Impact of different dosing schedules on the immunogenicity of the human rotavirus vaccine in infants in Pakistan: a randomized trial

Document Type



Paediatrics and Child Health


Background: Current oral rotavirus vaccines perform suboptimally in resource-poor settings. We investigated the effect of an additional dose and later schedule on the immunogenicity of monovalent rotavirus vaccine (RV1) in a developing country.Methods: Infants received RV1 at 6 and 10, 10 and 14, or 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age. The primary objective was to compare antirotavirus immunoglobulin A (IgA) seroconversion at 18 weeks in the 6/10/14 arm to the cumulative seroconversion (highest result at 14 or 18 weeks) in the 6/10 arm.Results: Overall, 480 (76.2%) of 630 randomized infants completed the trial per protocol. Seroconversion in the 6/10/14 arm was 36.7% (95% CI, 29.8, 44.2) compared to 36.1% (CI, 29.0, 43.9) in the 6/10 arm, (P=1.0); the result from the 10/14 arm was 38.5% (CI, 31.2, 46.3). Seroconversion in the 6/10 arm at 14 weeks (post hoc) was lower at 29.7% (CI, 23.1, 37.3).CONCLUSIONS: In Pakistani infants, the immunogenicity of RV1 did not increase significantly with 3 doses at 6, 10, and 14 weeks compared to 2 doses at 6 and 10 weeks. Additional strategies should be evaluated for improving rotavirus vaccine immunogenicity in high burden countries.

Publication (Name of Journal)

The Journal of Infectious Diseases