Paediatrics and Child Health
Congenital heart disease is an important cause of infant mortality and disability. The frequency, spectrum and contributory risk factors for significant cardiovascular malformations among live-births was retrospectively evaluated at the Aga Khan University Hospital. Of a total of 8331 live births between July, 1987 and December, 1992 34 babies were diagnosed to have congenital heart disease in the neonatal period giving a prevalence of 4 per 1000 live births. Ventricular septal defects was the most common (n = 10, 29%) abnormality. Eight cases had associated chromosomal abnormality, the most common being Trisomy 21. Maternal abortions, still-births, consanguinity and diabetes mellitus were not found to be significant risk factors for congenital heart disease in this survey.
Journal of Pakistan Medical Association
Haleem, A. A.,
Bhutta, Z. A.
(1997). Profile and risk factors for congenital heart disease. Journal of Pakistan Medical Association, 47(3), 78-81.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_women_childhealth_paediatr/588