Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to tetanus toxoid vaccination in women of childbearing age: A cross-sectional study in peri-urban settlements of Karachi, Pakistan
Paediatrics and Child Health
Backgound: A higher incidence of neonatal tetanus implies failure of the vaccination program in Pakistan.Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices related to tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccine in women of childbearing age.Methods: We performed a cross-sectional survey in peri-urban Karachi, Pakistan, among women of childbearing age, stratified into three mutually exclusive groups as: married pregnant; married non-pregnant; and unmarried. Descriptive and inferential analyses were performed to estimate vaccine coverage and knowledge attributes.Results: A total of 450 women participated, of which the largest proportion were married and non-pregnant (n = 185/450, 41%). Over 50% of women (n = 258/450) had not received TT vaccine. Most unmarried women (n = 139, 97%) were unvaccinated. Non-vaccination predictors included: women aged <25 years without any formal education (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 2.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0-4.4), lack of knowledge about free vaccination (adjusted OR, 4.0; 95% CI, 1.64-10.20), poor knowledge of tetanus disease/vaccination (adjusted OR, 4.6; 95%, 2.2-9.6), living with extended family (adjusted OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.04-3.96); family non-supporting vaccination (adjusted OR, 5.7; 95% CI, 2.3-13.9); and husband/other family member deciding upon issues related to women's health (adjusted OR, 2.9; 95% CI, 1.3-6.6).Conclusion: Low coverage of TT vaccine is largely influenced by poor knowledge, family structure and family decision-making in the local communities of Pakistan.
Journal of Infection Prevention
Khowaja, A. R.,
Yousafzai, M. T.,
Ali, S. A.,
Saleem, A. F.
(2017). Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to tetanus toxoid vaccination in women of childbearing age: A cross-sectional study in peri-urban settlements of Karachi, Pakistan. Journal of Infection Prevention, 18(5), 232-241.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_women_childhealth_paediatr/543