine growth restriction.
Results: Maternal factors associated with IUGR after adjusting for confounders in the multivariable model included younger age (OR=0.9, CI=0.8-0.9), poor gestational weight gain (OR=3.0, CI=1.6-6.1) and history of previous abortion (OR=3.06, CI=1.1-8.0). Significant interaction was found between pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and parity of mother, primary-para mother with PIH having an increased risk for IUGR babies (OR=10.1, CI=1.0-23.2).
Conclusion: Young age, primigravida status, low gestational weight gain, previous history of abortion, PIH and GDM have strong association with IUGR; hence, special consideration is essential to overcome these issues in order to improve maternal and neonatal health.

Publication ( Name of Journal)

Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan

Included in

Pediatrics Commons