Document Type



Paediatrics and Child Health


Objective: To identify maternal factors associated with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR).
Study Design: A case-control study.
Place and Duration of Study: Neonatal Unit of The Aga Khan Hospital for Women (AKHW), Karimabad, from January 2014 to December 2015.
Methodology: Cases were IUGR live born babies (n=90), while control were appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) babies (n=180). Information recorded in pre-designed proforma included gestational age and birth weight of baby, demographics of mothers, pregnancy related medical and obstetric complications. Data were analysed through SPSS-19. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine the maternal factors associated with the intrauterine growth restriction.
Results: Maternal factors associated with IUGR after adjusting for confounders in the multivariable model included younger age (OR=0.9, CI=0.8-0.9), poor gestational weight gain (OR=3.0, CI=1.6-6.1) and history of previous abortion (OR=3.06, CI=1.1-8.0). Significant interaction was found between pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and parity of mother, primary-para mother with PIH having an increased risk for IUGR babies (OR=10.1, CI=1.0-23.2).
Conclusion: Young age, primigravida status, low gestational weight gain, previous history of abortion, PIH and GDM have strong association with IUGR; hence, special consideration is essential to overcome these issues in order to improve maternal and neonatal health.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan

Included in

Pediatrics Commons